Jin Yinan: self-care spirit of the national wealth must do everything possible
Yan’an Pagoda foot of the Japanese cavalry. Snow photo (s newspaper photo)
national awakening of national self-esteem
– written on the occasion of the 65th anniversary of victory
■ Jin Yinan
Perhaps today those of us who have been very difficult to understand when the victory brought a strong shock, a great joy and immense joy. “Half a century of anger, the humiliation of 50 years, today’s the day in clear vent brush the 8 years of death were displaced, suffering hardship, today received the reward of the day the Chinese people are proud to stand by the defeat of the Japanese fascists front, to accept their unconditional surrender, which is what a day it! Who says we should not go crazy with joy? says we should not be happy tears? “This is the year,” China Daily “extremely rich editorial porch to greet the victory that year tells the voice of the people.
China is not self-humiliation, which will disgrace the country?
100 years, in the imperialist aggression against the East and West, the Chinese people to achieve this first victory.
1840 was first Opium War, British Empire, with 25 warships, 10,000 Yubu Bing on forced the Qing government signed the humiliating “Treaty of Nanking,” began the modern history of China cede territory and pay indemnities to shame.
20 years after the Second Opium War in 1860, 18,000 British, 7,200 French troops, so troops to drive straight in the Chinese capital murder, arson, burned the Yuanmingyuan.
34 years after the 1894 Sino, China is the defeat, a piece of paper, “Treaty of Shimonoseki” to cede Taiwan and affiliated islands of Japan, but also compensation for Japan’s military spending two silver 200 million.
just over six years, the Boxer Rebellion in 1900 invasion of China, not only to an unprecedented 450 million taels of silver compensation, leaving the Chinese nation has been plunged into misery to despair.
one of modern Chinese history, stigma attached to shame, disaster, disaster attached. Not only themselves off as “sick man of Asia” as the weak, and arrogant and out of other people, “Chinese and dogs not allowed entry” mania.
crisis that piled up over time to. As well as September 18, 1931, the Japanese Kwantung Army 19,000 troops, to dare the Northeast Army of 190,000 military coup two days of occupation of Shenyang, Liaoning 1 week occupation of the three-month occupation of Manchuria. July 7, 1937, less than 8,000 Japanese Youyi North Zhuzhun Jun troops, 100,000 of the squad at the 29th Army National Revolutionary Army launched the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, a fall on the North. Japan’s ruling that China was already vulnerable, with six divisions within 3 months you can conquer China.
arrogance arrogant aggressor, and the poor and weak old China, forming an extremely sharp contrast. The fate of the Chinese nation once again fall into the abyss of history.
Mukden Incident from 1931 to August 15, 1945 Japan formally surrendered, the war lasted 14 years, we finally won, and why?
domestic forces of the united armed forces fought bravely, strong support for the anti-fascist alliance, etc., are important reasons. But the most important and most critical, is the real awakening of the Chinese nation.
this nation was deeply original indulge in self-enclosed social system framework, I do not know the enormous changes in the world has come danger.
a paragraph or two is quite worthy of our thinking –
period is the first time in 1840 after the Opium War, Macau, one newspaper commented: “China’s equipment for this world to The most useless of the weak armament, their actions matter, and as a piece of paper just lying. country in the military, said that 70 thousand people, not 1,000 people combined. “
another section Mukden Incident in 1931, before planning events is the culprit, the Kwantung Army Colonel Itagaki Seishiro men’s lecture on: “From the Chinese people psychologically, to live and work is its ideal, as political and military, is only a ruling class occupations in the political and military ties with the people there, but tax and maintenance of public order. … So, it is a modern country with very different national situations, in the final analysis, it is but an autonomous tribal areas in with the state only the name, so from the general public the true history of national development, the national consciousness is undoubtedly a very weak no matter who came to power, who control military power, is responsible for maintaining law and order, which are affect the overall situation . “
these two paragraphs reveals China’s weapons and equipment behind a mess of the situation, as has been repeatedly invaded the Chinese nation in modern times, been exploited in two fatal weaknesses. China is not self-humiliation, which will disgrace the country?
suffering and hardships in the rally victory
disaster again and again, our nation finally awakening.
