U.S. Defense report on the proposed containment of China and India be treated differently (Figure)
Defense Review reports that the United States over the past decade, China has deployed more than 1,000 pieces of short, medium range ballistic missiles and cruise missiles. Data for: Dongfeng-15B missiles the PLA Second Artillery Corps.
2 15, U.S. and Japanese Air Force sent a B-52H strategic bomber, intruder Squadron F-16C, F-2A, EA-6B electronic warfare jamming aircraft, E-2C early warning aircraft for aerial show of force.
After nearly a year of scrutiny and polished, the latest issue of compelling the United States, “Quadrennial Defense Review Report,” released in early February. Which related to China, with 105 compared to the overall length although scanty, but it implies mystery, it is worth pondering.
“World” magazine correspondent/Yang Qingchuan
“Quadrennial Defense Review Report,” the U.S. military used to analyze the strategic objectives and research potential threats to national defense policy guidance documents, but also outside understand the current U.S. military doctrine and an important window of strategic intent. The report will be the U.S. national defense strategy, programs and resources for extensive review and inventory, and in accordance with a recent date of the requirements of national security strategy to determine the force structure, modernization plans and budget plans to the U.S. military In the case of low-risk implementation of the strategy provides for various types of tasks. “Quadrennial Defense Review Report,” also according to the U.S. defense budget level to design the types of military tasks.
“Quadrennial Defense Review Report,” a theory, introduced four years. In 1996, the first report came. The second was originally introduced in late 2000, but next year “9.11″ incident, sudden changes in the security situation in the United States, so the Bush administration in 2001 to the 2000 report was updated, both regarded as one. Also deferred to the third report was issued in 2006. The fourth report issued this year, be the cycle back on track.
remove preface and conclusion, this year’s main report is divided into six parts, namely, national defense strategy, military adjustment, military benefits, military, diplomatic, defense procurement and crisis management. The first, second and fourth part of the explicit reference to China.
treated differently in China and India
in the first part of the report discusses the important geopolitical trends, said that “the world’s most populous country and largest democracy in China countries in the rise of India, will continue to affect an already defined the international system can not easily which the United States will continue to play the role of the most powerful, but in order to maintain stability and peace are increasingly dependent on an important ally and partner. rising power ( India) whether and how to fully integrate into the global system will become the defining issue of this century, their success in America’s interest. “
only from the literal, the United States seems equally welcome to the emerging growth of big powers . But a closer comparison, the report of the wording and tone in India there is a significant difference, and it seems also contains a “joint printing China” means.
report describes India had this to say. “With India’s economic strength, cultural transmission and political influence of the growth in global affairs, she is playing a more influential role this growing effect of an enlarged force, together with its co-owned with the U.S. democratic values, open political system and commitment to global stability, will provide many opportunities for cooperation. “
reported that by increasing the defense procurement, military capabilities, India is rapidly increasing, and these purchases included remote maritime surveillance, maritime interdiction and patrol , air interdiction and strategic airlift. “India has adopted to combat piracy, peacekeeping and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief work to establish global military influence.” The report also highlighted that “With the growth of its military capabilities, India will become the Indian Ocean and the outside of the ‘safety net providers’ , and thus contribute to Asia. “
When it comes to China, while the report also acknowledged China’s strength is growing, but many want to keep the tone, and full of doubt.
In the fourth section, the report used a very long paragraph analysis and comment on US-China military relations.
report said China’s fast-growing global economic power and political influence, coupled with its equally fast-growing military capabilities to become Asia’s strategic environment in the core and critical element of the global security affairs increasingly so. China in regional and global economic and security affairs, the growing presence and influence of “the evolving pattern of Asia-Pacific strategy is one of the most important aspect.”
reported that, in order to give itself greater regional and global interests to provide support to the provision of international public goods play a more important role, China has begun its military role, tasks and the ability to make a new position, “which will enable China in international affairs, play a more substantial and more constructive role. “” The United States welcomes a strong, prosperous and successful and play a greater role in world affairs, the rise of China. ”
However, the next, the report changed the subject, says (China-US relations) “The future is uncertain … … To be prudent, the United States will prevent another possibility, that is, even if cooperation way, it may not prevent (U.S.) destructive competition and conflict. ”
report goes on to the old tune, and pulls out the so-called “China’s military transparency” issue.
“limited transparency of China’s military modernization – including the ability, intent, and investment, is still the area an increasingly worrying thing, thus increasing the potential sources of misunderstanding and misjudgment.”
“lack of transparency, the nature of China’s military development and decision-making process, people in Asia and its future behavior and intentions outside the question of legality raised about the pace of its military modernization program, scope and ultimate purpose China’s share only limited information and make its long-term intentions also made some question of legality. “
think the United States to strengthen military cooperation with India in recent years the trend, the report will be China and India distinction, obviously with ulterior motives. In addition, given the “complexity of the situation in East Asia”, the report also recommended the United States while strengthening the role of regional partners, including Australia, Thailand, Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam. As for the containment strategy is for who, discerning eye see at a glance.
aimed at China and Iran
In the second part, the report of several paragraphs with a specific set of air and sea military strategy, the so-called “In the obstruction (ANTI-ACCESS) environment to deter and defeat aggression”, which is aimed at China and Iran.
