U.S. think tank said the Chinese threat to India’s nuclear capability has been enhanced
China The new strategic nuclear submarine naval equipment
LONDON January 11 news: the U.S. Navy War College Strategic Shu Heng, Associate Professor Yoshihara and James Holmes has co-authored the article, said 094 Chinese ballistic missile submarines to make them India nuclear threat has been strengthened, and in response to China’s naval forces to the expansion of the Indian Ocean, India is working to build a nuclear submarine with ballistic missile and nuclear attack submarines, a powerful naval force.
shift the focus of competition in Asia Navy submarine
article begins by noting that the Asia-Pacific arms race day at sea to take increasingly drastic. But more than a century ago with the European powers had the number and tonnage of ships of different fierce competition, the modern arms race in Asia and the Pacific Asian countries are the main components of the underwater world in the dark. In the following decades, these countries will be fitted out in a variety of lean submarine. Thus, the size of guns or ships could no longer accurately measure the displacement of sea power. Therefore, the smart Asian countries will shell design, propeller and propulsion systems and other areas of investing heavily to maximize the submarine’s stealth and endurance. The current trend shows the submarine war will spawn a new industry in Asia, while the submarine war itself define the next decade, Asia will become an important indicator of military strength.
The article said that the submarine is to provide operational benefits to attract the Asian naval planners by their reason. Submarine is sunk ships, maritime trade blockade ideal. When used for defense, the submarine can establish a “restricted area”, effectively prevent hostile naval task force to obtain control of the sea; and when used to attack when the supply of submarine can wipe out a specific area of ??the enemy ships, beginning control over one’s own master prelude to the sea.
Chinese Navy’s submarine warfare because it has a strong ability to be proud. The article points out, the Soviet naval theory of impact, the PLA will concentrate mainly on the coastal defense, while the submarine is ideal for performing such tasks. Generation of the last century, fifty years, Beijing is aware that the continent faced with the threat from the sea, submarines and coastal patrol boats and also the beginning of a defense of the mainland’s first defense front. To the 1980s, when China has not only launched a nuclear-powered submarines, also set up Asia’s largest submarine fleet.
article said, most of China’s submarine force is now the Cold War legacy. Most of its fleet of submarines are on the 1950s and sixties the reverse of the product of the submarine, the absolute standards of Western countries are obsolete. However, age is just one of the factors to measure the effectiveness of the submarine. Occupy a geographical advantage of the submarine, even outdated, but also past enemy ambush. President Bill Clinton has dispatched two aircraft carrier demonstration in 1996 Taiwan Strait crisis is an example. At that time, the Taiwan Strait confrontation reached a climax, the U.S. Defense planners in Beijing in the waters near the island of Taiwan the ability to deploy submarine fleet was worried. Although the comparison with China, the U.S. Navy in combat and technology are an advantage, but the U.S. Navy commander still possible for China to deploy combat readiness.
Chinese navy will deploy a large number of modern submarines
article pointed out that since the Cold War, the U.S. anti-submarine warfare capability gradually shrinking. Navy anti-submarine warfare is the world’s most demanding tasks. Necessary to look for, find and destroy submarines, the party concerned to ensure that acceptable safety at sea is definitely a heavy burden. In contrast, only need to make sure there is a submarine torpedo hit the enemy can be the main objective, we can make enemy soldiers physically and mentally exhausted. In this regard, the article said, the asymmetric advantages of underwater warfare means no threat of contempt submarine commander capable of his work, and the Chinese submarine fleet in the number of absolute advantage and amplified asymmetry.
