Fu Jen Catholic University: the occupied areas is not only enslaving education colleges and universities (Figure)
Fu Jen Catholic University in front of the flag. There is also insisted during the war flag hanging puppet.
Fu Jen Catholic University premises located Dingfu Street, often after the rickshaw pullers to the sea introduced here as attractions to tourists. Here now is the Beijing Normal University School of Continuing Education.
Fu Jen Catholic University, Baylor was the Tao House gardens, the local school resembles Prince Gong’s Mansion in the garden.
Xinghua alley neutral Chen Yuan Chen Yuan residence homes statue.
Fu Jen Catholic University
“Marco Polo Bridge Incident”, the most dangerous moment of the Chinese nation, Peking and the coastal cities of the National and private schools, have transferred to the mainland and the west. Only a few schools in barely, which has included the Catholic Church school background Fu Jen Catholic University. In the fall of the region, they abide by three principles: administrative independence, academic freedom, do not hang false flag. Some well-known professor from the University entered into Puppet Fu Jen Catholic University, during the war, Fu Jen Catholic University, also experienced a new development. Professor Shi Xue Fu Jen Catholic University, a former teacher rut Zhu said, “Fu Jen Catholic colleagues to have Chen (Yuan), Shen (and who), something quite calm.” Throughout the war, the Fu Jen Catholic University in the occupied areas exist alone, and the only flag not flying puppet, do not read Japanese puppet compiled textbooks aimed at enslaving education colleges, which teachers and students, and especially President Chen’s insistence Yuan’s insistence inseparable.
Republic of China 26 years ago, not eight years, our school has been opening ceremony, because we are in the occupied areas, the flag does not get out, to sing the national anthem are not loud, even the words to be restricted, in order to avoid all unnecessary trouble in the past eight years in the dark quietly moderate over the world, starting from yesterday, signing the Japanese surrender, a permanent peace in the world has produced, a bright new era has begun, so the first eight years after the liberation of an opening ceremony, is particularly worthy of celebration.
— Chen Yuan in September 3, 1945 after the war’s first speech on the opening ceremony.
royal gardens and added a new university building
Chen Yuan should stand at In Dingfu street army for the building’s remarks, Chinese and Western speech. The late 1920s, with the development of the school, the original school building has not practical enough, the school decided that the Tao in the West Court Garden House West Baylor build an open space next to the main building.
1929 年 11 13, new building at the ceremony. Beijing Normal University Institute of Education Professor Sun Banghua, the “main building drawings by the famous Belgian artists Benedictine designed in accordance with Chinese and Western thinking. It is a palace-style building, in addition to the middle of East and West doors of four turrets and three outside the building, the rest are is two floors. roof with green glazed tiles, each glass windows are carved wooden frame, used bricks are light gray brick mill, it looks smooth as a light in 1930 for completion in September, was seen as Peking three one large building. Undergraduate moved this building, the original school secondary schools allocated to men, this building has 500 rooms, in addition to offices, libraries, laboratories, there are many classrooms that can accommodate 800 students people. dormitory to accommodate 200 people, auditorium can accommodate more than 1,000 people. ”
Sunbang Hua said, “Catholic University around the world, but directly by the Holy See established only a dozen universities, Fu Jen Catholic University in Asia alone.” With the size of the country since the 1920s, “non-Christian movement” and “to recover the right to education campaign,” the rise of Chinese universities in 1927 the church began to meet before and after the Catholic “movement in China” and Christian “character of the movement” trend, in accordance with Ministry of Education, charter schools do to push the Chinese people, Chairman and President. In 1929, Fu Jen Catholic University board reorganization, Zhang was elected chairman, board of directors hired Chen Yuan as president.
1933, the main foreign-funded by the U.S. Catholic Benedictine Word will go to Germany, the significance changes on the Fu Jen Catholic University. School’s funding has been security, campus expansion, the library and laboratory construction developed rapidly, expanding school. 1941 after the outbreak of the Pacific War, Japan also sent a declaration of war by military police with the United States and Britain took over the Yenching University and Peking Union Medical College. Beijing Normal University, the ancient Zhou Shaochuan Research Office, said Chen Yuan, “Fu Jen Catholic University and the German word for the relationship will be spared,” was also a Chinese university colleges, Qi Gong in the principal tried to maintain under the deal until the war victory. The two private universities is under the rule of the Japanese during the war in the only remaining independent schools adhere to the university. After the war, the Nanjing government is about to Fu Jen Catholic University, Chinese University and the University together towards the rear.
not only enslaving education colleges and universities
history of the Academy of Social Sciences researcher, Mr. Chen Yuan of the Sun Chenzhi Chao told reporters, “Fu Jen Catholic University, because the Holy See and the Catholic Church where the Word will be the ally of Germany and Japan relations, school activities have not been affected.” After the fall of Peking, Feng Fu Jen Catholic University, National Government Order of the Ministry of Education, still maintain the status quo, take advantage of favorable international relations, continuing education, ethnic, and other international education organizations contact Pingjin to the early 1940s, Chinese and foreign parties in view of Fu Jen Catholic University international situation more dangerous, foreboding inevitable conflict Japan and the United States, so American staff retreat after another, gradually replaced by the German nationality.
