People’s Liberation Army tanks have been resolved altitude alpine region artillery shells missed problems
59 tanks in the cold highland areas of combat exercise
anti-aircraft guns to attack the target
win future information warfare, requires all-weather, all geographical combat capability.
China has a vast, complex geography, climate quite different. Different geographical environments, different weather conditions, the unit’s combat construction requirements are different. Plains warrior, the plateau may not be able to fight; tropical to conduct a long, cold area and lack of progress may be difficult to move. “All-weather, multi-combat area,” army fighting capacity building has become one of the issues solved.
Lanzhou Military Region, a motorized infantry division guarding the motherland Northwest, exploits hehe. 10 years ago, focusing on the mission task requirements, fill in the combat division from the “shortcomings”, the sights are called “life zone” of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. 10 years of sharpening, results are striking. Today, the division officers and men of pride: “We not only have to make ‘mountains Tigers’, but also when the ‘snow wolf’.”
vast Kunlun Mountains, snow, birds disappeared.
Wan Lai stillness, suddenly heard Iron Horse neighing.
rolling traffic, plow the snow out of a rut road magnificent … …
10 years, five on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Lanzhou Military Region, a motorized infantry division of danger, daring exploration, alpine plateau region temper forces combat capability, the “life zone” has left a string of challenges limit the footprint.
early on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, “crucial Heroes” without a fight from the back –
life of “restricted”, the future battlefield, no “DC”
the early years of the century, the division broken down into smaller units under 3 million people in 1,000 vehicles road, for the first time across the Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai four provinces (regions), motor over 1700 km, respectively, crossing the Mountains, Helan Mountain, Mountain, advance to the hinterland of the Kunlun Mountains.
As always, play a vanguard of the division is still a “trump card” company – regiment “Red Nine.”
“Red Nine” during the war years won the “battle model with” honor, peace is the Central Military Commission awarded the “crucial Heroes” honor.
people did not expect the situation happened. Advance more than 4,000 meters above sea level Nachitai region, “Red Nine” has just started training, the number of soldiers after another shock, the company had to fold back the geographical altitude of 3,000 meters below the rest.
“trump card” crashed Nachitai, the soldiers suddenly “blow” on the pot: so powerful company, on a plateau on how a “acclimatized”?
bad news after another. A motorized infantry regiment at an altitude of 3,500 meters Yukino organization tactical training exercises, the number of soldiers suddenly serious altitude sickness, was rushed to a field hospital for treatment, exercise was interrupted … …
risk so much, Next Plateau adaptive training also pursues? Command post, we frown.
been suggested: first, not withdraw it.
at the moment, the division party “members” was adamant: “the war, we can choose to battle it? Can not withdraw!”
life of “restricted area”, not the future battlefield “DC.” To this end, the division called the officers and men on “Zhuge Liang will be” in-depth analysis to find the root of the problem: failed to scientific understanding of the plateau, do not understand the law of altitude training, blind due to carry out training.
division party “members” to reach a consensus: Challenging the plateau, we must first study the plateau, altitude awareness, into the plateau.
looking at the towering Kunlun Mountains, in what way where –
“terraced theory” traction altitude training adventure
field command post, a huge topographical map of China placed in the middle.
topographic maps, uplift of the brown red plate, particularly to stimulate the eye.
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with an average elevation of 4000-5000 meters, is geographer known as the “Roof of the World,” by biologists as “prohibited area of ??life.”
a set of survey data, so that the division commander scared –
walking in the highlands, the equivalent of the ground load 20 kg, pulse up to 150 times, altitude sickness caused by the units of serious non-battle casualties;
vehicles hypoxia also “petrified”, altitude 4,500 meters, vehicle power decreased 20% failure rate increased 30%;
various weapon firing accuracy down to a certain type of automatic rifles, for example, when shooting a fixed target, the average point of impact high 5-7 cm … …
how to do? Altitude training is a new subject, there is no ready experience to follow.
is a sleepless night.
looking at the towering Kunlun Mountains, in what way where?
