After the withdrawal of Soviet experts in China more than 1,000 F-6 fighters on create
SAC F-6 year production plant
SAC Aviation Exposition on display in the J-6
Liu J-6 test pilot who
in F-6 photo copy of part of the technical staff (from left to right Xiuzhen, car Lanner, Ma Junsheng, Lixian Yang, Zhao En-Guang, Wang Hongyue)
6 12, was the Air Force and Naval Air China with the largest number, the longest serving, most combat shooting down enemy planes in the supersonic jet fighter made – formally withdraw from the Air Force F-6 preparation sequence. F-6 in the “home” Shenyang Aircraft Industry (Group) Co., Ltd., who personally created the hero of the hearts of the J-6 has a lot of sadness.
retired J-6, SAC heart dismay
6 18, overcast, some hot.
14 am, reporters came to the Shenyang Aircraft Industry (Group) Co., Ltd. southeast corner of the Shenyang Aviation Exposition. At this point, an old man over seventy years of a man standing silently outside the park.
old man, who declined to be named, said, “is reading the reports that the J-6 retired, I heard that this aircraft is the SAC imitation, and wanted to see.”
into the Exposition, the figure did not see any visitors, only dozens of old planes lonely parked aircraft exhibition. If not, there is a plaque next to each aircraft marked instructions, no one knows these planes is guarding the safety of our airspace protection of God, but no one knows it is a Chinese fighter aircraft witnessed the development of the difficult journey.
Shenyang Aircraft Industry (Group) Co., Ltd., director of Publicity Department Shizhi Ban Shun Wu pointed to a marked increase, “59930″ number of the aircraft, “This is our production supersonic fighter jet F-6!”
“J-6 aircraft: Domestic supersonic fighter, on September 30, 1959 a successful maiden flight. Ace aircraft model for the imitation of Sumi Ge -19 … China Air Force, Navy, driving the machines were shot down or damaged invasion RF-101, A-6A aircraft and other aircraft, more than 20. “This description text brings us back to the J-6 was born and grew a long period of years … …
20 century the early 1950s, when countries have started to air when the supersonic era forward, the Chinese Air Force’s main fighter plane facelift is still the post-Korean War MiG-15, compared to relatively low performance.
“bullied!” In overall national strength and aviation industrial base, lagging behind the world situation, in order to improve China’s air defense capability, the Chinese had to use technical assistance to the Soviet Union, to “clone” copy shortcut quickly catch up with the pace of development of world air force.
agreement by 1957, the Soviet Union in the first half of 1958, after another MiG-19P’s drawings sent to the Shenyang Aircraft Factory, and Yang Li engine plant. In August, generic preparation is nearly complete.
Aircraft Factory became the “chicken farm”
50 end of the decade, the Shenyang Aircraft Factory first trial of the MiG-19II-based all-weather fighter, named Dongfeng -103 (F-6 A) aircraft, and in December 1958 a successful maiden flight in 1959, four national identification and acceptance period, approval of production. Later, troops need to MiG-19C fighters, then, the Shenyang Aircraft Factory and on the basis of the improved type II trial, named Dongfeng -102 (F-6) aircraft, and was a successful maiden flight in September 1959.
for various reasons, the J-6 trial is not smooth sailing, but after a tortuous detour.
due to the “Great Leap Forward” effect, does not respect the objective laws, to engage in “quick trial” resulting in a serious decline in the quality of the aircraft. 1959 to 1960, SAC aircraft MiG -19 trial of a serious quality problems, resulting in 578 aircraft production, the waste and rework losses of up to 29.91 million yuan.
because aircraft can not test the factory, the aircraft factory as “chicken (local) site (plant).” In 1960, due to product expiration, rust losses of 5.69 million yuan. This is the SAC’s history, “the year of production, three-year repair” the painful lessons.
1960 年 11 月 20, when he was Vice Chairman, Vice Premier and Defense Committee Director of Marshal He Long to factory inspection, the factory can not see a large number of aircraft bitter, made with low-grade immediately products “clean break”, re-trial MiG-19C aircraft decisions.
leaking every rainy day. At that time, a time when the country three years of natural disasters, difficult times, hunger and disease a serious threat to the lives of the workers. Shen Fei painful lesson in reflection when the Soviet Union unilaterally tore up the contract, the experts complete withdrawal.
this 79-year-old car up side, when he was Deputy Chief of tooling, tooling charge of processing equipment and parts, assembly, ready to other work. “Originally in the early imitation, the two sides of the coordination is not very smooth, the experts a withdrawal, even harder. In addition, the Soviet Union provided the parts are mostly old, some lathes have been a distortion, which gave parts processing, assembly, ready to bring great difficulties. “cars Lanner said.
“In addition, because parts there is a ‘mangled’ case, only yourself to do, but because we do not have presses and casting equipment, which has brought to many parts of the process difficulties. “
one thousand night reproducing F-6
66-year-old Li Xiuzhen, when he was hydraulic, air-conditioning plant craft. “Expert after the withdrawal, prior to their drawings and technical information is also incomplete, which gives the J-6 brought about imitation difficult.”
say, according to Li Xiuzhen, such as high-strength nickel alloys steel materials, processing does not allow beat, when the grinding was needed for cooling water treatment. “It is precisely because the Soviet Union did not provide a complete metal manual, lead us to understand these materials, not familiar with.”
