Worried about China’s Hainan Island into Western-style military base in Hawaii (Figure)
Data Figure: 091 Chinese Han-class nuclear submarine Navy sailors lined up
data for: Hainan space launch fixed service tower renderings. Photo
● Sun newspaper from France overseas special correspondent Twins century wooden items Sassou Spring Hill North ● ● our reporter Liu Yang Cheng Gang Chen
Chinese Government has made large-scale tourism development on Hainan Island after the Prior to this position is rarely reported in people focus on the South China Sea islands, has become the focus of international media attention. Closest to the South China Sea as Chinese “gold trade routes,” the island of Hainan to attract prospects more and more foreign tourists and investment. In recent years, China to build space center in Hainan Island and the West came from time to time in China to build aircraft carrier or submarine base rumors, but also to some Western scholars and the media had a “sensitive” associations. “Time” magazine said, just as Hawaii is also world-famous resorts and the U.S. Pacific Fleet headquarters, as Hainan has become “China’s Hawaii.” Institute of International Relations, Renmin University of China, Professor Jin, “Global Times” said, the construction of Hainan Island is a more economic activity, the West for its military and strategic concerns in fact, intentionally or unintentionally Strip exaggerated. Near the South China Sea, this piece of the world’s most complex waters, every step of the development of China will lead to all kinds of speculation.
Hainan tourism development cited complex arguments
“China’s decision to the beautiful scenery of the tropical island province of Hainan into an international tourism island, and have this integrated into national development Strategy. “Recently, this news about China’s Hainan Island has aroused the interest of many of the world media,” Voice of America, “the article begins by wrote. Reported that, “Hainan is China’s provinces from the equator, land area of ??35,400 square kilometers, but the waters under the jurisdiction of its authorized area of ??2,000,000 square kilometers.”
“Asia Times” said that international tourism island This ambitious development plan, will make this tropical island in 2020 to become a leading international tourist resort. From a broader perspective, this also shows that China in the second decade of the 20th century to find a new pivot to maintain national economic development, focus on the promotion of domestic tourism and other forms of domestic consumption. The report reviews the history of Hainan, Hainan, said the open now reached an unprecedented agreement.
Hainan Island at latitude 18 degrees, which is internationally regarded as the most suitable vacation latitude lines, and almost at the same latitude as Hawaii, USA. Also used by some Western media to compare Hawaii and Hainan, but the content is not actually referring to Hainan, “and as beautiful Hawaiian scenery.” U.S. “Time” magazine on January 14 that China is now building the most advanced in the resort of Hainan, but also for the South China Sea will be here as an important strategic military base, it became the “Hawaii of China.” Hawaii is also the headquarters of the U.S. Pacific Fleet. Reported that the Hainan Island submarine base on China’s strategic concern in recent years, “so that Beijing can not only play in their own backyard energy, and further deep into the Pacific and Indian Ocean.”
for Hainan international tourism island planned, Japanese media have to be reported, many Japanese said on a visit to Hainan, a strong interest. However, there are some “sensitive” to reflect the views of some Japanese have a different kind thoughts. “Sankei Shimbun” said China would like to Hainan Island, Hawaii, USA into a par with the tourist attraction, but the move to make China’s rich resources of the South China Sea’s presence continues to expand. The article said that Hainan Island is the “submarine training in waters”, is to strengthen the control of the South China Sea waters strategy can not be ignored. Yahoo Japan News article also said, “China to develop tourism Island grounds, justifiably strengthened presence in the South China Sea, the Strait of Malacca from the peace closer.”
neighboring countries of the South China Sea, Hainan Tourism Island Plan is to alert more meaning. The article said a number of websites in Vietnam, the development of Hainan is the “strategy of the South China Sea,” part, and the rapid development of China’s Hainan military against other countries in the region and the United States. Vietnam, “Labor Daily” published an article on the front page is still demanding that China stop the development of Sea tourism.
Hainan Island and Hawaii are not the same thing
For most people, the international community, Hainan Island is the “sunny Hainan Island.” South Korea, Russia, Japan, the most tourists to Hainan Tourism foreigners. Japan’s Liberal Democratic Party had a large original Tianyi Zhao in his blog, Hainan’s tourism resources for additional praise. Some foreign travel companies also offer joint venture in Hainan, to develop tourist. However, the West of Hainan reports on all these years, always the military, political topics related. In September last year, China formally established in Hainan space launch site, attracting worldwide media attention, South Korea, “Chosun Ilbo,” said “in Hainan, China began to roll up their sleeves to pursue their own space development program.” In May 2008, the “Jane s Intelligence Review, “which the Western media began to stir,” China’s Hainan huge secret underground nuclear submarine base established. ”
International Law of the Sea King’s College London scholars Dade ? Smith, “Global Times” reporter, said that China’s development strategy in the West of Hainan view is complicated because of its strategic location is very important. South East Asian energy through the channel is the Middle East, Africa, the aorta, Hainan is China’s current path away from the nearest large island. In addition, the South China Sea, rich in oil and gas reserves, known as “the second Persian Gulf.” With the global competition for resources intensifies, the South China Sea variables will only increase, not decrease.
