China’s first missile the whole story: the use of domestically produced liquid oxygen Dongfeng 1
Xiaozhi Ren WANG Yu-bo
1957 One day in late October, the Chinese People’s Volunteer Corps deputy commander of the twenty (not commander) and party secretary of the Central Military Commission, according to the instructions of the SUN leave home before , Xiao Hua, deputy director of the General Political Department, where to accept new tasks.
to Beijing, Xiao Hua said on the first SUN: CPC Central Committee and Chairman Mao instructed to break the nuclear monopoly of imperialism, smashing their nuclear blackmail, as soon as possible to create our own missiles, atomic bombs. Central Military Commission has decided to charge you to build the missile test range in Jiuquan.
afternoon, Zhang Aiping, deputy chief of staff of the Office of brief explanation, please SUN first task, you first meet with the CPC Central Committee with SUN leading cause of Atomic Energy, one of three team members Nie. Marshal Nie convey the deployment of the CPC Central Committee and decisions, but also in all earnestness for the first SUN: We now go the road of scientific and technological development of the Long March, cutting-edge science to climb the “mountain”, crossing the new era, “Dadu”, which is related future of our nation’s armed forces and events, be sure to accomplish! Marshal Nie’s words to SUN first feel a heavy responsibility, but my heart do not have it at the end: his work to engage in cutting-edge know nothing about, how to do it?
back from there, Nie, Xiao Hua Xiang SUN first introduced the specific situation: Defense Research Institute is a specialized missile, back from the States, where Qian experts responsible for research, your task is to set up shooting range, before the Soviet Union is also prepared to send 48 experts with our counterparts with more than 40 experts, to help build shooting range, what specific issues to discuss with the experts. In this way, there is no ideological preparation of the SUN the first entrusted with the modernization of national defense tasks of strategic importance – to build China’s first missile test sites.
Chairman Mao, Premier Zhou Enlai and the Central Military Commission’s work led to the SUN is the first support. The end of April 1958, Premier Zhou SUN invited to Beijing to be the first to participate in “May Day” celebrations, during which Chairman Mao met in Zhongnanhai, a vegetarian spring lotus SUN first. Since then, many times before SUN invited to Zhongnanhai. On one occasion, the President asked with concern SUN first: “You from the Soviet people have learned something yet?” SUN answer: “learn a little.” The President encouraged SUN first try to learn something, to make their early independent command and missile work.
1958 year, with the artillery commander of the first SUN Chen Xilian, Minister Wang Shangrong and General Staff Operations Group consisting of the Soviet missile test range reconnaissance team were on land, sea site for a range of air and ground surveys , after many discussions to determine the range site. Then, they follow the orders of the Central Military Commission, led the troops stationed at sites located in the Gobi Desert, and the Corps of Engineers commander Ju Chen led with engineering design, surveying and mapping, weather and other units of staff, co-Soviet group of experts completed a site, piano area and the railway line engineering survey tasks, and undertake infrastructure.
1960 In February, the official ordered the Defense Science and Technology Commission, decided in May and June the same year, Soviet-made surface-to-be with the first launch test, code-named “101 mission.” However, by August, not only did not fire the missile, the Soviet government also unilaterally tore up the contract to require the withdrawal of all the experts within a few days. This will cause huge job losses base. As usual SUN party members first, and base of experts with the Soviet Union established a profound friendship in the Soviet government issued evacuation orders, these experts, particularly 谢列莫夫斯基 and Colva Korolyov two team leader also race against time Chinese experts to teach techniques to help the base.谢列莫夫斯基 evacuation to a special midnight the day before SUN quarters, show it to the base of the laptop technicians photographed. SUN situation of this important first Premier Zhou Enlai made a telephone report to the Prime Minister praised the phone, said: “You do well, very timely!”
with rain leaking every side. Soviet missile launch does not provide by contract with the liquid oxygen, liquid oxygen made some experts also doubt the reliability. Critical moment, SUN first bold decisions on behalf of all officers and men reported to the Central Military bases, requiring oxygen with homemade missiles. To this end, called Premier Zhou Peng, Nie and other leading comrades of the Central Military Commission meeting in Zhongnanhai high-level military meeting agreed to base the decision to launch the use of domestic liquid oxygen test. After the meeting, the Prime Minister would SUN be left, once again launching the readiness to understand, ask first SUN: “Do you honestly answer me, the first launch surface-to, How confident are you?” “80%. “SUN said before forty-five weather, geography, and other sure basis. Prime Minister asked: “That’s twenty percent it?” “Because it is the first time, the lack of experience.” Premier is very satisfied with this answer, and repeatedly asked the first SUN: All beginnings are hard. Not done this in the past, must be careful, secure, win.
9 月 10 is a memorable day, 17 days after the withdrawal of Soviet experts, the base made of liquid oxygen with a successful launch of the first Soviet-made surface-to.
Subsequently, the base and immediately put to a ready-made surface-to-launch tests of the work. After less than two months of careful scientific preparation, the first China-made surface-to-one “Dongfeng No. 1″ was successfully launched on November 5, playing in the scheduled area of ??the explosion.
from the Chinese people have their own missiles, with sweat and wisdom that the Chinese nation’s unyielding and pioneering spirit.