Japan urged the U.S. to maintain a lasting advantage of China’s nuclear (Figure)
Data Figure: China’s Second Artillery Corps DF-5 intercontinental ballistic missile
Data Figure: Japan Self-Defense Force fitted out in the Patriot II anti-missile interceptor missiles
5 30, Japanese Defense Minister Yasukazu Hamada in Singapore, “Asian Security Conference” speech expressed strong support for U.S. President Barack Obama’s “nuclear-free world” proposal and demand that China has nuclear disarmament, but also alluding to China’s defense budget growth, it said, “armament, arms transfers and defense spending is caused opaque because of distrust and suspicion” to require China to improve transparency.
Not long ago, Japanese Foreign Minister Hirofumi Nakasone also accused China of not nuclear disarmament, nuclear policy is not transparent enough.
when more than 95% of the world’s nuclear arsenals of the United States and Russia on nuclear disarmament has not yet begun a substantial time, some Japanese politicians have repeatedly clamored for China to nuclear disarmament, its sleeve actually sell drugs?
Japan is how non-nuclear countries
Japan has repeatedly claimed that he was non-nuclear countries, adhere to three non-nuclear principles. But the truth is not the case. First, the security treaty between Japan and the United States, Japan, the U.S. nuclear umbrella to enjoy the United States to Japan and provide a reliable nuclear deterrent. Japan in 1976 adopted the “National Defense Program Outline” identified, “Japan to rely on U.S. nuclear deterrence” has remained unchanged. The United States has been firmly grounded in a clear way to provide a clear commitment to the Japanese, the Japanese offer a variety of deterrence, including nuclear weapons.
recently, U.S. President Barack Obama to the Japanese Prime Minister Taro Aso that the United States will remain committed to the Japan-US Security Treaty. U.S. military forces stationed in Japan that the U.S. commitment to actually exist. Now, the United States stationed in Japan, 17 aircraft carriers and warships. Japan supports the U.S. military personnel, except for wages of 70% of total expenditure. The U.S. troops stationed in Japan and Japanese ships and aircraft access may also contain nuclear weapons. Japan’s Kyodo News reported May 31, four former Affairs, the Japanese Foreign Ministry official told the agency interview, acknowledged that Japan and the United States in 1960 on the revised Japan-US Security Treaty, the United States had reached a secret nuclear weapons into Japanese territory about.
April this year, the U.S. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Foundation at the international arms control meetings, world 900 senior officials and arms control experts attended the meeting. At the Japanese ambassador and the U.S. arms control experts and frank dialogue, reflecting the Japanese government’s real attitude to nuclear weapons. Japanese Ambassador said that Japan’s military and security industry worried about the U.S. proposal for a nuclear-free world stand and asked the U.S. government’s nuclear strategic dialogue, the use of nuclear weapons deter North Korea’s chemical and biological weapons threats.
comment on the U.S. arms control experts Popovich said Parker, “The Japanese government said the U.S. government publicly, we want nuclear disarmament, we should eliminate nuclear weapons, but said the U.S. government in private, we want the United States retention of nuclear weapons, we do not argue, because the public do not want to let you have nuclear weapons on our territory, so do not openly discuss it. “
Second, the Japanese government requested consultations with the U.S. government against the United States on China’s nuclear strategy and target and asked the United States regularly stationed in Guam B-52 and B-2 nuclear bombers, nuclear ballistic missile submarines and cruise missile submarines. Japan will build support for the U.S. military in Guam and maintain the system.
Again, Japan has a huge number of nuclear material, but also against the international community of countries without nuclear weapons must not separate the nuclear fuel cycle proposals. Japan atomic energy intelligence company called Room of the private institutions the latest data show that, if the atomic bombs every eight kilograms of plutonium needed to calculate, within the existing stocks of plutonium in Japan can be accumulated manufacturing 1000 atomic bomb; if stored in a foreign country with the Japanese plutonium, enough to create 5000 the atomic bomb. Coupled with a strong scientific and technological strength of Japan, and Japanese politicians have repeatedly clamored to develop nuclear weapons, can not but make the world concerned about Japan’s true intentions.