Today, Xiuzhen still clearly remember, “We call the shots landing gear an intermediate universal joint, the original requirement by the Soviet Union, need to drill fitter and not in the same plane perpendicular to each other on the two holes, we hand-polished the outside with a file adapter, however, do drop test to find the overload of these cracks appeared in the middle gimbal. After several studies it is hard to know too concentrated force caused. “
the withdrawal of Soviet experts, leaving SAC lot of” mess. ” To know imitation a J-6 aircraft, only as many as 11,948 parts. Expert guidance in the absence of support in case of incomplete drawings, materials, in order to imitate success, its difficult to imagine.
facing difficulties, Shen trapeze did not flinch, rose to the challenge. In 1961, the Shenyang J-6 aircraft to begin trial work. Trial in a timely manner in order to solve the parts and components manufacturing technology, equipment, supplies, technical equipment and other issues, the factory was set up by the production, design, technology, testing and other department heads to participate in the parts and components manufacturing and aircraft assembly work groups, special eating trial process, the “Hard.”
Faith will move mountains. Factory workers in the whole joint efforts with a time of 1069 days, have overcome the standard sample of the combined off, key off technology, technical coordination customs, customs static test, flight test off, through the trial, small-batch production process definition phase .
1963 年 9 23, 01 aircraft from the flight test pilot Wu Keming driving success. After two months of flight, the tactical, technical specifications fully meet the design requirements.
divinity F-6 makes the world moved
1963 年 12 月 5, the Central Military Commission, the three machines at the Ministry of Fei Shen signing ceremony of the J-6 aircraft shape agreed to trial and put into mass production setting. The end of 1963, the first aircraft delivered to J-6 aircraft units.
75-year-old Li Xianyang, then vice parts shop lathe, and changed to the test at the technician. “Because of troops needed, the Air Force, Navy are rushing to production particularly tense, almost every day for production of a J-6 aircraft. At that time, we lianzhouzhuan, days and nights without a break, full working towards the J-6.”
1964, the J-6 aircraft began a large number of troops. 60 years, the international anti-China forces swollen with arrogance, the United States, Chiang continued to send U-2 high altitude reconnaissance aircraft, unmanned aerial reconnaissance aircraft, high-altitude reconnaissance balloons and other violations of our airspace. In order to meet the needs of the Air Force, SAC decided based on the improvement in the J-6 model, so there are J-6 Ⅰ, J-6 Ⅱ, J-6 Ⅲ, JT-6 (FT-six), J-6 Class A variety of changes type. After 1983, the Shenyang J-6 aircraft to deliver a total production of 4,000 aircraft, F-6 aircraft until 1986 when it discontinued.
the last 1970s and 1980s, J-6 aircraft and has become the main Air Force and Navy aviation aircraft, and set up hehe exploits. In the 1964 -1971 period, I empty the Navy pilots shot down by F-6 has 21 enemy aircraft, including U.S. F-4C, F-104C, RA-30, RF-101 and 4 of an unmanned high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft.
F-6 divinity, so that the world moved. J-6 is also out of the country, troops and equipment in Pakistan and other countries.
with the J-6 aircraft, as a baby come out, then join the army to the troops, it began a military career more than 40 years. Today, if calculated according to the person’s age, then the J-6 has grown to a half a century are still wearing the armor of the grandfather.
With the development of fighters, F-6 aircraft, due to inherent limitations and acquired disorders, legs and feet a bit slow, and run also run very far, can not fly high fly. And F-10 and other macho than the children and grandchildren, it has some purpose unknown ear is not Cong, the retired has become a necessity.
hero then often meet to chat
old car as a young up-side, Ma Junsheng, Lu Chuan-Xiang, Zhao En-Guang, Li Xiuzhen, Li Xianyang, Wang Hongyue such a J-6 who have a large number of blood and tears of SAC imitation Saguo hero who, like today, mission accomplished “veterans” as the J-6 into old age, retirement home. Leisure, these retired employees gathered at the Fei Shen Activity Center will be retired an old friend, with chat, play cards together, play chess.
heard fully retired J-6, Li Xiuzhen, who feel a bit more complicated, some sad, some happy but, “We love the J-6 and too deep! Although imitation is the J-6, but also it also brought us a lifetime of glory. look at them retired, and our hearts are a bit not comfortable and they retired and was replaced by a more advanced fighter, this shows that China’s air defense capabilities and on the floor, which is something to be happy thing! “
When a reporter out of the SAC Air Exposition, the sky began to drizzle, the air filled with a wave of sadness,” to send his comrades, riding journey , two silent tears, ears Tuoling Sheng … … “
retired, the fate of F-6 go, maybe it will be like a flight display at the Exposition in the Shen Jian-6 as quietly parked in Exhibition Park, continues to play a heat bears the important task of educating future generations ; perhaps it will be broken down into drones ready to continue their military career … …
retired the F-6 regardless of the final destination where it will be recorded in history, sealed in the memory of the people years.
photography Lijun Wang, chief correspondent overall
(Shenyang Evening News)
related topics: the preparation of the J-6 fighters out of the Air Force