Chen Hu: Over the past 20 years China’s military strength has been leaps and bounds (Figure)
Chinese Navy’s new Ships
This is a nuclear missile side team is Tiananmen Square. Xinhua News Agency reporters Wang Ding and Chang She
Editor’s Note: 2009 is now over, everyone in the end of the year-end inventory, but the perspective on the “year” of the span to avoid some small. With the arrival of 2010, the first decade of the new century will come to a close. So it might be is to put a greater perspective, look at the century before and after ten years.
this week, “Chen Hu Troops” with you to attention, these 20 years our national security situation of those changes? Turn of the century 20 years, we more safe?
indicators to measure national security is nothing more than external and internal factors. External factors include: the environment – the international strategic situation, the environment – around the security situation, a small environment – domestic hot issues; internal strength is self-development, which is divided into comprehensive national strength and military strength.
environment: from the “unipolar world” to “multipolar world” first emerged
1990, with the Soviet Union, Cold War declared end. Winner of the Cold War the United States itself, the strength of an unprecedented expansion of U.S. strategic scholars and even that “make the United States to maintain a unipolar world dominated for half a century,” the idea. In the “unipolar world” dominated strategic thinking, the United States has launched the Gulf War, Kosovo War, the war in Iraq and Afghanistan wars. But a series of military operations that the Cold War is actually “lose-lose” and no real winner. The concept of the United States also will change, especially in the Obama administration took office, the United States to judge the world strategic situation has undergone major changes.
In fact, shortly before the World Climate Conference, we can see a big country by a separate rule-making years have slowly passed. Developing countries began to express their views and to influence the formulation of new international rules. All these indicate that “multipolar world” has emerged. This is the biggest change in today’s world situation, our country’s security situation had a significant impact.
In my opinion, from the “unipolar world” to “multipolar world” first emerged on the country’s security situation is a big good news.
in the environment: perimeter security situation has tended to moderate
the last decade of the last century, our security situation is more severe. The disintegration of the Soviet Union at that time just to produce a series of new problems, especially in the direction of Northeast Asia, we are faced with the Korean Peninsula, Sino-Japanese relations, including the direction of Sino-Indian relations issues in South Asia, this series of questions before us.
20 years in the past, look at the overall security situation in northern China has undergone tremendous changes.
as Japan’s new cabinet took office, Japan and the Japan-China relations Japan-US relations has undergone subtle changes in positioning, which have led to our surroundings become more gentle.
small environment: toward cross-strait peace and development
the early 1990s, the “Taiwan independence” forces, ranging faces a serious threat to national sovereignty, until 2008 years, the Taiwan issue was a turning point, the road of peaceful development of cross-strait began getting wider and wider.
addition to the Taiwan issue, in recent years, the “three evil forces” of our national security constitutes a severe test. In addition, some marine territorial dispute is currently facing the hot spots.
Overall, the international environment has undergone fundamental change, leading to our surrounding environment, the domestic environment tends to be gentle.
national security environment relies on its own strength
affecting national security environment contains a lot of internal changes, the main can be summarized as comprehensive national strength and national defense capabilities. “Comprehensive national power” concept is very complex, we may simplify it for the gross domestic product (GDP), would be more intuitive.
1990, the U.S. GDP is nearly $ 3 trillion, while China’s GDP is about $ 200 billion more, one more than a dozen United States. GDP from the world rankings, China is probably 7-8 in the first place, the United States, Germany, Japan, Britain, France and even Italy, are in front of us.
to 2008, China’s GDP was 40,000 billion, while U.S. GDP over the same period is 140000-150000 billion.
While GDP does not fully reflect a country’s comprehensive national strength, but it is an important barometer. 20 years from the changes in our gross national product, we can be pleased that China’s comprehensive national strength has been leaps and bounds.
front of the GDP value and the world than China’s “soft power” are lacking. What is soft power? Let us another perspective. We look up to see the movie the “large” is where? The United States. These United States “large” is the U.S. “soft power” of the expression. United States through the subtle influence of these films in our thinking.
century for 20 years, China’s national defense strength increased substantially
1990, the PLA has just entered the mechanization, after 20 years of development, we cross now mechanized, the degree of information simultaneously. We may wish to pose to a national defense force an analysis.
nuclear forces: the last decade of last century, our nuclear forces, can only provide a basic strategy to protect, but the viability, flexibility, overall deterrence and a huge gap between world powers. By 2009, we saw the 60th anniversary of National Day military parade, the Second Artillery Force has been formed both nuclear and strategic forces, more flexible and effective nuclear strike capabilities, our strategic shield more solid.
Air Force: 20 years ago, our equipment is the maximum number of Air Force F-6, only a limited proportion of second-generation fighters, three generations of fighters is blank. Even today, Jian Shi Today marks we have won a third-generation fighter. Accordance with the “National Defense White Paper,” the statement, the Air Force has been formed “to three generations of machines, three generations of missiles as the mainstay, the improved second-generation aircraft, missiles to supplement the improved second-generation” equipment structure. At the same time, early warning aircraft, marking the Chinese Air Force information operations, the combat has made great progress.
Navy: 20 years ago, our Navy is to 051 destroyers, 053 frigates, warships such as the first generation of domestic-based. By 2009, we read in the 60th anniversary of the Navy ship type to see a new generation of domestic ships, these ships have the world’s most advanced warships, a considerable level of technology.
Army: 20 years ago, our main battle tank is an improved version of 59 tanks and other Army equipment is still in the semi-motorized and mechanized level. Today, the 60th anniversary of National Day military parade through, you can see that our Army is being rapidly mechanized and information simultaneously on the road than the fast forward.
should be said that across the century, 20 years, our nation’s security environment has improved dramatically, and our national security environment is improving the determining factor is the right strategic decisions. Party and government in the right strategic decisions, making China’s overall strength has increased, thus bringing the national security environment improved.