“the face of new problems, some new ideas,” said division commander Wang Haijiang philosophical: “To impact ‘prohibited area of ??life’, loyalty and courage alone is not enough. Across the plateau, must first find a scientific theory ‘fulcrum’。”
dense spider web of elevation contours, so that officers and men think of the most beautiful scenery in the Loess Plateau – terraces. Every elevation above sea level, like a layer of terraces, layers and on the successive cross, you can reach the top.
inspiration, the resulting. Altitude training a new theory – “terraces theory” in the division, “baked”.
altitude sickness to overcome the effects of personnel and equipment, according to the division as 1000 meters above sea level is increased by an adjustment stage, at different altitudes on the appropriate training, step by step, gradually increased.
conquest of the plateau in this particular battle, the division party “members” once again rushed in the front.
to gather, demonstrate high-altitude plateau response personnel and equipment data, a few teacher leaders were capable squad depth with the hinterland of the Kunlun Mountains. Their journey in the desolate plateau, three to four degrees Celsius below zero overnight in the snow, cheek by strong ultraviolet radiation burns, cracked lips and a hole in a road of blood, his hands frozen like “bread” … …
3 months off, they collect information on various types of altitude training with one pile up high. Then, according to the subordinate units of the division of the arms, training and other practical level, research and writing of the “ten hard questions of the plateau,” “Plateau Adaptive Training Manual”, “a new tank plateau difficult Troubleshooting 200 Questions”, “altitude training new equipment security fault analysis 100 cases “and 6 more than 120 of the altitude training manual.
with the correct theoretical guidance, the division completed from the “contempt plateau” blind training to “face the plateau” scientific training changes.
this August, 1,000 vehicles of the division people once again advance to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, to “terraced theory” has been a real battle tested. Force worked in four different altitudes, the effectiveness of the weapons firing, human adaptation, field survival, rapid movement, comprehensive support, training and operational methods and other issues to focus on research, completed 58 training courses, number of tests carried out 240, more than 1,000 sets of data were collected, initially worked out in the cold highland areas the troops carry out training, and operational tasks of the characteristics and laws, to fill the division of military forces in the cold highland areas of training gaps.
a result, the division altitude training work to a new level.
altitude of 3,500 meters, 4500 meters, 5500 meters … the division step by step –
“differential” training operations to achieve the plateau ability to “triple”
2007 August, 6178 meters above sea level the foot of the mountain, the guns boom.
treetop attack helicopters, new armored assault comprehensive attack group, engineering barrier-breaking open, and the thick smoke hanging over the snow-covered positions.
crucial moment, the soldiers in the thick of the snow load on the impact that no one signs of altitude sickness.
This is the first military training in the history of snow-covered plateau at an altitude of 5500 meters on the scale of division tactical real soldiers with real equipment.
the two-month plateau exercise, the teacher training area by the progressive elevation of 3,000 meters to 5,500 meters, not only the people without casualties, damaged equipment, no one, but also created a another altitude training record –
create a military ground forces training in the alpine plateau adaptive equipment sent up, motorized distances, through the highest elevation, altitude training courses up to four records ;
an anti-tank rockets, howitzers and other successful snow-covered plateau at an altitude of 4500 meters first hit, the first group coverage targets;
a reconnaissance model aircraft at altitudes of 4300 meters successful test flight, and create a real-time surveillance images are transmitted to a new record;
create a certain type of linkage for the first time artillery fire live ammunition was successfully tested altitude of 4,500 meters;
a tank at an altitude of 4,500 meters long distance shooting, shooting range than in the past to extend more than 1,000 meters, hit rate of 95% or more … …
“scientific ‘differential’ training, to achieve the combat capability of troops ‘triple jump’. “They have wrought major changes, so the scene to observe the exercise of military leadership headquarters and marvel.
