U.S. intends to deploy in high-altitude reconnaissance UAV attacked as a substitute
data for: the U.S. Global Hawk unmanned reconnaissance aircraft can be twenty thousand meters above the ground (in areas adjacent space) flight
newspaper special military observers Zhao Chuanheng
U.S., “Defense News” weekly reported on May 31, China is developing in the 10,000 meters or more can perform early warning mission airspace large airship, when the satellite was attacked, the airship can perform emergency duties. China is in the development of the airship, there are no official reports. However, the U.S. military did in the study when it is attacked and disabled military satellites, the fast in the “near space” (from the ground 20 to 100 kilometers) to deploy unmanned aerial vehicles, airships or balloons and other emergency equipment, continue to support the operations of the program. This is from the United States just after the “Schriever-6″ space exercise can be discerned.
specific subjects highly confidential
According to the U.S. “Air Force Times” reported on May 30, May 7 to May 27, U.S. Air Force Space Command in Nevada within the Reese Air Force Base, was the sixth “Schriever” space exercise. The first five times, “Schriever” space exercises were held in 2001,2003,2005,2007,2009.
“Schriever 6″ imaginary space combat exercise time in 2022, but the specific subjects and five times as before, remain highly classified. On the exercise, just outside the U.S. military said three important purposes: ① space research space and cyberspace, “an alternative concept, ability and power posture” to address future needs; ② space exploration space and cyberspace deterrence of future strategic contribution; ③ study used an integrated approach in the implementation space, space and cyberspace operations integration process.
the exercise is very concerned about the future in the global context of the conflict, the joint space, and network operations planning and deterrence, which is based on the previous exercise to show 5 out of U.S. and allied space systems are facing challenges. The exercise also attaches great importance to integrate the network with the offensive and defensive space operations, as well as allies and business partners in space warfare and cyber warfare can play the role.
operations center for “peace” was renamed
“Defense News”, said the exercise by the U.S. Air Force Space Command, under the “Space Innovation and Development Center “contractors, the U.S. military and government agencies, and 30 in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom 550 experts attended the 20-day exercise.
the “Space Innovation and Development Center”, formerly known as “Space Operations Center.” Autumn of 1992, the U.S. Air Force, a research team found that U.S. military capabilities in the use of space has many deficiencies, it recommended the establishment of a special Space Warfare Center to explore the issue of the use of space-based systems. November 1, 1993, Space Operations Center in Colorado Schriever Air Force Base was established and has undertaken “Schriever” series of exercises in space missions.
Since then, the “Space Operations Center,” the name of the militarization of space has obvious color, with the U.S. government claims, “is committed to peaceful use of space” argument has been violated, March 1, 2006 The center was renamed “Space Innovation and Development Center”, the main task is to “innovation, integration, training, testing and trials to promote the power of the full spectrum of space operations (including attack, defense, stability, and support, including war and non- war, military operations referred to) support. “
” Global Hawk “alternative satellite
U.S. side stressed that one of the purposes of this exercise is to , space, space research, “alternative concepts, capabilities and force posture.” Pentagon submitted to Congress in April, “Space Posture Review” that, despite top U.S. superiority in space to enjoy, but some countries continue to seek the militarization of space, which makes space “artificial threat” to increase, these threats can “downgrade to disrupt or even destroy” the U.S. military space systems. The report recommends strengthening the U.S. military offensive and defensive capabilities in space, but also calls for consideration of alternative means to prepare for emergency response when attacked its space systems.
U.S. think tank Centre for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments in Washington in May released a report directly emphasized that the future may be in conflict with China, the United States must seriously consider including satellite systems, including space-based attack and disability, how fast to deploy an interim alternative means to continue to play the role of command and control.
Currently, the U.S. military alternative is, in the “near space” to deploy unmanned aerial vehicles and other aircraft. The so-called “near space”, refers to Jude Biao 20 to 100 kilometers of airspace, airspace below it (20 km) is the space of traditional aircraft, the airspace above it (100 km) is the spacecraft’s range. Because of this high degree of anti-aircraft fire in the vast majority of the ground, the aircraft can not fly combat. If aircraft can fly at this altitude, even if very slow, and very safe. Therefore, the recent U.S. Air Force is developing a new generation of reconnaissance and surveillance and communications with the use of UAVs, airships and balloons for deployment in this height range, an alternative space-based systems play a role in emergency response.
to the U.S. “Global Hawk” unmanned reconnaissance aircraft, for example, the aircraft can be twenty thousand meters above the ground (in areas adjacent space) flight, autonomous flight time of up to 41 hours a day to detect 13.7 million square kilometers of area. “Global Hawk” mobility so that it can continuously high definition surveillance of targets, and not easily deceived by camouflage tactics. Currently, the U.S. military is increasing UAV “automated aerial refueling,” the study, once the “Global Hawk” with the automated aerial refueling, their endurance and range will greatly increase. Although the U.S. spy satellite reconnaissance has been less than 1 meter accuracy, but the satellite is scheduled for orbit, its detection range and time are limited, unmanned reconnaissance aircraft will be designated for a regional all-weather reconnaissance. And because the development of space-based weapons, spy satellites, once destroyed, it is difficult to redeploy in the short term. However, a strong high-altitude unmanned reconnaissance aircraft maneuverability, with the automated aerial refueling, can remain in the theater over a long time to complete the spy satellite was destroyed or disturbed, “unable to complete the task.”