Matsuyama superior force China to battle the Japanese position called a masterpiece of tragic victory
Data for: Day camp fire destroyed homes
freezing Feature: Two war memorial
our reporter Lin Tianhong
after 60 years of silence, as if One night, Matsuyama be more and more people remember.
In the past Spring Festival, every day thousands of tourists come to this in western Yunnan border, the original unknown mountains. Narrow mountain road often blocked by hundreds of cars were packed, the local government had sent dozens of co-management personnel to maintain traffic order.
sudden tourism boom this stock, because the one called “western Yunnan 1944″ in the hit TV series. TV prototype is the 1944 battle took place in Matsuyama here.
May of that year, in order to open up the lifeline of China Anti-Japanese War – Burma Road, the Chinese and Japanese troops in this area of ??18 square kilometers of mountains killing nearly a hundred days. China Expeditionary Force to the human cost of casualties in 7763, 1,300 Japanese soldiers to wipe out entrenched. The extraordinary significance of another victory, this is the Sino-Japanese War, the Chinese army for the first time to recover lost ground.
TV awakened people’s memory of this old battlefield. Tourists who travel uniform wearing custom sun hat, propped umbrellas with hand-held flags in the tour behind the dense spider web Jiaotong Hao, craters and bunkers in the walk through, stopped to take pictures from time to time.
course, for some people, Matsuyama is not only an attraction.
2009 year-end, where the Longling Matsuyama government organized a task force of 20 people, began to campaign for Matsuyama large-scale survey of the battlefield sites. They survey the battlefield through, witnesses interviewed, find historical data, collecting artifacts, etc., from all angles trying to splice and restore this tragic battle.
Now, with the commencement of the work and in-depth survey, people surprised to find that not Matsuyama is like a maze to find the real export of war, too many hidden stories and details, too much sorrow and emotion, too many questions and puzzles.
to Matsuyama many visitors, both hands holding a book called “1944: Matsuyama campaign notes,” the book, it is called “The best guidebook Matsuyama tourism.” Mention this, the author of the book, but also the general counsel of the census of more than Ge “great sense of accomplishment.”
I Ge’s life was nothing and Matsuyama. He is a Beijing military magazine editor, is normally a military history enthusiast. In a historical process of reading, he began to Matsuyama curiosity, because no matter from which point of comparison, this is a strength difference between the extremely poor, the result is unexpected contest.
supreme commander of Japanese troops to participate in the battle, just a Koro (Note: equivalent to major), but the Chinese camp, only there are dozens of generals, lieutenant-colonel is countless.
guard Matsuyama Japanese about 1300 people, including more than 300 wounded, no air force, artillery, small; and China’s involvement in fighting forces has reached 50,000 people, mostly battle-hardened veterans, morale, and the absolute advantage of the air and artillery.
Matsuyama Japanese will be referred to as “China’s most distant positions,” they in a strange foreign country alone; while China has mobilized thousands of local workers, as well as hundreds of vehicles overnight American truck Titan, sent an endless stream of logistics.
However, with overwhelming superiority of the Chinese army, but in a hundred days of bitter struggle on Matsuyama, Japan up to 6:1 ratio of casualties on both sides, from the perspective of military science, described as “tragic victory . ”
“summarizes the history, can not always find some things in your favor, called the coax yourself happy,” Yu Ge said, “I want to know what happened Matsuyama, why the Chinese people will pay big the price. “
2004 September, Ge Yu first came to Matsuyama. When those positions are very well preserved ruins in front of him, this active duty felt “an unprecedented shock.” Since then, he has visited four times Matsuyama, Matsuyama battle will be nearly a hundred days of fighting, day by day sort out the final completion of the film, including 880 notes, 34 charts, references up to 115 works of 45 million words.
today, if you are the first to Matsuyama, the year can experience the kind of mood I Ge.
satellite map provided by Google from the search, the Nu River from north to south can be shed as a reference. When you find the benefits through the bridge across the Nu River in the north side of a mountain is Jinbang Matsuyama, which is then choke on the Burma Road, Western correspondent to be known as the “East of Gibraltar.”
