Japan’s spy satellite network to create a global intelligence out of the United States rely on space
Japan’s second-generation satellites, “Optical 3″ south of Kagoshima Prefecture in Japan Tanegashima Space Center launch.
11 28, Japan’s successful launch of a new generation of optics, “intelligence-gathering satellites.” The satellite named “Optical 3″, in the morning in Kagoshima Prefecture, southern Japan’s Tanegashima Space Center aboard the Japanese H2A rocket launch. While this new optical satellite launch in the third satellite for the same, is Japan’s second-generation satellites with a resolution of 1 meter from the past to 60 cm. “Optical 3″ satellite will accept the test about three months after the official service, to take over the March 2003 launch, the design life of five years “optical 1″ satellite.
to get rid of dependence on the U.S. to establish an independent intelligence network
2003 March, Japan, the two spy satellites into space, to build their own intelligence system a major step, which also marks the Japanese space development policy of peaceful change. From March 2003 to launch two spy satellites first began, the Japanese launched a total of around two pairs of four spy satellites that the two optical imaging satellites, two radar imaging satellite. Which, in the February 2007 launch satellites radar satellites in the second month after the launch failure of failure, while the “optical 1″ satellite is about to reach the service life. Thus, Japan has spent about 48.7 billion yen (about $ 560 million) developed a new generation of satellites, this is just the successful launch of the “Optical 3″ satellite. In addition, in 2011 the Japanese government also plans to launch third satellite radar satellites. By then, the Japanese rely on this satellite system can be monitored 24 hours a day in a particular place on Earth, has the potential ability of continuous monitoring of hot spots.
2003 年 3 月 Japan launches spy satellite, weighing about 2 tons, and the launch of a new generation of spy satellites materials lighter, more efficient solar panels, also appear to be more slender body. A new generation of spy satellites can identify ground objects the size of 60 centimeters in diameter, which can identify whether the grounding of aircraft equipped with missiles, out of the base vehicle type or description, not to mention you can tell in the launch state or train transportation, “Taepodong “missile had. Far as the resolution of a Japanese intelligence systems in space has been encroaching upon the ability of the United States. It can be predicted, a new generation of spy satellites into space, the intelligence in space, Japan will no longer rely on the United States.
5 stars launch 34 new policies for the development of aerospace warning system
April 27, Japan held in Tokyo meeting space development strategy headquarters to draw up a “space development and utilization of five-year plan.” Was proposed to make the intelligence-gathering satellites from the current three to increase to four, the launch and implementation of the plan is implemented. Meanwhile, the “space development and utilization of Five-Year Plan” also proposed that Japan will increase its anti-missile early warning satellite probe techniques, in order to get rid of its missile defense system as soon as possible reliance on the U.S.. Can be said that this “space development and utilization of five-year plan” developed for the Japanese space-based missile warning systems and other military satellites opened the door, but also for Japan’s space science activities of the funds.
space development strategy headquarters of the Japanese Government by the Minister Taro Aso as prime minister. This is also the Department since last May, “the Basic Law, the universe,” developed after the introduction of the first five-year plan on space development. From 9 major components in this plan, the increase of anti-ballistic missile early warning satellite for the study of the detector is placed in a prominent place.
“universe, the basic plan,” details the 2014 Japan space applications and development plans, and gives the 2020 preliminary plan. Under the plan, Japan will launch the next five years, 34 satellites. In the next 10 years, the plan proposes to carry out the following development work: development of at least two “Earth” mapping and disaster monitoring satellites follow-up model satellite, and developed 2 to 4 play the role of small satellite protection; development of the “children Jade” and “trip” the satellite high-speed data transmission replacement satellite; development of optical and radar satellites to support the existing “intelligence-gathering satellite” reconnaissance satellite constellation.
Japan dedicated to the development of space capabilities
a long time, Japan has been the development of space technology as “technology nation” an important part of the strategy. The 1950s, Japan started to develop launch vehicles. 1958, Japan has the ability to launch rockets. In 1970 Japan with L-4S three solid rocket weight 24 kg to the Osumi satellite into space, becoming the world after the United States, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom after the fourth country to achieve the dream of God. So far Japan has successfully developed the L, J, M, N, H, etc. 5 series 11 kinds of rockets, launched 50 satellites, has become a considerable strength of the space powers.
