China Aviation Museum a large number of prominent military exploits of various types of aircraft missiles
data for : China Aviation Museum
data for: Museum of Aviation Tu-16 strategic bombers
Beijing BEIJING, Oct. 28 (Xinhua): China Aviation Museum of the Air Force witnessed the cultural development and growth of
author application into the Division Baixian Lin
great Tangshan is located in Changping District of Beijing at the foot of the China Aviation Museum, is the only country, the largest in Asia, the world’s few large-scale aviation professional museum, a collection of 200 polymorphism more than 300 aircraft, helicopters, more than 13,000 pieces of other weapons and equipment samples, of which more than meet the national standard of two artifacts more than 100 pieces.
to mark the 60th anniversary of the Air Force, where the impressive collection of cultural relics treasures again: whether to participate in the founding ceremony in 1949 by the reading of the air plane, or the Korean War and the exploits of homeland defense operations in the aircraft ; whether Chairman Mao Zedong and other leaders of the plane, or participated in nuclear testing bombers, attack aircraft, the Air Force have witnessed China’s development and growth.
★ In the “old aviation school” step Flying
– straight flight students “99″ type of advanced training aircraft, successfully used alcohol instead of gasoline, created a miracle in the history of world aviation
Aviation Museum collection of “99″ type of advanced jet trainer to create miracle in the history of world aviation, is the world often say often new.
1945, the Sino-Japanese War, shortly after the victory, the CPC decided to build our military’s first in the Northeast Aviation School (later people used to call “old school Air”). Then selected a group of cadres to build aviation school, one after another marched northeast from Yan’an.
According to curator Qixian De introduction, then, the old school a total of 10 aircraft to the wooden frame out of shape the primary trainer, can no longer use, flight training, experienced great difficulties. Break the routine aviation school, bravely practice, beyond the initial, intermediate trainer, directly on the “99″ type of advanced training aircraft, flight training success.
With the commencement of flight training, the lack of gasoline increasing difficulties highlighted. They go through several tests, adjusted to improve the relevant parts of the aircraft, successfully used alcohol instead of gasoline to ensure that the required flight training aircraft fuel.
is relying on these “99″ type of advanced trainer started, “the old aviation school” side of the construction side of training. In three years time, the train the backbone of a large number of aviation industry leaders and a variety of aviation technical cadres.
★ founding ceremony of the “magic flight”
– attend the founding ceremony in 1949 by the reading of the air had only 17 aircraft, we have seen 26 flying over the Tiananmen Square
founding ceremony in 1949 to participate in the air in front of the aircraft by reading, listening to an aviation museum special correspondent aviation history researcher Bai Fengkun talking about a story: In late August 1949, founding ceremony parade commander Nie proposed: to organize a flight team through Tiananmen Square, China’s leaders to accept the new review.
at Nanyuan Airport, the FAA focused on pilots from all over the world and a wide variety of aircraft. The aircraft each have their own height, each have their own speed. After careful preparation, the Air Force to participate in the program by reading the map was finally submitted to the General Assembly Preparatory Committee. Subsequently, the Air Force plans to attend the founding ceremony by reading the table on September 22 was promulgated, it is a force than the military parade ground for a whole month late.
there was a very important question: Nanyuan squadron’s primary mission is responsible for Peking’s air defense security. Founding ceremony, if the enemy attack how to do? After much research by Mao Zedong, Zhu De and Zhou Enlai approved, a Soviet specialist so very shocked “by reading the flight with a bomb” plan worked out, Nie personally selected the band to play Nanyuan Airport flying aircraft and pilots.
order to fully display military might, and in no circumstances can increase the aircraft, Zhou Enlai and the Central Military Commission chaired by the FAA revised the flight plan reading, and that “for nine cycles P-51 aircraft flying 17 frame change 26 “program. As a result, people see the celebration of the day by reading the aircraft is not 17 but 26. 1
★ Korean War a “blockbuster”
– MiG-15 and MiG-15 aircraft Bies, play an active role in the Korean war, volunteers Air Force had shot down 330 enemy aircraft, damaged 95
in the Korean war in the South awarded the collective merit of first space flight of a division of a large group, has now been equipped with the latest type of fighter. Aviation Museum Collection MiG-15 and MiG-15 fighter jet Bies, is their boss Captain Wang Hai and other combat heroes cherish as “partners”, who play an active role in the Korean War combat.