U.S. military doctrine has always advocated “free pass” that the U.S. military in the world each channel should be used freely. The U.S. military believes that the lack of long-range combat capability, opponents to curb the U.S. military, only use the “obstruction” tactics. In recent years, research on how to deal with “obstruction” tactics, the first U.S. adversary Iran and China, focusing on China, including Taiwan, including the surrounding coastal and the Persian Gulf region. This is no exception.
reported that “U.S. forces must be able to prevent, protect against potentially hostile countries to overcome aggression. This capability is critical to protect their own interests and maintain national capacity in key regional stability if the United States lack the overwhelming military power projection capabilities, the U.S. alliance and security partnership of integrity may be questioned, which would lead to U.S. security and influence decline, and increase the likelihood of conflict. “
report, the United States Army power projection abroad, will face some “trying to impose their own will to the host region,” the opponent’s challenge. Opponent with this ability to get a lot of sophisticated weapons, can be implemented “obstruction” strategy to prevent the deployment of U.S. troops to the relevant theater, and interfere with U.S. forward forces (ie, overseas military) action.
“For example, in the past decade, China has deployed more than 1,000 pieces of short, medium-range ballistic missiles and cruise missiles, attack submarines and advanced self-guided torpedoes, increasingly lethal integrated air defense system, a wide range of electronic warfare capabilities, computer network attack capabilities, space systems and anti-North Korea and Iran also deployed a large number of ballistic missiles. “
” weapons systems than those in the Gulf War, Iraq used Scud missiles more accurate. Because of their size and ability to continue to grow, the forward deployment of U.S. troops will no longer be entitled to enjoy the end of the Cold War the relative sanctuary. (of U.S. forces overseas) Air Force Base, discharge port, logistics centers, command centers, large surface ships and the high tempo of military operations other critical assets will be threatened. “
reported that U.S. power projection in other areas also face a growing threat. In recent years, hostile countries to acquire advanced anti-ship cruise missiles, quiet submarines, advanced mines and other weapons, threatening military operations at sea. In addition to these weapons, Iran has deployed a large number of fast attack craft, to implement “wolves” tactics, trying to break the U.S. Navy and allied multi-channel distribution under the sea line of defense.
for the air channel, reported that in future conflicts, the Air Force will encounter more complex than in the 1990s and more lethal integrated air defense system. Russia has sold China a large number of modern missile systems, Iran is also required to buy. China has deployed a large number of fourth-generation fighters. Lebanon’s Hezbollah and other non-state actors has received from Iran’s unmanned aircraft. The report mentions that China’s military doctrine claims early in the conflict interventionist foreign pre-emptive strikes, destruction of the opponent’s reconnaissance, command and control systems. “In January 2007, China demonstrated its ability to destroy low-orbit satellites.”
for trying to “obstruction” of potential adversaries, the report recommended the implementation of the U.S. Navy and Air Force long-range strike together, including the use of a new generation of bombers, cruise missiles and new UAV launched from the aircraft carrier. Navy will also develop unmanned underwater tools.
“global strike,” trying to do
this report is to give a significant change in the U.S. military has been pursuing for many years, while winning two regular the concept of war, to win the first will focus on “the current war” as the defense budget and policy priority considerations. But it still said that the medium and long terms, while the U.S. military must be prepared to fight and win a few lines of preparation, which includes “At the same time have the ability to overcome two aggressive national capacities.”
The report made special mention of the U.S. development of “rapid global strike” system and the importance of other long-range attack capability, and set forth requirements for developing the system model. It is envisaged that “rapid global strike” system equipped with missiles and other conventional weapons will be able to within one hour after receiving the order for any global targets to fight and be destroyed.
report has not yet specified object, but U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates in January last year published in the “diplomatic” the article points out bi-monthly on the development of “rapid global strike” and other long-range strike capability associated with China.
this called “a balanced strategy: a new era of re-planning of the Pentagon,” the paper said the United States can not currently have military superiority is taken for granted, and the need to invest in new projects, platforms and staff, ensure that the advantages of persistence. “China, for example, Beijing in network warfare, anti-satellite, air defense, anti-ship weapons, submarines and ballistic missiles could threaten U.S. investment on its Pacific allies to help the major military means of delivery, including bases, air and sea assets and support their networks. “To this end, the United States must develop long-range strike capability.
Chilton Admiral U.S. Air Force recently announced the first deployment in 2016, a “rapid global strike” system is a “reasonable goal.”
Source: February 16, 2010 issue of “Global” magazine (4)
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