India’s former high ranking official said the Indian Navy construction gap with China
Data Figure: China’s naval strategic nuclear submarines
092 in eastern India, the former commander of the Naval Command Premvir Das Indian Maritime Foundation website recently wrote, with the rapid growth of Chinese naval power compared to the level of the Indian Navy’s defense budget has drama fell to 2001 levels. The article also India’s aircraft carriers, frigates and submarines in 2020 made a prediction about the strength.
Indian and Chinese investment in naval construction, gap
article said, the Office of Naval Intelligence report on the introduction of China’s maritime power of the Internet inadvertently transferred, that attracted the attention of many people. However, this report does not actually prove anything. Many Chinese observers – including Chinese experts, including from India – about China’s naval forces to master the shipbuilding plan and the latest data. U.S. document said the PLA Navy has nine nuclear submarines (three with long-range nuclear weapons), 53 conventional diesel-electric submarines, 74 destroyers/frigates and equipped with missiles, a considerable number of amphibious ships and coastal patrol boats.
article pointed out that due to age effects, including many of the quality and effectiveness are doubtful of the platform, so the battle should be more realistic for the seven nuclear submarines (three equipped with nuclear weapons) and about 30 diesel-electric submarines and 45 destroyers/frigates. Standing on a long-term perspective, for example, the PLA ships and in accordance with the current procurement plans, coupled with its plan to phase out existing ships, 2020, the PLA Navy could have two aircraft carriers, 40-45, and diesel-electric submarines about 55 destroyers/frigates, specific numbers, or some out, but not too much. In view of the PLA Navy, its military modernization in the main event, so the investment in China’s naval forces will gradually increase.
compared with the rapid changes in China, India the situation is worrying. The article said that from 1974 to 1986, the Indian Navy in the defense budget’s share from 10% to 13% by 2007, that figure increased to 19%. However, in the past three years, the Indian Navy in the defense budget’s share dropped significantly in 2008, nowadays reduced to 17% in 2009 down to 15%, to 3 at the end of the fiscal year 2010, this proportion is more is decreased to 14.5%, or even not as good as 2001. Which is always chattering political class in India, said the emerging need to protect national maritime interests, and constantly stressed the importance of the Indian Ocean to India’s security context of place.
At the same time, the Indian Navy’s utilization of its funds is still very low, partly due to such as the “Admiral Gorshkov” aircraft carrier and other ships in the delivery delay time, but largely from India and abroad for the cause of large-scale procurement projects. Obviously, in terms of speed, or in quality, the Indian Defense Ministry’s decision-making is not working well. Any perceptive observers recognized that India’s naval forces not only stand still, and even fell sharply.
years later, the number of surface combatants in India and now flat
The aircraft carrier, the Indian Navy needs three aircraft carriers, and “virrat” numbers can be However, service time over 5 years. India “Vikram Muddy Teia” (or “Admiral Gorshkov” number) aircraft carrier is expected to be delivered in 2012, then when the Indian Navy will have two aircraft carriers; if now Cochin (Cochin) built “Vikrant” (Vikrant) aircraft delivered in 2015, and “virrat” was also in this period was eliminated, by 2020, the Indian Navy will have two aircraft carriers now, and this one level of the Indian Navy as early as in 1997 had reached.
destroyers, frigates, warships at sea is important, but the prospect of India in this regard is even more lazy people. Currently, the Indian Navy has 14 ships, and nine in the purchase or construction of ships, including three from Russia 6 new 德里马扎冈 dock by the construction company, in various stages of construction. By the Mazagon Dock Company built the first ship will be delivered this year, if the next five will be delivered in the next 10 years, then in 2020, the Indian Navy will have 23 ships. However, when the Indian navy must be eliminated before the construction of ships in 1990. The number of these ships in about 10 or so, some of which will be demolished, or will be responsible for other work. As a result, the Indian Navy is still only 13 ships.
Indian government has approved the Navy’s people and then another six frigates built by Mazagon Dock and Shipbuilding Company and Gordon Ritchie of the construction of three engineering companies, but the choice of foreign cooperation in the process of the shipyard still distant No period. In those years the company has been closely following the performance of Mazagon Dock eyes, the shipyard is impossible to deliver in the next 10 years, the first ship. As Gordon Ritchie shipbuilding and engineering company, has been 10 years without this kind of ships the construction. Given the company’s need to rebuild the related facilities, recovery skills, so in order to complete the construction tasks, the need to spend a lot of time. 2020, when Gordon Ritchie shipbuilding and engineering company built out of a maximum, two ships, this is in the best of circumstances. In short, by 2020, the Indian Navy destroyers/frigates number will be between 14-15, with the status quo is no different.
Indian diesel-electric submarines, the prospect of even worse. By 2020, all built before 1990, the submarine will be decommissioned, leaving only four resulted in India’s submarines can run. However, India has ordered six “Scorpene” class submarines – which, imported from abroad 2, the other four by the Mumbai-based Mazagon Shipbuilding (MDL) is responsible for construction. Import of two submarines will be delivered in the next 3-5 years, but other cases are still unknown submarine, because mazagao Shipbuilding has stopped the construction of the submarine, wait until the price adjustment programs approved. However, even these four submarines all fitted out, the Indian army have submarines, only 10, is running far below its current number of submarines. For a few months ago launched the “body count” nuclear submarine should be in service around 2014. In short, no need to consider the People’s Liberation Army Navy in 2020 when the fighting capacity, when the Indian Navy’s combat power and even lower than current levels.
“India does not have time to evaluate China’s sea power”
Fortunately, India has a way out of this tragic situation. First, following the “body count” submarine into the water, “virrat” re-commissioned aircraft carrier, India has already ordered the other ships. These ships will be delivered in 2020, and related construction work will not interfere with mazagao shipbuilding or Gordon Ritchie Engineering & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd. (GRSE) the current project. This will enable India to two the number of nuclear submarines, the number of aircraft to three. Second, Gordon Ritchie will mazagao shipbuilding companies and the number of frigates were ordered from three down to two, then buy two from foreign shipyards, and requires the construction of frigates quickly. As a result, by 2020 the number of Indian army convoy will reach 17 – ironically, this is 1971, when the number of frigates in India. Third, plus purchase six diesel-electric submarines, of which three will be located in eastern India, and studied Visakhapatnam Hindustan shipyard responsible for the construction, the other three are purchased directly from the cooperation of the shipyards. However, if in the process of an emergency, then the available number of diesel-electric submarines may be four, so that the total number of submarines was reduced to 14 – the number of submarines and the current flat.
However, the only state in the shipbuilding and pin system is in urgent practical work, shipbuilding Mazagon and Gordon Ritchie objective look at the case of the construction program, all of which can be achieved. This situation also for the bureaucracy involved in this decision. In the two shipyards before cutting the first piece of steel, not obliged to explain this, it will not be any charge. Now, the defense minister is time to re-evaluate the relevant project, and his direct and decisive intervention is necessary. At present, India is no time estimate China’s growing maritime power, and should be seriously addressed their deteriorating situation.