General Wang Zhen He Bingyan armed strikes, often placed the coffin before the war mobilization
1955 年 9 27 afternoon, Chinese President endowed the honors ceremony in Beijing Zhongnanhai pregnant Jen Hall was held. It is endowed honors ceremony site. Xinhua News Agency issued
1940 year, the 129th Division and the principal leaders of Jin-Cha in Hebei Shexian. From left: Lee, Nie, Deng Xiaoping, Liu, Lu Zhengcao, Cai Shufan. Xinhua News Agency issued
2009 年 10 13, an autumn afternoon, Lu Zhengcao founding will finish his life long. The old age of 106, is endowed in the 1950s will be the only one experiencing the 60th birthday of the People’s Republic of war.
1955, the People’s Liberation Army rank system was first introduced, 55 were awarded the rank of generals. 1956 and 1958, there will be leading after two senior awarded the rank of general. Usually referred to as the 57 “founding general.”
Lu Zhengcao before in the other 56 have been successively die.
their lives, enriched with the blood of war in the history of the legendary fire; their stories, treasure the people’s army fighting history.
evenings, when many young war
smoke not cover their young faces. A bit across battlefields of the war on the Republic to the rank of the wearer when the young is amazing.
1955 年 endowed, the average age of 55 will be 45.6 years old, the youngest only 39 years old will be Xiao Hua. In addition, Admiral Liu Zhen, Chen Xilian, 40 years old; will Ye Fei, Li Tianyou, Chengwu, 41 years old; Admiral Wei Guoqing, Hong Xuezhi, Hebing Yan, Han Chu first, called the 42-year-old … This is the youngest of the world the square.
In fact, when the Ten Marshals, but the average age of 57 years, 10 generals, the average age of 51.7 years, average age will be around in 45 years.
seven years after the birth of the Chinese Communist Party to create a new people’s army Zhezhi, from the establishment day, is a youthful team. Agrarian Revolution, the average age of Red Army generals level is about two teens, the average division cadres aged 25; war, the military cadres average age is about 34 years old, the youngest less than 30 years of age.
1915 was born in Xiaogan’s founding will be Liu Zhen, 16-year-old joined the Red Army; while rejuvenating the 1916 Xiao Hua was born in Jiangxi, less than 18 years of age as the famous “little of the international division.” political commissar.
the flames of war, Xiao Hua was appointed to the Eighth Route Army “East Japanese advance into the column” commander and political commissar, Jilu led his army to the border region, to promote united front, 22-year-old Xiao Hua to Shandong Huimin Shen and KMT Chairman of Shandong Provincial Government Honglie negotiations. Shen Honglie said: “A doll, and I have to negotiate?” Face to face confrontation, the 59-year-old Shen Xiao Hua Jingpei Honglie on endless. “Doll Commander” which spread.
1927, the 19 year-old Xiao Ke with the army took part in the Nanchang Uprising. That day, along with Xiao Ke witnessed this historic event, as well as 24-year-old Yang Zhicheng, Zhao Lu 22-year-old and 27-year-old who first week, 28 years later, they will together be the Founding of the Republic.
1934 August, when he was army chief political commissar of Xiao Ke and Wang Zhen, the rate of red from the central Soviet Sixth Army to break through the first, they march before the expedition, known as “Little Long March.” That year, 27-year-old Xiao Ke, Wang Zhen, 26 years old. War broke out, as the Eighth Route Army, the main 120 Shifushichang Xiao Ke, the less than 30 years of age.
army march every one in the ranks, there are as Xiao Ke, Wang Zhen, like the young Red Army generals.
Song Renqiong, Zhang Xun, Zhang Aiping, Wang Ping and Yang Chengwu which five have been awarded the rank after the war, when the average age of only 24 years old. 26-year-old Zhang Zongxun 1924 joined the Communist Youth League, participated in the Northern Expedition and the Autumn Harvest Uprising, the Long March as the beginning of the central column, chief of staff; 25-year-old Song Renqiong as the Red Army cadres, political commissar, had been a Hongwu Jun regiment thirteen division political commissar, is 8 years old to participate in the revolution of the Bolsheviks; 24-year-old Zhang Aiping as Sanjun group four divisions of the Political Department; 27-year-old Wang Ren Sanjun group four political commissar; while only 20 years old Chengwu is the Red Army the political commissar of the Second Division four groups, this group is the most elite of the Central Red Army team, one of the Long March has served as the army of the avant-garde.
is such a group of young generals, and they support the same that the young Red Army team finished the long march that shocked the world twenty-five thousand years. The face of the Chinese revolution, from a new look.