Japan’s “nuclear-free world” against the false welcome true
whether Japanese Foreign Minister, Defense Minister, or the Ambassador of Japan in the country, will show strong support for U.S. President Barack Obama’s “nuclear-free world” proposal, but once when talking about substantive issues of nuclear disarmament, appeared in 180-degree change in position. Threatened “in the nuclear age, the blind pursuit of nuclear weapons-free world may be harmful. Does not establish new international security framework, destruction of nuclear weapons can not be achieved.”
Japan match, “When I promote nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation, of course, need to consider the security environment we face reality. For the security situation in East Asia, Japan-US security arrangements under the extended deterrence, including the United States to provide nuclear deterrence to Japan is critical. “Japan believes that U.S. nuclear weapons in the security environment in Northeast Asia have a significant effect.
Japan also urged the U.S. to China to maintain sustained nuclear superiority. Japan asked the administration to develop large-scale reduction may not excessive nuclear weapons program on the grounds that: The United States will lead to deep reductions in nuclear weapons undermine the U.S. extended deterrence in Asia; significant reductions in nuclear weapons if the United States, will weaken the U.S. nuclear forces of China’s absolute advantage, which may result in Chinese strategy of minimum nuclear deterrence to change, resulting in a nuclear war with China more and better freedom and choice. Japan does not want nuclear power in the United States and China reached a balance, not in favor of the United States and China formed a strategic relationship of mutual assured destruction.
when the international community in discussing the role of nuclear weapons should be used only for deterrence in other countries to use nuclear weapons, the Japanese insisted on expanding the role of nuclear weapons, nuclear weapons to deter all threats.
former Australian Foreign Minister Gareth Evans of Japan’s stubborn attitude puzzling. At the same time, the idea of ??no first use of nuclear weapons by many countries and think tanks welcome, which helps to increase strategic mutual trust, reducing the possibility of using nuclear weapons, the Japanese mouth claimed to increase confidence between States, but is not in favor of nuclear non- First, the idea of ??using nuclear weapons, but instead in favor of U.S. first use of nuclear weapons.
Japan’s active participation in global anti-guide system
arms control meeting, the experts generally believe that the U.S. development of a global missile defense system is not conducive to strategic stability, depth will prevent Russia’s nuclear disarmament.
U.S. General Metz believes that the limited defense system the United States lead the strategic deterrent force added, but beyond that, it would be unwise to pursue large-scale deployment. US-guided defense system would not weaken Russia’s nuclear deterrent. U.S. attempts to establish an effective system for China’s lead anti-destructive and unstable, because of China’s small nuclear force. This can only undermine China’s deterrent power reliability, and promote China to further expand its offensive capabilities. The United States should ensure that their actions do not lead to Russia and China to take measures to increase its threat to the United States and its allies.
majority of U.S. arms control experts also pointed out that the U.S. deployment of anti-system will lead to increase rather than reduce the importance of nuclear weapons. Has guided the national defense system may be the first to launch the enemy’s nuclear forces, nuclear or conventional strike, and its lead defense system to intercept enemy to survive a nuclear retaliatory force. United States unilaterally or in cooperation with Japan to continue to deploy anti-guide system, refused Russia’s proposal on the lead defense system to limit the final size and capacity, and guide the development of defense systems in the world, will make Russia, China is unlikely to be offensive by disarmament nuclear forces down to a lower level, so that the world’s nuclear arsenal will not be drastically reduced, not to mention the weapon-free world.
therefore, lead defense system will undermine strategic stability. Japan to develop not only their guide in the defense system, but also with the United States lead the development of the global defense system.
built in Japan in 2011 by the four Aegis destroyers and PAC-3 defense system consisting of lead, with ground-based radar and command and control systems. Moreover, the US-Japan joint development of next-generation system with guided anti-missile interceptor over Japanese airspace capacity, including flying to the U.S. mainland missiles. To this end, Japan is ready to re-definition of the right of self-defense to explain, so that the lead defense system to protect the United States in combat.
