Analysts said Russia’s position in the global arms market far less than the Soviet Union (chart)
visit the French arrived in the Russian Navy amphibious ships
northwest wind as a world-class arms exporter, Russia has decided to import four from France, “West Wind” amphibious assault ship, the two sides are stepping up negotiations. The news caused some members dissatisfied with NATO, while Russia’s domestic criticism.
military analysts believe that Russia’s position in the global arms market is quite different compared with the Soviet Union in recent years, a downward trend. To maintain its current position, Russia must strengthen cooperation with other countries, upgrade weapons technology, not “only sell not buy.”
this month, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev 1 and French President Nicolas Sarkozy met. They confirmed that the two countries are the Russian purchase of “West Wind” assault to step up negotiations.
“Northwest Wind”-class amphibious assault captain of 199 m, width 32 meters, full load displacement of 21,300 tons, carrying up to 16 medium and heavy helicopters, including the NH90 transport helicopters, or “Tiger”-style attack helicopters. This assault can also be equipped with tanks and hundreds of soldiers, war can be quickly put in combat forces.
“Northwest Wind” amphibious assault ship unit from 400 million to 500 million euros (about $ 520 million to 650 million U.S. dollars). If the negotiation is successful, it will be Russia’s biggest arms imports since World War II.
the U.S. arms purchase plan is causing dissatisfaction. Russia’s neighbor Estonia, Lithuania and Georgia in NATO member states also expressed concern.
Russia also opposition. Some critics believe that Russia should build its own ships the same type.
Members Svetlana 萨维特斯卡 sub 10 in the Russian parliament held a hearing and asks: “Do we forget how to manufacture weapons and hardware it? If our military secrets known as the foreign, military intelligence agencies doing? “
U.S.” New York Times “commented that, 萨维特斯卡 Asia on behalf of some of the Russian people’s views. As large as aircraft carriers, small bullets, all weapons, almost all Russian-made. Lenin said military analyst Dmitry special, weapons manufacturing, the concept of Russia’s deep-rooted self-sufficient, be regarded as the fundamental guarantee of Homeland Security.
some analysts to remind, not what the Russian weapons manufacturing sector last year accounted for 4.28% of GDP, compared with Soviet times sudden down 20%.
Congressional Research Service report released last September, the Russian share of total overseas arms market plummeted. Russian arms exports in 2008 of $ 3.5 billion, U.S. $ 37.8 billion the same year, exports accounted for 68% global market share.
Russia in the third world arms market share from 25.2% in 2007 fell to 7.8% in 2008. Financial crisis, Russia in Asia and the Middle East of the old “customers” to save money, to buy those weapons in other countries.
In addition, some questioned the quality of Russian weapons. Recently returned to Algeria, a group of fighter jets purchased from Russia on the grounds that aircraft, “flawed.”
“New York Times’ analysis, Russia’s position deteriorated in the arms market, because the Soviet Union, most of the arms has been” rest on our laurels “, upgrading weapons did not keep up.
In addition, the oil, gas and other energy industry has developed rapidly in Russia to bring large profits. At the same time, the sharp appreciation of the Russian currency ruble, raised the price of Russian-made weapons, to a certain extent, the impact of Russia’s arms exports.
But Russian military analyst Alexander Goltz said that Russia has a positive significance purchased weapons will help Russia to acquire new military technology, promote the upgrading of weapons.
according to him, the arms industry should follow the example of the Russian automotive industry, with the introduction of foreign advanced technology and production lines to increase its manufacturing level, to achieve industrial modernization.
analyst Dmitry special Lenin said that in order to avoid loss of customers, retain or even expand existing market share, Russia can not continue to rely on “rest on our laurels” and should strengthen cooperation with other countries, accelerate technology updating.
Trenin said that Russia no choice but to “both buy and sell,” “Like other countries, like Germany, Russia and other countries compete in the global arms market side of the side of cooperation.”
cooperation already started. Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin’s 12th visit to India, the two countries signed a number of arms purchase orders and cooperation projects. Russian aircraft manufacturer Sukhoi aircraft company CEO Mikhail Whale Ge phase introduction, the two countries will set up a joint venture, joint development of fifth generation fighter.
Russia and India the fifth-generation fighter in the Russian Air Force T-50 fifth generation fighter based on the research and development. T-50 flight test twice already, the Russian Air Force is expected to be delivered in 2015. T-50 equipped with advanced radar systems and weapons systems, the imaginary enemy is the U.S. Air Force’s most advanced F-22 fighters. (Wang Hongbin)