so-called “differential” training, is the “terraces” theory in concrete practice of altitude training. The division were at an altitude of 3500 m, 4500 m, 5500 m open “differential” training base, according to “adapt classification, layer by layer to improve” training ideas, at different elevations on the “first physical skill after the first training method After the war France, the first physiological psychology, “the principle of targeted training, and gradually increase the training intensity and difficulty.
staff of this, equipment training is also true. Forces shooting training, weapons and equipment generally range remote. In this regard, the use of computers on the impact of the division shooting a variety of environmental factors to analyze the plateau, to find out correction, and explore a variety of weapons, shooting at different elevations of the laws and methods.
awarded the successful occasion, the division will not forget the blind men foolhardy to bring their bitter lesson.
the beginning of an armored regiment of the division on the plateau, altitude sickness do not believe in the leadership group will be so serious all of a sudden the troops to an altitude of 4,500 meters high snow-capped mountains, ready to capture the lead record. Unexpectedly, he missed playing main battle tanks, anti-tank missiles, as the engine thrust inadequate “ball dropped”, nearly causing an accident.
deeply hurt the awkward experience of the officers and men of heart, we deeply understand: If there is no “differential” training of the scientific method of altitude training guide, to rely on brute force impact “life zone” is impossible.
live and learn a lesson. From the altitude of 3,500 meters, 4500 meters to 5500 meters from the bicycle, a single shot to the company, battalion, regiment … the division officers and men step by step, training to overcome difficulties one after another, breaking one after another altitude training limit.
altitude of 4,500 meters, how to overcome the phenomenon of tanks firing shells side, is an unresolved global problem. After the “differential” training, an armored regiment tank gunner Kouke Song Nine snow-covered plateau at an altitude of 5500 m to create the magic one minute launch 30 times and cannons off the army target altitude training records.
“Only scientific implementation of the ‘differential’ training in order to achieve the plateau, the best combination of people and equipment!” This is a setback in exchange for the division officers and men of experience.
“Red Nine” where the group first conducted in the 3500 meters with tactical exercises, 26 soldiers due to hypoxia signs of altitude sickness, non-battle casualties up to 40%; the first time at altitude of 4,500 meters to Camp Tactics training, 18 soldiers signs of altitude sickness; the last time at an altitude of 5,000 meters above the tactical group, no one signs of altitude sickness.
known as the “diamond” of the regiment at an altitude of 4,500 meters installed in all regions for the first time full completion of the inspection of the actual conditions of exercise. Raid two days and nights, plenty of men all physical, owned and attachment of the light and heavy weapons to achieve a first-hit, the first group coverage, a number of high altitude warfare tactics have been tested.
conquest of the plateau, you need courage, need wisdom –
altitude training scientific and technological innovation crack problem
August of that year, a motorized infantry regiment of the division after six days and nights long-range attacks, arrived in the Kunlun Mountains 4,500 meters above sea level in a certain area.
traveling the occasion of Lawton, director, came the command: “immediately the nearest camp!”
four weeks wrapped frozen snow, uninhabited, how thousand one hundred car camping?
people did not expect that, noisy vehicles, command vehicles quietly hidden in the rocks interspersed with valleys, less than 20 minutes, a car component vehicles, cabins, “Field Camp” pull to the onwards.
to direct the division responsible Minister Li Zhenrui logistics department, said: “Today, a shelter to protect the flow of cars is a unit of the modern field conditions required for water supply, electricity, fuel, heating equipment field logistics and other facilities are on the car, fully equipped ‘field shelter car’ has been replaced by heavy ‘tent Camp’。”
“thousands of hard to extremely difficult, not difficult to open with science.” This is now circulating in the mantra of the division between officers and men.
summer Kunlun Mountains, the weather is still cold breath into frost, fill the fields are covered with snow.
regiment of the division’s march through the rapid movement and concealment, the Kunlun Mountains arrived on time in a certain area. Long-range attacks of the officers and men hungry, dine need to add strength.
