World War II Calendar: 1938 May 19 Battle of Japan on the end of Xuzhou
This is the Chinese army in the Battle of the heavy machine gun positions Taierzhuang. (Photo taken in March 1938) Xinhua News Agency issued
1938 年 5 19, the Chinese army to abandon Xuzhou, Xuzhou, Battle of the end. During the battle, the two sides have spent hundreds of thousands of troops. Taierzhuang get wiped out in the Chinese army of more than 10,000 Japanese troops a huge victory for the enemy to struggle against and inspired people across the country the war will.
1937 年 12 月 After the fall of Nanjing, capital of China, the Japanese very arrogant arrogance, along the Yangtze River and the next attempt to win the Chinese government army defeated in one fell swoop the main, however, China’s fifth theater in the firm of General Li Tsung-jen under the command of a powerful, and Xuzhou, the Japanese launched a massive battle, the battlefield situation and the North China Xuzhou defenders determined to fight the strong, but temporarily transferred on military line of sight, instead attempting to get through Jinpu Line (Tianjin – Pukou) and destroy the main force of China’s first 5 Theater. The Battle of China has not only made the victory so Taierzhuang great victory, but also has important strategic significance.
been concentrated in the Battle of the focus of Xuzhou, Xuzhou, because a major strategic position. Xuzhou, northwestern Jiangsu province, located between two rivers, the Yellow River and Huaihe River, the four provinces, according to Lu Yu Wansu hub for Jinpu, Longhai railway two hubs. Xuzhou around the overlapping mountains, river aspect in Chinese military history has been contested.
south when the Japanese North China, Shandong Province in northern China’s first-line defense, as defenders generals Han qu (after shooting) Weidi to avoid war, light abandoned Yellow River, Taishan natural barrier, and then another without a fight retreat, the Japanese drive straight win over the most strategic location in Shandong, to the war situation in an extremely negative impact, but also further stimulate the desire of the Japanese invaders. For consistency north, central two battlefields, the Japanese determined to Jinan, Nanjing, as a base from the north and south ends of attack along the Jin-Pu Railway, and finally join forces to open up Jinpu Lu Xuzhou. To this end, 24 million Japanese have focused on elite forces, in late January 1938 into the north and south of, attack Xuzhou.
Xuzhou, China attaches great importance to the region in defensive operations. China has mobilized 5 theater about 60 million strong defense Xuzhou, Xuzhou, the main focus on the north, the south against the north line of the Japanese prisoners, a deployment of troops in the southern section of Jinpu iron to prevent the Japanese north south line. The battle is a large area of ??large-scale combat, the Chinese army in the vast expanse of land between the Huang-Huai with fierce Japanese counter-offensive and offensive and defensive operations.
1938 since late January, north of the Japanese Central China Army troops and military contact with China, met with the Chinese army’s fight against violent, February 9, the Japanese suddenly over the Huaihe River was once the north shore, but soon incurs the south bank of the Huaihe River Chinese army hit back to form with the north shore of the river from the Chinese military confrontation. In the Northern Line, the Japanese North China Army 2nd Division Army Command splitter crack 5, 10 south, which by the 5th Division south of Qingdao, an attempt to seize Lunan to Linyi, Xuzhou attack from the East. Linyi our military strength is weak, mid-March, twice led the troops of General Zhang Zhizhong rush to the rescue, the two defeat the Japanese, and achieved victory in the Battle of Linyi, twice, to the arrogance of Osaka to blow the original division. Moreover, the victory of the Battle of Linyi, the Japanese first division realignment 5,10 attempt failed, as laid a favorable foundation Taierzhuang annihilated. The direction of the Japanese 10th Division that Jin Pulu positive, mid-February, a military attack on the initiative of Jining, to create more than 1,000 Japanese casualties, to contain the Japanese action. From March 24 to April 7, the Chinese military forces are not concentrated to avoid the expense, repeatedly broke into the violent attack near to Xuzhou to Taierzhuang the Japanese 10th Division Seya Detachment (Brigade), so in addition to the Ministry of breakthrough small addition, most of the 10,000 people was destroyed, the Chinese army achieved a major victory since the war. Taierzhuang victory, the Chiang Kai-shek decided to exploit a victory to build on, a large number of troops to the Xuzhou region, like in this decisive battle with the Japanese. However, the Japanese headquarters aware of a large number of Chinese military build-Xuzhou, after April 7, formulated the “essentials Xuzhou operational guidance” to re-deploy a total of six divisions of troops advancing north and south again, surrounded by the Chinese army in an attempt to wipe China the main army. After successive Chinese army after fierce resistance, failed to prevent the Japanese attack, to May 15, the Japanese completed the siege of Xuzhou. In the critical situation, China has decided to abandon Xuzhou, to 21, Xuzhou China defenders active withdrawal.
Xuzhou battle lasted more than four months, although the Japanese Jinpu Chase the line, but an attempt to crack down on China’s military has failed to reach the main goal. Once again attempt to break the Japanese quick. The Chinese army will attract Jinpu Japanese main line, temporarily shifted the direction of the Japanese attack, the war for the initial deployment and later the Battle of Wuhan last key to winning the Battle of valuable time, especially Taierzhuang victory greatly encouraged by the National People’s the war will.
other history of warfare today
2000 年 5 19, the United Nations’ Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, “2000 Review Conference in New York. Conference main topics: “Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty” universality; nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament and nuclear-free zone. During the meeting, China, the United States, Russia, Britain, France, five countries reached an agreement, “a clear commitment to” the total elimination of nuclear weapons.