Experts said China’s first U.S. Navy aircraft carrier will be called anti-submarine cruiser
China design of the Navy aircraft carrier program users
LONDON April 15 news: U.S. Signal magazine published April 14 Naval Surface Warfare Center analyst James Buser special article said that China’s first aircraft carrier will soon be further to improve the increasing of its blue-water naval capabilities. In the past two decades a series of seemingly unrelated initiatives proved that China has started construction of modern aircraft carrier mounted side by side. The article said that China’s first aircraft carrier will not be referred to as carriers, but as anti-submarine cruiser.
called China’s first anti-submarine aircraft carrier or cruiser mining
The article said that for decades, China was once considered a tool carrier is hegemonic, the never build such a ship. However, “Luda” class DDG-108 destroyer and the “Wild-III” class frigate FFG-537 captain for the PLA Navy has proposed the construction of aircraft carriers. The reason why this proposal from the Navy captain, instead of senior aviation officials, probably because the first batch graduated in 1990, nine naval aviation pilots had already become captains of ships.
2009, the Dalian Naval Academy to receive the first batch of 50 student pilots. In 2004, China set up “aircraft carrier office,” that 048 office, the name is derived from August 2004 to develop the “048 Project.” China’s defense white paper in 2006 mentioned a Chinese naval aviation sector restructuring: “Department of the Navy Naval Air revoked, the Naval Air Station into a support base through these adjustments, the combat units directly subordinate to the Fleet.” In December 2008, Chinese Defense Minister Liang said: “The major powers, only China has no aircraft carriers, China can never aircraft carrier.” In early March 2009, former political commissar of the Navy Admiral Hu Yanlin said: “The construction of aircraft carriers is important as a sign of great power, is necessary The. “
article said that China’s aircraft carrier project-related research began in 1992, plans to officially launch in 2000. In 1993, China began before that if at the time of its construction of two 48,000 t-class aircraft carrier, then this two aircraft carriers will be completed in 2005. In 1995, Beijing claimed that 1996 will build two 40,000 t-class aircraft carrier. In 1998, opponents of India claims that China start “9935 project”, in Dalian to build two aircraft carriers. In 2004, the online photo shows Shanghai is building a “carrier.” In 2006, the Beijing press release said the Jiangnan Shipyard is building a 78,000 t-class aircraft carrier. December 2009, the latest reported that Taiwan, China has started construction of aircraft carriers.
The article said that India and China’s aircraft carrier project has several similarities than, for example, the use of Russian technology in both countries. India’s aircraft carrier project to China a year or two earlier than the start. In view of the aircraft elevator and steam catapult technology complexity, almost all predictions are used in aircraft carrier design slide jump, although China has received two reports of complex technology, will build a 80,000-ton aircraft carrier, but the article that this is not possible.
China in 2006 began to select a unique aircraft parts seller. China’s first aircraft carrier may be slippery flight deck flying leaps, rather than steam catapults. The first aircraft carrier may be manufactured by the Shanghai Changxing Island shipyard, is expected to completed by the end of 2010 the keel, hull built in the following year. The first aircraft will include about 50 carrier-based pilots. After the disintegration of the Soviet Union, China purchased the 67,000-ton “Kuznetsov”, then purchase only 70% completed. Chinese Navy in 2014 before serving a new domestic carrier, Kuznetsov aircraft carrier will serve as a training platform. Moreover, the article also pointed out that China’s new carrier is not called “aircraft carrier”, while the use of a similar name for Russia, known as the “anti-submarine cruiser.” Many of the Chinese government in the previous statement, they used the term “special heavy ships.”
F-10 and F-10A has been repeatedly tested for carrier-based
article said that China’s advanced regional aircraft must be equipped with radar and air defense missile systems. There are two such systems in service: one is the “Aegis” three-phased array radar and air defense systems – such as the 052C “Ocean Journey II” class destroyers equipped with radar and missile systems. These defense layers include the HQ-9 long-range vertical launch surface to air missile (SAM), medium-range HQ-16 surface to air missiles and short range weapon system (CIWS); the other is 30N6E phased array radar and Rif-1 S-300 to to-air missiles with missiles such as the 051C. These modern radar and missile systems are imported from Russia.
China has several types of aircraft in its consideration within the scope of carrier-based aircraft. F-10 and F-10A carrier has been tested many times, but is more advanced Su-33 fighter, this aircraft is designed specifically for aircraft carrier operations. Chinese Navy has made J-11 fighters equipped with fire control systems and 1474 WS-10 jet engine, yet not enough to act as a carrier-based aircraft. China has purchased 50 Su-33 naval fighter in negotiations with Russia for two years. Carrier-based aircraft must be reinforced and strengthened to address the use of carrier-based aircraft tail hook landing on the aircraft carrier generated vibration. In 2006, China purchased the company from TsniiSudavogoMashinostroenia 4 complete sets of Russian tail hook kit, which includes the cabin equipment, safety net systems and the actual tail hook.
article says, JH-7 bombers had been with a tail hook landing ship-based test, but this bomber is unlikely to join the Navy Air Force fighter fleet. “Kuznetsov” aircraft carrier landing test of such an ideal platform, but there were reports of test base in Xi’an Yanliang Aviation has built a Kuznetsov-style ski-jump runways. Folding wing technology to China is very important, but for the Chinese copy of AL-31F engine concerns, Russia will not sell to the Chinese Su-33 fighter. China’s F-11A, F-11B and F-10A used this engine. However, for now, the use of fixed-wing aircraft carrier deployment is still impossible things. In addition, China has since 2006 with Ukraine on the use of Odessa, and Sevastopol Nitka aircraft carrier pilot training facilities related issues for discussion.
