Lu Hangfei military trainees to spend close to 80 lines kilograms of gold price
China’s army aviation helicopter base coach ready for battle training.
Southern Weekend reporter freelance writer Liu Bin Li Chuan-new
develop an Air Force fighter pilot, almost needs weight in gold. Training an army helicopter pilot it?
a common people how to become a helicopter to perform combat missions in the pilot?
in China, you must first move through the Air Force to fly into the flight school two years of flight theory. Then, into the Army Aviation School, learn to drive utility helicopter. After graduating into different units, and then modified for different uses, types of helicopters, or armed helicopters or transport helicopters … …
1999 years ago, China Aviation Air Force pilot training totally dependent. At that time, those who were wearing Air Force uniform, worked day and night fighter driving skills students in a graduate need more mental preparation, he may lose the opportunity to m altitude clouds chase, all day long rivalry with the trees.
difficult to say whether the United States or the Soviet Union changed the fate of Army Aviation. Almost 30 years ago, U.S. helicopters in Vietnam, not only is the Air Force declared the sky; 20 years ago, the Soviet Union has run with 110 helicopters in Kabul … …
Thus, in 1999, the Chinese Army Aviation Academy school. Although theoretical studies still rely on the Air Force, but the Chinese army finally has its own flight school. Head of School of flight theory, Wang Jingchun the Southern Weekend reporter: “Aviation is the main combat pilots, to measure the force can not win the war, pilots will see the quality and quantity.”
want to come true, the simulator before flying 48 hours
huge left hand pull the total, the helicopter where they stand. Push the right hand stick, the aircraft began to move forward … … to accelerate the scene moves in front shows that you have successfully completed the take-off.
totally based on the direct -11 manufacturing of flight simulators, from the cockpit to the dashboard no difference, even the driving experience completely identical with the real machine. Started his helicopter flight students are driving, is to use it to experience the first flight.
Aviation pilot training until -11 is one of the main model. However, compared to real aircraft, simulators biggest advantage is security. Of course, it “is not the weather constraints.”
with Air Force fighter pilot to go through early education, higher education two different stages of training, Army aviation pilots to complete the study of theory, they directly into the training mission mounting flight. “Helicopters do not teach this early stage.” Wang Jingchun said, but in order to avoid the span from theory to practice too much, they have enough flying in the simulator some time.
This reference to foreign and Chinese civil aviation training experience – after the first theory, modeling, simulation, after passing the examination, a short flight on the real equipment apprenticeship. China’s civil aviation pilots have been sent to the United States to accept the Boeing 747 driving training simulator to fly the United States requires forty to fifty hours, when the only real driving 747 to 20 minutes, the two rise and fall time, we can determine whether the captain.
do so, first of all is the economy. “College is using the most expensive aircraft,” Wang Jingchun told reporters, “a one-hour flight cost not less than ten thousand dollars.” If they are training pilots flying with real equipment, that how much money?
was calculated that an account, “the four-year graduation from recruit to fly them, the cost of a pilot about 70-80 kg of gold price.” Yang Xue, director of flight training base, said rain, so the Army Aviation training pilots to talk about efficiency. General flight simulator 13 hours 20 minutes, costs the equivalent of flying training mission three days of training volume. “The regiment has three flying days are flying 4.5 hours.” Wang Jingchun said, “each of which is equivalent to savings of more than 30,000.”
familiar with the simulator flight, even if no real air experience, it helps to develop the helicopter flight, for example, should look at what the various stages of flight instrument, what instrument reading, attention to be divided.
good flight simulator can even set up special case handling. Wang Jingchun was trained in France, Eurocopter, the helicopter simulator flight on the tried how to dispose of non-powered state. “Every time I fly straight then 11, felt felt very bottom, even if a sudden lack of power, and as long as the rotor constantly, I do not fear.” Wang said.
without going through the simulator training novice encountered such a situation is bound to have psychological gap. “It’s like a novice driving, Driving out just when the car did not attend to see road signs and only in the opening over a period of time, become more familiar with the car even after the street fight you have some time to read.”
So, beginning this year, a new Army aviation training program requirements, the helicopter pilot to go through 48 hours of flight simulators, flight training mission before entering real driving machine.
for a quasi-pilots, flight test training mission into the only really come.
enough to fly 100 hours is the minimum requirement
biggest challenge is the year of mounting flight student attrition rate as high as 25% -30%.
lead to the grounding of the direct causes include physical discomfort. The flight simulator is one thing, true to the sky still be different. Suited to activities such as three-dimensional space, find the balance, there is a take off on the vomiting, you even Gubuguolai, let alone a helicopter.
most cases it is grounded due to technical reasons. Training program in accordance with the requirements, the minimum requirement is 100 hours of flying enough students for graduation, but, “a student can fly out in the end, experienced instructors look at his reaction, learning and acceptance, we can roughly determine the out. “Army Aviation Flight School Training Corps captain of a common text of the East said.