Now, in this altitude of 2200 meters the highest peak on a variety of trenches, bunkers, light and dark remnants of firepower and bunkers, hidden in the pine forest in the mountains and plains, to be wanton growth humilis cover, winding , dense spider web. Many sites angular positions, like yesterday, just tap the good. Over time, you will have even the illusion of vertigo, as if to smell some smoke, a mixture of soil and the smell of carrion.
can say, Matsuyama is the best preserved World War II battle sites one. Here, coincidence of history and reality of war was so good, so long as holding the year of Sino-Japanese military offensive and defensive map, you can find most places.
According to historical records, to May 1944, the Japanese in the roll Luang Matsuyama, Dayakou, Matsuyama, KOMATSU, Dazhai, Huang wells, loess slope and red deer ponds strategically construction of seven base group, each base group are a number of the strongest female Fort core, surrounded by several sub-Fort guard there.
fortress formed by the three-layer structure, the first layer is log in the middle is 30 mm steel plates, the outermost layer is filled with debris of gasoline, a barrel on the outside and then covered with thick sand. Japanese have been tested, with 500 pounds of heavy bombardment of the strong fortifications bombs, internal staff can only feel a slight shock.
guard Matsuyama Japanese, is the 56th Division under the 113 wing. Kyushu Fukuoka these soldiers from many miners came, they spent two years almost the hollowing out of the whole Matsuyama, ground transportation network extending in all directions, like a large nest. The large degree of complexity so that the Japanese admitted: “Even our own people, to people who traveled all the positions are very few Matsuyama.”
Moreover, the force or the Japanese model in the , the annual Army in Burma’s military contest, it has maintained a rifle, firing and loading the first of three scores climb.
“As a Chinese, I have my own national feelings.” Yuge Cheng recognition, “but as a soldier, I have to respect an opponent.”
this judge, has also been the recognition of two other Chinese soldiers.
2010 年 3 9, to discern the specific sites of these positions form and function, I invited two goth Italian military experts – Kunming Military Academy, former vice president Xiao Zhilin, National Defense University Corps of Engineers Shi Weiguo, director of College Teaching field fortification.
two individuals have participated in the 1980′s southern operations, for the position of another line of work, but the front of this piece of the site, or issued from time to time they sound amazing. Their positions in this film as “a masterpiece of military architecture on the” Xiao Zhilin even half-jokingly said: “Even today’s People’s Liberation Army, may not be able to build out such a standard like a textbook to a general position.”
this day in the evening, a pedestrian survey team ended the day’s work, is down the hill, in front of a sunset, is slowly disappearing from the horizon. I can not help but think of this Ge, many Japanese soldiers in the memoirs, Matsuyama mentioned on the battlefield, “setting sun like blood.”
“the real positions and the scene itself there is ‘dramatic’, is the TV drama series do not come out any details.” Ge Yu exclaimed, “When you narrow the research perspective, always find between history and reality of the existence of various coincidence, these interwoven details, especially to impress people. “
many years later, still sub-tert-Ge remember that he first met Matsuyama battlefield positions by the shock when the site.
it was 20 years ago, out of interest in the history of this secret, Kunming is also a sub-company to work alone came to Ge Shu Matsuyama. When he exhausted to climb to the top, suddenly the show in front of the scene, scared he sat on the floor, half-day get up again.
that has a warm and sunny in the afternoon, still no one in the patch of pine forest, then the trenches and craters clearly visible, covered with dense weeds above. Occasional gentle breeze, grass slightly shaking, Ge Shu Asia seem to see, one is doing the tactical actions of Japanese soldiers, he lunged forward.
not dare to stay, his moment. In panic down the road, he even had some kind of illusion, the foot of those dense spider web of trenches, as if with one wearing a ribbon with the Japanese army fighting the skull cap, is not only flesh out a hand, came for his feet.
Ge tert-Asia’s first trip to Matsuyama, and thus turned into a complete escape.
So far, the 56-year-old Yunnan folk scholar, has been to Matsuyama has 30 times more than he and Ge together, as the census Matsuyama battlefield consultant. Plowing in this numerous times by gunfire, the blood soaked nearly ten thousand people in the mountains, he has his own thoughts and feelings.
“disgrace to run away because I did too, so I can imagine, when our fathers, against strong Japanese positions and dense network of fire, looked up onto the mountain when the mood.” he said.
Indeed, both combat veterans participated in, or witnessed the battle of the villagers, when they team to survey the staff recalled that tragic battle field, death is always the subject of .
in those days, Chinese soldiers and equipment are backward-man combat, they wear coarse cloth made of gray uniforms, wearing the sandals from the bar, no helmet, although just allotted a new American weapons, But most of the soldiers before the war still do not understand how to use.