The article said that Beijing launched a decade ago, the navy’s modernization program, and it is this project a new look for its submarine fleet. The 1990s, China purchased two groups of Russian “Kilo” class diesel-electric submarines. The diesel-electric submarines equipped with wake homing torpedoes, ship propellers can be made to track the wake, very difficult to avoid. “Kilo” class submarines equipped with cruise missiles and land attack anti-ship cruise missiles. Moreover, once the project was seen as a failure of the “Song” class diesel-electric submarines in the 21st century mass production. In the past two years, China has been building submarines at a rapid pace, which confirmed that there have been considerable development of military enterprises. “Yuan” class diesel-electric attack submarines debut in 2004, shook the U.S. intelligence community. According to reports, the “Yuan” class diesel-electric submarines into the “Kilo” and “Song” class submarines advantages are made possible with air-independent propulsion (AIP, also known as power) system. Expected future “business” class submarines for the Chinese submarine fleet will provide further attack.
article said that several modern attack submarines, China has accounted for one third of entire submarine force. In the next decade, as more new submarine platform fitted out, the PLA Navy’s most modern submarines, the submarine will fall. Navy is likely to completely change the 2015 reduction in the number of its ships – will the decommissioning of many old ships will be completed. Then, in 2020, the Chinese naval fleet will not only become more modern, but also to make up for sharp drop after the end of the Cold War submarine inventory.
enhance China 094 submarine deterrent to India
article that mentioned Asia submarine warfare, it would surely involve India. Currently, the rising power of India intends to build their own underwater combat forces in response to perceived threats from China. Not long ago, a retired Indian Navy officer, said New Delhi would not tolerate Chinese government to deploy nuclear submarines to the Indian Ocean. In this regard, the article pointed out that India itself as the Indian Ocean has been the most important countries, many Indian strategic organization to pursue the so-called “Monroe Doctrine foreign policy.” From a strategic and operational perspective, this means that India wants to build (or buy from abroad) a powerful navy, and make it better than could be deployed to the Indian Ocean the strongest foreign navy. Although Indian leaders said they were not worried about the U.S. Navy in the Indian Ocean (even if not good, but it will not jeopardize the interests of India), but the Delhi government on China’s attitude is diametrically opposite.
Therefore, the Indian Navy is seeking ballistic missile submarines and nuclear attack submarines, although made only sporadic progress. As for nuclear deterrence, compared with China, India, clearly at a disadvantage – China’s land-based ballistic missile attack can range into the whole soil of India, and the Beijing government has in the southernmost tip of Hainan Island, Sanya City established a submarine base. At present, the Chinese Navy ballistic missile submarine to have 094 proud. The new submarines that China threat to India’s nuclear capability has been enhanced.
For India, the ballistic missile nuclear submarines fitted out, there may be an important factor in reversing the situation, which included the whole territory of China for the first time within the range of weapons in India. Therefore, the Indian defense industry has been obsessed with ballistic missile submarine-related technologies, including nuclear reactors, submarine-launched ballistic missiles and can carry a small warhead from the missile. The next decade, India will solve part of the problem, even India’s ballistic missile nuclear submarine patrol in the eastern coast of Asia, threats such as Beijing and other Chinese major cities. Moreover, the Indian ballistic missile submarine through the South China Sea and Chinese coastal waters in Asia will cause much concern to the dynamic situation.
The article said that India’s prospects for the construction of non-strategic submarines is relatively optimistic. Currently, the Indian Navy has deployed Russian “Kilo” class submarines, and are in accordance with an agreement signed by the French government built “Scorpene” class diesel-powered submarines. India’s first domestic nuclear submarine – “body count” number was launched in July 2009. This will be the first underwater submarine patrol, and then officially enter the Fleet. In addition, the Indian navy has also leased one from Russia, “cheetah” (Nerpa) attack submarine, its crew as a training platform to use – since the since the 1980s, very few of these people will have the opportunity to control nuclear reactors. 2020 Indian submarine would be little effect of the play remains to be seen.
However, the current wave of Asian submarine procurement could endanger the future stability of the Asian sea. 2020, when Asia will have more than one hundred modern diesel-electric submarines. Then, at the strategic assumptions and forecasts of the impact of the threat, the Navy will have at least ten countries will compete for high-seas bottom of geopolitical influence. As a result, there will be an unprecedented Asian waters, more complex structure of sea power. Waters of the northern and the southern Philippines, Japan will become an increasingly competitive, challenging more powerful battlefield. However, we are just on the horizon submarine procurement in Asia will lead to continuous, more aggressive wave of submarine construction remains to be seen, but the huge investment in submarine warfare means that the region has had a full can lead to an arms race in the classic necessary conditions. (Compiled: Spring)