Chinese marine survey ship rights situation grim in East China Sea by the Japanese warning
Data Figure: Japan Coast Guard ships
Data Figure: China’s maritime surveillance aircraft patrolling the ongoing enforcement of China’s marine rights
2010 grim start, the waters have several potential point of conflict, maritime rights team not a smooth road to the sea
“International Herald Tribune” correspondent Li Ying, from Beijing in the winter, “away from the mainland of the Nansha Islands, voyage two days see a boat If suddenly a flag hanging from the Chinese government’s law enforcement ships to watch the crew will wake up sleeping in the cabin crew, they will run up the deck shouting, waving to the law enforcement vessel, if not in life at sea, experience no such feelings. “Cui Siyi nearly sixties father out to sea at the age of 17, now is the Hainan three Shashi general manager of a fishing company.
Cuisi Yi’s simple words reveal an ordinary fishing boat on the Chinese government enforcement Yanyinqipan feelings. However, in the vast waters of the controversy, the ranks of China’s maritime rights is not a smooth road to the sea.
2010 年 initial, put the power in China’s maritime rights defenders in front of the seriousness of the situation is beginning: the negotiating table of the foreign ministers around the dispute over the East China Sea gas field, an international tourist island of Hainan to build even lead the news a strong rebound in neighboring Vietnam, the U.S. research vessel to continue its own way out of the South China Sea … …
rare South China cruise ship once
“Wulong rule the sea “, a maritime law enforcement personnel in order to describe the Chinese maritime law enforcement functions with five sectors: maritime surveillance, fisheries, maritime, customs, marine police, each division of work. Which, in the turbulent waters surrounding face more of a foreign tort maritime surveillance and fishery sectors. Their rights at sea, not only to face possible friction and potential danger, but also consider the possible international impact and diplomatic disputes, the road to go hard out to sea and prudent.
the Chinese maritime surveillance, fishery and other maritime law enforcement rights forces in the development process of the South China Sea, Cui Siyi claiming only a “bystander.” With 40 years of fragment memory, he told the “International Herald Tribune,” outlines the history of his eyes: Before the mid-1980s, the South China Sea calm, Cui Siyi positive youth, he even took part in the composition of sailing and motor boats Nansha mixed fleet went fishing. Subsequently, the situation deteriorated sharply, the local government shall not be any fishing vessel ordered to these disputed areas of activities in order to avoid diplomatic disputes. In the meantime, he quietly went to one or two occasionally found Nansha fishing, foreign fishing vessels to become more foreign warships have changed much, but hanging the Chinese flag ship of law enforcement is very rare.
until around 2000, Cui Siyi other fishermen obviously feel a change. When fishermen tried to close the Nansha Islands and other disputed waters, found that flying the flag of the naval vessels and maritime enforcement vessels to increase again. When fishing with these iron and steel “Giants” meeting, they will each whistle signal, even coming from China full of affection law enforcement vessel “safety” and told.
Cuisi Yi did not know was in this period, Chinese fishery authorities stepped up the protection of fisheries resources in waters; Chinese maritime surveillance has also formally established in 1998, and quickly assume the maintenance of the motherland maritime rights and interests of the task. South China Sea from the mainland because of many islands, small size, make up for the difficulties, do not have the immigrant condition. Under the existing law and relevant international practice, China’s official ship’s existence in these disputed waters and activities, with the declaration of the meaning of sovereignty and jurisdiction of claim.
Beginning in 2007, Chinese law enforcement ships to achieve all the waters under the jurisdiction of China’s all-weather, continuous Rights cruise, ship or aircraft every month to the Nansha Islands, law enforcement, and other key Huangyan Island sea patrol management. It should be said, the cruise system is relatively fixed, around the country protested and speculation for some time, but gradually acquiesced to this fact. Today, the Chinese law enforcement ships to inspect these waters every time, fewer and fewer voices of protest.
“reef” emerged several waters
However, a cruise in the South China Sea, Marine officials declined to be named to the newspaper analysis that Recently the South China Sea maritime tort actions and there are two new features: First, foreign sabotage increased, in addition to these foreign fishing vessels engaged in power, bombing, poisoning, etc. fishing, fish drying platforms and other facilities to build, but also damage, theft, China defense facilities. Second, the neighboring countries to a “paramilitary” infringement of the signs, more hard-line attitude. For example, Vietnam “sea militia” preparatory work is nearing completion, which is equipped with heavy offensive weapons, a “quasi-military force.”
AFP November 23, 2009 reported that the Vietnamese National Assembly passed a bill approved the formation of sea militia, “the Vietnamese maritime militia and border guards, navy, marine police and other forces to defend national Vietnam’s marine areas, border security and sovereignty. “
In this regard, marine experts on the newspaper predicted that by 2010 Vietnam will increase the intensity of the South China Sea oil and gas development, there may even take some substantial action.
Borderland History and Geography Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Research Center, Li Guoqiang, deputy director also pointed out that this area still continue to focus on South America’s tort. Although last year the “victory” incident and the “flawless” incident, the U.S. spy ship has not given up the waters around China’s surveillance activities. In 2010, the U.S. military to monitor harbor boats are likely to trespass again the waters around China, to engage in illegal intelligence gathering activities.