Huangtuling war, served as a district commander of the Jin-Cha Chengwu led troops killed the Japanese Ministry of Planning will show, let the Japanese “famous flower” from withering in the Taihang Mountains . This year, 25-year-old Yang Chengwu, Ministry of Planning show 53 years of age.
Korean War broke out, the 70-year-old U.S. military supreme commander of the Far East, MacArthur face is still a young group of battle-hardened warrior. 52-year-old commander of the volunteers under the command of 3 Peng, deputy commander, Deng Hua, Hong Xuezhi Chu and Han first – was the founding general, not 40 years old.
Deng Hua 22-year-old became a division political commissar, before the age of 40 became a commander, corps commander. May 1952 Peng Laozong returned, Deng Hua served as volunteers on behalf of the commander, on behalf of the political commissar of the time, just over 42 years old birthday.
year Korean War, Hong Xuezhi 37 years old. Still in the Long March, 22 years old, he served as a red four Junjun political director – by today’s count is the general duty. Hit from the Dabie Mountains in northern Shaanxi, Hebei hit from northern Jiangsu, Heilongjiang hit from Hainan Island, and his campaign he was the hot topic of half of China.
to ignite the fire of youth Lixiangzhiguang, young soldiers and their comrades in the land of the ancient East to achieve the establishment of a democratic republic of the national dream, and from high Qingqi inviolability of the country dignity. Today, the 60th anniversary of founding of new China in the days, they leave the back as the star of the night sky, embraced the people of the Republic along the way from the cradle in the long years.
Time flies, and they always young.
warrior warrior’s own legendary
names of those forever-young, the concentration of China’s Revolutionary War history of a section of legend.
Long March, hundreds of thousands of KMT troops to jump out of the containment of the Central Military Commission and chief of staff cadres, political commissar Liu Song Renqiong rate a business disguised as the Kuomintang army, 160 in the rain forced march toward the Sands Jiao Jiang level crossing. At this point, a brigade of the enemy forces hastily rushed in an attempt to seize this strategic location. If the later step, the enemy burned the boat, the Red Army may be wiped out in the Jinsha River, the.
“Red Army cadres group members are the backbone of the revolutionary seed is not Urgent, Central will never use force.” Song Renqiong acceptance of our interview, he recalled during his lifetime, with two head of Chen Geng battalion as a guide, he led a battalion of follow-up, the trail along the cliffs on the Fleet of Foot. In the fierce encounter, the Red Army force desperate battle, a regiment dislodge a brigade, so that the whole army turned the corner. Over the next nine days and nine nights, the night Crossing the Red Army, seven wooden rolling in rapids in the river shuttle, tens of thousands of Red Army troops from the bright level crossing to reach the other side. Jinsha River side of the seven boats, has become the fate of the Ark to maintain the Chinese revolution.
the Chinese military in the history of this Jingdianzhizhan, Song Renqiong said it was his experience of the Long March, the most memorable battle.
Yang Dezhi and Chengwu, two of the leading Long March “Yang.” Wujiang Red Army force a crossing, they both one in the upstream, a downstream; Yang Dezhi force a crossing the Dadu River, Chengwu then led the troops to fly wins Luding Bridge in the Red Army on the occasion of life and death played a way out.
that time comes the flood season of the Dadu River, high water, waves, suspended high above the Luding Bridge in the feet by the enemy taking the time span of the whole, only 13 sized thick iron chain. 22 Red Army formed commando warriors, stepping on rickety cable chain, risking four bullets flying rushed to the other side.
decades later, when the American President Carter’s security adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski to the tone of the historian, wrote: “Luding Bridge War, the Long March in the history of great significance if the The defeat, if the Red Army balked at the fire, or, if the KMT dismember the bridge, then the subsequent history of China is different. “
comprehensive war began, 22-year-old Eighth Route Army Chen Xilian led his troops in a night raid yangmingbu head of the Japanese airport, in one fell swoop destroyed 24 Japanese aircraft, and achieved victory in the opener against Japan 129 division, a heavy blow to the arrogance of the Japanese.
