Development of four major categories of U.S. anti-satellite weapons want to win control of space (Figure)
data for: the U.S. military developed the Airborne Laser
data for: the side of U.S. weapons systems in space launch in the U.S. Air Force chief of staff to imagine Figure
Admiral and Air Force Secretary Michael Ryan Hui Peter Teng presented jointly signed the “2020 U.S. Air Force vision – global alert, global reach, global power” document clearly stated that the Air Force’s activities extends from the Earth’s surface to outer space, with no gaps. U.S. Air Force that the composition of the atmosphere and outer space environment of the entire space between them although there are physical differences, but there is no absolute dividing line, is closely linked to the formation of a vast space above the Earth’s surface, together provide access to the Earth’s surface anywhere and the way the planet other than Earth. Therefore, only the space environment as an integral whole in order to take full advantage of. Space weapons are aircraft, aviation flight in the atmosphere of weapons, space weapons in outer space orbit, they are both basically the same space can be carried out military activities. Combination of military aircraft, military spacecraft, launch vehicles and military spacecraft and systems in many parts, it can reach Earth orbit altitude, flying in space can perform military tasks. It can maneuver in orbit or re-entry, and the same as military aircraft fired at a specified area or landing. Aerospace and space according to the physical properties of space, aviation and space weapons, the technical performance of this kind of weapon has some differences, there are basic conditions of existence of the nature of contact, the Air Force established the air force and space forces into an integrated air days of power development and construction goals.
space power “killer gathered”
U.S. that: one’s own military satellite for the military action has brought great convenience, but also to see the other side its huge potential threat. Therefore, the United States has been committed “in order to guide anti-star”, “anti-star to star,” and “to be anti-star” and other anti-satellite weapons development, and its space as a control, the right to seize control of an important day weaponry. All kinds of anti-satellite weapon, but its mechanism of killing, the current has been developed and are developing anti-satellite weapons can be divided into four types:
nuclear missiles, anti-satellite weapons. Spacecraft using nuclear warheads exploded near the target produced a strong heat radiation, nuclear radiation and electromagnetic pulse effect of the spacecraft structural components and electronic equipment damage, or to incapacity. It is the role of distance, killing radius, the precision-guided weapons themselves less and still destroy the target. Anti-satellite weapons, nuclear missiles, but the disadvantage of low accuracy, additional damage effects of large, easy to pose a threat to one’s own satellite, and once used, there is the danger of triggering a nuclear war.
kinetic energy anti-satellite weapons. Kinetic energy anti-satellite weapons to rely on fast moving objects and destroy the momentum of the target, usually the way to the use of rocket-propelled warhead added to high speed, and make it a direct collision with the target spacecraft to be destroyed. At the same time, you can also carry high explosive warhead explosive device exploded near the target, producing dense metal fragments or shrapnel destroyed the target. Such destruction means the use of anti-satellite weapons requires a high degree of precision guidance technology, such as the United States had developed the F-15 aircraft will be able to launch anti-satellite missile directly hit the target.
directed energy anti-satellite weapons. Directed energy anti-satellite weapon by firing high-energy laser beam, particle beam, microwave beam, direct exposure to the target and destruction. Usually use these types of beam weapons are known as high-energy laser weapons, particle beam weapons, and microwave weapons. Destruction means the use of directed energy to destroy space targets with re-use, fast, attack wide area, etc., but the greater technical difficulty, weather sensitive, the effect is difficult to assess the damage the target.
anti-satellite satellites. Anti-satellite satellite is a satellite with a blasting device, it is the same with the target satellite’s orbit, using its own infrared seeker to carry radar target detection and tracking, and close to the target satellite within tens of meters, will contain satellite warhead high explosive detonated, producing a large number of fragments, the target destroyed. Currently, the U.S. Army and Air Force are stepping up development of anti-satellite weapons.
room atmosphere “smoke”
in future information warfare, space on the battlefield in a variety of reconnaissance, early warning, communications satellites, will As a core component of the command automation system, as the other first target. Armed both sides in order to obtain three-dimensional combat on the battlefield initiative, will occupy the first space war in this “high ground.” U.S. military to meet its political, economic and military interests, will never give up the fight for space battlefield. Especially with the widely used high-tech military, army troops in space, the ability to compete for space greatly improves the implementation of space combat-pei.
example, the United States’ airborne laser weapon system “(ABL) program, conceived to a 45 t heavy laser cannon mounted on the Boeing 747-400 aircraft with 360-degree view on the machine Passive infrared sensors detect the target, once found incoming targets, the aircraft will be emission wavelength of 1.06 micron multi-beam light to trace the target. To be targeted, the laser gun will be fired to the target wavelength of 3 to 5 seconds, 1.3-micron chemical oxygen iodine laser beam destroying the target, the laser beam has a range of 300 to 600 km, which marks the U.S. airborne laser weapons program has taken a big step forward. Airborne Laser test success for the next day in the near-earth orbit deployment and day-to-ground attack against the laser weapons can be used to provide the experience and technology. Can be expected in the next 10 to 15 years, these weapons will go to war stage, towards the militarization of outer space will further the process. In addition, the United States code-named “Schriever 2001″ Outer Space warfare exercises, not only the war in outer space into a living reality of science fiction, and even the outer space against a big step forward. At the same time, has set up charge of wartime command of forces of outer space and the 527th Space Command squadron of outer space invaders, the 76th of Outer Space Control Squadron, and has successfully conducted the first to outer space technology-based missile intercept test.
Therefore, the next fight on the battlefield in space, will break through the simple aspects of the contest in weapons technology, with emphasis on the use of space forces, to take space sabotage, assault space, space blockade tactics in the vast outer space for military big contest. By then, an unprecedented battle space will be a new face in the world arena of war. (Chen Wenbin Zhang Xiaojia)