Kuznetsov internal equipment on the ship are all made to be training inexperienced staff
Data Figure: China will become the Navy’s first aircraft carrier Kuznetsov
“China Economic Weekly” reporter Hu Xueqin ︱ reports from Beijing
7 月27, the Chinese Defense Ministry spokesman formally opened a Chinese aircraft carrier mystery. While before, people over several years of speculation and observation, has been basically plots the true face of China’s first aircraft carrier.
China’s first aircraft carrier captain who? Why is the first aircraft carrier to be used for “scientific testing and training?” When a carrier battle group combat capability? All of these have yet to be answered. To this end, August 2, “China Economic Weekly” reporter an exclusive interview with the Navy director of information technology advisory committee of experts has been involved in China’s aircraft carrier Admiral argument Yin Cho.
“China Week”: “Kuznetsov” aircraft carrier converted after the completion of the new name?
Yin Cho: the carrier named by the military released. China’s naval vessels have a certain naming rules. Destroyer named after the general to the capital city, as Harbin ship; frigate named generally second-tier cities, such as Anshan ship; nuclear submarine on a “Long March” plus numbers, such as the “Long March 1″; large landing ship is named with the mountain, like the ship Jinggangshan . Carrier as a new ship class, the military will be taken into account in naming.
“China Week”: China’s first aircraft carrier captain of whether the candidates have been identified, apart from these rumors is the pilot background, and a former captain of the frigate Li Xiaoyan, true?
Yin Cho: Li Yan is the first captain, has not yet determined, but Li Yan of China’s aircraft carrier captain trainees to develop one. I have had two lessons to their class, their quality is very good.
as an aircraft carrier captain, there must be “amphibious” experience: not only flying in the sky, and in the sea “tour” over. From the law of the West, carrier-based aircraft pilots generally captain came, and served in destroyers and other captains, there is a large surface ship command experience. Thus, in order to play with the captain of the aircraft carrier qualification.
“China Economic Weekly: What kind of aircraft carrier captain need to have the quality?
Yin Cho: captain of the candidate to have four conditions, we must first have a good tactical ability. Second, they should force management experience, to know how to command troops. Third, more familiar with the weapons and equipment, skilled in emergency response, such as surface ships, aircraft collision how to do? How to dispose of the ship suffered a torpedo hit and so on. Fourth, be familiar with the logistics. Carriers often face supply, to know how much ammunition carrier, food, fresh water, supplies, etc. when to start. Because supply can not take off when the aircraft carrier, timing will be crucial.
“China Week”: Why China’s first aircraft carrier to be used for scientific experiments and training?
Yin Cho: Kuznetsov bought when it was a shell, what’s all torn down power. We all internal devices are developed later put something, of course, is much more advanced than they removed.
integrated carrier will form a very strong battle group. The carrier’s own construction, functional requirements are very complex. As an example: the aircraft carrier is the most dangerous torpedo attack, if a watertight compartment was broken off the door, the balance of the ship caused some impact, but little impact. The following aircraft will be generally watertight compartment with more than 2,000. “Unsinkable aircraft carrier” refers to four adjacent compartments are broken up, the ship will not sink. The size of each compartment, the command module on what? Tank on what position? , All of which need to begin by computer simulation, then, to ship the actual test.
personnel carrier training is an important new issue. U.S. aircraft carrier construction of several years of history, veterans with recruits, you can pass down from generation to generation, but we both need to train cadres or soldiers.
the difficulty of the training carrier pilots Needless to say, in addition, even the crew of a specific job duties of NCO is also very important. Face on the big aircraft carrier ship, the ship in a limited area to park as many carrier-based aircraft, not only is a major problem, but also the accumulation of experience. As the driver stop in a small space is difficult, as in the ship off the surface is a major test. Aircraft carrier back to the ship side, because the tail is very hot, very unlike the ordinary airport, you can heat, so the carrier-based aircraft down after shutdown, and wait for non-commissioned officers in command of tractor guidance down into place. The distance between each folding wing only ten centimeters, punch size. Pilots and the ship must face in close cooperation in order to accurately down into place.
each soldier to train each department, the department formed after fighting between the various departments to conduct the training run, the aircraft carrier to joint training, joint training but also with the carrier-based aircraft, and is a joint training ship step by step in order to form a carrier battle group’s overall combat effectiveness.
“China Week”: the formation of foreign carriers from training to actual combat capability is generally how long?
Yin Cho: experience from France, in 1946, they began to have aircraft carrier, to form a real combat capability, it took 10 years. Landmark event in 1956, Egypt closed the Suez Canal should state, France and Britain for military intervention. France dispatched a two-carrier battle groups entered the war, said the synthetic training capability has been completed, more mature.
“China Week”: aircraft training process, the need to pay attention to what?
Yin Cho: thousands of aircraft is a large team of co-operation, very easy, 10-year training period in France, there were more than 100 large and small incidents, many carrier-based pilots lost their lives. Even the formation of a combat aircraft, some individuals will inevitably be an accident, and even casualties, we must be prepared.
“China Week”: Why do we start the transformation from an old aircraft carrier, rather than beginning the construction of a new aircraft carrier?
Yin Cho: Probably three reasons:
China’s shipbuilding technology there is a gap. Carrier different from the ships, making more difficult than imagined. So far, the largest of China’s naval tonnage of not more than 2 million tons.
The lack of training, need training ship. As we drove, first hand with a used car and thought, so familiar and then open the car to open the same.
transformation of the old ship will be a little more than build a new ship to the economic point.
“China Economic Weekly”: “to build a powerful navy,” is the dream of several generations of Chinese people, China’s aircraft carrier construction will change the future of the Chinese navy’s strategic layout?
Yin Cho: aircraft carrier is “a powerful navy,” the major signs, but not the only sign. Carrier does not change the layout of the Chinese Navy’s future strategy, it will not change China’s defensive national defense policy. ?(edit: SN034)
related topics: China’s aircraft carrier began sea trials platform