Japan’s first launch system, almost all the U.S. Delta rocket design is based. H1 N-series and later most of the parts with the United States. Japan considers that, if you want to become a space power in Asia and the world technology power, must have a more large-scale launch vehicle, a completely designed by the Japanese in Japan and manufactured out of the rocket. So according to this vision of Japan’s H2 rocket development, this took 10 years and 27 billion yen in capital. H2 rocket total length of 50 meters, the total launch weight 260 tons, 10 tons can be satellites into Earth orbit, or a 2-ton satellite into geosynchronous orbit. Since 1994, the H2 rocket has successfully launched five consecutive times, once considered the pride of the Japanese-made rocket.
Since 1995, Japan (NASDA) to proceed with the H2A rocket research and development. H2A length of 53 meters and weighing 403 tons, can be 2-ton satellite into geosynchronous orbit. H2B H2A rocket, based on research and development, the maximum emission capacity of more than twice the H2A rocket.
Japanese spy satellites for military use worrying
must see that the Japanese policy of peaceful development of the universe is quietly changing. In May 2008, the Cabinet Committee on Japanese House of Representatives passed the “Basic Law, the universe,” clearly allows space for military purposes. The bill was subsequently formally implemented on 27 August. In June, Japan’s first space development appointed minister, and then set up space development strategy headquarters, positive development of space capabilities to ensure national security. “Basic Law, the universe,” Japan will allow space for the “defensive” military purposes, including: (1) allows the use of the Japanese launch a military spy satellites and early warning satellites, and as cooperating with the U.S. missile defense system be used; (2) the establishment of the Prime Minister personally in charge of the government’s space development strategy headquarters, macroscopic space development policy and development plan accordingly. Japan’s move caused widespread concerns about world opinion.
last November, the Japanese Space Command, the Secretariat has drawn up a universe of a draft proposed strategy for space development is responsible for the universe of space research into early-warning satellite command capabilities to detect enemy ballistic missiles, thereby contributing to the rocket and satellite defense applications. In addition, the Japanese high-speed Internet satellite has been successfully launched. The satellite is designed to provide coverage in Asia, high-speed Internet access services, and verify the capacity to build a wireless high-speed Internet required technology. Japan hopes to gradually build a future in Japan and Asia Pacific covering parts of ultra high-speed communications network.
recent years, developed for the Japanese military in the universe farther and farther down the road, and adhere to sound its own independent space intelligence systems, to create a global intelligence network space. In fact since 2005, the Japanese government decided to study a new generation of spy satellites, the main purpose is to strengthen the monitoring North Korea’s nuclear facilities, so that miniaturization of spy satellites, to further improve mobility, on the ground to shoot the best photography in limited when the moment of shooting More images. Japan’s spy satellite program, could not help but make people’s space technology development in Japan are worried about. Currently, Japan has acquired a world-class solid rocket technology, and solid rocket and missile technically separated only – layers of paper, the Japanese can make use of existing solid rocket converted into short-, medium-, long-range and intercontinental missiles.
recent years, Japan is showing strong intent to compete in space. In 2008, Japan’s “Hope” JEM assigned to the International Space Station. The JEM is Japan’s first manned space facility that can accommodate 4 people. This year at 2:01 on September 11, Japan’s first space cargo ship – space station transport vehicle No. 1 (HTV1) from southern Kagoshima Tanegashima Space Center launch. 2015, Japan plans to launch a year a rate of 7 HTV. U.S. space shuttle retired, HTV and Russian “progress” spacecraft, Europe’s automatic cargo spacecraft (ATV) will take delivery of supplies to the International Space Station mission.
can be predicted, as Japan’s growing capabilities in space, attempt to control space will be more obvious, which is bound to lead to further space race neighboring countries, should arouse the vigilance of the world and concern. (Li Li)