China hopes to upgrade the Russian experts to repair Kilo-class submarines (Photos)
People’s Liberation Army is equipped with 12 Russian-made Kilo-class conventional submarines
Chinese Navy to purchase modern equipment, the four Russian-made guided missile destroyer class LONDON, December 24
Message: UPI Asia Online 22 United States, Canada Han published articles and defense editor Andrei Chang, said that China in the 1990s from Russia’s Kilo-class submarines, and modern class destroyers, all to the need for maintenance or technology upgrades period. China hopes Russia will send experts to China to carry out maintenance on the ships, and ultimately master these weapons and equipment overhaul and upgrade technology.
Chinese Kilo class submarines and Sovremenny urgent overhaul
The article said that since 1993, China purchased 12 from Russia ‘base Los “class submarines and four 956E/E” Modern-class “destroyers. The first two “Kilo” arrived in China in 1993, the second batch of two “Kilo” submarines arrived in China in 1996. “Kilo-class” diesel-electric submarines from Russia’s conventional ruby ??famous design bureau design, with the former Soviet Union was the most advanced technology and equipment in the diesel power units, propulsion motors, acoustic equipment and armament systems, etc. are sufficient and the West comparable, known as the “world’s quietest submarine.”
Chinese imports from Russia, “modern” class destroyers were four, the first ship and II ship are “modern” class 956E model, in 1999 and 2000 delivered to the Chinese navy, while two ships follow-up was improved in 2006 after the delivery of the Chinese Navy. The class destroyers full load displacement of 7300 tons. Currently, these ships are in need of major repairs or technology upgrades. However, between China and Russia on how to complete the related work of the differences. China does not want its equipment continue to rely on Russian naval technical experts.
this regard, the Russian authorities said a military area, the producer for the submarine, the maintenance is very important. When the two countries on matters related to the submarine procurement negotiations, maintenance is not an important issue, but the PLA Navy’s submarine needs a major overhaul when the two sides will begin the lengthy negotiations on this.
The sources also said that related discussions have been carried out for four years. He added that Russia’s military to provide overhaul services business is not permitted to obtain a necessary condition for export submarines. In fact, the production and maintenance of submarines and guided missile destroyer is a completely different process of industrial engineering, and production of their shipyard repair or may not have the ability to extend its life.
article said that Russia has several military enterprises have maintained 956E destroyers and “Kilo” class submarine of the full set of maintenance manuals, licenses, technology and facilities, among which 兹韦多奇卡 (Zvezdochka ) is the best military shipyard, the shipyard has successfully repaired 4 for India “Kilo” class submarines, but also for its maintenance are the first five.
we all know, overhaul, or upgrade to extend the life of the submarine is the best way to return to their country of origin. So far, all the Indian Navy, “Kilo” class submarines are in Russia to accept the overhaul and upgrade. Moreover, the maintenance period, under the guidance of technical experts, these submarines are also capable of carrying a Club-S cruise missiles. At the same time, the work involved in upgrading the technical experts from India have been trained.
Chinese want their own ability to repair the Russian-made ships
article points out that unlike India, China does not want to return to Russia for its submarine maintenance. They insist that Russia and technical personnel to China for training and maintenance personnel of Russian warships, submarines provide for the overhaul or extended service life and other services. The article said that China would aim ultimately to maintain its own submarines.
According to Russian military sources said, out of eagerness to obtain this capability, China has contacted Wuke Rameses Fort shipyard technicians who, through their access to some of the “Kilo” class submarine maintenance of drawings, and have started their own repair work. However, China’s service quality is poor.
the former Soviet Union, Ukraine was responsible for maintenance and repair of the Black Sea Fleet, “Kilo” class submarines. Therefore, Ukraine to provide technical information to China is an early version of “Kilo” class submarine manual. However, since the Cold War, Kilo submarines, 636 series has undergone a series of upgrades, its artillery, navigation, fire control and weapons system has undergone fundamental changes. Ukraine, the manual does not guide the Chinese maintain their active duty, “Kilo” class submarines.
The 956E Sovremenny maintenance, Bohai Shipyard in China believe it can complete the repair work on their own, only for Russia to provide training to maintenance staff. Thus, in 2008, the Russian shipyard training for the technical staff of 25, and again this year for the training of 10 technicians.
However, it is recommended that Russian technicians returned to China these destroyers 俄罗斯兹韦多奇 card for comprehensive maintenance of the shipyard, because the heavy equipment to the Bohai Shipyard is not easy. This is why negotiations between the two countries continued for so long, still has not signed the relevant agreements reasons.
At the same time, the PLA Navy in Shanghai, Lu seems to East shipyard has also repaired the “Kilo” class submarines. A submarine moored in the past two years has been the shipyard berths. It is likely that China has dissected the “Kilo” class submarine, for reverse engineering and maintenance tests. It is noteworthy that the Chinese “Yuan” class submarines to Russia’s Defense Ministry has been defined as a Russian “Kilo” class submarine replica.
article concludes that China is unwilling to active duty by the Russian navy for Russia to provide equipment maintenance services, and their fields with the Russian Air Force aircraft launched a cooperative attitude is similar. In other words, China is Russia’s suspicion and distrust did not reduce their desire to achieve self-sufficiency in all areas, become more powerful. (Compiled: Spring)