American correspondent Harrison Forman, who had described such a China region during the war: “siege of the Japanese, a common method is to be placed in locations near the hundreds of mines … … “” authentic by many artificial hole connected together to form a string of upright or inverted U-shaped, self-defense in the inside is easy, as long as there is a softball bat is enough. “
Foreman account is that the war in 1944 Jinsui. Sui Lu Zhengcao military commander told Foreman, This past summer, the local army has used this tactic to destroy 128 Japanese stronghold.
“just finished, our comrades to reports from the two positions were destroyed.” Lu Zhengcao who had been recalled, “the magic of the army behind enemy lines and great tactical victories, the first blessing is also some doubt Mann eventually completely convinced. “
1937 October, the survival of the Chinese Autumn. When the entire division of the whole group of Nationalist troops retreat when the flood, join the Chinese Communist Party is only five months of the Northeast Army 53 Army 691 Regiment Lu Zhengcao, Jizhong the earth still held up in the banner of resistance, deep behind enemy lines alone.
in Jizhong plain, Lu Zhengcao rate of local soldiers and civilians, creating a tunnel warfare, mine warfare and other guerrilla tactics. The power of tunnel warfare, so the Japanese issued a “fantasy war Jizhong there,” exclaimed.
1949 年 1 14, the liberation of Tianjin, the battle started. Prior to that, by virtue of the “Tianjin big bunker” of the fortifications, the KMT garrison that Tianjin’s defense “impregnable.” But the future as a founding Admiral Liuyalou, who was only 39 years old, young commanders set a “military order”: 30 hours to ensure that won the Tianjin City! 15 dawn, Tianjin, People’s Liberation Army captured. At this point, start from the campaign was mounted only in the past 29 hours.
1964, the Algerian President Ben Bella’s visit, ask the pleasure of seeing when the Korean War battle of the generals commanding Jincheng. Bella President urgently want to see Chinese general, is served as commander of the Chinese People’s Volunteers Yong. Because Yang Dezhi, Chengwu surname, three of them will be called the founding of the “three-Yang.” In that battle, 41-year-old Yong rate of four divisions under the command of the 25 km front, just one hour break will be across the board, forcing the opponent at the negotiating table to sign a truce.
the flames grow in the people’s army and the maturing of the war, leaving too many legends. The legend and the creation of the legendary people together to form China’s military immortal.
war injuries of the brave military medal
behind each legend, are marked with a called “brave” symbol.
will Hebing Yan and Peng Shaohui founding, the two only two arms: the former is only one left arm, right arm and the latter remaining.
He Bingyan general not tall, temperament staunch, very fierce battle is under the command of the famous Long. In the winter of 1935, a battle, the generals right arm shot. Saw no surgery, doctors use an old wood saw for his amputation, ready to use morphine for his pain. General fear will affect their future use of morphine to command a battle, so health workers tied to the door on their own, biting a towel, the doctor hands. The surgery, saw two hours. And after missing one arm of Hebing Yan, still maintained his usual fighting style, often armed Duan Qiang, strikes in the crossfire.
Red Army, as the Red Army 1 3 in the division of the Peng Shaohui against “encirclement and suppression” in the battle with two rounds left arm, continued to command the troops to the enemy, the impact of the last line of defense. Later, infected arm wound inflammation had amputated his left arm. In the hospital, the general with amazing perseverance, learned to play leggings-armed, horse riding and other military actions.
after discharge, the generals insisted troops to fight back, Zhou Enlai agreed to his request. In this way, he took a right arm, went back to fighting the Red Army ranks as the red 34 Division.
