India’s proposed strategic rail network deal with China’s influence in South Asia (Figure)
data for : China’s Qinghai-Tibet Railway
“International Herald Tribune” correspondent from Beijing in the winter and only 0.61 meters wide track pitch coiled twists and turns of the mountains in the Himalayas, a small and delicate train to assume transport rice, tea and Wood’s task – this opened in September 1881, India Darjeeling Himalayan mountain railway is still operating.
railways for India, has a unique meaning. It can be said, no railway, no modern India. Indian Railways is an integration of social forces: Mahatma Gandhi many times do take a third-class carriages to travel around the study, father of Jawaharlal Nehru is also trains in the country claiming to “discover India”, and since 1853 the first train to run from , the railway is to bring India more than material progress, it will also linguistic, ethnic and religious integration together.
More recently, in the Himalayan region that China will build an international rail news for India was “the eyes into the sand.” Today, India is building a more extensive strategic planning rail network, expansion of Xinjiang extension soil, the output control in the Himalayan region.
by the Chinese railway projects, “tingling”
9 28, from Yunnan Dali, Lijiang, Dali railway leading to the opening. In this regard, “India Times” reported on 17 October quoted military sources as saying that worried Dali Railway extended to Burma, “This weakened India’s influence in the region.”
fact , the Indian military is so unfounded, because Dali railway touched the Indian tradition of the “Indian Ocean complex” – India has been the Indian Ocean as its own territory. According to China with ASEAN countries was held in June 2008, the “Mekong Basin Development Cooperation Ministerial Conference” on the agreement, will cooperate in building “a large Pan-Asian Railway”, and Dali railway line just west part of the plan, this route via Kunming, Yangon, Bangkok, direct the Indian Ocean.
Nepal and Bhutan, India, mountainous nation has always been regarded as a “strategic buffer zone.” Recently, under the invitation of the Government of Nepal, China has begun laying the railway line will connect Qinghai, Tibet, Qinghai-Tibet Railway to Nepal’s capital Kathmandu through. Indian military alarmist statement said, “This will enable Beijing can easily be transported to facilities in the military and combat readiness of the region near the Indian border.”
In addition, there is news that China will cooperate with Pakistan, construction of railways, The Sino-Pakistani friendship with the existing highways, which make India feel uneasy.
Yu Jian many rail against the
“In order to deal with China to build railway network in South Asia, the status of the Indian Railways decided to seize the strategic advantage in South Asia , leading to the construction of six leading Bhutan Nepal and three rail. “” Hindustan Times “reported on 14 October outspoken, India is the new railway in South Asia to counter China’s influence.
proposed Indian – Nepalese railway is of the core of the strategic rail network. Between India and Nepal only victory from India to Nepal Janakpur city between the railway. According to the “Hindustan Times” reported that the new plan in six Indian – Nepalese railway line include: eastern line from New Jalpaiguri in West Bengal in the border city of Nepal’s leading Kakabita; Central consists of three lines, from India Bihar starting line of the line can be political and economic center of Nepal, Kathmandu; line, including two in western, eastern Nepal from Uttar Pradesh, India’s leading faction le and Nepalgunj.
According to Indian media reports, India’s ambitious railway network construction in South Asia strategy has been to the actual investigation phase.
clear the railway network in South Asia for the laying of international barriers, India has been doing all kinds of diplomatic efforts. Indian Ambassador to Nepal Shiv Shankar Mukherjee in July, a media interview, also tried to persuade Nepal: “To make the link between Kathmandu and Delhi, more convenient, India is considering amendments to the railway to Nepal.”
experts believe that a difficult
“in the Himalayan region of India to build rail must go beyond political, financial and technical ‘three mountains’.” survey has been involved in the Qinghai-Tibet Railway Construction of Railway 18th Bureau Group engineers Zhang Zuogui the “International Herald Tribune” pointed out that despite India’s railway mileage largest in the world, but the plateau railway construction project is a highly systematic.
Zhang Zuogui pointed out that India is about the construction of the six railway, not only the fragile geological structure, earthquake-prone, and this region with harsh natural conditions, barrier water, no roads, the construction very difficult. In fact, India has repeatedly vowed to build roads and railways plateau, often due to financial and technical problems and stillbirth.
2007 after the completion of Qinghai-Tibet railway in China, India had decided to build the road network in the border, requiring all roads to the strategic level, to “all-weather traffic” and complete the aircraft taking off and landing. The “Times of India” on October 14 this year, the report acknowledged that shortage of funds, planning the construction of 73 of these, only 12 completed road, the actual mileage of only a few hundred kilometers, which is over 4,000 kilometers of Indian border can be described as drop in the bucket compared to the actual line of control.
international and domestic political factors also plateau railway construction in India can not avoid obstacles. Recently, Nepal’s Prime Minister Nei Paer host a Chinese cultural events in the opening ceremony to India has poured cold water on Nei Paer expressed the hope that China’s Qinghai-Tibet railway to reach the capital Katmandu, to promote trade between the two countries.
In addition, the Indian society on the government “strategic railway network in South Asia,” the idea is also complaining. India’s domestic passenger rail to “plug” is known outside the car, also face the problem of aging equipment, with an average of nearly 400 each year since the train accident. “India Today” magazine website on October 17 Journal article said, “The government should consider repairing the existing railway facilities, improve people’s livelihood, rather than the costly construction of the plateau railway.”
recommended “International Herald Tribune” blog: http://blog.sina.com.cn/m/xqdb