Westernization Movement from 1861 to 1898, the Hundred Days Reform, the awakening of the Chinese literati class. Revolution from 1911 to 1919, the May Fourth Movement, the Chinese intelligentsia to wake up. From 1931 to 1937 Marco Polo Bridge Incident Mukden Incident, the development of the Chinese nation as a whole awakening. The last of this awakening of the most profound and most thorough. Although this process also well-known political figures such organization Wang Jingwei puppet regime, Zhou such well-known scholars to accept the appointment of the Japanese puppet regime to protect and, even more than one million jackal to the tiger’s puppet, but more Chinese people in an unprecedented disaster and unprecedented in the history of test, form an increasingly strong overall.
a mess of the Chinese nation, victory or die in this or a desperate battle, phoenix camel awakening and regeneration. This surface is now awakening and regeneration clear: the face of Japanese imperialism is no longer a weak and hesitant, the Kuomintang government, but the entire Chinese nation. Therefore, the overall Sino-Japanese War victory is the victory of the Chinese nation, a common victory. Actually save the Chinese people, is the awakening of the Chinese people themselves.
this grave tragedy of war is really awakened the Chinese nation, it is also the spirit of this new nation state, the mighty Japanese invaders eventually into a sea of ??people’s war.
the first time we get through the national awakening of the collective national collective self-esteem. As Mao Zedong’s “On the strategy against Japanese imperialism,” an article said: “We Chinese people have with their bloody battle in the end the spirit of the enemy, there is restoration of self-reliance based coating material determination, self-reliance among the nations of the world capability. “
a country, a nation, a mess, no war since the collapse; a country, a nation, unity and cohesion, was indestructible.
disaster to get the power of the supporting pillars of national ideology and building
Some say the Chinese nation’s historical burden is too heavy, too heavy sense of sadness, should put down the burden easier to move forward. It is said to heal all the years, including suffering, including scars.
Nanjing Massacre survivor Li Xiuying, when Japanese soldiers unwilling to humiliation and death struggle, was stabbed 37 knives, nose, mouth, eyes, cheeks full of shocking wounds. 1995, 77-year-old Lee Soo old said in an interview: “I was young, his face the marks are very scary,” “Now 58 years later, the wrinkles have been covered up marks.” Elderly people died in Nanjing in 2004, years even her life are Yan Qu.
all know should not be forgotten. But the reality in forcing people to forget.
old man gone. Heritage is disappearing. Memory forgetting. New temptations, new pursuits, new concepts, new dream after another. Today, people have visited the War Memorial few questions: Why the War broke out not in the border and in the Marco Polo Bridge? What is repeatedly put the Chinese people, and ultimately it intolerable? Made great achievements in the modernization of a city, “consider for integration with the times” and “needs to learn a new era of heroes,” has “Langya Five Heroes” withdrawal from the student’s textbooks. “Sword march” This song is also considered not conducive to the development and improvement of inter-State relations, the best little sing or not sing.
years of wrinkles, so relentlessly, quietly submerged history of the marks. We can not maintain arousal and self-esteem has been granted?
2010 World Expo in Shanghai, the German Pavilion as one of the most popular venues to showcase some special objects, people left deep impression. That is some of the palm-sized, shiny brass, each piece of engraved above the name and resume a Jew, bits and pieces embedded in some cities in Germany today on the road, suggesting that passing pedestrians, street or house which was lived which a few Jews, and their ultimate destination is the flight to the Americas, Africa, Asia, or death in which the concentration camps. Stop looking over embedded copper on the ground of these small people, even if no knowledge of the history, the site will be reviewed by this immersive shock. In addition to the German National Science and Technology Expo to showcase their strength, but also showed their historical memory and thought. Them through such a tough way to prevent wrinkles years of submerged historical marks.
a nation, the disaster to get the power of the pillars supporting the building of national ideology.