1951 年 1 29, air 28 battalion 4 division Lee Han shot down a U.S. F-84 fighter. This is a volunteer Air Force opened the scoring. Since then, Zhang Jihui killed Davis, Han color down payment seats Seoul, the Air Force volunteers are well-known wars.
combat in the Korean War, the emergence of a large number of volunteers Air Force hero. Among them, shooting down enemy planes five more are Zhaobao Tong, Liu embankment, Sun Shenglu, Jiangdao Ping, Fan Wan-Zhang, Han Cai, Lu Min. In accordance with international practice, they become the era of Chinese jet ace.
Wang lead the group of empty 3 9 1 Division brigade in the Korean war, the brave and tenacious, flexible, air 80 times, shot down, wounded U.S. plane 29, has been awarded a first class, known as the “hero Wang brigade.”
there is a war hero with two, Principal hero Jiang Daoping the wars known: the U.S. Air Force pilot Captain Wing 5l 约瑟夫麦克康 McConnell, the U.S. Air Force in the Korean War. ” Chief triple ace pilot. ” April 12, 1953, near the city of the Korean air war in the turtle, Jiang Daoping Air Force pilot shot down by volunteers.
is relying on this jet, the Air Force fighting forces dare dares volunteer, shot down 330 enemy aircraft, damaged 95.
★ over the “natural barrier” repeated the Jones
-C-46 transport aircraft, the “Roof of the World” on the side of the open route, while dropping, air, support for ground troops into Tibet, Free Tibet
with earthquake relief in 2008, the extraordinary role of IL-76 compared to large transport aircraft, the aviation museum’s C-46 transport aircraft seemed so old.
1950 In January, the central authorities decided to enter the Southwest, the liberation of Tibet. The newly established Air Force at an altitude of 5000-7000 m of the “Roof of the World”, the driving old aircraft, while opening up routes, while airdrop, air, so that “where ground troops entered, ammunition, food, supplies air to the drop where. ”
1950 年 4 15, Xie Fin driving unit C-46 transport aircraft, breaking the “air zone”, the first trials Kangding, dropping success; May 7, Wang Hongzhi driving unit C-46 transport aircraft , the first city of Ganzi Xikang trials, dropped successfully.
Since then, the expansion of the Air Force airlift of troops; to continue to develop new routes, expand the drop range; and built the first high altitude airports – Ganzi airport, air base to advance to the forefront of 240 km; still taking off and landing new airport and drop zone, the expansion of the communication, navigation, weather (station) and other security institutions and facilities.
1956, the troops stationed in Tibet and the Tibetan people’s struggle more than three months, the unique long plateau repaired runways, built the first outer suburbs of Lhasa airport – the airport when the male.
done a lot of preparatory work on the basis of the central decisions, the Air Force and the Civil Aviation Authority of transport aircraft in late May, respectively, from the north and east sides along different routes to Tibet, in Lhasa when the male Airport.
5 月 26 morning, the air force team leader of a driving machine Shifushizhang Han Lin, No. 5116, from Yushu to take off, flying over the Tanggula, Nyainqentanglha, first landed at the airport when the male successfully completed the Beijing – Lhasa air line trials task, and when the male runway and took off on a roll test, the aerodynamics of the study provides valuable information.
★ “three to ○” forever in the history of war
– MiG -15, MiG-17Ф and F-5, F-6, is the 1950s and 1960s the Air Force’s main combat aircraft, set hehe exploits
F-5, F-6, are the 1950s and 1960s, the Air Force’s main combat aircraft, has set hehe exploits.
Baifeng Kun introduced between 1950 and 1969, established an unprecedented rate of young Air Force, on the one hand the invasion of our airspace and U.S. aircraft operations, and to me the other coastal areas the destruction of the Taiwan KMT crazy harassment air force operations. In this protracted battle, the Air Force has been greatly tempered.
1955 In January, the Army, Navy, Air Force, the liberation of a country island coordinated operations and other islands along the coast of Zhejiang campaign operation, the Air Force air superiority, blockade enemy occupied islands, the implementation of aerial reconnaissance to support the army and navy landing force has played an important role.
