Transformation of the Far East Military Tribunal in Japan: Class A war criminals did not mention crime
1946 年 to 1948, the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in World War II, the major Japanese war criminals on trial.
Far East International Military Tribunal for the former dock (right) has been removed, replaced by the old Japanese variety.” relics. ” International Herald Tribune freelance writer
Qin sail from the bottom of Tokyo, “Although the Japanese Ministry of Defense have recently heard the chief of staff, such as the former Air Field Mother Toshio paper event, Aegis destroyers sank fishing boats and the like negative news, but for projects open to the public sightseeing ‘tour to visit Ichigaya station’ is still popular. “
recently, Japan’s Kyodo News in a report presented, the trial of Japanese war criminals after World War II International Military Tribunal for the Far East, is now a well developed by the Japanese Ministry of Defense as a “tourist attraction.” As a result, “International Herald Tribune” correspondent and recently came to the cherry trees in the shade under the Ichigaya Memorial Hall, which is the seat of the International Military Tribunal Far East, then, to find out.
However, the reporter here, not without regret that the original court has changed dramatically, in the Memorial Hall will be transformed into here, the transformation had not fully recovered back to its Tokyo trial scene, but reproduction of the Japanese before the defeat of the old Japanese army’s “achievements” and “brilliant.”
understatement war in China
Japan’s defense ministry compound, located in Tokyo, a high ground, known locally as a piece of Highland Valley City, Taiwan, and the Memorial Hall is also In this compound being. The first floor of Memorial Hall is the International Military Tribunal for the Far East where the trial. And before the end of World War II, there was the Japanese Military Academy, where war or the Army General Staff Headquarters and the provincial seat, is a war of aggression operational command of the central nervous system, selected after Japan’s defeat in the trial of Japanese war criminals here, we can see when liquidation of the international community how the attitude of Japanese militarism firm.
Today, tour guides to tourists Come Ichigaya Memorial Hall, he will ask the visitors to watch a video description tracks the history of Memorial Hall.
video first shows the Japanese Emperor Showa (1901-1989) riding photos, as well as the Japanese Army physical training scenarios. After the background music suddenly became tense, the screen displays “Sino-Japanese War broke out,” but the show is not much aggression the Chinese people’s plight, but Japanese newspapers fighting for the Japanese propaganda.
Subsequently, more and more pressed for musical rhythm, the scene suddenly switches to a Japanese invasion from “the Anglo-American declaration of war.” A minute later, the picture has become a “truce” is under the edict of the Emperor to the public scene, “Japan, Ichigaya station has changed dramatically.” Background music instantly replaced by a relaxed rhythm.
the next, and finally to the Tokyo Trial can not bypass the scene. Screen all of a sudden freeze in the trial scene. From May 3, 1946 start, is here, which lasted two and a half hours, including China, judges from 11 countries in 28 Japanese Class-A war criminals of the war crimes trial.
“I explain to you.” Tour guide picked up the phone. “Now we are sitting, that is, when the position of national judges, while the opposite is the dock. Hall in front of a judge, sitting above the simultaneous translation, and followed by national correspondents, the right is the foreign correspondent, Japan correspondent left … … “
make Reporters puzzled that the tour guides explain the focus of the trial involves only the location and the time pattern of Tokyo, and Tokyo trials after the reconstruction. What year war criminals for crimes committed what, at what punishment, but no mention.
“innocent submissions” display eye-catching
mention does not mean no position.
judge in the original position where the left side of the hall, now prominently placed in the only year in Japan to speak on behalf of the judges – Justice Pal of India’s ruling submissions. In the Tokyo Trial, the only all claims innocence of the accused Pal (Far East International Military Tribunal for war crimes are crimes trial of a final decision). His view is still some Japanese right-wingers who love the idea of ??”ideological weapon.” So far in the shrine compound, but also the recognition of the monument standing Parr.
Tokyo trial dock, and now also been changed to the war criminals of the “confession area.” Closest to the curtain in a row, then placed officers at all levels of military uniforms. Of these, blame the defeat when the Army Minister Anami committed suicide but a few of the uniforms. And uniforms side by side, is a relic of the old Japanese army, the “Army Tutorial”, “full of little souvenir photos”, and “Emperor of Manchukuo emperor’s visit to Japan certificates”, etc.