Moreover, while Australia, Canada, the United States and other U.S. allies do not support the development of global navigation satellite defense system, and deployment in Eastern Europe, Russia lead anti-American who firmly opposed the system, but Japan has demanded that the U.S. strongly resisted Russia’s pressure.
China in the development of nuclear power on a very restrained
Japanese officials clamor only China continues to modernize nuclear weapons. In fact, all nuclear-weapon States should engage in modernization of nuclear weapons. Britain decided to develop a new generation of nuclear submarines, the French in the development of new missile, the Russian nuclear missiles in the update, the U.S. strategic force in the development of new Trinity.
Although some American right-wing Japanese scholars and politicians in China’s development of nuclear power relative to echo, but most American scholars believe that China is developing nuclear weapons and to give political and military role of nuclear weapons was especially restraint. They said, mainly in China’s nuclear weapons to retaliate after an attack. China’s nuclear force modernization seems unusual, perhaps because China is only now implementing the overall deployment, and other nuclear countries already have these capabilities for decades.
some U.S. arms control experts believe that China’s deployment of new mobile ballistic missile has two effects: First, China’s nuclear forces have a stronger ability to survive, will increase the threat to the United States, prevent conflict in the Taiwan U.S. interference; second deployment viability greater strategic nuclear forces to help China-US strategic stability. Russian experts believe that China’s ability to increase deterrence, designed to ensure that second-strike capability.
Most scholars believe that the United States, the level of transparency of China’s nuclear forces is understandable. They believe that China’s nuclear forces and increase China’s position is not contradictory, because China seeks global nuclear disarmament, but need to use nuclear weapons against other countries, nuclear weapons. China’s nuclear arsenal is relatively small, there is no early warning capability, China intends to implement strategic ambiguity, secrecy maintained by the survival of its nuclear power capacity, which is understandable. China has nuclear weapons than Russia or the United States, much less, if the United States to determine the number of nuclear weapons and China’s position that China may be forced to build a larger nuclear arsenal.
Recently, former Australian Foreign Minister Gareth Evans told reporters in Tokyo, in the phrase to point out that the Japanese government supports both nuclear disarmament and to accept the U.S. nuclear umbrella, the performance of the Japanese government’s “double standards . ”
some Japanese politicians are clamoring to China this hidden mystery, and that is through the power of the United States expand their own military strength, China and across Asia to achieve the strategic attempt.
ask China to reduce their nuclear arsenals unrealistic
the United States and Russia’s major arms-control experts agree that China and the United States, the size of the Russian nuclear arsenal the gap is too large, and the United States is developing missile defense systems, precision long-range conventional strike systems and space weapons, which China’s limited nuclear forces pose a serious threat to survival. Thus, in the foreseeable future, the United States negotiated with China a formal nuclear arms control agreements is unrealistic.
They pointed out that the U.S. should be clearly stated in the strategic dialogue begun their own interests and concerns, contact the focus should be to establish strategic trust and security measures, rather than in the initial stages of contact with the pursuit of nuclear transparency and verification. Moreover, many American arms control experts believe that China maintains a minimum nuclear deterrence and no first use, in line with U.S. interests. U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control in High-Te Mole asked when to China, France and Britain to join the multilateral nuclear disarmament process, said that 95 percent of Russia has the world’s nuclear weapons, U.S. and Russia should take the lead in nuclear disarmament.
large US-Russian nuclear disarmament has not yet started when some Japanese politicians have repeatedly clamored to China’s nuclear disarmament, is nothing more than to borrow the international community to support the establishment of nuclear-free world of machines, slander the reputation of the Chinese peace-loving Bale. So far, however, some Japanese politicians in Asia, North America and Europe clamor, in addition to the United States echoed by a few conservative forces, should rarely happens. □