I have been to Jerusalem, the Jews’ Wailing Wall. ” It was a few tens of meters long section of broken wall, two thousand years ago by the Romans destroyed the temple ruins of Israel, Israel the Holy Land today. Batches of Israelis come here, especially the innocent faces like so many young people, like flowers in May, this symbol of their pious ancestors stood immense suffering of the “Wailing Wall” in front of his own head gently arrived two thousand years of being too rough weathered tempered wall, a long long time, silently praying. Time as a spectator, I suddenly felt these to the “Wailing Wall” voice of Israel to talk to young people must have broken the wall of stones from this being, listen to the history came from a distant echo.
this is their holy spirit. They are here for spiritual baptism. These young people will grow old, the years of wrinkles will be quietly replaced as the face of their flowers. But when they are year after year, generation of re-generation to come here again and again to complete the baptism of the spirit and soul, when, who can curb this nation’s energy and vitality? Who can and will destroy this nation’s life?
a self nation must do everything possible to care for their spiritual wealth
national pride, is a national self-respect, do not seek to bend the awareness of others and habits. It has never been pampered in the self-appreciation, self-satisfaction and ego, often undergo major setback in the destiny of the nation, the way forward is full of hardships and life facing large collection of spiritual experience and suffering during the show, is the lowest in the darkest moments and situation in the Valley for their dedication and faith to adhere to.
with national pride, have a national self-confidence, national pride and national self-confidence have combined into the national cohesion, have endless reproduction of national vitality, and ultimately have a national self-reliance. A self-nation, must do everything possible to care for their spiritual wealth of the nation.
in Heilongjiang Fuyuan Delta, a frontier leader told me this one thing: to the other side of the Ussuri River in Heilongjiang and Khabarovsk visit, left the deepest impression , is beside the tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the city, see the kindergarten teacher led a group of children, the teacher gave the children a story, the teacher crying, children crying, crying children and adults into a ball.
kindergarten children, know how much history? Even the tomb of the martyr tears. The key is to understand the history teacher in tears, the children followed after seeing tears. Tomb of the martyr of a nation with a story of a teacher, there are tears in the tomb of the child martyr, a martyr tomb ran off to the flowers of the newlyweds, how could such a nation fall, how could be swallowed by darkness, how could be conquered other nations?
examine this sense, the Chinese people celebrate the anniversary of the victory, is the reverence for the martyrs, the suffering of the memorial service, wake-up call for the future. This is the Chinese people to share the dignity of the Chinese people as the moment, this is the Chinese people at home and abroad to share the glory of the moment the winner!
the great rejuvenation of the historical process, in the flowing river of time inside, these propositions will long haunt us: about history and reality, on awakening and self-esteem, about memory and forgetting, on years of wrinkles and historical marks. In the process, find the flow of our spirit, to open up our spiritual home, to raise and uphold the unity of the Chinese nation, peace-loving, industrious and brave, self-reliance of the great national spirit.
(The author is director of the National Defense University Institute for Strategic Studies, Maj. Gen.)
Chinese nation to revival of the turning point
– visit to China Anti-Japanese Society, executive director of the Military Museum researcher Jiang Tingyu
a long history, the more clearer. Smoke through the war 65 years ago, today we see? “Victory for the fate of the Chinese nation, China’s revolutionary process, form and structure of social and economic development have had a profound and significant impact victory, so that 100 years of modern China from the decline began to embark on the road of national rejuvenation , in terms of the Chinese nation is a major turning point in history, today we see more and more clear this point. “executive director of China Institute of Sino-Japanese War, the military museum researcher Jiang Tingyu interview with this reporter recently commented victory when the significance.
Chinese anti-Japanese national united front is the embodiment of complete awakening
the poor and weak and suffering from bullying in modern China, many people with lofty ideals has not given up exploring the road to a strong Chinese nation’s rejuvenation. Thousands of years of feudal rule, although the revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, but the semi-feudal nature of Chinese society still has not changed, the plight of the Chinese people still have not changed. Jiang Tingyu, said: “Yes Marco Polo Bridge River of gunfire, the complete awakening of the Chinese nation to arouse the Japanese launched a war of aggression against the Chinese nation is facing the danger of national subjugation and racial extinction, which led the Chinese people to think more deeply: the future of the Chinese nation where ? revitalization of the road where? “
” thoroughly awakened the Chinese nation, the most concentrated expression of the anti-Japanese national united front is formed. “Jiang Tingyu said Mukden Incident, the Chinese Communist Party’s stand on anti-Japanese forefront, hold high the great banner of patriotism, called the National People’s armed aggression against Japan, advocated the establishment of the KMT-CPC cooperation-based anti-Japanese national united front. The day after the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, the CPC Central Committee issued a power that “Pingjin critical! North critical! Chinese critical! Only the implementation of the war the whole nation, is our way!” On the third day, the Red Army leader Mao Zedong, Zhu De, Peng, He Long and other call Chiang Kai-shek, requires national mobilization for the anti-Japanese struggle, the Red Army soldiers volunteered on behalf of the enemy. After negotiations, struggles, September 1937, and finally the formation of anti-Japanese national united front, sons and daughters, regardless of nationality, class, political affiliation, religion, hatred, meet the national crisis, all merged into a torrent of ethnic war. The formation of anti-Japanese national united front, the Chinese nation by the lax, split into unity, unity turning point, which is an important guarantee for the Chinese nation can not be beat.
