Competition Tank Asian countries: China Satellite Compass may be supported 99A2
Data Figure: China’s newest 99A2 main battle tanks
2010 年 7 11, Japan 10-style main battle tanks (TK-X has been named as tanks) in schools in Japan, Fuji mobility show.
Data for: K-2 Korea developed main battle tanks
According to the Japanese” land force “magazine reported that the electronic version: July 11, 2010, Japan 10 main battle tanks (once named tanks for the TK-X) Fuji in Japan Ground Self-Defense show schools were mobility. The show is about a 10-style service of Japan’s fourth-generation new main battle tank, its development began in the 1990s, after the mass in the shape will replace and supplement the existing fleet of 74 Japanese Ground Self-Defense-and 90 tanks . Japan’s Fukuda true central tank expert, said China’s 99 tanks, 10 tanks in Japan is definitely not the opponent. It is no exaggeration to say that a 10 can destroy three tanks 99 tanks, but he’s not talking about China’s latest model 99A2. In the last year, with South Korea in Northeast Asian countries, but also to create the alleged “second in the world, in Asia,” the K-2 main battle tanks, these three people have been called on behalf of their highest levels in Asia main battle tanks, then, in the end who is the king of Asia, it tanks?
key performance data comparison: Japan and South Korea tank mobility slightly stronger than our
10 Japanese-style Keywords: hp
10 main battle tank is a new type of Japan in the third generation main battle tanks and 4th generation main battle tank development between the model (also known as third generation and a half tanks), will be used to replace the existing fleet of old-fashioned 74 main battle tanks and Type 90 main battle tanks. 10 main battle tanks power pack with a MHI of Japan to introduce technology in the latest developments in general-purpose 8-cylinder 895 kilowatts (1,200 hp) diesel engine, maximum speed can reach 70 km/h, mobility is not inferior to 90 tanks.
According to the analysis, because the relative weight of 10 Type 90 tanks greatly reduced, obviously broken mountainous terrain in Japan and developed the idea of ??mobile operations highway gateway development. Its compact, lightweight body, full-suspension to the liquid-gas operations in hilly areas provide a good environment within the mobile operations. 10 tanks full weight than other countries, main battle tanks light 8 to 15 tons, this weight can make a bridge through the hole in Japan’s Han majority, but also with Japan, active transport four tanks tractor motor, which can be deployed in the Japanese islands, it will be following the 74 tanks, the Japanese next-generation mobile deployment in the country’s main battle tanks (90 tanks because the larger self, not directly through a lot of bridges and culverts).
Korea K-2 Keywords: smart
South Korea’s K-2 R & D has produced three tank-like vehicles were installed at 1500 hp German MTU 890 diesel engines, and South Korea’s Doosan Heavy Industries Company and S & T co-developed automatic transmission, but now the part allegedly a serious quality problems, follow-up will continue production tank transmission parts imported from Germany. K-2 is equipped with hydraulic and pneumatic active suspension system that can separate individual cantilever control, not only to do “stand, sit, kneel, lean back” etc, and can also be tilted to one side or any angle. This excellent suspension system makes the K-2′s can and crew comfort would be greatly improved, the outstanding features of the Korean peninsula is very suitable for the special geographical features, allows the tank to any location in the peninsula on , dive attack, or whether it is climbing a great degree in the case of the Yang attack, whether it is plain the rapid assault of emergency or special circumstances, the normal attitude of non-firing, the tank can pitch with ease, improve their battlefield survivability flexibility and combat capability for interdiction or offensive operations, are very handy. In addition, K-2 tanks as modular power system design, easy accessibility, low fuel consumption, small footprint, making it the benefit is not small, they have been proud of the Koreans as “the world’s most advanced main battle tank. ”
China 99A2 Keywords: mobile
China 99A2 main battle tank developed to improve its mobility improvements can be described by leaps and bounds, the most important the replacement of 1500-horsepower diesel engine. China to improve its power system through, so that it can adapt to China’s cold, heat, mountains, deserts and other special geographical features, can any theater in the country accompanied by combat missions. According to foreign periodicals, reports, 99A2 tanks suspension system with torsion spring suspension system, which is the second-generation tank technology, and thus its ability to adapt to the terrain is not very good, and the stability of the entire vehicle can be as good as the application of all hydraulic and pneumatic suspension system of tanks and high reliability.
