Secret 816 works: 40 years ago, dug up 20,000 special forces in the mountains of nuclear plant
is located in the mountains in the 816 projects in Fuling profile picture
equipment installed in the cave profile picture
DragonSoft 16 February 14 Newsletter (Digital Correspondent He Qing pieces) 40 years ago, a mysterious special forces units Secret stationed Fuling mountains, digging underground nuclear facility. 40 years later, this decryption of nuclear plants, is building a national defense education bases. February 15, 2010 Great Year, when the excavation has been involved in the construction of veterans Chen Huaiwen, home to the reporter from Shanxi write to us opened a little-known period of the year, “special forces” excavation of underground nuclear plant history.
40 years ago, special forces, “the mysterious” south
1969 winter, Chen Huaiwen enlisted in Pingyao County, Shanxi Province. I heard there was a designation for the 8342 recruitment of special forces units also, Chen Huaiwen immediately think of with order close to 8341 units of the Central Guards Regiment, with “the army will go to Beijing,” the idea, Chen Huaiwen immediately connected to the 8342 military troops request the head of the army, and got his wish.
recall the year, Chen Huaiwen vivid, December 18, 1969 day, a rare winter warm sun, he wears a large red flower, in the jubilant sound of drums and joyful farewell home, get personnel carriers train ready “to Beijing.” Beijing has been moving in the direction of the train line, only a brief train stop in Shijiazhuang, they turned around and heading south up. Chen Huaiwen face looked puzzled, then still secret military squad leader: “We went to troops.”
Along the way, Chen Huaiwen and his comrades over the Yellow River, across the Yangtze River in Chongqing, transfer vessels, along the Yangtze River East, in the town of Fuling mustard turns, and the Wujiang River water north along the clear, until a man named baitaozhen small pier stopped down.
“garrison, to the” head of troops then loudly announced. Later, Chen Huaiwen came to realize that, in 1969 the Yellow River Railway Bridge Fenglingdu not through, and from Shanxi, Sichuan, only to walk around the stone line too.
twenty thousand “special forces” deep dig
not directly under the former Chongqing, Sichuan Fuling District baitaozhen is governed. This town, high mountains, dense forests, sparsely populated, in addition to the new cover on the slopes of the rows of the bamboo for the walls, linoleum cover the top of the shed outside the barracks, no any other building. “816 Project” launched, no baitaozhen on the map.
Chenhuai Wen joined the army, Treasure Island self-defense war just ended soon, very tense Sino-Soviet relations, Chen Huaiwen soldier is at war, only to come to this deep forests, we are all wondering: 8342 Special Forces to doing here?
recruits to start training soon, Chen Huaiwen “secret cave life” gradually began. Later, he learned that 8342 units is directly under the Central Military Commission, a special Army Corps of Engineers, responsible for long-term construction of an important national defense mission. Since 1967, the force came a succession of Yifang baitaozhen, take “816 project” the most difficult hole after excavation and excavation works lining the task.
Chenhuai Wen recalled that, in order to meet the needs of combat readiness of construction, 8342 to implement forty-four all organizational units, that a regiment of four battalions, a battalion of four companies, one with four rows, a row of four classes, Each class has 10 people, four regiments of the division plus two independent operators were twenty thousand people. “Baitaozhen this backwater place, what so many men rush to complete such a huge project, difficult than the epoch-making!”
56 soldiers sacrifice hole
in the “secret hole” difficult to live boring lives, they need to dig Jones is the spirit of support. Chenhuai Wen said at the time of Chairman Mao’s “prepare, prepare against natural disasters, for the people” and “dig deep, wide grain, and not dominate,” two slogans, not only the Central Committee of wise decision-making and strategic plan, is “816 Project” Battle of construction mobilization. “816 Project” in the US-Soviet nuclear threat under the circumstances determined by the state key projects, Chen Huaiwen this live a few years like a day of dig life, until the 1980s to Jinzhong Personnel professional work.