Mao talked about our military armed and disability General had said that China since ancient times, there are several armed generals? Old age is not only our Red Army troops, in order to nurture this unique talent!
brave, brave is the pass; war wounds, is the war-wounded military medal.
founding Admiral Li Tianyou, 25-year-old became the Eighth Route Army division 686 regiment 115. In Pingxingguan battle, he was responsible for a frontal attack, and the Japanese Army’s most elite mechanized knives flame, to win the national Chinese armed forces since the outbreak of the war’s first major victory. This war, more than 115 division 500 casualties, the heaviest loss of 686 groups. Later, in the Korean War to win, “Long live the army” reputation of the 38th Army, first commander is Li Tianyou.
1938 winter, day Koujin Jun Fen. Wang Zhen, the founding year will be only 30 years old, was ordered back position. Pre-war mobilization, he let the soldiers raised the coffin, fists and says loudly: “I lead forward, die I die first, put into the mouth after the death of the coffin.” Army fighting day and night, the big break the Japanese, Wang Zhen negative head injuries.
in the Chinese People’s Revolution Military Museum, is still on display Xu Shiyou have used the 14 swords. The Arts of Shaolin was, war broke out brave invincible will often say, the founding is: “When someone dies as blowlamp, behead a big scar, but the bowl.” Death squads he has participated seven times, five times as death squads long. Usual battle, raised his left hand a sword, right hand carrying a Mauser pistol, emergency situations, wielded machetes go out into the pediment. Even when the commander was also appointed as the pro-death squads long, brandished a knife blade of the flame at the end.
1949 after New China was founded, the Kuomintang, remnants of the stick to relying on Hainan Island, 10 thousand people, 50 ships and 30 aircraft under the coordination of three-dimensional form of armed defense system. The face of the moist sea, 12 and 40 Corps, Corps deputy commander of the first Han Chu said: “Since there is no turn, but the mountains, the sea would not make life difficult.” He led his troops in the liberation of Hainan Island in one fell swoop, creating a hit with the wooden warship miracle, the flag inserted into the ends of the earth.
when the Korean War, Hong Xuezhi responsible for logistics. From the whole country “fried noodles movement” to use soldiers of night blindness treatment remedies to regain a “volunteer of the Moon”, from the battle to supply tactical supply, hundreds of aircraft in the U.S. every day of intensive bombing, the time bomb in the road around the on the general type to front-line combat bravery, highlighted the danger for the hundreds of thousands of front-line to provide an endless supply of incredible set up a “hit is not bad, bombing continued,” the steel transport logistics network. The end of 1951, Peng told the most senior level North Korean national flag after the medal, said: “If we really want to reward on merit, then get the Medal should be Hong Xuezhi.”
1986, the U.S. Pacific Fleet Command.
Hong Xuezhi rate of the PLA military logistics delegations invited to visit the U.S.. Former in the Korean War the Chinese star, now over seventy years of age. U.S. Pacific Fleet Commander Admiral Lyons, constantly eyeing the Chinese general, curious to ask where he is a graduate of the military academies.
Hong Xuezhi A: Yes, from your Air Force Academy graduate.
sides laughing. U.S. soldiers understand that Hong Xuezhi joke although it also tells the truth. In the Korean War, the Chinese military weapons and equipment to extremely backward and was the world’s number one military power in the contest, and win. This is a miracle in the history of world war. Hong Xuezhi, is involved in the creation of this miracle of Chinese general.
1988, the People’s Liberation Army to restore the rank of the system, Hong Xuezhi once again was awarded the rank, becoming the only one on the history of the Republic was twice awarded the rank of general.
march, war, war of liberation, the Korean War … … Civil war decades, the face of war are almost all advantages of the enemy. But life with the courage factor, pain and even death can not frighten them, but time and again to inspire them bravely fighting the enemy of the heroic feelings.