by the above analysis, three main battle tanks of the power system to meet the basic needs of their mobility because of their tactics require a different, more or less. But the three main battle tanks from the German power system technology is the development of the domestic type, we can see, even with the advanced power technology but also with Japan and South Korea and other countries like China dependent on foreign technology. The main difference in the three tanks on the suspension, Japan and South Korea since the introduction of technology from Western countries, all with a liquid-gas suspension, which occupant comfort and tactical performance of the 99A2 slightly stronger than the Chinese. The use of liquid-gas suspension greatly improved the driving performance, higher speed driving on the ups and downs of the mountain. Because the body can be adjusted, can be relatively high across the vertical barrier can also attack when hidden in the lower vehicle height to hide itself, but also to faster speeds on land in the rolling vibration. Water in motion can also be adjusted to reduce the sliding resistance, so the ability to survive on the battlefield will be greatly enhanced. Therefore, the overall performance point of view, Japan and South Korea’s main battle tank mobility slightly stronger than China’s.
firepower and fire control systems comparison: 99A2 integrate Russian technology of the three unique styles
10 Japanese-style Keywords: Diameter
Japan 10 tank’s main weapon is a 120-mm smoothbore gun, the gun is the German Rheinmetall (Rheinmetall) company through transfer of technology to the Japanese steel company and production. However, from the original model into a 90-style L44 L55, that uses 55 times the diameter of the barrel, this gun’s muzzle velocity faster, and range will increase its stability and shooting accuracy is also improved. It is reported that 10 tanks equipped with the new F-type hunting fire control system, there is the mirror is not through the armored gunner to observe, through fiber-optic sensors connected to the LCD monitor, enhanced observation capability. If the Japanese really do this, first targets will be hit first time that I believe will be more prominent than the 90-night capability. Turret there is also a target tracking system installed, this world is only serving Tanqueray Israeli “Merkava 4″ only have this feature.
Korea K-2 Keywords: shells
South Korea’s K-2 tank guns used by Germany’s Rheinmetall Group for the production of Rhl20-L55-type 120-mm gun chamber slide (and a 10-type model). The tank’s high-explosive munitions, including general, self-developed APDS tungsten alloy and smart top attack munitions. The tank is equipped with self-development of South Korea called “self-sharpening” of 120 mm of new tungsten core penetrator, can be 2000 meters away, “while the two side by side through the Japanese Type 90 tank”, said to have been earlier than the U.S. depleted uranium levels. K-2 tanks tanks installed on the third generation of the most advanced fire control system, including C4I network systems, GPS positioning systems, combat management systems (combat units can share information with other data). Equipped with these devices, both in the tank with a stationary or moving between the fight between the stationary and moving target capability and night fighting capability. In other words, the tank with the currently most advanced “active hunting – J” capacity.
China 99A2 Keywords: response
99A2 tanks in China also used the international advanced and popular hunting – J-type fire control system (also called dual command-style), its most notable feature is the fire response time is short. The system is a result of implementation of the automatic correction of shooting the fire control system, vehicle sensors through the first rounds of off-target to conduct real-time measurement, the distance and angle deviations tank fire control computer automatically entered for the next rounds correct calculation of the firing parameters and immediately after the shooting. The tank panoramic thermal imager to obtain an image can be directly sent to the captains and the aimer in front of color display, will help members keep abreast of battle tanks and dynamic information. In addition, the tank is also equipped with inertial and satellite navigation systems, received the same information can also be displayed in front of the display drivers with electronic map overlay. 99A2 tanks equipped with Russian technology to improve the introduction of a high chamber pressure 125 mm smoothbore tank gun, with its own multi-functional grenade blast in order to enhance charge of high explosive type, is sufficient to breakdown the most advanced main battle tank’s main armor. In addition 99A2 main battle tank gun also four artillery missiles, not only have the ability to attack distant targets with a counter function of the helicopter.
