India continued in the disputed area is increasingly hard-line attitude of fait accompli
mission in the border area of ??Indian combat troops
newspaper correspondent/Hu Shisheng
India for decades has been to create “fait accompli” in an attempt to force the Chinese side acknowledged India in the disputed area of ??the “jurisdiction “
month, 7 to 8, the Special Representative of the Sino-Indian border issue will be held in New Delhi the first 13 meetings. The atmosphere seems different from the previous meeting. Recently, the Sino-Indian border issue is between the media continue to stir-fried, the “China threat theory” when the rise in India. At the same time, the Indian Army in the border areas frequently taken actions to address the so-called “China military cross-border harassment.” The air seems to float between a kind of faint smell of gunpowder. It seems almost certain that the talks on the border issue is unlikely to make substantial progress.
in the past 60 years, the Sino-Indian border issue around the two sides carried out dozens of rounds and more mechanisms, multi-level negotiations, however, the problem seems to be the boundary into a dead end. Tracing the source, due largely to the Indian side of the stick to the “recognition of the status quo” solution ideas, and the accompanying state of mind of the three fetters.
bad attitude one:
“natural successor to the colonial legacy”
in India border dispute originated in 1914, cooked up by British colonialists, the Chinese government refused to recognize the previous “Simla Treaty” and the “McMahon Line.” As the “wheat line” illegal, who cooked up until 20 years later concentrated in the relevant map marked “wheat lines,” the specific location, and marked “without demarcation.”
However, an independent state in 1947, India boasted that “the natural heir to the British Empire”, requires a comprehensive succession of the British Indian empire in the possession of privilege and colonial legacy of aggression, insisted on the Sino-Indian border has been designated, the two there is no boundary issues; and claimed to negotiations, China must first recognize the “wheat line” and accept the Indian claim of the western boundary line (ie, divided by watershed), may on this basis, both some “minor issues” negotiations.
the border issue, the Chinese government attitude from the beginning is very clear that the Sino-Indian boundary has never been designated, “Simla Treaty” and “wheat line” is a British-Indian government and the Tibetan local government back the Chinese government as it is illegal. China always believes that China and India should follow the give and take, there have to take the principle of resolving the border issue. However, due to complicated causes, China is willing to “wheat line” on the issue of realism, never asked India to return the old colonialists into India illegally all the Chinese territory.
bad state of mind two:
“give up the privileges for return”
post-independence India inherited of the British Empire, “Tibet and India should be the buffer zone” of the geopolitical outlook, the overall acceptance of the British Empire in the possession of all privileges. Even peaceful liberation of Tibet, India has been reluctant to give up these privileges. Nehru government even encouraged the Dalai Lama fled abroad to seek “Tibetan separatist.”
1954 年 4 29, after several rounds of talks, China and India signed a “Sino-Indian on China’s Tibet and India, trade and transport agreements between the” India was forced to give up possession of privileged . But apparently decided that the Nehru government, through the agreement, the Chinese government recognized the status of Sino-Indian border, that is exactly “wheat line” division, which is China’s India “to give up in the possession of privileges” in return. In the same year, India began to Indian border official maps as “strong and clear.”
Shortly afterwards, in which “required return” driven by strong psychological, from the Nehru government pursued a more aggressive course of the “forward policy”, and eventually led to the Sino-Indian border in 1962 conflict.
bad attitude three:
“Who controls whom rational”
in the past decades in India has been trying to “fait accompli”, force the Chinese side acknowledged India disputed areas “real jurisdiction.” In this state of mind under the influence of the Indian border dispute continued in the eastern region to take unilateral action, that is, “an official of the executive, population and militarization.”
“licensed” of occupation of the disputed area is constantly sent, even at the driving force in Tibet magistrates. As February 1951, peace in the Chinese army entered Lhasa, the Indian force driving the Tawang region of Tibet tax collectors. To 1953, India has been basically “licensed” the “wheat line” south of the vast region.
“executive” is to strengthen the administration of disputed areas and institutional set up the system. India after independence, in 1950, “in the north and north-eastern border committee”; 1954 set up a “north-eastern border zone,” go the Foreign Ministry; January 20, 1972 in the area to “Arunachal UTs “, owned by Ministry of the Interior; December 8, 1986, the Indian government and the” Territory “in into” state. ”
“population” of immigration is constantly to the controversial area, so that “India-based.” The last major disputed region of China inhabited by ethnic Chinese and Tibetan languages, such as Monba, Lhoba and so on. However, after 20 years of continuous immigration, immigrants from the Mainland and India has reached more than 60 million, accounting for 65% of the total population controversial. In recent years, the Indian government continued to encourage more mainland people to Tawang – Sino-Indian border dispute, the core focus – immigrants.
“militarization” is a controversial area continue to strengthen the border in Indian-controlled force. After years of operation, Indian military deployment in the border areas of China has formed a comparative advantage. Nearly a year, and India border in vain to accelerate the pace of modernization, such as the deployment of advanced Su-30MKI fighters, T-72 main battle tanks, as well as newly built airports, roads strategy overhaul, adding 100,000 troops, with a view in troops, equipment and infrastructure in the form of my absolute advantage.
present, India’s attitude on the border issue is increasingly hard-line, on to the national leaders down to the experts, no secret publicly declared, “Indian government will not give up an inch of territory.” Past year and more, people began to openly sell India “for the west of the East” program, in order to achieve India’s “recognition of the status quo” purposes. According to the program, the history of India is willing to give up part of its western part had not “controversial area”, in exchange for China to recognize the legitimate possession of its eastern section. However, this “occupant takes all” mentality of the Chinese government is clearly not acceptable. (The author is researcher at the Institute of Contemporary International Relations China, Southeast Asia, South Asia deputy director of Institute)