Statistics show that only anti-Japanese war, the Eighth Route and New Fourth Army to fight the battle by more than the U.S. fought in two world wars, the battle in the sum. 22 years of continuous battle, so that they become the world’s longest continuous operation of the army. Even an ordinary soldiers are all battle-hardened, not to mention they take the lead in general!
brave general with a brave soldier. In the Korean War in the face of powerful enemies, volunteer soldiers gripped the opponent shows courage and sacrifice, blocked muzzle Jiguang, Qiu Shaoyun until the burned remains exposed, rushed to the fence so that his comrades step past Baopo Shou Li Yunfeng … …
a bit heroic devotion of the soldier, one man’s fight to the last position, so that volunteers Chong Fenghao sound, have become those who survived the enemy in the Korean War soldier are most bone-deep voice.
legendary writing in the days of smoke dispersed
victory in war is not the only success. Smoke coming from the war, under the blue sky in the new Chinese writing a new legend.
After the Korean War, the people who set up the Navy’s Zhang Aiping, on the southeast coast of China People’s Liberation Army command the first time armed forces joint amphibious landings: an island country battle.
after the end of the war, Zhang Aiping, 45, was awarded the rank of general, was ordered to participate in leadership development and testing of sophisticated weapons defense. Atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb, satellites, ICBMs, submarine-launched strategic missiles … … four times as the General Committee of the nuclear tests and field experiments commander, successfully organized China’s first generation of ground missile, the first atomic bomb explosion towers, air blast and third three major tasks atomic bomb experiments.
1966 年 6 June, the Central Military Commission decided to set up the Second Artillery Force. Zhang Aiping go around the investigation, site selection for the Second Artillery and the construction of China’s strategic nuclear forces and development of painstaking efforts. Later, he became the sixth defense of the Republic, only served as the founding secretary of defense will be.
general Wang Zhen, who during the war in Nanniwan “rifle in one hand and ho,” the famous warrior, the rate of thousands of troops push into Xinjiang, the northwest frontier to build and consolidate all devoted energy. After the death of General, in accordance with his wishes, his ashes will be scattered people on the lofty Tian Shan.
1949 年 11 11, 40 days after the founding of new China, People’s Air Force was established. Liuyalou and Xiao Hua became the first commander, respectively, and first political commissar of the PLA Air Force since become a military services, to assume the task of defending the motherland and the blue sky. Korean War broke out, the new people’s lack of 200 Air Force combat aircraft, the pilots less than 200 per capita less than 100 hours flight time, but the face has more than 1,200 aircraft in World War II opponent steal the show, they made a down 425 of the wounded enemy hehe victories.
then lead the masses of bombing bridges in central Hebei, Pa Lu Zhengcao railroad, after the establishment of New China, served as Minister of Railways, railway corps political commissar, bridge laying, step by step extension of the new Chinese railway transport.
war came to an end, war has never been under the saddle. After the founding of new China, no matter in what field, what industry, the former across battlefields of the war were always to fight the war years that the spirit, into the great cause of building a new China being.
founding general, there are a number of overseas returnees and minority generals. Which later served as commander of the Navy on Ye Fei returned for the Philippines, served as Vice President of Ulanhu will be Mongolian, served as director of the General Political Department is the Zhuang Wei Guoqing.
in Fujian, it is under the command of the Ye Fei, the famous Golden Gate People’s Liberation Army launched artillery. When the ring 10 days after the gunfire stopped, the Chinese government solemnly issued the statement on the Territorial Sea: the width of the PRC’s territorial waters to 12 nautical miles, all foreign military aircraft and ships, without the PRC government permission to enter China’s territorial waters and over.
Ulanhu, who was born in Daqing under the Mongolian generals, has long been fighting, working in Inner Mongolia grasslands. After the victory, he, as Chairman of Sui Mongolian government, led by a large number of cadres and returned to Inner Mongolian autonomous region to carry out campaign, created China’s first ethnic autonomous regions. After the founding of new China, Ulanhu back to this piece was born and bred in the prairie, so that people of all ethnic groups in Inner Mongolia to gradually improve the material and cultural life, population and unprecedented economic development as a whole has undergone enormous changes.
founding endowed with only 42-year-old Wei Guoqing, join the revolution, when young, 16 years old to participate in Baise Uprising, and later took part in the march, the war horse in the rate group of people broke into the Huaibei create base, when the war of liberation become a mighty force command and the corps commander of the column. Shortly after the founding of new China, the Democratic Republic of Viet Nam’s invitation, the Chinese government assigned to Wei Guoqing, head of the Military Advisory Group to Vietnam to help the Vietnamese People’s Army for the war against France, the legendary brought to a foreign country.