1941 年 12 8, the Pacific War broke out overnight, Yenching University in Beijing, Peking Union Medical College and other Christian institutions have been forced to close down Puppet received. Fu Jen Catholic University, not the withdrawal of all American staff were also detained in Shandong Weixian to concentration camps. Professor Shi Xue Fu Jen Catholic University, a former teacher rut Zhu said, “Fu Jen Catholic colleagues to have Chen (Yuan), Shen (and who), something quite calm.” Throughout the war, the Fu Jen Catholic University in the occupied areas exist alone, but not the only Puppet flag flying, do not read Japanese puppet compiled textbook aimed at enslaving education colleges and universities.
1938 In May, the Beijing city government forced Puppet Puppet flag flying, and forced the people took to the streets to celebrate. Fu Jen Catholic University and the High School Affiliated to firmly rejected. Mr. Chen Yuan longtime assistant Nai and the “Li Yun Cheng Xue-lu,” he wrote, “Puppet angry, Fu Jen Catholic University High School Affiliated to compel closed for three days, and repeatedly sent to find President Chen Yuan. Chen Yuan answer the loss of our land, only sorrow, to celebrate, impossible. “determined not to hang the flag, do not march. Zhoushao Chuan said, “When the puppet has been the idea of ??moving him, hoping to find him out to work. He is refusing to see visitors, to learn the history of his participation in Japan, he refused. Was to be his puppet out as the highest cultural groups, the Greater East Asia Culture Alliance will long, he resolutely refused, which is not easy. “
There is also a frequently cited example, when Japanese scholars have come to Chen Yuan, is the subject of the trust, hope Chen Yuan title words, is Cao Zijian Chen wrote a poem: Beans beans Kei burning, weeping beans in the kettle, this is the same root, fratricidal! The man took the left. Other man was gone, Chen Yuan back to the study, the students asked Chai De Geng, this poem was very good questions, but told him to go back how? Mr. Chen said, is to take him back, we have these people that can not compromise. We say, they can go back and spread rumors. But to write something on paper, they no solution. And without any kind.
eight years of painstaking study does not go out
from the street to the Hindu Dingfu of the alley close to 13, walk about two minutes. Chen Zhichao, said, “is at No. 13 Xinghua Xinghua Temple Street alley 5. Chen had lived many places in Beijing, 1939 to 1971 after the death, he has been living here.” Chen had in eight years almost closed thank-you, it was a two-yard, still looks good now jujube. To school each day engaged in teaching and writing, declined all other activities. Historian Zheng days back in 1945, quite usual to see the north Chen Yuan. Parting time, “Chen look on the street, sad said, I did not go out of the eight.”
During this time, Chen had written seven monographs, more than 10 papers during this period of history than previously thought and historiography, has also undergone great change, a change in the textual history of pure to promote Gu’s study of statecraft, elucidation of the history of China’s patriotic tradition. Is considered to be “academic war,” one of the outcomes of the “next quarter, Yunnan, Guizhou and Buddhism test,” began writing in 1939, completed in 1940. Southwest Qing Dynasty to avoid major write clear Zen activity, but the title is just “next season,” said they fled after the fall of the Ming Dynasty Zen, not the Buddhas, but a Ming forces act, always keep in mind recover. ” native country. ” Mr. Chen Yinke in the preface to the book when the point to understand the author’s intention, said Chen Yuan, under siege in the Puppet, something that go along with the puppet regime. Yinke talk about a “Shi” in the case, said he left Peking to the Southwest three years, “the world of endless change”, “Sir lecture books and Northeast dust occasion, Yinke into the city begging for Southwest between heaven and earth, north and south sea, fortunately not all the number of new meaning to the negative Tathagata. “At that time, many Southwest (UNGA) friends after reading the very moving.
edition written/reporter Yan Cao edition photography/reporter Li Fei
Japanese teacher talk about politics on the class
■ folk memory
● to a new summer, historian, professor at Nankai University in 1942 to enter the Fu Jen Catholic University, graduating in 1946
1942 years, the Japanese Hosoi long promoted school Principal Secretary, and the establishment of the Japanese Language and Literature, with secondary school part-time supervisor, assigned to the school’s Japanese teacher increased. At that time the Japanese are to participate as a professor, are China hand, in Chinese class. Our history of archeology, the Japanese teacher in the class, but in the classroom talk about Sino-Japanese relations. Under the auspices of German Catholic Church, they always point to give the face. Our students the freedom of belief, not mandatory, I do not have religious beliefs. Foreigners are priests, our history department’s “world history” is priest, bilingual education.
