Built in the United States and Russia and other powers eager to compete for space supremacy Space Command (map)
Who owns the future of space superiority and anyone can play a decisive role in the war process can
newspaper freelance writer Guang-Wen Chen
U.S. global security network connection on June 16 Japan’s Kyodo news agency quoted the sources said, China plans to set up an “air and space operations command center,” and stepped up for the future “Space Force” personnel training, service in the country’s space operations. This story itself does not cause too much waves, but today’s world, to ensure space in this “fourth battlefield” of control, countries have set up a special preparation of the establishment of Space Command and the armed forces, but it is already a certainty facts.
US-Russian competition for building the first “space force”
desire for military dominance of the United States, first set his sights beyond Earth. U.S. Space Command in its conception in 2020, said, “Today’s military operations rely heavily on space capabilities, especially in the future.”
for the implementation of real space combat, the U.S. military during the Cold War formed North American Aerospace Defense Command and other units, based on the step up to create “space force.” Back in the early 1990s, the U.S. military set up by more than 100 astronauts and more than 7,000 technical staff of the aerospace division, responsible for spacecraft launch and control. Later, in 2000 established the 76th Space Control Squadron and 527 “aggressor” squadrons were responsible for space defense and attack missions.
Currently, the U.S. commander of space forces born by the cosmonauts as a four-star general Kevin Chilton, headquarters in Colorado Peterson Air Force Base. The command directly under the Joint Chiefs of Staff, under the jurisdiction of the Air Force Space Command, Naval Space Command and Army Space Command, under Air Force Space Warfare Center has support center operations, naval space combat support centers, aerospace, defense and joint operations center aerospace operations center.
the face of aggressive U.S. posture, strength not as though Russia’s Soviet Union, but also unambiguous. As early as 1993, the Russian military to begin the preparation of space operations, early warning and reconnaissance systems, and completion of the merger in 1997, a rocket forces, military space forces and missile defense forces, building, formally created in 2001 for a “military.”
Russian “army day” return to the General Staff and the Department of Defense Joint management, preparation of 9 million people, including military space forces and space missile defense forces in two parts. The series has a missile defense aerospace Army, under the jurisdiction of a missile attack warning division, an anti-missile defense division (including eight missile launch position), a space surveillance division, an aerospace equipment, test and total command center , while some of the special measuring equipment. Far as the anti-satellite technology, the Russian space forces has now reached the level of actual combat.
rising star of the wishful thinking
scrambling to develop a two-faced Russian “space force” of the situation, the other second-tier countries under tremendous pressure, natural have some action.
Indian Defense Ministry is now actively preparing Space Command, the unified desire to control national resources to deal with threats from the surrounding space. India is actively developing long-range ballistic missiles, military spacecraft, space-based laser weapons, and envisages transition to the Air Force “air and space forces,” or “aerospace force.” It is reported that the future of the Indian Space Command will follow the American model, in satellite, airborne early warning system and coordination between the spacecraft, the aerospace and aviation management system up a unified command. In this command with the participation of Indian lunar exploration program has been implemented and the Mars exploration program.
limited by the pacifist constitution, Japan’s military organizational structure is difficult groundbreaking action, so the use of “integrating the armed forces’ strategy to develop cutting-edge aerospace technology name of scientific research. For example, Japan has spent a lot for lunar exploration, the project is the orbit of a major key technologies, such as be used for intercontinental missiles, the missile defense system is a breakthrough in effective means. Japan’s deep space exploration but also non-stop, the latest harvest, the “Hayabusa” asteroid probe experienced a seven-year space voyage, on June 13 this year to return to Earth, shows the Japanese spacecraft monitoring and control strong position.
Korea also actively promote the establishment directly under Air Force Space Command, and plans to set up in 2015, space operations group, responsible for managing their own military satellites, and the establishment of ballistic missile early warning system. 2025 The command complete after the completion of the space operations as a key component-based system, to assume the task of Aerospace Command and Control.
a certificate of future wars
the universe since the door has been opened to mankind, outer space, quickly revealing the close relationship with national security, become the land, sea and sky after the fourth battle. Military scientists in accordance with the idea of ??the future “Space Force” is a synthetic force, in general, including ground support, spacecraft, military, automation, command and control units. Space combat style is varied, including information warfare, satellite warfare, electronic warfare, missile warfare and computer warfare, reflecting the technical complexity, arms synergy is high.
However, before the establishment of an independent, most of these units scattered in various services or agencies, the duplication of functions, decentralized, not well coordinated. After repeated adjustments and practice, the only countries to establish a special deep command structure in order to make “space force” to maximize operational efficiency.
in the next war, if a country has a space advantage, then it can be any targets, the Earth’s surface uninterrupted surveillance, battlefield intelligence and real-time protection was significantly enhanced; spacecraft can task requires, at any time in the target over the battlefield mobility quantum leap; use directed energy space weapons platform can damage the target, precision strike capability than ever before; outer space without shelter bar, combat platforms can significantly reduce fuel consumption, maximum improve operational efficiency … …
precisely because the temptation to see such a huge number of people continue to spread: If you can not have a country under the command of Space Command and the “space force”, there is no eligible to play next war. Of a developing country, if not actively integrate their own space capabilities in keeping with this trend, then they are right to speak in the world situation is also hard to ensure I am afraid.