2nd batch of China’s astronauts began to check the standard is slightly different between men and women
Aerospace staff training in the simulator
Xinhua Beijing, November 16 (D. Wang, Xu Ai Su, Wang Chiu) China’s second batch of astronauts prepare working days before the end of the primary season, check the work starts. All active duty Air Force pilots selected from the 30 male candidates and 15 female candidates, will be divided into three groups for overall physiological function and psychological examination.
of them will be prepared out of five male astronauts, two women prepare astronauts. The implementation of China’s manned space project is the first time since women’s preliminary astronaut selection.
held in 16 of China’s first international academic conference on clinical aerospace, astronauts participated in the previous selection of the General Hospital of Air Force experts, details the preliminary astronaut selection.
with Chinese characteristics and selection criteria
“selecting the first astronauts, the country’s manned space program has just started, there is no ready-made experience can learn. “Air Force General Hospital Medical Center, Clinical Director Xu Xianrong said, in this case, the selection group of experts through years of experience and international public information and to develop a” preliminary astronaut selection criteria for clinical medicine. ” .
“The first astronauts is ‘perfect’.” Xu Xianrong humorous introduction, “At that time only rule out every conceivable issue.”
recent years, the Air Force General Hospital through analysis and summary of the terms of the standard number of proposed changes, and in the second selection of astronauts prepared to be used, they also included new astronaut medical selection criteria.
“Now the standard has a distinct Chinese characteristics.” Xu Xianrong said that as ethnic differences, foreign and domestic practice, many data have a significant difference, “astronaut selection and the second batch ready, we have know where to focus check, where you can relax. “
selection of task-traction
experts in aerospace medicine and space missions, according to The astronauts on the different types of requirements, develop appropriate selection of items, content and standardized procedures. Generally includes the basic qualification, clinical examination, the selection of physiological function, psychological selection, a special selection of environmental factors such as endurance and adaptability.
“will undertake driving duties of the astronauts and communications work, the difference will certainly be required.” Xu Xianrong introduction.
compared with the Air Force pilot selection, second selection of astronauts, because the task of preparing the different standards and requirements are different.
“For example, in weightlessness will produce and the usual motion sickness, seasickness is very similar to the discomfort and affect space missions or space flight safety.” Xu Xianrong said, “This is not the incidence of space motion sickness follow the law, good vestibular function is to prevent it appears the basic protection, so the astronauts vestibular function requires far more than the Air Force pilot. “
” Another example, from combat aircraft and space considerations, in the cockpit When the pressure altitude is lower than the ground, they are confronted with life-saving pilot ejection, rapid cabin decompression body rupture situation. “Xu Xianrong introduction,” and spacecraft in space consistent with the ground pressure, rupture is highly unlikely, for astronaut anti-sickness is no Air Force pilot requirements less stringent. “
standard is slightly different between men and women
prepare the second batch of astronauts in the early selected women candidates has been the focus of attention.
Xu Xianrong said to be in the same environment as the next mission, regardless of male and female, as astronauts have to reach a common requirement, on top of this based on the physical and psychological differences between men, female standard is slightly different.
in women compared to men in the space advantage, endurance strength, psychological stability, strong resistance to loneliness, feeling more sensitive, especially to some extent, more delicate mind, consider the issue more thoroughly, ways and means of dealing with the issue more attention, language and communication skills are strong.
Xu Xianrong said, 25 to 35 years old, is a woman physically and psychologically mature, stable period, which is China’s first batch of fighters did not participate in the selection of women pilots one of the reasons.
fertility for women candidates to the requirements of marriage, Xu Xianrong said, this is the woman responsible for a consideration, “in a variety of data, does not reflect the living space, the impact of the female physiology, but After all, China is the first time, we need to do more cautious. “
primaries for the selection of clinical medicine and psychology
Air Force General Hospital Clinical Liu, MD, director of aviation medicine Red Scarf introduction, the second batch of astronauts prepare primaries, including internal medicine, neurology and psychiatry, ophthalmology, ENT, subjects such as secondary diagnosis in more than 100 large projects, thousands of small projects Airlines Medical identification, and conduct intelligence, attention, and distribution capacity, hands and feet coordination, endurance and quality of primary explosive, and other psychological tests. Check completion of the general physiological function and space environmental endurance and adaptability check
Red Scarf Liu said, to ensure that astronauts have excellent physical, physiological selection is critical, mainly the selection of the dirty body basic physiological functions, and systems were excellent.
astronaut psychological and mental state of completion for the space mission has a great impact. Liu Hongjin introduction, selection methods include psychological investigation of psychological, intellectual and cognitive and psychomotor ability tests. For many people the crew, the astronauts also attached particular importance to coordination between adaptability and ability to identify.
Red Scarf Liu said, the process will encounter in the space environment for a variety of special factors, such as overweight, weight loss, high temperature, noise, radiation, etc. In view of this, the check process to be eliminated on special environmental sensitivity and tolerance of poor candidates, those who choose good endurance and adaptability.
be selected to examine comprehensive
Xu Xianrong revealed by a check of the candidates to be selected into the final stage. This stage is based on comprehensive assessment to determine who will be preparing astronauts.