At the time, Chen Huaiwen was assigned to the 7983 unit 6 connected, this is a good model of the four division company, but also the entire group of the main tunnel excavation company. With their fairly strong body bone, even after Chen Huaiwen into the next 4 rows of 15 classes. This class is a pneumatic drill classes, the main task is to tunnel excavation in the shelling in the eye.
Chenhuai Wen said at the time shelling the eye with a rock drilling machine made in Japan, weighing 50 kilograms. Pneumatic hand construction must be wearing a helmet, wear a dust cover face, wearing overalls, plus waterproof clothing, wearing rubber boots Gaotong. The roar of the machine mixed, deafening, one class down, covered with mud, smelly, tired and the body of a wall can be sound asleep.
“where high summer temperatures often reach 40 degrees, mosquitoes swarm drill out his comrades often bite was a big bag, itching intolerable. In winter, the mountains east Sichuan temperature drop , humidity and large, gloomy an air-conditioning, “Chen Huaiwen speaking, then, the poor condition of the construction inside the cave, we all use the” five-sided stone clip a piece of meat “to describe the” meat “is a body of soldiers,” five-sided stone “is the trench bottom, left, and the work surface is rock. Some sections stone poor, but also the danger of collapse at any time. In the “816 Project” site, there were 56 comrades glorious sacrifice.
Chenhuai Wen said, know that “816 Project” has been decrypted, and started investment, plans to develop tourism projects, construction, national defense education base, he and his comrades excitedly spread the news, overjoyed. “816 Project” magical, mysterious and sacred, because it embodied the then People’s Liberation Army soldier who love the motherland, and selfless dedication, hard work, despite difficulties of the precious spirit.
Background: the mysterious “816 Project”
2003 April National Defense of the “816 Project” issued a secret order to understand, “816 Project “the mystery which opened.
the 1960s, Sino-Soviet relations deteriorated, the two machines in the rear southwest Ministry decided to build a nuclear plant, authorities in Chongqing, Fuling baitaozhen that site. For confidentiality, the relevant departments will all be considered a “problem” people all move out from Baitao names also will be wiped off the map.
1966 summer, Premier Zhou Enlai approved the “816 Project” was launched in elite mountain known locally as the mountains cut caves, underground nuclear plant repair, construction, nuclear reactors, plutonium-239 produces nuclear fuel for the production of atomic services.
8342 more than 20,000 military officers and soldiers day and night construction, a full eight years of digging, and back and forth to participate in the construction of about 60,000 people, excavated rock volume of 1.51 million cubic much.
the need for military preparedness, cave engineering can prevent one million tons a hydrogen bomb blast of air and 1,000 pound bombs directly hit attack, but also resistance to 8 earthquake damage.
to repair the construction of the project, the whole mountain was hollowed out. Dongting a total of nine layers, up to 79.6 m, only the main nuclear reactor plant as high as 69 meters, with a total area of ??13,000 square meters. Total size of the hole around the mountain 19, depending on the plan, staff entrances, car-free holes, rows of wind tunnels, drains, storage, etc. everything. Total size of the cavity inside the hole 18, the road, the guide hole, adit, tunnel, etc. more than 130, total length 21 km. Engineering to suspension, cave has completed 85% of the amount of construction, installation of 60%; a total investment of 7.4 billion yuan.
1984 In February, the international situation changes, the “816 Project” is closed up, has not been formally put into production. Still later, “816 Project” in a very small part of the cave by the Chinese nuclear industry Jianfeng Chemical Plant to be used as the materials warehouse. The plant has been listed as Chongqing, a large chemical pillar industries. According to experts, the “816 Project” is China’s third-line construction can not be forgotten the history of this important representative works. Meanwhile, as a former nuclear plant entity, “816 Project” of tourism products in the form of open to the public, either at home or in the world is unique, “816 Project” is a rare defense education project.