Wang Jingchun agree to this. Playing ball games, “Who can fly to any level, can tell you that I specify.” In his view, any outstanding athletic ability, physical coordination, good eye grassland, often more attention to the target, the brain can handle multiple messages. “Of course there are exceptions to the air the sound of the engine, there are eyes immediately made straight.”
as combatants on the battlefield, the pilot must have the ability to separate tasks, thus, in the prescribed curriculum time, frequency or less, reach the standard of solo practitioners, the result must be – eliminated.
students who left, the pressure is increased gradually. In general, the teacher took off a few hours with the airspace, then landing Lianshu, students must try to “solo.” “Put the solo is to show that the level of the students, he flew up, do not help teachers.” Chang Wen-dong stressed that more important is to give students confidence, “otherwise his life he did not know their okay, is not teacher helping me. “
‘s about life and death of the solo. Passed that hurdle, the rest is easy.
course, there are daytime and night two complex weather highly difficult subjects. However, these subjects is not so much the test participants, as it is the instructor.
helicopter pick-up coaches, students and faculty sit side by side, the instructor sat in the left hand side. Such as flying at low altitude hover, students just starting from a height on the machine, first four meters and three meters, two meters, until half a meter. “The lower the height of the more dangerous because the ground by a small rebound in the air, the plane changes, especially fast.” Chang Wen-dong said, teachers should not only be responsible for teaching students, but also to time to ensure security, “he has done wrong action, and faculty immediately corrected him, or is likely to touch the ground up. “
not 600 hours to put out is not at ease
on flight training in terms of , a qualified pilot training course is a priority, and ensure that flight safety is a prerequisite for all efforts. The sky is the decisive role of teacher performance.
Chang Wen-East where the General Staff of Army aviation flight training of a group, 57-year history. Since 1955, there was a second flight accident (Editor’s note: Typically refers to the crash survivors), 55 years has been to maintain flight safety.
“flight instructor and new students, much larger than the pressure of combat troops.” Wang Jingchun said, “You (teachers) the right man, not only can not help you complete the task, but also give you a manufacturing anomaly. “In his view, the situation in the air once the teacher can not be found, or dispose of late,” is very dangerous. ”
in the flight training mission had been the head of Wang Jingchun, have just hit the first half of the year no new students, he decided to enhance the training of trainers. That the whole regiment six months he trained as instructors are four kinds of weather pilots, as well as the commander seventy-eight four kinds of weather. “Although the task more difficult, and I also flew more than 300 hours, but feel particularly relaxed, he has no pressure, because teachers are strong, not too worry about.” Wang said.
flight safety depends on the aircraft, personnel, environment, experience of flying training mission is to ensure that these three aspects in strict accordance with procedures.
staff is not only pilots, but also including maintenance, fuel, weather and other aspects of service personnel. “To ensure that the aircraft took off without fault.” Yang Xue, director of flight training base in the rain, said the flight environment is also very important, “The training group is located in Shanxi, dry and dusty climate, inhaled engines also have an impact on the engine.” Flying day there is no danger of the weather must be forecast in advance. “Flight safety is a system which links do not do will be trouble.”
training mission since the spread of “a rag of the story.” Talking about a few years ago the day, flight training in the coming day, the crew suddenly found a piece of cloth a small toolbox. Day of the flight commander immediately decided not to find this piece of cloth, the aircraft will not fly. Thus, in the heat of the sun, they are rummaging through looking for more than three hours, only to discover later is a rag to the wind next to the bush, then the flight was to proceed.
in Yang Xue Yu’s view, “80% of flight accidents are human factors, mechanical factors, a small proportion.” For example, in the course of many years training pilots, flight training, study groups adhere to a single car, a person holding a list of concept, launched another helicopter, as required, to do so is to ensure that the correct procedures, “because sometimes people’s memory will be problems The. ”
having gone through more than 100 hours of flight training, and all through this period of assessment after a helicopter pilot from the form be born, to remove part of the stay in the institution when the teacher, one of the major some will enter the front-line combat troops.
but the actual situation, these fresh pilots did not have the capability. “There is no 600 hours to put out the people do not trust.” Wang Jingchun said. What is the level for them in the end, the text of the East’s answer is often “fly”, meaning have the basic ability to drive.