US-Russian chemical weapons destruction plant to enable reconstruction called rare example of US-Russian cooperation
the United States and the European Union aided the Russian chemical weapons destruction facilities in Shchuchye plant officially opened 29. This destruction of chemical weapons factory financed by the United States to help build $ 1 billion, by 2012 the cumulative destruction of some two million chemical bombs.
Associated Press commented, enable Shchuchye plant is not only the destruction of Soviet-era Russian chemical weapons left behind by a large number of important step, also called the US-Russian cooperation, “a rare example.”
this destruction of chemical weapons plant by Russia, the United States, the European Union and some members of the joint venture to build, is located east of the Russian capital of Moscow about 1800 km of Kurgan Shchuchye, near the city. Factory covers an area of ??about 100 hectares, equivalent to the size of a small town, away from the storage of chemical bomb factory building about 16 km, chemical bombs will be delivered by rail, where special focus on destruction.
AP, Shchuchye total destruction of the factory will be put into use about 5460 tons of chemical agents, including nerve agents sarin and VX, accounting for the destruction of chemical weapons, Russia’s total commitment of about 14 %. Factories were destroyed during the initial capacity of 850 tons, a figure expected to double by the end of the year.
chemical bomb bomb, also known as agents, usually by the missile, chemical agents, explosives, burst pipes, fuses and other components. Bomb blast with explosives exploded when the missile exploded in the energy, the chemical agent dispersed, with killing a large area, the role of a wide range of long duration and so on.
saying by the Associated Press, and many enter Shchuchye chemical bomb factory destroyed compact size, can be placed in the briefcase. Once these chemical bombs put in crowded areas, each one can cause thousands of deaths.
destruction of chemical bombs, Shchuchye plant staff will manipulate the bullet hole in the arm, the export of chemical agents, and in the final formation of the solids will be stored in concrete bunkers.
Russia and the United States has a large number of chemical weapons. U.S. Republican Senator Richard Lugar and former Democratic Senator Sam Nunn in November 1991 that “cooperation to reduce the threat to move,” including the Russian financial and technical help and destroyed a lot of Cold War left behind by the chemical and biological weapons. Shchuchye plant is the product of the motion.
Lugar, who attended the opening ceremony and spoke about US-Russian relations, said the two countries “have too many common interests, will not lead to conflict.”
“Russia and the United States, the road of peace and prosperity depends on how we can eliminate those weapons for the Third World War had made the threat,” Lugar said, “Fortunately, the confrontation has never come as But today, we must ensure that those weapons will never use, never let them fall into those who threaten us or other (countries) of people’s hands. “
According to Reuters, Shchuchye plant construction cost burden of about 50% by Russia, the United States 36%, the rest funded by the EU and some member states.
Associated Press commented, Shchuchye the opening of the factory has an important “symbolic.” The recent US-Russian relations appeared to “reset” signs, the two sides are still on the 19th Moscow Treaty on Strategic Offensive Reductions begin the first round of formal negotiations, signed in 1991 to replace the “reduction and limitation of offensive strategic weapons,” the latter will expire in December this year.
speed up the destruction
the United States and Russia are the “Prohibition of Chemical Weapons Convention” States Parties. Provisions of the Convention, all States must April 29, 2012 with the destruction of chemical weapons before. Data provided by Reuters, Russia and the U.S. in 1997 with more than 71,000 tons of chemical agents, accounting for more than 90% of the total chemical agents.
under the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) data, as of May this year, Russia and the U.S. respectively 30.35% and 60.11% destruction of chemical weapons.
enable Shchuchye facility will undoubtedly speed up the process of Russia’s destruction of chemical weapons. “In the (already destroyed about 30% of chemical weapons) case, the Shchuchye facility is our most important institutions to complete the task,” Russian Industry and Trade Minister Viktor Khristenko said. (Yan Jie)