Experts said China may be considered to build long-term fleet escort shore supply base
2008 Chinese New Year Eve, “Weishan Lake” comprehensive supply ship as a “sea” comprehensive supply guided missile destroyer, complete supply of “micro-Lake” comprehensive supply ship and the “sea” separate missile destroyer (in Canton Military Reporters Sun Lee was taken in the sea-ship)
France spent months with the Chinese navy escort frigate fleet encounters (in the broad military correspondent Sun Lishe ship at sea)
中广网 Beijing on Dec. 26 news (reporters, Sun Li) in China, the first anniversary of naval escort, convoy operations and foreign naval cooperation in the development of what space? Chinese Navy is to establish a base of relatively long-term shore protection? To this end, extensive military escort Lee Sun reporter interviewed the Navy Information Technology Advisory Committee for Director Yin Cho.
why the Chinese navy to escort ships smaller tonnage, the number increased?
normalization of our military escort a concrete manifestation of our military structure because the number of surface ships, the forces active war
Correspondent Sun Lee: As a former escort Reporters, I always concern about China’s naval escort dynamic news, I found four escort formation, there is a significant change is the change in escort of warships. First, I attended that first convoy operations, the “Wuhan”, “sea”, two destroyers, the second batch to succeed is our duty, “Shenzhen” missile destroyer and the “Yellow Mountain” frigate, is a drive a care, the third installment of “Zhoushan” and “Xuzhou”, two frigates, the fourth installment, the first is the “MOS” and “Wenzhou” number two frigates, to 21 this month, “lake” ship has arrived Gulf of Aden waters, that is, the fourth installment of the Chinese navy now has three frigates in the fleet escort duty, a supply ship in the protection. Throughout the Chinese Navy escorts, the overall trend is smaller warship tonnage, the number is growing, consider this arrangement for what?
Yin Cho: This change means that we escort the orderly succession and normalization. In the Navy surface ships, the more the number of frigates, destroyers fewer. The first time you go to the first convoy operations, why go to the destroyer, because in the Gulf of Aden, the coast of Africa across the Indian Ocean is a rough area, in particular, there are some seasonal storms are relatively large, we place the weather conditions, sea conditions and hydrological conditions are not very understanding, so we prefer to send the ship when the larger, secure point. Another helicopter landing in the big ship, it roll, pitch heave rate is relatively small, the helicopter can be relatively high, so, I take off all respects more convenient. Boat helicopter will be some impact. Therefore, the first operation, we prefer to ship larger, and steadily point to find out that situation. Especially in the first convoy formation, only to find out a pattern, find out the sea conditions weather conditions, which was also in the tropics, what kind of ships can afford, such as roll, pitch to the number of degrees We ship the crew of the impact of long-night’s mission, it is not a storm area over the past thirty-five would be finished, this time we have to stay there, stay for three to four months, this conditions, we must feel the situation is very clear, so we prefer to send the first ship larger.
So, you see very clearly the second batch, a destroyer and a frigate. We actually try to use frigates, smaller vessels, four thousand tons or so of work? It seems four thousand tons can be done now is to escort mission, so the third, fourth, we mainly use frigates to go. Reduce the cost of our escort this is good, and basically meet the requirements of our convoy of military action. We ship all this while several new missile frigate, helicopter landing capabilities it should still be good, the ship’s facilities were full, and it means of communication, radar, including the set of satellite communications, facilities are complete. In this case, we had a second trial, the use of third batch, then the fourth is still mainly with a convoy, this normalization. This use of ships, surface ships, I can basically be able to participate. Otherwise, the limited scope of the destroyer, the choice of the number of ships far less.
In addition, all units have felt a great honor to participate in the escort mission, a lot of the fleet, surface ship detachment are all scrambling to go to take this task. Ocean in time of peace implementation mission, is a very rare opportunity, challenge, they are an exercise. Therefore, we are willing to troops sent to the front to exercise it. Therefore, we select the greater the scope of the troops as possible. Currently destroyers, frigates are the future, there may be destroyers to go, but mainly frigate based.
Correspondent Sun Lee: In fact, we often see in the Gulf of Aden, the European Union frigate, such as France’s “Flower Moon” No. We met often, it is quite old frigate.
Yin Cho: Yes, “spent months” was about three thousand tons or so, and the “Flower Moon” is No. patrol frigate, which is based on people’s standard cost of the construction cost, and some military standard, but Most are built by people labeled as in non-war military tasks to design the “Flower Moon” number is also fully able to meet. In addition to a large ship outside the United States, other countries, many of which are frigates, because the United States it is sent from the temporary to the Fifth Fleet.
Correspondent Sun Lee: The U.S. military is out of the Fifth Fleet.
Yin Cho: Yes, what he pumping fleet, on what ship pumping, so he still has the “Boxer” was large-scale amphibious assault ship.
Correspondent Sun Lee: There Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyers, “Ticonderoga” class guided missile cruiser and we often meet, where patrols.
Yin Cho: Yes, yes. Because after the Gulf War, the naval blockade of Iraq, the United States and the European Union where it lasted more than two years, the sea blockade. Ships are essentially frigate was mainly the EU, with a supply ship, frigate with a supply ship, and then coupled with Shanghai on patrol aircraft, which is basically the style. This time, they have a very mature experience, the basic with a convoy, but the tonnage is very small, a thousand tons, less than two thousand tons. French frigate was sent to a thousand tons, in that place to patrol the harder.