this “ghost place”, cold and oxygen, how cooking? Sight, to dispel the doubts harbored by a reporter: 3 cooking soldiers picked up a folding steel and some picnic equipment, push pull combination of magic set up a multi-purpose “camp stove” … less than 30 minutes, four soup, plus a staple food rice is done.
the beginning, the division organization altitude adaptation training, unfamiliar steamed bread, cooked rice to eat are common. To break the cold highland areas of food security problems, the division developed innovative multi-function folding out “camping stoves”, issued to each company with steamed rice porous devices, water canisters, multifunction Non-Staple Food platform, fast food nutrition field generation systems, field logistical support equipment. The division also jointly developed a plant heat plateau fast food packages. In the past, a company hundreds of people at an altitude of 3,000 meters above the plateau to be eating a hot meal at least 50 minutes, now just 8 minutes to eat fast food packages of hot.
conquest of the plateau, not only courage, but more wisdom. Knew quite well that the division officers to rely on technological innovation, a high altitude training to crack a difficult problem.
Kunlun Plateau, mountainous peaks, special terrain to move in Communications inconvenience affecting the military command and rapid mobility capability. See the distant ridges protruding, commanders had an idea, to a certain type of radio set in the mountain highlands, the use of its automatic transfer letter, and realize the march echelon interoperability. Since then, tanks plateau mobile operations, no longer have to worry about a loss, not connecting the beginning and end.
the division with the research institutes jointly developed a new type of communication and command systems to achieve battlefield information resource sharing; level of division of the existing relay communication, wireless radio communications, satellite communications, computer network communications system integration, etc., to build a new command structure and equipment communications hub model, from a comprehensive, multi-branch solution under the command of alpine plateau Communications issues.
Today, ice and snow of the “life zone”, in the eyes of the officers and men of the division, has become a testing ground for innovation and inspiration. Altitude combat training around the problem, the officers and men devote themselves to explore the division, third-party research –
developed altitude training simulator that can simulate different altitudes of the oxygen supply status, wearing it, but also in low-altitude training to achieve high-altitude training effect;
field repair equipment developed by tanks, road wheels removable bracket, half lifting drag rescue devices, repair tools, initially realized miniaturization, standardization and serialization;
innovative field integrated communications vehicles, radio sets, radio relay, program-controlled exchange is one that can be wired, wireless automatic connection transfer;
research and development of tank gun firing calculator not only improve the conditions at high altitude shooting accuracy, but also enhances the ultra-direct from the tank capacity to fight;
summed up the alpine region of the plateau “tank gun half Amendment Act”, has solved altitude alpine region of the tank artillery shells missed the problem … …
does not climb on the peaks, there is no cross can not Daban –
the rise of high-altitude military training operations personnel field
snowy Kunlun Plateau, grass grows.
Today, the climate here is cruel breed a special group of people – high-altitude combat personnel.
Kunlun Pass, surprise Baolian an artillery regiment commander Zhao Feng emergency unit attack rate of assault guns.
At this point, blustery, snow. Such adverse weather conditions, he accurately calculated, decisive command, out of hair out of the shells whistling through the layers of snowing fog, destroy the “enemy” target center.
Feng Zhao such as pregnant altitude operations, “stunt” talent, there are a large number of the division – the first will be portable military communications satellite “side pot” antenna stands at an altitude of 5500 Mi Kunlun Pass Division Senior Jilege automation station, army first control at an altitude of 4300 meters above a certain type of vehicle missiles “to kill targets through three” shooter Xu Xingyong … …
from the “plateau Storm” exercise to ” Kunlun dawn “operation, 10 years, the number of high-altitude operations division personnel with combat wheel drive, move forward one step rolling.
