Snapping in many Asian countries prepare for conventionally powered submarines offshore operations (Figure)
Data Figure: Russian-made Kilo-class conventional submarines
Data Figure: Japan’s “pro-surge” class conventional submarines
data for: South Korean Navy The third vessel 214 AIP submarines, “On re-root” was launched
data for: the legal system, Malaysia’s first ship, “Scorpene” class submarines
Recently, a news caused widespread concern in Asian countries: Vietnam and Russia on the purchase of Kilo-class submarines to reach an agreement, the purchase of six former known as “the world’s quietest submarine,” the Russian-made Kilo-class submarines. Analysts said this indicates that Vietnam will gradually become a major importer of Russian weapons.
Vietnam, why buy so many number of conventionally powered submarines? Development in the contemporary naval submarine What is the place for a small country in terms of another kind of naval special role?
here, let us work together to find answers to these questions it.
one Kilo-class, there is nothing special?
“Kilo” is that many users are very familiar with the submarine model. It is considered the world’s one of the quietest conventional submarines, the Soviet Union, “Ruby” Design Bureau developed the third generation of conventional submarines, known as “Terminator – Kilo.” It is higher than the previous models of submarines with surprising calm, powerful weapons and more sophisticated automation systems. European and American experts in the International Defense Exhibition for the evaluation of the model submarine is “the most advanced of the ‘Kilo’ quietest ‘Kilo’, the most horrible ‘Kilo’。”
” Kilo “line level with smooth teardrop-shaped hull, the appearance of short and thick, is the result of precise calculation of the best form of noise reduction. Submarine hull Qianman plastic silencer watts, not only to attract the boat noise, attenuation can also be other active sonar sound reflection. Therefore, the “Kilo” class submarine noise down to 118 decibels, also won the “ocean black hole” in the title.
“Kilo” water displacement of 2,300 tons submerged displacement of 3040 tons, 2 sets of 1500 kW diesel engines, a 5500 horsepower main propulsion motors and 240 high-energy batteries, the maximum speed were underwater surface 10 and 19, the limit dive depth of 300 meters, the depth of 240 m working dive.
“Kilo” class submarine in 1979 the first ship in the Komsomolsk shipyard started construction in late 1981 to join the Soviet Navy Pacific Fleet. No. 877 based prototype, the development of type type with 636 and 636M. In 1983, ushered in the first boat from Algeria’s two export orders; as the Soviet/Russian trade in fire-quality products, since 1983, the Soviet Union/Russia has been gradually exported to foreign countries for nearly 30 various types of base Los submarines.
Second, conventional submarines: in Asia is so red
Vietnam breath purchase six Kilo-class submarines, will undoubtedly show for the conventional powered submarines love. If you look closely will find that with the United States, Russia and other powers in the nuclear-powered submarines generous different Asian countries have shown a preference for conventionally powered submarines, which both political reasons, economic reasons, but also conventional power submarine military value inherent in their own element.
the development of Japan and South Korea competing submarine
April, Japan’s “black dragon” submarine service; the end of November, the third vessel 214 Korea (South Korea says KSS-2 type) submarine “An important root” was the official service.
worth noting that South Korea and Japan’s appearance and service of new submarines and perhaps competing factors, one from the submarine’s name on the clues can be gleaned.
An important root, is a national hero in South Korea. In 1909, when informed of the loss of sovereignty of the DPRK, “Otomi protection treaties,” the initiator of former Japanese Prime Minister, the first system monitoring Ito Hirobumi, Japan Korea and Russia will go to Harbin, the Minister of Finance talks Ge fruit just after Niyazov, security re-root Qian Wang Harbin , shot Ito Hirobumi.
use such a righteous name of North Korea, the main submarine named for the future, South Korea, do indeed have profound meaning. As we all know, South Korea and Japan on the history issue and the surrounding seas and islands have many differences on the attribution. In recent years, the Navy frequently competing with South Korea and Japan, a number of weapons development projects are diametrically opposed, such as the South Korean Navy’s “Dokdo” amphibious assault ship with Japan’s “Osumi” class amphibious ships, South Korean KDX-3 class “Aegis” guided missile destroyer and Japan’s “King Kong” class destroyers. It seems that the new submarine race debut a new round of the two countries, “pull the wrist” contest start.
Malaysia to buy French submarines
Malaysia has introduced a new conventional submarines. September 3, the first Malaysian-made by the French “Scorpene” class submarine, “Tunku Abdul Rahman” was allowed to enter the Malaysian capital Kuala Lumpur Krone Hong Kong.
standard “catfish” level of the water displacement of 1510 tons, submerged displacement of 1668 tons, main dimensions of 66-4 m × 6.2 米 × 5.8 meters, the crew prepared for the 31 people (including 6 officers name), underwater speed 20 knots, the surface speed of 12 knots, the underwater endurance of 550 nautical miles/4, snorkel state endurance of 650 nautical miles/8.
install the AIP device “Scorpene” class submarine, the underwater displacement of 2,000 tons, a length of 76.2 m;
for shallow compact “Scorpene” class submarine underwater displacement of 1450 tons, length of 59.4 meters.
three conventional submarines, the Navy more important for small countries
noise and low cost for offshore operations
submarine, is able to dive underwater combat ships, is one of the Navy’s main naval vessels, mainly used to attack surface ships, submarines, land attack, destroy lines of communication, as well as mining, reconnaissance, transport, rescue and removal of special personnel landing. Submarines in two world wars have made outstanding success. Especially in World War II, German submarines rampant Atlantic, has been a major threat to the United Kingdom.
after the end of World War II, the conventional submarine design made a lot of nuclear technology breakthrough, its performance greatly improved, which greatly enhances the conventional submarine attack in naval warfare tactical ability, but also for many conventional submarines important national naval arms. Conventional submarines in coastal areas particularly suitable for independent operations, the implementation of destroy, attack ships, submarines, mine-laying, reconnaissance, land attack, escort, guard and other tasks.
scale of conventional submarines with small, flexible, low noise, low cost, short construction period for offshore operations, etc., by the small countries of all ages. Therefore, the nuclear-powered submarines popular today, conventional submarines are still needed to get national attention and development.
four, submarines, long way away from the outdated
There is a point of view, such as radar and satellite surveillance technology, underwater hidden advantage is gradually lost, the submarine can easily be found; and underwater vehicles equipped with weapons and equipment are limited, far less than the threat of underwater and surface naval ships of the threat.
However, the Asia-Pacific countries for the construction and the purchase of submarines can basically explain the enthusiasm of many countries for the submarine, or has a very real needs.
U.S. expert William J. Holland said, now, people began to coastal combat ships concept very fascinating, but the strange thing is, but why ignore the existence of the submarine. Submarine not that we need near-shore combat what platform, and hidden much better.
Moreover, endurance, attack power of all ability of the nuclear submarine appears, is to expand the submarine’s combat value.
From this, submarines, long way from over Shihai.