For expansion of the animal transport team in India to resolve the plight of the border road network is imperfect
data for: the Indian army trainer was training horses
data for: People’s Liberation Army patrol the border even walk through the glacier yak
“World News” reporter/Weidong Xu
adjacent to the north with China, India deployed a large number of troops. Some post located in a remote high-altitude mountain areas, harsh climatic conditions, it is difficult for food and ammunition supplies. In order to consolidate these areas, the Indian military recently decided to learn Chinese counterparts, the use of well-known praise ska pony and yak resupply.
“Times of India,” the article said publicly that, “If the People’s Liberation Army in the border using yaks to transport materials, then our side will be dispatched to deal with a new type of weapon, it is well-known praise Sri Lanka Card pony. “and” Hindustan Times “said, yak on the Indian army is also a good choice.
pony Mark weight 60 kg
in Sino-Indian border close to some of China’s regions, high-altitude winter snow big for the Indian army to that supply is not a small problem. “India Times” disclosed in the other modes of transport is difficult to reach the steep sections, Indian border guards used to use mules to transport materials, now intends to gradually replace the horses. Chan Si Kama Indian Army has become the first choice.
Chan Si Kama is a native of a small horse, as originating in Jammu and Ladakh region of Kashmir valley, named after praise ska to hard-working known. “India Times” that this horse is suitable for the troops stationed in the frontier checkpoints daily delivery of supplies and weapons and ammunition.
Indian Army Veterinary Corps horses and Lieutenant Commander Srivastava said: “We are implementing a lot of praise ska pony breeding program, they are high-altitude performance better than the mule. Praise Si Kama life of 25 years, each piece can weight 50-60 kg, we plan to keep the first batch of 300 troops for the Ladakh region of the service. “India’s Defense Research and Development Laboratory based in Leh are also on the Chan Si Kama research, including its protection, breeding, improvement and so on. Srivastava said: “In the most difficult and challenging anti-terrorism operations, the performance was very good horse.”
ska ponies in addition to praise, the Indian authorities also promote seed the training of dogs. Plans to introduce a beagle, German shepherd and Labrador retriever and other foreign varieties, in order to further improve the dog’s gene pool. Currently, the Indian Army Veterinary Corps has horses with the army, police and other paramilitary forces trained a large number of guard dogs and search and rescue dogs.
alpine yak can withstand the cold
“Hindustan Times” is even more ideas to the Indian Army, said, “Yak is the Indian Army the best choice, “suggesting a direct replacement yak mule, widely used to transport food, weapons and ammunition and other tasks, stationed in the mountains for the alpine region of the Indian Army soldiers provided logistical support. Said, adding that the PLA are doing.
Currently, 190 Mountain Brigade Indian Army is working with the Indian National Research Centre project team co-yak, yak try to replace the mule with the implementation of high-altitude transport tasks.
studies have shown that, in the snow period, the use of yaks at an altitude of more than 1.4 million feet of area transport material is a good choice, because the yak is not the road speed of basic snow effect. This is suitable for the needs of the Indian Army, as in India “Arunachal Pradesh” (southern Tibet and China) and Kashmir, in many parts of the mountain over 7500 feet above sea level, where all the snow four months a year, often encounter snow mountain.
In addition, the yak can withstand the cold mountain regions, due to large number of red blood cells, can help it at an altitude of 15,000 feet where breathing freely. Took a fancy to yak all the advantages, the Indian military was a great effort to build a “yak transport team.”