Not only that, for mountains offensive operations, the Chinese armed forces lack sufficient experience. At a time when the rainy season in western Yunnan, China’s armed forces to disrupt the impact of the Japanese positions, in addition to intensive fire, endless barbed wire and minefields, as well as torrential rain and muddy mountain road.
Aoki live in the Village of Yang Fang Matsuyama, Matsuyama, when the battle was still a young man. He and many local farmers, like the Chinese military transport ammunition, food, rescue the wounded and bury the dead. In memory of the elderly, the Chinese soldiers in the attack, does not seem to know how to cover themselves, “foreign number one blow, they are crowding up screaming red, the Japanese machine guns swept away, they fall like a piece of the same Chaiduo … … “
However, as the Americans have said,” China’s hard-working soldier is first class, as long as there is good equipment and training can be the best soldiers in the world rival. ” In Matsuyama, the Chinese army has shown amazing tenacity and bravery.
Following Cui St., is the year the Chinese army Matsuyama main Eighth Army honor the First Division, deputy head of the third group of agents. Old memories of the Ge-tert-Asia, Matsuyama many positions are repeated after several fight, fought the Chinese army, to pay a great price. He served as the main infantry regiment Matsuyama peak task, there are more than 1,600 people before the war, to complete the task, the remaining 200 people.
Cui St., following a battle the most impressive is a group organized by the Ministry of the death squads, each made legal tender 5,000, if won position, and then made 5,000 yuan. At the time of Kunming, a bowl of noodle price is $ 20 legal tender.
blue cloth bag with the money is good, death squads, players put money back in the back, the tears starting position to the Japanese. After a while, news of death squads occupy the position. With the follow-up of troops following the San Choi was in front of all shocked.
money and a small blue cloth bag of money strewn throughout the battlefield, the bodies of both layers of the soldiers, many soldiers are still twisted together tussle moaning and crawling. Surviving soldiers, constantly kicking the body of the Japanese, and even hit with a rifle butt, bayonet bar, wearing a soldier wearing, suddenly lying on the floor crying, because his family are killed by the Japanese dead.
in cleaning up the battlefield, the soldiers also found a Japanese officer’s body, lying in a bunker exploded, the look of beard, his hands bandaged, his right foot big toe, also tightly buckle in a machine gun trigger. People stood silently beside him, watching this formidable opponent.
in Kunming, a doorman in Hong Shaokun company, was the training headquarters in Kunming defense instructor. Matsuyama after the battle, the high command sent him to the front and a few staff, accounting and collection Matsuyama battle captured and surplus military supplies, and timely reporting.
old memories to the Ge-tert-Asia, the car has not got to the foot, an intense smell of the corpse on the nostrils. An officer with their combat troops, attack troops along the Grand Pass route up the mountain, some soldiers began to cry all the way to go, because they see things, “The first is the body and the second is the body, or bodies of third . ”
along the way, everywhere has maintained a posture of the body of dying, and blown debris. Soldiers alive, looks scary beard and hair, some people walked in Shidui in the collection of firearms, the search for missing comrades or alive, more people sat numb in the side of the Kuomintang’s dilapidated smoking, and trance.
Hong Shaokun Matsuyama lived in more than a week, every day, heard the bulldozer “Dodo suddenly” sound. Corps of Engineers in the body that is buried, they used bulldozers to push the body dug a large pit, do not identify the body, not counting the number, did not register the death list. Sometimes, Shidui also issued a groan and creep in, the driver stopped, pulled out alive of people, and then worked on children.
After the war, in Matsuyama, spread with various versions of the haunted stories. Burma Road was in a car driver to the Ge-tert-Asia recalls that all the teams are not in the night before Matsuyama. Because it is said that every night, the mountains always heard bursts of sounds, crying and singing. There are Chinese people, but also the Japanese, sounds scary.
“Matsuyama, the victory of the Chinese people can win too so wretched; the contrary, the Japanese have failed, but the failure was so tragic. How can I praise this accounted for dozens of human and material resources fold advantage, but difficult to tell whether the price paid was made miserable win it? “in an article, Ge Shu Ya so exclaimed,” This campaign is like a huge monument, which records on China’s military honor and shame, joy and sadness, ugliness and beauty, victory and defeat. “
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