U.S. experts debate how to avoid conflict at sea between the navy (Figure)
data for: 2009 held in Qingdao, China sea parade
Editor’s Note: China’s maritime strategy is always a hot topic, and China’s maritime strategy can not be avoided with the U.S. Navy strategy “collision.” The U.S. Navy work together? How to handle emergencies at sea? March 11 -12, Peking University Centre for Strategic and International Studies jointly with the U.S. Naval War College held the “Sino-US strategic dialogue at sea.” “Global Times” published an exclusive two senior scholars to explore the main content.
U.S. naval forces to avoid conflicts do
Yu Wanli (Associate Professor, Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Peking University): The Chinese in modern times is considered more is a “priority landing rights” countries, sea power and strategy in a subordinate position. Since 1840, the Chinese invasion from the sea several times by foreign. Early 20th century, Mahan’s sea power theory published quickly caught the attention of Chinese scholars, the author stressed that China’s Sun Yat-sen was the urgency to develop their own navy, its own navy and the naval power is a cornerstone of national prosperity and a strong .
in the past few decades, China’s national interests gradually beyond its borders, the Chinese people’s dream of a real ocean with a realistic basis. At present, China focused mainly on two views: One is that China should accelerate the modernization of the Chinese navy to protect the national interests of China’s expansion, another is that this expansion will increase international tension, and ultimately undermine China’s geo-strategic position. In these arguments, Chinese scholars are highly concerned about the impact of Sino-US relations, the future of China’s maritime strategy in the development process, to carry out an active dialogue with the United States is very important.
Gunler (Lyle Goldstein, Naval War College, director of China Maritime Research Institute): I noticed that many Chinese media are now openly discussed in the modern navy, and said that the development of China’s maritime forces an inevitable process. Development of relations between major powers maritime history helps identify future development trend of China-US relations. Virtues of the 19th century illustrates the arms race between the sea, simply by virtue of economic interdependence is not able to effectively address the ever-changing “security dilemma”, the intervention of political forces is necessary.
Wang Yizhou (Associate Dean of International Relations, Peking University): China needs to further strategic thinking on the Navy’s deep research. China faces a number of severe challenges from the sea, including the Taiwan issue, the South China Sea disputes and the protection of sea lanes and to resist pirate attacks. Chinese Navy will need to learn Western competitors and to enhance the ability to respond to these challenges.
Robert ? Ju Bo (Robert Rubel, director of research at the U.S. Naval War College): The two sides should, in its attitude to avoid “self-centered,” while the two sides should spend more time to further knowledge of each other’s development priorities as well as marine heritage.
how to solve Sino-US confrontation at sea in Southeast Asia
John ? Jialuofanuo (John Garofano, U.S. Naval War College, Academic Director): Austria After Alabama’s inauguration as president, is committed to the U.S. forces involved in Southeast Asia, not only in the region through traditional alliances, but also to further strengthen regional cooperation organization in the United States forces involved, such as ASEAN and APEC. The two sides not only in this region have common interests, but also has serious differences. Since 2009, including the “no time incident” and other sea confrontation, you can clearly see that the two sides on how to define the exclusive economic zone there exists a fundamental difference. Although globalization has increased, but similar to the 19th century model of territorial disputes in the region still must be resolved.
check Daojiong (Professor of International Relations, Peking University): “In 2003 the South China Sea Declaration on Conduct of Parties in standards (DOC)” for the settlement of disputes is undoubtedly a positive step forward, but for the moment , the effect is still not good enough. DOC did not make any violation for disciplinary description. Outside there is a voice that, DOC fact is China’s efforts to expand its sea power in this area. Therefore, the current DOC to continue to improve and facilitate the parties to establish mutual trust. Ultimate goal should be to the relationship between the parties in the South China Sea into the right track.
Jianwei (South China Sea, deputy director of Institute for International Economics Institute): United Nations Convention on Law of the legal description made by the exclusive economic zone, but stressed the ambiguity of the legitimacy and strategic differences . Therefore, should establish a way to prevent these events may worsen in the future mechanism. Sino-US two-track the establishment of consultation, will help to assist the two sides to establish mutual trust to deepen understanding. To track two consultations will be the two sides can build confidence in the official level, the basis of a variety of ways, the final code of conduct standards through various activities.
how the U.S. Navy’s future
Dong Wang (Peking University Institute of International Relations Lecturer): China’s modern history of sea power that, in traditional Chinese on maritime security is understood as a military concept. But a growing number of scholars on this issue, realize the importance of non-traditional security factors, such as energy, smuggling and piracy. For the current China, the issues to be discussed should be to develop a “comprehensive strategy of sea power.”
? Jonathan Pollack (Jonathan Pollack, Naval War College Professor): 21st century strategy for the development trend of the Navy, will be “mutual trust, dependency.” Future international cooperation at sea is the main driving force of economic development and energy security. This applies particularly to China, currently 90% of the import and export are mainly dependent on maritime transport, while dependent on maritime transport of oil and natural gas demand has been further expanded. This push countries to ensure continued safe use in the main channel of cooperation. In the Gulf of Aden on the international cooperation is a very good example.
Robert ? Confucianism JOB: Currently the United States, the most serious danger arises from non-traditional security, and not one other country. Under the influence of globalization. Global economic relations and a variety of organizations become increasingly complex. Structure from the bipolar world has become decentralized after “The Promise” structure. These changes require more systematic naval strategy, that is, the establishment of a peaceful and interdependent global system, in order to better promote and enhance U.S. interests. We must have a 21st century sea power of the cooperation strategy. This cooperation strategy is essentially a focus on international cooperation, because no one country or a country can alone ensure that the global naval common interests, or protect its own system. This will also reshape the U.S. Navy, making an effort to maintain the status quo of the Navy, is committed to strengthening global cooperation.
Gunler: the urgency of the Sino-US maritime cooperation, can be understood as G2 (U.S. Group) as part of the concept of policy coordination. United States Navy’s cooperation has already begun, there are still more waiting for joint cooperation efforts. For example, crisis management, disaster mitigation, terrorism and environmental governance, and so on.
Yang Yi (National Defense University professor): Sino-US relations will dominate the 21st century international relations. In the critical period of development of Sino-US relations, as a matter of maritime relations “rising power” and a “now trying to maintain the status quo power” that may arise between the tensions in bilateral relations, maritime relationship is an important part. Sino-US cooperation in the sea there is a big space. Although communication between the two in the past 10 years continue to strengthen, but to ablation of both misunderstanding and to establish a common code of conduct, both sides should enhance exchanges. Both scholars are trying to provide for the development of bilateral relations in the academic dialogue in the consensus. U.S. Navy maritime scholars have a responsibility to the strategic dialogue in the views and ideas delivered to their respective senior Navy. (This article by the Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Peking University assistant Tom ? La Fudi and Wu Xiangning record, collate.)
(“Global Times” March 23, 2010 14th Edition)
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