Chinese Navy to explore the establishment of relatively long-term shore-based supply base
Correspondent Sun Lee: Yes. Small tonnage is very hard, but they and we have a very big difference is that we have to discuss the next issue, the United States and the European Union by the Navy in Hong Kong are very frequent. Because there are U.S. military bases in the port of Aden, in Gibb embankment base with the French, we communicate with them at sea, they said, an average of 10-12 days by Hong Kong, a maximum of 15 days, it is up to Hong Kong repair, supplies. I attended the first convoy operations, 124-day tour through Hong Kong is not only supply ship Weishanhu port of Aden in Yemen by the number of supply in Hong Kong once. The second batch will have a lot of progress, June 21-July 1, the second batch of escort fleet Ge Jian turns to Hong Kong for rest stops 阿曼塞拉莱 supply. Third convoy formation, not only to Hong Kong for rest in 阿曼塞拉莱 supply. And in return the completion of Malaysia, Singapore visit. And December 14 to 17 stop in Hong Kong for a visit. From my experience in the ship, feeling a rest by the port for sailors of the physical and mental health is very important, do you think the Chinese navy and the rest of this time by the Hong Kong supply changes mean?
Yin Cho: This change means that our military action and more mature, more experienced, and we become more familiar with the surrounding environment. They also show that neighboring countries are increasingly understanding of our convoy operations, more support. Because we just go or not go, right on the application in ship, right by the ship, will cause some Western media’s unwarranted suspicion. In fact, we carry out in the Gulf of Aden a responsible big country obligations, our escort vessels, including China, France, Britain, the United States, Japan, we see that we have performed there, the Chinese navy is based solely on humanitarian obligations, internationalist duty, as a permanent member of the Security Council to fulfill our international obligations.
image to establish the future, then raised by the ship repair, it is a matter of course, a matter of course. Therefore, we do not rely on the first, second we started to rely, in fact, we and the countries have been contacted, they are very welcome, very welcome to. We started the port of Aden to Yemen to Oman, later to Djibouti, Djibouti I’ve been to, is a big military base, the U.S. military, the French are, especially in France where you can repair the aircraft carrier, you can repair catapult.
Djibouti is a sensitive place, because it is the people the United States and France, including the EU is an important military base, we went in that place by the ship repair, it seems they are still very welcome. Not because we rely on ship, which led to mutual suspicion between, which shows everyone in the convoy operations, the important one is to enhance military mutual trust at sea, everyone in the escort operation, exchange of intelligence with each other, and then to the joint military action, to our offered to the proposed joint military escort you to take action. Our attitude is more open, more transparent operations, the intention clear, you go by ship repair, which is logical, natural thing up. So I think we are doing is very orderly, so this work is very orderly, but also for normal overtaken prepared. If not by ship, no trimming, this normalization is very difficult to do. You first convoy, a crew of four months at sea in rough waves, I guess the person’s mental, physical demand is very high.
Correspondent Sun Lee: Yes, an extreme feeling.
Yin Cho: the first time, but people have a limit, second, third, we are able to do repair by ship, should be normalized.
Correspondent Sun Lee: This is a people-oriented considerations.
Yin Cho: Yes.
Correspondent Sun Lee: It can be said, by more than a year of convoy operations, we worked out a lot of unfamiliar waters away from shore-based organizations, logistics, equipment support, comprehensive protection of ocean and accumulated experience, but we have to admit the reality that the supply ship at sea by supply costs are very high, and supply quality as shore up China’s navy is not possible to establish the task relatively long-term sea shore supply base, soldiers and ships to protect the mission?
Yin Cho: That depends on the Central Military Commission and State Council decision-making process. Because this is entirely a state matter to be decided in the diplomatic field. But if there is a relatively stable, relatively fixed supply base trim, I think it is appropriate. Because in this region, the United States in Djibouti, the other inside the Persian Gulf, has his bases. France has a large military base in Djibouti, but now just in the UAE has set up a military base. Japan has proposed, and has been approved, that is, he wants to establish military bases in Djibouti, to rely on Hong Kong, the other at the same time to have an airport, is his P3-C machine, the future can be landed in this place, the normal rotation flight. This is also done in Japan, while other countries like South Korea to escort the ships in this place, they are military bases in other countries to borrow to normal supply, by the shore.
I think the Chinese shore-based establishment of relatively long-term supply base to escort the neighboring countries and other participating countries are able to understand. We are not saying exactly where we went to the Navy is the completion of one of our internationalist duty. Services for the completion of internationalism, we must strengthen our supply capability. Because some of the fresh fruits, vegetables, drinking water will greatly enhance crew strength, shore up the quality of the fill will be much higher than the sea. Because the sea is frozen up after a period of time, any fruit, fresh vegetables refrigerated for more than half of it have been very fresh.
Correspondent Sun Lee: Yes, will greatly reduce the nutrients in the sea a long time, a little flavor on the vegetables and fruits as well.
Yin Cho: a significant loss of nutrients. So long shore crew complement to our health is very important. Another casualty of the deal with the problem, the rotation of individual officers, such as emergency rotation injured crew members, must have a fixed base, go for disposal. We can send him back to flight, and then sent replacements. There are also communication problems at sea, of course, now through satellite communications, we can have a 1-2 minute conversation with the family pass, but with the long-term communication, after all, this is not the same, we regularly have e-mail, etc., these things, we have a relatively more stable, such a relatively fixed supply point. Then the supply point in the end to set or not set, when opened, then look at central decision.
Correspondent Sun Lee: Well, we went to interview this section here, interview the next section, we will focus on whether the Chinese Navy will go on forever? How should China’s navy and the naval escort means the difference between countries? Welcome friends and friends continue to focus on the audience to listen.
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