India’s short-cut through the integration of domestic and foreign technology model developed by submarine
data for: Indian-made nuclear submarine “body count” was
Indian government recently disclosed in a work report, India’s first long-frozen ship self-produced submarines “body count” was finally exposed. Reported that the submarine will be commissioned next year, but did not control the Indian Navy submarine experience. In order to meet the “body count” of the arrival of the Indian Navy intends to study Russia’s nuclear submarines and the experience of manipulating the British Navy.
nuclear submarine project speed
According to “Indian Express” on June 1, revealed that “body count” nuclear submarine exposure photograph in July last year India’s eastern port city of Visakhapatnam on the shooting at the launching ceremony, when the submarine moored at the dock for the construction of it.
Earlier, India’s nuclear submarine program has been classified as highly confidential, including the media, few people outside can only be drawn from a cross-section and the overall thought about the mysterious figure “body count” was . Navy To maintain secrecy, has been put aboard the 6000-ton nuclear submarine hidden in the dock in order to avoid the sky spy satellite surveillance. However, according to the French Aerospace Defense Network disclosure, “body count” was a ballistic missile submarines, equipped with 12 ballistic missiles (possibly K-15 type), a range of up to 700 km. The Indian government now openly nuclear submarine photo, that “body count” was soon into the territory, will then conduct sea trials on the high seas, and a series of tests after the completion of active duty in the Navy next year.
At the same time, India leased to the Russian “Akula” -2-class nuclear submarines, “Cheetah” program is also settled. According to Russian and Western media, the “Cheetah” nuclear submarine may be scheduled for delivery this month, the Indian Navy. This means that India will this year have both nuclear and ballistic missile attack submarine. Among them, the “body count” No. Although the war is limited, but after all, India provides one of the most secure means of deterrence, and the heavy “Agni” series of missiles than the “body count” was the enemy may be hiding to avoid the sea reconnaissance satellite, ready to launch an attack on an opponent. “Cheetah” nuclear submarine for the Indian aircraft carrier escort can be, or potential control of the Indian Ocean area of ??ocean waters. Although the two nuclear submarines of the technology is not advanced, but more large-scale development for the Indian Navy’s nuclear submarine force and lay the foundation.
busy to learn from predecessors
conventional submarines for the Indian Navy is no stranger, but in the manipulation of nuclear submarines are still owed to the furnace. In order to combat as soon as possible the formation of nuclear submarines, the Indian Navy will be sights on Russia, Britain and other established nuclear submarine power. Back in 1998, India leased a Russian 670, “Charlie” class attack submarine, the training team. Tasted the sweetness, they rented a newer “Akula” class submarines, “Cheetah”. In addition, as a bonus with lease nuclear submarines, 50 Indian crew will also travel to Russia to receive professional training, and opened the submarine to India.
addition to drawing on experience in Russia, India also plans to learn from the UK. According to “The Times of India” had revealed that the British Royal Navy “Trafalgar” class nuclear attack submarine “genius” was also in June into the waters near the west coast of India, Indian submarine crew will then board the boat on-site learning . Indian Navy with a senior military officer as saying that “the British attack submarine equipped with the world’s most advanced sonar systems and weapons, our crew is looking forward to a nuclear submarine in this hands-on practice.” The official also said “In other countries, the navy’s help, we will get experience.” Some analysts believe that power as the old nuclear submarines, British and Russian nuclear submarines in the operation and use have extensive experience in India can take advantage of a more relaxed international space, Bo mining house long, as soon as possible to master complex technical operation and maintenance of nuclear submarines.
“external integration” of the road
with the United States, Russia, Britain, France and China completely independent development of nuclear submarines is different from India is taking a unique “external integration” road. On the one hand, technology is not difficult to build India’s independence the “body count” was to test their technology and materials, training a group of professionals to create 5-6 to achieve the target ballistic missile submarines lay the foundation; the other hand, India classic design from the Russian leased the “Akula” -2-class nuclear submarines, through the “comparative study” or “reverse research” to further reinforce the experience for the future to build more advanced submarines to do technical reserves. Seen in the nuclear submarine research and development, India is strenuous thought, also called quite strategic vision.
Some analysts believe that India will help speed up this short-cut way to progress the development of nuclear submarines, but in the long run is not necessarily a good thing. Equipment in the Navy, the submarine can be described as the most sophisticated and complex platforms, from the linear hull, cabin layout, weapon configuration to maintain the safety of the reactor, and both require long-term technology accumulation and preparation, but these are lacking in India of. At present, India does not even have independent design and manufacture of conventional submarines, submarine launched directly, the technical risks can be imagined. In addition, India’s submarine-launched missile technology is still not mature, so the new nuclear submarine deterrent capability as doubtful.
visible in a short time, “body count” was only as the role of experimental platform, on loan from Russia, “Cheetah” is more like a teaching boat, India wants to achieve The nuclear submarine power of dreams is still a long way to go.