former battlefield opponents with Yao Republic Star
founding generals, there are a number of war opponents from the former Nationalist generals. Taozhi Yue, Ming-Jen Chen and Dong Qiwu, three former KMT officers uprising, also was awarded the rank of general.
will Ming-Jen Chen, the first graduates of the Whampoa Military Academy, he participated in the two conquests of Guangdong Revolutionary Government, was appointed the corps commander of the Kuomintang will. In 1944, Ming-Jen Chen led his troops in the China-Burma border to start fighting back against Japan, with an expeditionary force in India, wiped out the Japanese large-scale, re-opened the hub as China’s overseas – in the Indian roads. Ming-Jen Chen so famous at home and abroad.
1946, the rate of twenty thousand KMT troops clinging to Ming-Jen Chen Siping, was that three-fifths of the area occupied by the PLA initiative Siping withdrawal of combat. Chiang Kai-shek as the result of all his senior generals learning model, and he was promoted to corps commander, personally for his medal.
that the PLA was the opponent, in 1949, together with the KMT elder Cheng Qian led his troops in the uprising, the peace and make a historic contribution to the liberation of Changsha. In this regard, Mao Zedong praised the telegram: “gentlemen rate of Sunshine athletes, from the reactionary camp, participate in the people’s revolution, meaning the sound impeccable, the country welcomed South Point Xiangyun, would like to congratulations.”
endowed When 63-year-old Tao Zhiyue already is a founding generals in the elderly. He participated in the Revolution, the latter distinguished itself promoted by the National Revolutionary Army Commander Major General. One week before the founding of New China, Tao Zhiyue announced the uprising. A few days later, deputy commander Peng met with him in Jiuquan, Gansu Province, said: “General Tao, the future, we worked together, and do not have any concerns, continue to work boldly, with good troops.” September 1982, Tao Zhiyue in When 90-year-old joined the Chinese Communist Party, was elected Vice Chairman for one year.
another will Dongqi Wu, the highest military and political uprising in the former Suiyuan Executive. September 19, 1949, Dong Qiwu resolutely out of the reactionary Kuomintang army, led his troops more than 90,000 people power uprising, achieve Suiyuan peaceful liberation, the liberation war to create a “Suiyuan way.” After the founding of new China, he Pijianzhirui, fighting in the Korean battlefield.
bright sky, the shining star of countless stars.
essay, they will not try to describe the legend of the founding and life stories. Let us remember the immortal name of it.
They are: Wang Ping, Wang Zhen, Wang Hongkun, WANG Jian, Wang Xinting, Wei Guoqing, Ulanhu, Deng Hua, Ye Fei, Gansi Qi, Lu Zhengcao, only Zhu Liang, Liu Zhen, Liu Yalou, Xu Shiyou , Su Zhenhua, Li Da, Li Tao, Li Tianyou, Li Zhimin, LI, Li Jukui, Yang Yong, Yang Zhicheng, Yang Chengwu, Yang Dezhi, Xiao Hua, Xiao Ke, Song Renqiong, Song round, Zhang Xun, Zhang Aiping, Chen Ju, Chan Road, Chen Bojun , Ming-Jen Chen, Chen Qihan, Chen Xilian, Zhou Huan Zhou Shi first, week of pure whole, Zhao Lu, Hong Xuezhi, bell stage light, Hebing Yan, Tian-Min Guo, Tang Liang, Tao Zhiyue, Yan Hongyan, Dongqi Wu, Peng Shaohui, Korea First Chu, Fu Zhong, Fu Qiutao, Lai Chuan-chu … …
Unfortunately, the founding will be square, it was also on the road at a later departure from his original choice, to the opposite. They are grateful to Fu Huang Yongsheng and governance. (Xinhua News Agency reporters Jia Yongxu and Zhuang Zhiwang E. White Snow)
related topics: the founding of the death of Admiral Lu Zhengcao