Foreign media said the South China Sea region show rapid upward trend in pirate attacks
Navy commandos hijacked convoy en route for anti-piracy exercise. Zhang Jinhua She
ships, pirate ships attacked the Chinese fleet escort
pirates to surrender suspects
LONDON Dec. 27 message: Singapore Institute of International Studies, Nanyang Technological University, recently published an article that Asian policy makers need to increase the high seas and coastal areas of anti-piracy efforts. Since January this year, the South China Sea have been 10 pirate attacks, compared to 0 from the same period last year. If the authorities can not control these remote areas, then the pirates will continue to be active going.
article points out that from 2005 to 2008 between the sea and air patrols to help combat the high seas from coast to pirate operations in Singapore, Asia anti-piracy and armed robbery against ships in the Regional Cooperation Agreement Organization recently issued a report has shown, incidents of piracy in coastal areas of Singapore has reached the highest point in five years, more than 2005 records.
article pointed out that the Asia-Pacific region there are three incidents of piracy-prone areas, namely the South China Sea waters near Anand Bass Islands, northwest of Batam and Bintan waters northwest waters. In this case, the district called the Pirates’ stadium, “the Riau Islands is worth study. Moreover, such research may be able to solve this problem for the formulation of new policies to provide clues.
Typically, the technology required and action to combat piracy problems more than the following: the use of which patrol boats to fight piracy? What equipment to use? Helicopter? Private security companies or the SWAT team? However, it is now is the time to explore several other new answer to the question of: why pirates are willing to put their lives at risk? What is the root cause of piracy? These broader issues are usually shared by the insights of social scientists who put forward.
these social scientists can offer in those rare point of view the problem has been noted, the underlying economic factors such as piracy (crisis, lack of resources, pollution); geography (neglected areas, where the specific conditions, lack of infrastructure can be spawned ‘sea guerrillas’ emergence); migration factors (overpopulation, unemployment, lack of relying on the sense) and the political environment, these factors both at the national level (unstable), but also including areas level (corruption, self-government policy).
long-term policy to combat piracy also need to consider some new approaches. 2005 to 2008, the Indonesian province of Aceh and Riau Islands Province, the local government to combat piracy have made great efforts, the effect can be shoulder to shoulder in 2004 to establish a maritime patrol the local state. Victory against piracy on coastal provinces to prevent the ability of young people to become pirates. For example, according to Indian Ni Badan Industrial Development Board, said, Bataan Island to attract foreign companies to promote local economic development, create jobs: in 2003 to create 688 jobs in 2008 to create jobs 1015. Island infrastructure has also been improved: In 2008, Bataan island can produce 2343 liters of drinking water per second, with five years ago compared to 1760 liters have been greatly improved.
Somalia the situation is more complicated. However, countries in the world where the focus is to combat piracy crime prevention, suppression and education. This requires that not only have to deploy troops there, but also to deploy civilian personnel. The international community should help local governments deal with the pirates reintegration (through measures of economic and urban), to improve the effectiveness of the legal system (courts, prisons) and combating the financing of pirates and pirate-related activities. Indonesia adopted this “land approach” – that is the United Nations in Somalia, the comments made in April 2009 in Brussels, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to attend a conference on piracy in Somalia, also referred to the fight against piracy strategy.
field studies of piracy may also help curb piracy in the short term actions. Bataan island in Indonesia who worked for the pirates say they want to look for opportunities to return to the sea: Now they are doing on the island about $ 6 daily legal work. However, the pirates when they successfully attack every time, we can get there from the leader 13000-20000 reward. Asia anti-piracy and armed robbery against ships Regional Cooperation Agreement on organizations data confirm this concern: the amount of home exchange workers from Rs 190 billion in 2007 decreased to Rs 113 billion in 2008. Last October, more than 1,000 workers for demonstrations, complaining about the decline in revenue.
In this context, “Mr. K.” At once known as “pirate center” Belakang Padang Island restructuring a new pirate gang. He recently led his associates in the attack near the island of Tioman has a wooden ship. Today, “Mr. K” within some members of the gang are still there. They are not the only pirate here. Last month, ten years ago where a pirate gang had set up the “D” return to the Belakang Padang Island.
the future, even if the authorities in Indonesia’s Riau Islands to build more infrastructure, the pirates will move to more remote areas. For example, we all know, the pirates recently in the South China Sea near the island Keramut Mangkai settled. Local residents confirmed that the pirates from the South Sumatra province, near Pakistan neighboring city. International Maritime Bureau issued a report last month showed that the region is still a “pirate’s paradise.” Since January this year, the South China Sea have been 10 pirate attacks, compared to 0 from the same period last year. Somalia is also the same with the current situation: Pirates moved to the desert in the Indian Ocean French island. If the authorities can not control these remote areas, then the pirates will continue to be active going.
Finally, the article said, must not only to pirates because there is only due to business issues, social issues are also one of the reasons for its emergence. Solve the problem of piracy of the “strategic focus” should be transferred to the land from the sea. It is noteworthy that this problem can be at sea for the country to consolidate its coast to provide a “gray areas” exist opportunities. Permission to take them or find new partners to support its operations in coastal areas: international task forces, regional organizations, and even private security companies. All along, Indonesia in trying to effectively address the security challenges brought about by the pirates. Now, it should be extended to combat piracy in remote areas on islands. (Compiled: Spring)