from Japan and South Korea’s new main battle tank main gun, although China’s large caliber guns, but said the lower muzzle velocity, so the actual armor-piercing capability and the L55 gun South Korea Almost, but China’s self-loading machine as fast as Japan and South Korea soon. But China’s equipped with new tanks as artillery missiles, and thus the ability and means to combat slightly better. In the tank fire control system, influenced by the West Japan and South Korea, many parts can be imported from advanced countries, and China’s electronics technology can not compete with these two countries, therefore, China’s Japan and South Korea may not be as advanced fire control system, but integration of China with Russia’s technical characteristics of its own fire control system, which is actually the ability to fight the three great deal of diversity.
information technology capability and protection performance comparison: 99A2 developed relying on strong, “Compass”
10 Japanese-style Keywords: Information Links
Japan’s 10 main battle tanks equipped with C4I systems (C4I system refers to the command, control, communications, computer and intelligence integration, based on computer core, comprehensive utilization of information technology to achieve military intelligence gathering, transmission, process automation, security and weapons of the military command and control of human – machine system), including grass-roots group with command and control system connected to the vehicle length with 360-degree panoramic weather observation system. It adds advanced information transmission equipment, with the adjacent tanks to share information, has been achieved with the other branches of combat units of the link. New tank design information transmission speed and capacity than the United States M1A2SEP “Abrams” tanks (tanks, the world’s first information technology) also advanced vehicle information systems. The new tank turret frontal armor protects against 55 caliber guns, etc. L55 shot, turret side armor to protect against “Tao” missiles, top to defense, “Javelin” anti-tank missile attacks, RPG rocket tail to prevent the attack.
Korea K-2 Keywords: reactive armor
Korea K-2 tanks on the occasion of the first installation of the car information systems and brigade battle command system, which is the C4I network systems. Higher command authority at any time to grasp the dynamics of each tank, and tanks can each send one’s own real-time, the location of enemy tanks and mobile data, long display in the car, to see friends and foes all the configuration and dynamic tactical . Long as the car of the week with the sight does not move with the turret can be used independently of the gunner sight, drivers can be implemented in a shooting in the observation of the week, once the threat of discovery of new targets beyond the gunner can operate through a button would enable the gun to track the target shooting. K-2′s armor is similar to the French “Leclerc” the same modular composite armor, go into the external tank is used in special “reactive armor”, when the enemy’s artillery and armored contact, armor will automatically explode armor-piercing shells to weaken the ability of the enemy.
China 99A2 Keywords: Unicom Satellite
99A2 tanks of China’s battle with the digital information system, according to public reports, China had been in the infantry fighting vehicles to achieve some of the information sharing and data transfer, I believe this technology will be used to improve after the latest main battle tank. The system improves battlefield command and control, with vehicle laser radar can simultaneously track 48 moving targets, and automatically select the 16 most dangerous target to attack. The system automatically frequency-hopping anti-jamming satellite communications link, the information in real time thousands of miles away with tanks Unicom, received the same information can also be displayed in front of the display drivers with electronic map overlay, so Operation hunting – J fire control system to quickly capture and destroy the target. In addition, the tank chassis, installing the enhanced anti-chassis measures to attack anti-tank mines. Compare the latest avant-garde “wedge” shape of the main armor and go into a new type of explosive reactive armor, armor protection may be largely increased.
comparative point of view of the above functions, three tanks are equipped with information warfare capabilities, Japan and Korea’s tanks in the West under its improved technical support, and China’s information technology is completely self-developed, although it may be China’s technology is not necessarily more than South Korea and Japan, but its own characteristics. Chinese tanks in our self-developed “Compass navigation satellite” data transmission systems and battlefield support to achieve full operational capability, while Japan and South Korea have to rely on the U.S. part of the satellite resources, if special circumstances arise in wartime, some of its functions may be invalid or affected. Moreover, Japan and South Korea’s new tank is a completely new development, China’s only improved, I believe that the subsequent appearance of new Chinese main battle tanks, will be more advanced!
three tanks on the areas of impact: landing ship carrying positive “going out”
10 Japanese-style Keywords: carrying landing craft
Japan’s 10-style inherited the 90 tanks tank fire, but greatly enhanced mobility, but more important is the ability to obtain strong information technology, therefore, is the island of Japan, 10 Type 90 tanks to make up for the lack of heavy mobile poor and overall combat capability but also a substantial increase. Although the Japanese were landing very difficult to attack, but a positive future for Japan to “go out” to participate more in international peacekeeping and providing logistical support for the U.S. military, but it is extremely important. Equipment in large quantities after 10 tanks, the tanks not only in Japan under the threat of use of trailer or mobile deployment on their own, can also be built by now-volume “Osumi” class landing ships, deployed in outer islands. More importantly, the tank carrying “Osumi” class landing ship, you can achieve breakthroughs in Japan’s pacifist constitution to military combat missions abroad dreams.