In addition, the exhibits also lack some of the Russo-Japanese War legacy of products. Such as the Russo-Japanese conversation dictionary, Russian coins. In Japanese history, the victory of Russo-Japanese War and the opening of the puppet Manchukuo has been regarded as large and national pride. Today, these records of history, heritage items, was put in the dock from the Tokyo Trial was not far away. However, the accompanying tour the Self-Defense Force officials said, “the placement of a coincidence.”
Tokyo trials after the U.S. International Military Tribunal for the Far East as the seat of the Far East Military Command in 1959, returned to the Japanese government. Japanese government subsequently as Director of Ground Self-Defense Ministry and the east side land, sea and air self-defense cadres school. After renovation, in 2001, changed its name to Ichigaya Memorial Hall, and open to the public as a defense of a province highlights attractions.
defeat before the remains were quietly restored
“After the war, on whether to save the memorial, the Japanese people’s opinions are not uniform, but to remember that wrong war, and finally decided to repair and open country. “An accompanying Self-Defense Force official told reporters. However, the reporter visited, the museum did not see any one clear that in “the war in the wrong committed by the Japanese.”
after the defeat of Japan, the U.S. once the first floor lobby of the time, only the emperor can take the “Yu-seat” moved. Ichigaya station to take over again, the Japanese government will then use the large amount of money when the allied forces demolished the Tokyo trial Emperor “jade seat” once again restore and re Allied trampled by special steps to protect the Emperor up, tourists usually are not allowed to step up.
on the second floor, Allied headquarters office also became the emperor to restore the Queen’s Lounge, indoor display with 1934 Emperor Showa in Gunma Prefecture inspection particularly large-scale exercise photos. At that time, Emperor Tojo stood back, Yamamoto and the Emperor on the same row. “Stations around is good or bad according to academic row.” Museum tour guide said. In the same room, east of the year carry the seal engraved pattern with pine and also covered with glass.
the second floor corridor on the walls, hung with photographs of ancient Army school principal, in which the 35th-generation president Kenji Doihara the Tokyo trial of war criminals. In the memorial, his identity is the “principal” instead of “war criminals.” At the second floor of the aisle, also stands a row of knife, including Class A war criminals Umezu Yoshijiro the knife.
can be seen, the post-war Japanese government made great effort to Allied headquarters finally “destroyed” the Japanese army’s old army school, and dress back to the glorious Imperial Army Military Academy . “History is like a little girl, how you use history to dress her, she becomes what.” The words of a scholar in reporter ears.
reflects Japan’s Self-Defense ambiguous history
visit, a reporter noted the details of the original decoration in the front door to mark changes of chrysanthemum pattern a cherry. What is the significance of chrysanthemum into a cherry? Accompanied by a reporter ask a defense official. “I do not know the specific reason. May be to change the old image of a Japanese military flag right now with a lot of self-defense forces are a sign of this cherry.”
Ichigaya Memorial Hall is open to the public to visit in Japan’s defense Hall (2007 to the Ministry of Defense), after the relocation to this decision, according to Japan’s Kyodo News said, “This is to allow people to better understand self-defense.” “Ministry of Defense hopes this unusual step to raise the awareness of self-defense.”
But even replaced the chrysanthemum cherry, Japanese soldiers are completely reborn it? More than six months before the Japanese Air Self Defense Force officials before the invasion history of papers published beautification events, people can not help but such a question.
a memorial near Valley City, came to the defense of the province to commemorate the area. Monument is a central memorial monument Self-Defense Forces were killed, mainly due to perform various tasks after the war memorial at the expense of more than 1,700 SDF personnel.
but reporters found near the memorial monument, the old Japanese infantry first company camps, the Military Academy Monument, Tokyo Army monument, also young school were relocated to here. It seems, here is a pre-war to post-war Japanese Self-Defense Forces and to commemorate the place. This hazy integration, in fact, ambiguous history is not exactly the best Japanese Self-Defense Forces to prove it?
4 mid-season in Tokyo cherry litter. In the minds of Japanese people, when the most beautiful cherry litter. But now the city of Valley Memorial is hazy, not the United States.
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