“four legs” surpass automobile and aircraft
Indian Army wants to use praise ska pony and yak as the main transport not a whim, but for practical considerations. In the mountain plateau, outposts located in remote areas often isolated for months. Currently, the Indian military mainly by motor transport of supplies in some areas inaccessible by road is also used helicopters to transport personnel and supplies. However, whether a car or helicopter, have a “birth defects.”
both in the “Arunachal Pradesh” (southern Tibet and China) or the mountains of Kashmir, the traffic conditions are very harsh, in many places not accessible by road. The helicopter carrying capacity is limited, and subject to weather conditions, not in the case of high winds and snow landings. In contrast, the yak has a “natural advantages.” Yaks living in the highest office of the mammals, the ability of -40 degrees Celsius to minus 30 degrees cold, the limit can climb to 6400 meters of ice, good to go steep dangerous road, mountain swamps, can swim across the river the river rapids, the “plateau boat “reputation.
navigation helicopter with different needs, but also their way of yak skills, meet swamp, it can avoid the trap of choice to the road line, followed by yak away to avoid danger. Yak-working load, long-distance cargo pack contains up to 100-200 kg, walking grazing feed, about 15 km on the line, continuous mule a few months, a round trip of a thousand kilometers. From practical considerations, the yak is definitely comparable to the Indian Army helicopters and transport equipment trucks.
familiar with the “cow” of the process should be
transport troops in China, the yak is not the main force, but India has just begun to study “how the use of yak engaged in transport “, the Chinese border transport team returned a lot more experience.
in Tibet, yak ordinary Tibetans have long studied “crystal clear” basic necessities of life are inseparable from it. They drank yak milk, ate yak meat, yak dung is burned, lived in a tent with a series of yak legs. And some of China’s Tibetan border, where the company also learned from local experience, you can easily control the yak, yak or even riding a patrol, there is no need to set up as the Indian army as a specialized agency of some. In the future for a long period of time, some of China’s border company will keep yaks and mules transport team, continue to play heat.
India is just beginning to study how to use the yak transport military supplies, whether it is the formation of professional teams, become familiar with the “cow of the” must have a process, or maybe it will be eager to be launched in Indian a big burden.
yak is not China’s “main” transport team
back in China road construction, when the PLA Tibet, Tibetan yak once catch a team for the PLA to help. In addition, in some remote outpost high above sea level, the Chinese army is also using mule transport supplies, or riding a yak patrol.
However, with the opening of the Qinghai-Tibet railway, the Chinese army has become a major means of transportation, “the main rail, road and air transport, supplemented by” form. Mobilize a large number of military supplies directly to Tibet by rail and then by road network distribution. In some high-altitude remote outpost, Chinese air force m -171, “Black Hawk” helicopters and other models can provide regular supply, the use of mules and yaks transport is only an isolated phenomenon.
the plateau and mountain regions, yaks and mules to transport materials, been able to move freely, but they never come to their destination may be accompanied by someone. Some of China’s Tibet Military Border regiment was equipped with mule transport team, specifically for alpine alpine region resupply. Convoy of soldiers are often risked their lives to maintain a “life supply line.”
recent years, as China’s military to increase the intensity of construction of border areas, mules and yaks have been gradually fade out the transport team. In addition, some have begun to dress plateau mules patrol cruiser. Now, for the Chinese army, the mule and yak is only a supplementary force, not transportation, “the main force.”
prominent Indian “border dilemma”
present, India border region’s infrastructure is not perfect, not only did the railway, and even the road network is not perfect. However, India has recently strengthened its military strength in the border areas, send more troops to the border areas, the deployment of advanced Su-30MKI fighters, and began building the airport and highway facilities.
former Indian Army chief of staff, is now “Arunachal Pradesh” JJ · Singh, Chief Minister had previously said the Indian so-called “Arunachal Pradesh” (ie China Tibet South) continue to increase the deployment of two battalions, while a squadron will deploy to the region’s elite Su-30MKI fighters, about 18 aircraft. Deployment of additional troops and strengthen the military, the supply will increase the burden on the Indian, so the logistical supply lines stretched face greater pressure, so eager to Indian military expansion “animal transport team” is not surprising.
but it is in praise of yak or pony ska, its carrying capacity is very limited, and during transport, the time consumed on the road too long, can not fundamentally change the situation faced by the Indian army the plight of up to a pressing problem. However, the Indian military by all means to strengthen the border areas, particularly in a boundary dispute with China in areas of military presence, which in itself should alert the Chinese side.