Korea K-2 Keywords: Peninsula surprise advantage
South Korea’s K-2 tank is a new tank for the DPRK’s “Heaven sloppy” and developed, so K-2 tanks The first combat mission for the special geographical features of the Korean peninsula. According to the K-2 tanks on the performance description, it can be done, “stand, sit, kneel, lean back” etc, is to adapt to fighting in mountainous and hilly areas, and this is the North Korean tanks can not do . In addition, Korea imported U.S. tank combat systems and information technology initiative hunting – F capability, are far stronger than the North Korean tanks, so K-2 tanks in the equipment, the Korean peninsula, the army will regain the advantages of the ground assault. In addition, Korea’s new construction “Dokdo” class amphibious landing ship, will be able to carry K-2 tanks in the war against the DPRK behind the year to carry out a similar “Inchon” as amphibious landing operations, making South Korea the battlefield firmly grasp the initiative rights. It is worth mentioning that, K-2 tanks can be purchased through the LCAC hovercraft Korea transported about 70% of the coast in the implementation of landing.
China 99A2 Keywords: fight super
99A2 tanks in China of course is the enemy of the world’s most advanced main battle tanks, therefore, are claimed by Japan and Korea as the “World advanced level, “the 10-and K-2 of natural rivals are one. In order to adapt to almost all Chinese around the terrain and climatic conditions of the battle, the tanks are almost field-tested across the country. As the tank focusing on enhancing the ability of information technology, mobility, protection and firepower capabilities, which is China’s most capable combat Army tanks, said to the overall strength is not weaker than the American M1A2, the premier of the People’s Liberation Army Army’s operational capability can be described as even more powerful, but also for the Chinese Army to the Army Class A super-fight with the world laid the foundation equipment. And Japan and Korea, like China, 99A2 tanks capable of carrying the construction of 071 new amphibious landing ships, landing wins reef perform the task. For Japan and South Korea, the waters and reefs are among their disputes, and will not let patch of land, and therefore, there may be between the three was a fight.
the whole, Japan and South Korea’s new main battle tank, South Korea’s K-2 in the mobility, protection, information technology capabilities should be the highest; Japan’s 10 domestic deployment style as the main consideration, In light of the up and down the foot work, but the defense force, weak; 99A2 perhaps China’s weaker ability to maneuver, lower level of information, the other side is not down to leeward, in particular, active protection technology is definitely higher than the previous two person. Can say that if any two of the three become rivals, the same situation in a battlefield environment, the 10-and K-2 to see who should find out who, but the viability of K-2 is higher; 10-and 99A2 duel, 10 early-type may be found in 99A2, but can not ensure the destruction of hair in the first case, 99A2 immediately returned fire and ensure the destruction; K-2 and 99A2 duel, both of which may be also found each other, who the winner is hard to say. It is worth to mention that, is the first to discover each other’s case, 10-and K-2 tank gun because of limited range, the distance can not be found directly on the fire, and 99A2 but not in contact with both sides before the long-range artillery missiles can destroy the target. In the cluster operations, the 10-and K-2 information advantage can be revealed, the battleground will be embodied perception, but China leaps and bounds in recent years, information technology, information warfare believe 99A2 ability to gain new progress has been especially 99A2 has long been a large number of key equipment, the PLA Army, and 10-and K-2 is just to mass production. Moreover, according to foreign reports, China is so large-scale changes and the planning and design 99A2 main battle tanks, which South Korea and Japan plan new development is inseparable from the new tank, that is, 99A2 main battle tank is full for Japan and South Korea’s new main battle tanks and specially developed. (Freelance writer Guang-Wen Chen)