our male dormitory building opposite the school, is said to cover the mid-thirties. It was named for the school Muer Fei long building, renamed after the first quarters. The hostel is equipped with hot and cold water, flush toilets, winter heating furnace. At that time many schools to become puppet Peking University, Beijing University if at any time to close. Fu Jen Catholic University’s teaching staff and other areas are good, when the students are very hard, generally do not participate in political activities, even if very subtle, we feel that there is a place to settle down, learn it well. I was in college scholarships, there is no political scholarship. Three-point line, is very simple.
Chen Yuan and “Confucius open games”
1942 years, back to school section at Fu Jen Catholic University Games, was Chen Yuan in accordance with convention speech, when he found that people who participate in the Games, promising to do things the Japanese puppet government officials and people who have defeated collaborators who have financial speculation national crisis when the people, immediately told a “Confucius open games,” the story, attacked the scum of the nation. He said the Confucius held games, to watch a lot of people. Confucius was the first life of students holding a bow and arrow to the scene outside Zilu Please participate in the competition and visit the man of the match, and that all will be defeated, surrendered to the enemy and do good profit Renzeizuofu greedy people who are not admitted, except for three people can approach. After saying that, some people away. Confucius said, letting the students drank, the people present, there is no child strong filial piety, old manners, do not follow the crowd, until the death of people can have self-cleaning? Who can achieve this standard, please visit Zhongbin of the place. Announced, half of them went. Finally, Confucius said, and diligence, manners change, to the chaos of the old people still upright, is there? If any, please visit Zhongbin of the place. The standard one that not many people left the.
Confucius said Chen Yuan is open games have a choice. He skillfully traitorous glory and reproach of the puppet people, educate the young “loyalty, filial piety, eager to learn, not from the prevalent custom.”
(Chen Zhichao, the history of the Academy of Social Sciences researcher, Mr. Chen Yuan of the Sun)
Professor Chen is also known as “national treasures”
● Xu Zhengang, Xinghua residents alley on the 13th, 1959, Chen Yuan boiler
I was as employees of Beijing Normal University to the yard, mainly for Chen Yuan, president of boiler, heating in winter. Now slide the door of a house is left of his reception room, kitchen, Professor Chen is living in the north of the room, there are many books, Nai and his assistant to help him organize files. My impression that he rarely went out, is the general opening of the Beijing Normal University, he would go once a drive to the alley to pick him up.
“Cultural Revolution”, President Chen is not affected by the impact, heard that he and Chairman Mao’s photo, he is also known as “David.” 1974, Bai Yi live in, but he is not level, there is no heating in winter. In 1979 he moved out. Later this became the family quarters of Beijing Normal University, lived up to the time the yard a dozen families. Then here is the courtyard became a Fu Jen Catholic University Alumni Association. September each year with alumni Fanxiao Ri, go take a look at Fu Jen Catholic University campus.
Fu Jen Catholic students of the war, when thousands of people
■ celebrity story
my grandfather the 1920s was actively involved in politics, but he disappointed the real comparison. For instance, he actively opposed the Qing Dynasty in the 1911 Revolution of authoritarian rule, against the powers of aggression. To Beijing to do members of Congress, when a short length of education time, after the disappointment out of politics, to the cultural and educational. And from out of politics, Sino-Japanese War, he hopes to regain China Centre for Chinese Studies, which is a participation in politics. He said at the time, now talk about Han Chinese and foreign scholars, not to say how Paris, that Xijing (Kyoto, Japan) How, not to mention China, and we should regain the Centre for Chinese Studies in China, back to Beijing.
He did not leave Peking to the rear, there are a variety of factors, the most important reason is that many universities are to the south, but not all students can now go to the rear, was only a puppet Peking University, to those who can not go back and see puppet University students have the opportunity to Fu Jen Catholic University. At the rear of the national government has admitted Fu Jen Catholic University qualifications. After the outbreak of the Pacific War, Fu Jen Catholic University is the only recognized national government schools. Fu Jen Catholic University during the war, when most students have two or three thousand, focused on a group can not go to the South West is not willing to puppet school youth.
grandfather in his later years joined the Communist Party, is the result of long-term thinking choice. He participated in the League, have experienced late Qing Dynasty, the northern warlords very disappointed, and then the National Government, National Government could hope for, after the war, he brings a disappointment. He experienced a lot of time changes, see the changes brought about the Communist Party, so decided to join the Communist Party of China.