Strategic and International Studies, Peking University scholar Yu Wanli accept the “Global Times” interview, the West of Hainan as the “Hawaii of China” completely exaggerated the role of Hainan between the two are not comparable. Hainan Island and Hawaii from a strategic point of view of space is not a concept to compare. Guardian of the Pacific Center in Hawaii, Hawaii, occupy almost half of the Pacific can be controlled, while the Hainan Island is an extension of the continental shelf. From a strategic point of view of the type, the control command of the sea by Hawaii’s maritime strategy is a typical representative, but only attached to the continental strategy of Hainan, the mainland-oriented strategy is characterized mainly defensive.
Yu Wanli, said construction of the space city in Hainan, China is mainly because of technical considerations, the last of China’s launch site in the interior, so the Rockets are slender slender, to the transport convenient when drilling cave. China in the future to develop high-thrust rocket, the diameter will be more and more, has been unable to meet the land transportation, urban construction in Hainan, the new space can be done by sea transport. Those who are familiar with that space, as close to the equator, obtained during the rocket would be much higher initial velocity, the rocket launch in Hainan than the Xichang launch can improve 10% to 15% of carrying capacity.
development of the South China Sea, Hainan is the support base
Some analysts said the United States for the South China Sea is highly sensitive in this region has never been diminished. April 1, 2001 Sino-US plane collision incident, the Chinese fishing boat in March 2009 and the U.S. military’s “Impeccable” submarine surveillance ship in the South China Sea confrontation, carefully check out the latitude and longitude incident, you can find basically — in the same area waters and airspace southeast of Hainan Island. There has been pegged to the U.S., in the end and why?
to brief the South, the North Pacific and Indian Ocean routes, cross the intersection of the Pacific route, the South China Sea in the eyes of U.S. global hegemony is so important, so it did not relax around the threat of force monitoring. Hainan Island, China is also seen as the best base for the South China Sea by little. Hainan Province under the jurisdiction of the scope can reflect this: the total land area of ??about 35,400 square kilometers, sea area of ??about 200 square kilometers. In China, it is the smallest land area, the largest provincial marine area.
“Global Times” reporter visited the South China Sea’s Spratly Islands and Paracel Islands, the distance from the sailing can also be realized under the jurisdiction of the South China Sea, Hainan of China’s role more important. Who run the ship in the South China Sea, said the sea used to take the latitude to do from the unit, a latitude of about 60 nautical miles per hour to run 15 of the boat about 4 hours. Guangzhou Port 23 degrees north latitude, roughly half in place, Zhanjiang Port is about 21 degrees north latitude, and to the Sea of ??Hainan, Sanya Port Nansha less common in the north latitude 18 degrees north latitude and 16 degrees most of the Paracel Islands to 17 degrees, Nansha Islands in latitude 8 degrees to the base 12 degrees. If the boat from the main island of Hainan to the Paracel Islands Yongxing Island for one night only, on the mainland than in Hong Kong have little recent Zhanjiang almost half of the voyage. If the Xisha, Nansha to build, for example, built in Yongxing Island, the larger ports, terminals, excellent natural conditions, the construction of Mischief Reef and other large sheltered harbor, transport costs are particularly high costs, almost all of the building materials must be transported by boat over the latitude range to reduce the twenty-three is a very big savings. Yongxing island airport, from Hainan’s Sanya, Lingshui other airport is the nearest. For the same reason, in the South China Sea oil and gas exploration, mining, Hainan Island is the best location support base.
development of Hainan to be a stable security environment
status of Hainan Island is so special, so that even if China is in the region to promote a commitment to tourism plan, or make some people intentionally or unintentionally with politics. “After all, China is now too big, sneeze, flu should be worrying to bring.” A Japanese reporter and “Global Times” reporter half-jokingly explain this concern.
Vietnamese scholars Chenhui Huang, “Global Times” reporter, said, Hainan Island, the coastal provinces of Vietnam is closer to natural conditions, both great potential for cooperation in many fields. However, due to complexity of the South China Sea, South China Sea outpost will be located onto the cusp of Hainan Island, Xisha, Nansha and other relevant countries in Hainan with the unavoidable question, the development of Hainan Island will become the focus of attention around the country.
Institute of International Relations, Renmin University of China Professor Jin Canrong accept the “Global Times” reporter, said that Hainan is the construction of a more economic behavior, the biggest driver of this strategy comes from local government, the West its military and strategic concerns are exaggerated for. Hainan, China hopes to develop steadily in the future, it needs a stable security environment, highlighting not want to territorial disputes, if so, what visitors will come to tour it. He said, of course, with the rising economic strength of Hainan, the objective in Southeast Asia will also enhance the ability of radiation, the influence of the Nansha islands will also increase. The initial success of China’s modernization, the future will be with other countries in the international energy market and other aspects of the increasingly close ties, so the maritime interests of their own attention is also being gradually increased, a performance which is very important to strengthen the navy. This is China’s own development needs and the international situation of the decision, and the tourist island of Hainan’s development strategy is not directly related, is not this strategy will continue to be steady progress. ▲
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