2005, the forces on the plateau for adaptive training. Minister Zhang Division equipment division to see: cold areas in the highlands combat, equipment support command to achieve the “anti-China Link”, “interference in the communication,” relying on the existing means of communication difficult to achieve. To this end, he will organize relevant personnel to carry out research, demonstration, and ultimately worked out with the “big link sets of small loops, multi-level multi-channel integration” mode of communication, command and communications equipment to enhance the flexibility of the system, overcome the past and equipment protect a single communication, fragile problems.
sails of any group of a division chief of staff chief of staff, the extensive collection of high altitude cold areas a variety of information warfare, the survival plateau of painstaking research, training, operational methods, led to write a “plateau adaptive training manual” “plateau ten difficult issues” such as, summed up the fighting and training methods 23 results, four of which are headquartered sure 2 be incorporated into teaching materials.
a new type of light infantry weapons, due to bad weather the impact of the plateau, firing accuracy significantly. NCO squad leader of a motorized infantry regiment Haijun order to overcome this difficulty, has seven times the altitude of 4,500 meters on board, collected in the wind Blizzard firing data. After 60 days time, he finally wrote, “On the bad weather the impact of precision rifle shooting,” “Plateau alpine region infantry weapons firing Amendment Act to give,” “Plateau common cold and light weapons under Troubleshooting 200 Questions”, etc. cold conditions for the military shooting training plateau provides a strong support.
harsh plateau environment, the growth of talent is the best grindstone; battlefield, it is the cradle of the best training personnel. The division has always been to develop high-altitude combat personnel, seize and hold as an important task to study and formulate a “special talent group training plan.” They fully respect the dominant position of men, widely carried out, “I offer an account for the high altitude training” activities, bringing together their wisdom, study and improvement of training methods, the quality of training has improved significantly.
August of that year, an armored regiment advancing the Kunlun Mountains adaptive training. In the exercise, a repair vehicle lifting device can not lift a tank engine implementation. The delegation repair with non-commissioned officers Liu Xiaofeng, day and night access to information, the control structure principle repeatedly argued, took only seven days on the innovation of a new lifting device so that the replacement of a tank engine used in the past eight time from two hours shorter to two and a half hours.
decade plate horse bow, ten years Yingcai in large numbers. Number of highly qualified personnel fighting the rise of the plateau, to bring the troops fighting capacity building “gone.”
reporter learned that, at present, 65 percent of the cadres of the division with a university degree or higher, 85 percent of the officers and men to become multi-skill, will control more than three main equipment of the military personnel, more than half The group was higher-level units recognized as “grass-roots building advanced units” and “military training units”, the division headquarters for 11 years was recognized as “military training units.”
at the beach, our eyes, the sun is rising from the sea.
in the highlands, our eyes, the sun rising from the snow-capped mountains.
different heights, see the scenery is different.
fighting capacity building as well. Like mountain climbing, climb the stairs all the way, we can reach the peak list of small hills.
past 10 years, the Lanzhou Military Region, a motorized infantry division unremitting exploration, snow-covered “sword” in the “life zone” in the alpine region plateau temper forces combat capability, a key breakthrough in the limit altitude military training –
they explored a “business area of ??intensive training, low-altitude simulation training, sub-steps to adapt to training, integrated testing of high altitude” and a set of scientific training methods, and now forces to adapt to one week at low altitudes so, you can go directly to 4,500 meters high altitudes carry out combat missions;
fully tap their potential, based on the existing equipment, through innovation, preparation and introduction of improved cold plateaus supporting the combat training equipment, facilities, effective solution to the next plateau cold war in a remote area mobile, moving in Communications in 10 heavy and difficult problems;
they created a whole army at an altitude above 5,000 meters altitude cold zone of real soldiers, real car, the first live-fire exercises, summed up the “fire pull points, relay attack, sudden penetration wedged into, drive F simultaneously, surround and destroy the enemy” and a series of high altitude warfare tactics … …
results belong to the past. At a new starting point, the division political commissar Zhang painted Wu told reporters: “in front of mountains, we did not stop breathing.”
the division of the annual training plan shows: they are about to re- advance Kunlun Plateau, toward the snow line. (Huang Qun Yang Kuang Ho Ming Hao Xiujie Photo by Zhang Jin, Wang Qingbiao, Cui Guohui photo)