determinant of victory is unity and resistance of the core Communist Party of China
the country after the start of the war, the KMT government to implement some policies favor the war, the KMT Army officers and men fought a bloody war,’s fighting, made enormous sacrifices. However, the KMT government’s partial resistance line and the anti-communist and anti-people activities, but also to a negative impact on the war. Jiang Tingyu said, “China’s victory decisive factor is unity and resistance because of a strong core – the Chinese Communist Party this point, Mao Zedong as early as the outbreak of war in the country there is a profound statement: Today, China’s military, economic, political, culture such as Japan, though not strong, but China’s own comparison, there is a historical period more than any other factor in the progress of the Chinese Communist Party and its armed forces under the leadership is representative of such a factor of progress in China’s war of liberation today , that is, on the basis of this progress has been the possibility of protracted war and final victory. ”
Yan’an, the Communist Party of China witnessed the backbone role. During the war, about 40,000 across the country toward intellectuals Yan’an Yan’an has become clear to the intellectual pursuit of progress, anti-Japanese patriotic lighthouse. At that time the majority of patriotic intellectuals by the “Yan’an” and “Chongqing” in contrast, the hearts of cognitive change: the Chinese Communist Party by the order of the rebel defenders of national interests to change; the legitimacy of the KMT and its political power ever suffered a serious questioned. In the eyes of the majority of intellectuals, Yan’an China Anti-Japanese Communist Party is the most sincere voice, the most high-pitched, the most deeply moving. In the writer Ding Ling, “July Yan’an” wrote: “What is this place? This is paradise.”
Jiangting Yu said, the beginning of the war the Communist Party advocated the liberalization of Chinese democracy, improve the livelihood of the people, arouse the masses implementation of a comprehensive line of resistance. War entered a stalemate, the Chinese Communist Party leadership battle behind enemy lines, and gradually become the main battlefield against Japanese aggression, the Eighth Route and New Fourth Army and other people’s armed forces gradually become the main force against Japan, with about 60% against the Japanese invasion of China and 95% of the pseudo- Army. In July 1937 to August 1945 the national war of resistance, the Eighth Route Army led by the Communist Party, the New Fourth Army and the Southern People’s Anti-Japanese Armed 125,000 times fighting against the enemy, to eliminate day, puppet 171.2 million, of which 52.7 million Japanese troops. Meanwhile, more than 340,000 casualties in the Eighth Route Army, New Fourth Army soldiers sacrificed 80,000 people, paid a great sacrifice.
base is the democratic model, laying the basis for establishment of new China
War not only defeated the Japanese invaders, but also greatly weakened by the war in China reactionary forces, greatly enhanced the new revolutionary factor. Jiangting Yu said the Chinese people through war realize that to truly control their own destiny, we must first liberate ourselves, we must build people’s democratic regime. During the war, Communist Party of China has 1.2 million members has become a big party, the establishment of an area of ??100 square kilometers, nearly 1 billion people across North, Central, South of 19 liberated, the people’s army by the beginning of the war tens of thousands of people development to 120 million, 260 million development to the militia. “More importantly, the Chinese Communist Party in the base areas behind enemy lines to conduct a democratic society for the content of the reform, the establishment of anti-Japanese democratic regime, the implementation of policies such as rent and interest reduction, the people who actually lived the masters of a new life, life have to look forward to the future with hope. Not only is the anti-Japanese anti-Japanese base model, but also the national model of democracy, it is a new and different with the old Chinese Chinese prototype. the history of anti-Japanese base areas represent the way forward. “
victory, which greatly promoted the development process of Chinese society, the complete victory for the democratic revolution has laid a solid foundation. After the war only four years, the Chinese Communist Party led the people to establish a new China, Chinese history to achieve the greatest and most profound social change. Since then, the rise of the Chinese nation in the East, embarked on the great road to recovery.