1958 年 Fujian to fight, won control of the air, one that shocked the enemy is three wars over ○ won the first battle. July 29, 1958, Fujian to the first air combat forces to reach the front on the third day, the eastern coastal overcast with heavy clouds, thunderstorm. 11 am, led by the Kuomintang Air Force F-84G aircraft Liu Jingquan four, close to the cloud, the Shantou direction into the low-altitude attack. Air of a division when he was decisively command Lin Hu Captain De-An Zhao led four MiG-17Ф aircraft take-off engaged. A fierce air combat, air in South Australia on the island started. De-An Zhao unit shot down two enemy aircraft, damaged one, he has no one injury, the record of three to ○ won the first battle.
homeland defense, brilliant record. From 1949 to 1969, the Air Force responsible for air defense missions in the Chinese shooting down enemy planes 96 and injured 180.
★ Sirius radio success, “Colonel battalion commander”
– to the red flag from the SA-2-2, are the People’s Air Force air missile units “original equipment”, but to create a surface to air missiles to shoot down enemy planes with the first of its kind
in the October 1 National Day military parade, from the Air Force’s Red Flag -9, -12 surface-side team flag brilliant appearance. Surface to air missile weapons systems they carry, the Air Force air missile units of the “Pioneer.” Formed a “red flag -9 side team,” the Air Force air missile division “Hero Camp”, the Kuomintang air force shot down 50 years ago, a high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft used in air missile system, on the aviation museum treasure.
1959 年 10 月 7, Nationalist Air Force RB-57D high altitude reconnaissance aircraft over the fleeing Beijing Datong reconnaissance activities. Battalion commander Yue Zhenhua calm command, set fire to properly and timely determination, with a huge explosion, the wreckage of enemy quickly fall. This will create the world’s history of anti-aircraft surface to air missiles to shoot down enemy planes with the first of its kind.
1962 年 9 September, the second battalion had laid an ambush in Nanchang, the range of fire into the enemy launched a sudden U-2 aircraft, to be destroyed to obtain the first time to play U-2 victory.
1964 年 7 23, Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Zhu De, Peng Zhen, Li Xiannian, met in Beijing Great Hall of the “Hero Camp” all officers and men. This is only received after the founding Chairman Mao seen an entire organizational unit. In the first U-2 aircraft shot down when Chairman Mao Yue Zhenhua battle after listening to the report, waved his hand and said: “He laid a plus give a star!” So the first time ever had such a special ” colonel battalion commander. ”
“Hero Camp” “original equipment” to the red flag from the SA-2-2, witnessed the introduction of China’s surface to air missile weapons systems – generic – developed by the development process. After 50 years of development, the Air Force series of surface to air missile troops and equipment continue to improve, air defense system gradually improved, and has become a major force air defense.
★ Chairman Mao’s plane carrying 23 times
– known as the “greatest treasures,” the 4202 number of transport aircraft Il -14, was In the 18 months flying the motherland with Chairman Mao’s north and south
1993, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Chairman Mao Zedong, starting from November 30, Mao Zedong’s plane Air Museum (series) show. The exhibition continues to this day, more than a decade, enduring enthusiasm for the audience.
Chairman Mao Zedong, work on the plane, there is a memorable moment: He was wearing a gray coat, sat on the sofa, and lay a small square table, materials are being looked on attentively.
1957 fall, Chairman Mao Zedong in Shandong inspection, the plane continued south. Chairman Mao’s plane was code-named 4202′s Soviet-made transport aircraft Il -14, is a former air force commander of a division, Yang Fu true.
Chairman Mao Zedong’s life, sat in the Air Force is not too much. In addition to transport aircraft Il -14, he also sat in -2 Soviet, Soviet and Soviet-type mapping -104 transport aircraft Il -18. In August 1945, Chairman Mao from Yan’an to the Chongqing negotiations, take the US-made C-47 transport aircraft. His work on the plane pictures, only this one, it is particularly valuable.
aviation museum store and display the Chairman Mao’s plane in 2, IL-14 and IL -18. Among them, the transport aircraft IL -14 is this picture, the Chairman Mao riding, is particularly striking. From March 19, 1957 to September 10, 1958, Chairman Mao has 23 times the plane ride, track north and south across the motherland, Great Wall. It was March 26, 1992 retirement, a flight from Harbin Institute of the Air Force flying Beijing, Hang Bo is the “greatest treasures.”
