PLA Major General: nuclear states should abandon the pre-emptive strategy (Figure)
data Figure: U.S. W87 nuclear warhead
type up more than 40 state leaders will attend the world’s nuclear summit was held in the United States. “Nuclear-free world,” despite the beautiful but difficult. And access to “nuclear-free world,” an intermediate step — not to use nuclear weapons in the world, in the end far away from us?
nuclear state nuclear policy plays a major role
that Zhu (Department of Research and National Defense Strategy, Major General): In recent years, countries as arms control and proliferation, particularly weapons of mass destruction non-proliferation, have made many efforts, and in many areas have achieved satisfactory results. Last year, U.S. President Barack Obama proposed “nuclear-free world” initiative, which is promoting nuclear arms control and disarmament negotiations would be positive. But it would be difficult not stop nuclear proliferation. There are many reasons, the most important nuclear or nuclear policy.
first of the two superpowers of the nuclear disarmament process. Despite substantial cuts, but this reduction is far greater than the actual symbolic significance.
second, and now disarmament is not an irreversible disarmament. Just remove the nuclear warheads to, go to the warehouse store, if the situation is reversed, they are perfectly possible to re-use of these nuclear warheads.
Third, we now need to establish a nuclear-free world, the goal seems too far away. Can not be realistic, more responsible nuclear states that do not always allow non-nuclear states to undertake this responsibility, that obligation. You are not able to be committed to “no first use of nuclear weapons”? China from the success of the first atomic bomb, announced that no first use of nuclear weapons. This is some Western countries, or some foreign scholars believe that is propaganda, but I think no first use of nuclear weapons is nuclear power, nuclear power, especially the importance of strategic mutual trust between the embodiment. This should be the first step in the total elimination of nuclear weapons. If the nuclear states to non-nuclear countries to make such a commitment to each other, in promoting arms control and disarmament process will be very useful.
fourth nuclear states should abandon the “preemptive strike” strategy. You do not let people develop nuclear weapons, but you get nuclear weapons to threaten others, but also prepared the first to use nuclear weapons on the people, “preemptive strike” of such a strategy for arms control and nuclear disarmament process, is obviously very negative.
fifth nuclear states should take measures not to conduct further nuclear weapons modernization, which is very important for the whole world. We hope to do a responsible nuclear power.
sixth, as the Chinese, we the people than any other country are more willing to see the realization of a nuclear-free world. The real threat from nuclear terrorism
Yang Yi (National Defense University professor, Major General): I think nuclear has a dual nature. It is super-weapons of mass destruction, but also to prevent military conflict between major powers, or as a deterrent to nuclear war or play a stabilizing role. With the changing times, non-state actors, especially terrorist organizations, the use of nuclear deterrence does not work. In a sense, in this era in the context of non-proliferation, particularly weapons of mass destruction – biological and nuclear weapons is even more important and more urgent.
today’s international society, military imbalances are increasing. This intensified the international process of arms control and nuclear non-proliferation has become a serious negative impact, and this influence continues to increase. In addition, the theory of nuclear strategy for arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation is counterproductive. Non-nuclear states should be committed to the peaceful uses of atomic energy, of course, but also to establish an effective international verification and monitoring mechanism.
Li Bin (Institute of International Studies, Tsinghua University): If the terrorists get the opportunity, might launch a nuclear attack, apart disarmament and non-proliferation, but also need some new measures to ensure that where we The world will not use nuclear weapons. In discussing this issue, first introduced three related definitions: first, nuclearsafty, “Nuclear Safety”, meaning as a nuclear accident causes injury. Second, nuclearsecurity, “nuclear security” and stressed that to prevent some attacks and man-made protection of nuclear facilities, nuclear materials, and radioactive materials from the attacks and the use of man-made. Third, safeguard, “nuclear security”, it was reduced to “nuclear security”, more known as the “nuclear safeguards”, IAEA safeguards, their work is mainly to prevent the civilian and nuclear facilities and nuclear materials to military.
acts of nuclear terrorism, including four categories: direct terrorists to steal nuclear weapons use or threat of use of nuclear material made ready to steal a nuclear weapon, dirty bomb made of stolen radioactive material harm to society, as well as ready-made attack nuclear facilities. We should guard against these terrorist acts: first, to maintain the size of the number of nuclear weapons, until the nuclear-free world; second, to reduce the alert status of nuclear weapons, such as not to make nuclear weapons has been running; third, not to engage in tactical nuclear weapons, continue to cut; Fourth, to prevent terrorists from acquiring nuclear materials, can no longer be considered the production of new fissile material for weapons, and to strengthen the custody; Fifth, strengthen the supervision of radioactive materials, such as monitoring the factory steel materials; Sixth, strengthen the nuclear infrastructure protection.
If the world through joint efforts on nuclear security, nuclear security concept may change, so that we recognize the real threat from nuclear terrorism, only to realize the denuclearization of the fundamental put an end to nuclear terrorism.
bring international “nuclear embarrassment”
Zhong-Mao Gu (China Institute of Atomic Energy Science and Technology Committee): to enter the global nuclear renaissance in this century there are some new problems, such as the Iranian nuclear issue, the DPRK nuclear issue, and the India-Pakistan nuclear issues, so in recent years the international level on the concept of an international nuclear fuel cycle, necessary for international non-proliferation. Now in fact the formation of a so-called “nuclear embarrassment” on the one hand how the rapid development of nuclear energy, on the other hand to prevent the spread increases.
on international, I think, first, large-scale nuclear power countries, including China, Japan, these countries should have their own independent, complete fuel system. Because of its too large a burden too great, can not rely on other countries or other international centers to help us solve these problems. International nuclear fuel cycle centers on nuclear size is more suitable for smaller countries or emerging countries.
Second, the process of internationalization is a gradual process, is relatively easy front-end fuel cycle, such as the problem of low enriched uranium fuel of the original problem. On the fuel cycle back-end, or post-processing of the international premature, in the back is an urgent need to address the issue of security of nuclear fuel management.
Third, we disagree with the so-called “double standards.” Even some U.S. allies have adopted a double standard, for example, about post-processing problems, the U.S. allows Japan to engage in post-processing, but does not allow South Korea to engage in post-processing. This double standard or multiple standards in the international community likely to cause confusion.
fourth in the fuel cycle technology, the Western countries for non-proliferation or nonproliferation of the fuel cycle technology, I am skeptical. Such as the separation of plutonium is not the problem. The real non-proliferation is to take the reactor out of the plutonium inside the burning of these fissile materials back to the burn pile, which is the only genuinely non-proliferation purposes. (The forum organized by the Institute of International Studies, Tsinghua University, the theme of “the establishment of a world without nuclear weapons “。)
(” Global Times “April 6, 2010 14th Edition)