According to a number of marine experts predict that by 2010 China’s marine rights overall situation remains severe, several area has potential “reefs.” Yellow Sea, the South Korean ship is expected to illegal entry into waters under the jurisdiction of the situation I am likely to occur. East China Sea, Japan will jointly develop gas fields in the East China Sea issue put forward more ideas.
disparity between the law enforcement forces in the East China Sea
In fact, compared with the simmering of the South China Sea, East China Sea has not calm.
“1 月 3 日 around 6 pm, Chinese marine research ship ‘The East is Red 2′, the Senkaku Islands (Diaoyu Islands I – editor’s note) about 83 km northwest of the Japanese exclusive waters of the economy. “Japan’s” Sankei Shimbun “January 4, 2010 report claims, the Japan Coast Guard 11th District patrol aircraft discovered,” Dong Fang Hong 2 “pulled the rope-like object 3 southwest navigation. Subsequently, Japan warned “not to give notice does not recognize any scientific investigation.” 9:10 that night, “Dong Fang Hong 2″ to leave the waters.
Chinese marine survey vessels sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands in China to conduct marine surveys, it is legitimate. However, Japan’s tough stance this stems from its strong control over the Diaoyu Islands.
recent years, the Japanese continue to pre-emptive way to strengthen the occupation of the Diaoyu Islands. The end of 2002, the Japanese government claimed that an annual rental cost of 2,000 million yen from a national to acquire the management of the Diaoyu Islands. Subsequently, the Japanese government announced that right-wing groups will set up the lighthouse on the island reverted to the illegal “state-owned property.” Early 2009, the Japanese government has mobilized a large patrol helicopter can carry anti-ship by the Diaoyu Islands.
although folk from China, “fishing” force breaking through the difficulties and launched a second landing operations, broke the Japanese “effective possession” of the attempt. However, limited by various factors, compared to monthly regular Huangyan Island cruise the South China Sea, China’s maritime law enforcement power to ships and aircraft not normally patrol near the Diaoyu Islands, but not for regular cruise. In contrast, “no matter how far the Japanese maritime law enforcement forces to patrol vessels and planes will be sent every day at least three patrol boats will be cruising around the Diaoyu Islands.” Interview of several of China’s maritime rights of law enforcement officials have made the same that have spoken quite helpless.
Diaoyu Islands are still waiting for China to ship
So far, China’s maritime rights department of one the most powerful action on the Diaoyu Islands inspections occurred on December 8, 2008 days. 7 am that day, as China’s only sea cruise with full rights in law enforcement efforts – the success of China ocean surveillance ships into the waters of the Diaoyu Islands. This is more than 50 years, China’s official boat for the first time such a close contact with the Diaoyu Islands.
According to Japanese media reports, December 8, 2008 the same day, the Japan Coast Guard patrol boat repeatedly with Chinese law enforcement ships to the Chinese issued a radio warning to leave immediately. But the Chinese ship “ignored”, more than nine hours left. According to Japanese media said the Chinese vessel from the Diaoyu Islands has recently only 0.6 nautical miles.
a long time, relying on the Japanese Coast Guard force in the waters around the Diaoyu Islands to set up strict “blockade.” Japan will patrol around the Diaoyu Islands is divided into three areas: within 12 sea miles from the Diaoyu Islands as “the absolute prohibition zone”, into the waters of the mainland and Taiwan civil vessel “at all costs” to be expelled; 12 sea miles to 24 nautical miles. ” strict control zones “, into the waters of non-Japanese propaganda ships for target identification and expulsion; of 24 nautical miles from the ships tried to approach the Diaoyu Islands waters, the Office for the security of foreign warships, government vessels, private” fishing “vessels, foreign fishing vessels and “unidentified ship” and other categories, the different nature of the target to the trailing surveillance, warning, expulsion, etc. to be closely monitored.
the end of 2008, this time, China’s law enforcement fleet of “historic breakthrough” is that – officially entered the Diaoyu Islands, 12 sea miles cruising range of the implementation of rights.
after 2009, Japan stepped up further occupation of the Diaoyu Islands and the blockade: the mobilization of a helicopter capable of carrying large patrol vessels (PLH) Diaoyu Islands resident, resident Kagoshima District 3200′s first 10-ton PLH03 “Osumi” was, PLH04 “Hayato” number of the resident’s first 11 Okinawa Naha District PLH09 “Ryukyu” was regularly inspected the Diaoyu Islands waters. In case of “necessity”, Coast Guard Maritime Self-Defense Force will get strong support and cover.
Nanyang Institute of Xiamen University expert Professor Li Jinming Marine to this newspaper pointed out that although Chinese law enforcement action on the Diaoyu Islands ship short-lived, but this time the significance of the cruise is to break the Japanese on the Diaoyu Islands row possession, take concrete actions to claim sovereignty. Many marine experts have also said to the newspaper, looking forward to the Diaoyu Islands China’s law enforcement vessel sailed again, showing the jurisdiction of declaration of sovereignty, to break the Japanese so-called “effective possession” theory.
However, the person also told reporters that because of the Diaoyu Islands issue of great sensitivity for the Sino-Japanese relations, once the Chinese vessels into the waters of the Diaoyu Islands, the Japanese media almost unanimously speculation, “China’s maritime threat”, It’s like the “old lady of the bindings of society” generally restricts the Chinese law enforcement vessel “fishing” operation.