★ nuclear Yunteng the air a number of miracle
– IL-12, Tu-16, Q-5, recorded in China’s nuclear test the success of the first atomic bomb explosion and a practical hydrogen bomb throwing a successful history
National Day military parade, when the Air Force, 9 H-6H wedge into three 3-machine teams over time by the People’s Heroes Monument, the explanation member said: perform the task by reading the air force division has been established since 1965, has completed sea trials in Lhasa, dropped two bombs, launch the Shenzhou spacecraft, such as testing a number of important tasks. Year mission IL-12, Tu-16, Q-5 aircraft in the Aviation Museum collection.
Qixian De introduction, at 15:00 on October 16th 1964, China successfully detonated its first atomic bomb. In the nuclear test, the Air Force has deployed IL -12, 14 planes, complete air transport, smoke sampling and other tasks. Air force division Guo Hongli, Li Chuansen unit, driving IL-12 aircraft, has successfully made the mushroom cloud sample, to obtain valuable experimental data.
1965 年 5 14, the bomber division, Li Yuan a unit (the first pilot in Fuhai, a total of six people), driving Tu-16 bomber, the first successful atomic bomb dropped, exposing opened a new chapter in China’s nuclear test.
1967 年 6 17, the unit driving force division Xuke Jiang Tu-16 bomber, dropped the first hydrogen bomb test was successful. This indicates that China’s nuclear weapons development has entered a new stage.
1971 年 12 31, air force pilot, a division of Yi Yang Guoxiang driving practical hydrogen bomb hanging strong -5 influenza aircraft in China’s western test range for throwing. As the institutions linked to evade a missile failure, three were to vote it down, had to back yard touchdown with hydrogen bombs, and sometimes there has been soul-stirring scene. Landing in case of accidental loss or hydrogen bomb explosion by shock, the consequences could be disastrous. At that time, in addition to a commander, the test site for all personnel are all underground. Driving under the aircraft Yang Guoxiang, a safe landing. After January 7, 1972, Yang Guoxiang driving off again, Q-5 alpha-plane, successfully threw our first ever practical hydrogen bomb.
★ 30 years has taken the “three step”
– China’s first third-generation fighter F-10 and the third generation of our innovative development of heavy fighter aircraft F- -11, a new aviation museum artifacts
F-8, JH -7, -10, -11 F, the aircraft has now become the latest aviation museum artifacts, which makes clear to the Air Force for 30 years of reform and opening up the pace of construction of new equipment.
20 in the late 1970s, the quality of the army, strengthening the army’s strategic policy, the development of weapons and equipment for the Air Force has injected vigor and vitality. Especially the third-generation combat aircraft and air defense missiles, radars and battle command automation, to achieve a leap-forward development, the Air Force modernization begun to take shape.
F-8 fighter is a series of independent intellectual property rights of the first domestic double the speed of sound fighter. In December 1980, the troops started to become my kind of Air Force’s main fighter.
JH -7 is the first in China with independent intellectual property rights of twin, two-seat, supersonic, all-weather fighter-bomber. JH -7 A (Air type) JH-7 is improved. First developed by JH -7 “Flying Leopard” (Navy), on a successful maiden flight in December 1988. JH -7 A project developed in 1997, 2005, Air Force equipment.
China’s first third-generation fighters – the J-10 aircraft, is the use of the current international advanced technology, developed by a new generation of single, lightweight, high performance, multi-purpose, all-weather fighter. In March 1998, J-10 prototype flew. May 2002, leading the troops to use, design finalized in January 2004, the official armed forces in 2005 and in a very short period of time into the establishment, into the system to form a combat, the Air Force in the future of our air superiority to win the war, the implementation of battle assault one of the main equipment.
J-11 aircraft, is the late 20th century, the introduction of Russian-made Su-27 heavy fighter production line. 2007, J-11 aircraft have been equipped with several groups of air force units, significantly enhancing the combat capability.
related topics: Army Air Force 60th anniversary