in the past 30 years, China has won four aircraft carriers. First one is 1.5 tons, “Melbourne” aircraft carrier, China in 1984 will be the drag Dalian Shipyard for dismantling. However, before that, China took five years to study the carrier. In 1985, in Beijing in northern China, a replica of Air Force base carrier deck, and use the J-8III aircraft carrier landing training in here.
second aircraft carrier is the “Minsk” aircraft carrier, which is the purchase of three former Soviet Union, China’s first aircraft carrier. This is China’s 1998 purchase of the plant waste from South Korea, and arrived in Shenzhen converted into playgrounds. Period, the carrier was passing through Guangzhou Shipyard. The third ship was acquired in 2000, “Kiev” aircraft carrier, the current exhibition in Tianjin warships amusement park. “Kiev” aircraft carrier decommissioned in 1995, after Russia took five years to all aircraft equipment and systems removed.
the fourth ship of the Chinese acquired from Ukraine in 1998, the “Kuznetsov” aircraft carrier. At the time, it was dragged from the Nikolayev shipyard in Macau, a gambling casino. In 2000, the “Kuznetsov” aircraft carrier was towed to Dalian Shipyard. In April 2005, “Kuznetsov” was dragged into the Dalian Shipyard dry dock. Dalian shipyard berthing in four years time, the carrier after the end of the 2008 Olympic Games drag on the 3rd dry dock. Since the end of April 2009 since the staff has been in the “Kuznetsov” on intense work. China surely is closely monitoring the new Indian carrier – Russian assistance in building – progress.
article pointed out that China has to consider the acquisition of other aircraft. In 1995, China has worked with Spanish shipbuilder Bazin on purchasing two 23,000 t aircraft carrier negotiations. The two carriers will be the company’s aircraft carrier built for the Thailand’s expanded version. In 1996, negotiations between China and France, to buy a retired French 32,000 t-class aircraft carrier “Clemenceau” number. France hopes to sell the French electronic equipment while the “gust” aircraft carrier, but not in China’s development plans. It is reported that the PLA Navy will use the British aircraft carrier “Argus” (ARGUS) aircraft similar to the ro-ro design, but this is unlikely. The end of 2009, there are rumors that Russia is interested in French aircraft carrier, but this proved untrue.
speculation outside China began the construction of aircraft carrier unit
The article said that the construction of the PLA Navy’s aircraft carrier plans are reported, the outside world have speculated that China began the construction of aircraft carrier units. People’s Liberation Army Navy ships built on the experience of the past, the PLA Navy’s first ship new ships fitted out, often the next year will be the second ships into the water, the construction unit usually does not change. If China has indeed opened a new aircraft carrier built, then before the construction of two aircraft carriers for the People’s Liberation Army will only have one of the shipyard. Speculation that, once the two conventionally powered aircraft carrier built in China, which will soon build two nuclear-powered aircraft carrier. This is not selected to build the first aircraft carrier to provide one or more of shipyard work.
article points out, Dalian New Shipyard is to build the first aircraft carrier of the two main candidates for one of the manufacturers, the plant was established in 1990, No. 3 dock to 365x80x12.7 meters. Another is the China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC) Jiangnan Shipyard, the pier is 232×40 meters. The old city along the Huangpu River in Shanghai, a dozen traditional shipyards. Both the hull and modern large-tonnage manufacture of sophisticated systems have a great experience. Jiangnan Shipyard gas turbine missile destroyer lot of experience, so if the carrier uses this method of propulsion, for the shipyard is an advantage. Dalian Shipyard propulsion boiler manufacturing background.
1990, China’s construction of Shanghai Pudong New Area, Waigaoqiao completed in 1994, two 25,000 tons and 15,000 tons two deep-water berths of the first stage. In 2005, South Pudong New Area in the addition of a modern Shanghai Waigaoqiao Shipyard, the shipyard has two large-scale 300,000 t terminal (respectively 480×106 and 350×76 m m) and two 600 tons gantry crane. Around the same time, Shanghai began an ambitious program to upgrade the Yangtze River estuary at Chongming islands. Two of them are location-based economy, but from the Shanghai Pudong recent Changxing Island shipyard will become a large set of location. In December 2007, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone 6 rail traffic, the future will be opened Metro Line 9 will include the Pudong Waigaoqiao Container Terminal Station. Will be completed in 2010 a 9 km tunnel will connect the Yangtze River Waigaoqiao and Changxing Island. In 2005, a new shipbuilding base in Changxing Island to start construction. It may be said to build China’s first aircraft carrier of the major competitors.
2008 June Jiangnan Changxing Shipbuilding Group moved from the site. There are China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation, China Jiangsu shipbuilding industrial base of the sea, Zhenhua Port Machinery Company base and building materials dock. It already has a large 580×120-meter dock, the crane before the crane than the south or Dalian shipyard cranes are large. Changxing shipyard development phase consists of four large dry docks and 308 miles of coastline on the construction of nine outfitting pier. Changxing Shipyard Group, the second phase will include the Hudong – China Pudong Waigaoqiao Shipyard Shipyard and relocation.
article said, low-voltage distribution panel may be manufactured by the Zhejiang Ocean Electric Company. If the carrier forward by the boiler, all of the modern Chinese navy missile destroyer Harbin Boiler Factory will manufacture the boiler. If the gas turbine propulsion, Harbin, Shenyang and Shanghai have had and the United States and Germany, manufacturers of experience. Propulsion plant design may affect the choice of carrier. Dalian launched the ship, such as “Luda” an upgraded version – “the sea journey I” and “Lanzhou II” are gas turbine propulsion. China has created a Ukrainian missile destroyer 052B and 052C of the DN-80 gas turbine. Russia and Ukraine are mostly importers of carrier proprietary systems. (Spring)