China to develop short-range air defense weapons systems research the land Shield -2000
made one landing near Shield 2000 anti-missile and artillery systems
LONDON October 12 News: Asian Military Review published in London in October an independent defense and aviation historian Tom Mu Weixin Dayton’s article said, although when so the main focus in the eyes of the world can deal with theater ballistic missiles and high altitude aircraft in/on a remote surface to air missile, but the world’s countries are still striving to develop short-range air defense system to cope with unmanned aerial vehicles, low-flying aircraft and other threats, to protect ground troops and vehicles. China is also investing heavily in the development of short-range air defense system, the Institute successfully developed the first 713 out of 2000 land Shield melee Gun Weapon System – The system uses 8 × 8 type TA5450 variant military trucks to do the chassis, coat seven 30 mm anti-aircraft artillery, maximum range 3,000 meters.
in the field of low-altitude air defense weapon system, the U.S. Army and Marine Corps are the largest users, has received 1,100 units of its Boeing M1097 “Avenger” short-range air defense system, some of which had participated in the 1992 ” Operation Desert Storm “and 2003′s” Operation Iraqi Freedom. ” “Avenger” for high-mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle, equipped with two launchers, each including four FIM-92C “Stinger” missiles, to install the tower can cover 360 °, also have a forward-looking infrared systems for fire control. Such missiles can provide 200-3800 m altitude air defense, fire can move. In addition, 12.7 mm machine gun to ensure that the threat range of 200 meters, the target on the ground to provide a favorable secondary defense. FIM-92 “Stinger” for short-range air defense systems, worldwide sales are good, both as a man-portable air defense systems, also used as a vehicle-mounted weapon.
article said that Russia has long been a center of powerful short-range air defense systems, but also a Tunguska-M track the use of state vehicles. Such a tracked vehicle can be installed two 2A38M 30 毫米 weapons and eight 9M311 missiles, plus 1RL144 target search and tracking radar. Russian armed forces purchase about 256 sets of such systems. Since the early 1980s began to be delivered to the Russian army, most recently used Tungusk in 2008 South Ossetia war.
the Russian military’s use of short-range air defense system, another is the “armor”-S1. With the other systems mentioned in the report similar to the missiles and artillery also, that six “ready – launch the” radar-guided 57E6/-E missile with a range of up to 15,000 meters with three Mach speed intercept flying targets. In addition to these missiles, there are two 2A38M 30-mm guns, a maximum range of 4,000 meters, the highest rate of fire of 5000 rounds per minute. “Armor”-S1 although the installation of the KAMAZ-6560 eight wheeler, but can also be installed in the chassis on the track. Target search and track fire control radar can be. “Armor”-S1 in 2008 delivered to the Russian armed forces, for the replacement of Tunguska-M1, Russia in 2018 is expected to deploy about 300 systems.
Russian suppliers produce another wheel anti-aircraft system components include the KB Tochmash Precision Engineering Design Bureau developed the 9K31 “Arrow (Strela) -1″ high mobility to low-altitude short-range infrared homing of air missiles. The air defense system consists of four 9M31 missiles, vehicle platform for the BRDM-2 wheeled amphibious armored vehicles. Such missiles can be aimed at the target height of 900-4200 meters. 9K31 “Arrow 1″ is now in service in one of the first low-altitude defense system.
Russia has also produced a track-type short-range air defense system, 9K35 “Arrow” -10 including four-mounted infrared-guided missile launcher, mounted on MT-LB amphibious vehicle. It is believed that the Russian army is still 350 9K31 car service, in addition to several other former Soviet countries, India, Jordan, Cuba, North Korea and Vietnam in the use of such systems. 9K31 has been used in combat, but also in the “Desert Storm” and shot down 27 allied aircraft. In 1999, the allied forces for action in Kosovo and Serbia, the missile successfully shot down Air Force A-10A “Lightning” ground attack aircraft. Finally, 9K35 “Arrow” -10 with Almaz-Antey air defense systems company Morfei short joint, which is expected to be 2015 to enter the Russian army in service. About Morfei details is sketchy, but expected with Fakel OKB’s 9M100 short-range anti-aircraft missiles with a range of about 10 km.
South Korea’s Daewoo Heavy Industries, through its K30 “Flying Tiger” products among the short-range air defense world, this product is double-barreled anti-aircraft guns installed tracked chassis, artillery and radar and electro-optical tracking for fire control. “Flying Tiger” effective range of 3,000 meters, and have the ability to attack ground targets. Although exports are still waiting for customers, but K30 “Tiger” has been started in 2002, delivered to the South Korean troops.
Korea has repeatedly stressed that K30 “Flying Tiger” and the K-SAM “Pegasus” short-range air defense missile success. K-SAM based on Thales/MBDA’s “Sidewinder” missile system, the South Korean military in 1999 purchased 48. K-SAM “Pegasus” is basically the “Sidewinder” missiles and launchers and Daewoo Heavy Industries of South Korea K-200 armored fighting vehicles tracked chassis. The first “Sidewinder” Order began in 1999, after four years and the purchase of a 66. K-200 after the deformation of vehicle K-263 is designed for air defense, the use of K-200 armored vehicles, equipped with 20 mm anti-aircraft guns, can attack air targets at 1200 meters and 2000 meters of ground targets.
China is also investing heavily in the development of short-range air defense system, 713 Institute has successfully developed a superior ability to land a melee shield 2000 Gun Weapon System – The system uses 8 × 8 type TA5450 variant military trucks to do chassis, upload seven 30 mm anti-aircraft guns, maximum rate of fire per minute, 5800 issue, as far as a range of 3,000 meters. In addition to 30 mm anti-aircraft outside of its short-range anti-aircraft missiles can also be configured. Australian air force magazine recently carried an article saying, Lu Dun -2000 system is basically the PLA Navy’s existing 730-style close combat weapon system derived from the system, based on the U.S. ‘Phalanx’ short-range defensive weapons systems and the European Union goalkeeper short-range defensive weapons systems modeled manufacturing. The air defense capability, the land is believed to shield -2000 effectiveness of the system comparable to the 18 65 type 37 mm double-barreled anti-aircraft consisting of a battalion.
Iran reflects China’s short-range air defense efforts, Iran has developed a Mesbah-1 low-altitude air defense systems. R & D began in 1992, series production started in May this year. This artillery system per minute rate of fire of about 4000 made. Mesbah-1 and the Russian ZSU-23-4 “Shilka” 23 mm anti-aircraft system is somewhat similar, but found the picture that Mesbah-1 as a trailer-type weapons. Three Wei Leida and electro-optical fire control system can be.
In short, the anti-aircraft guns of the development path seems to be trailer-type vehicles, transit countries, to enhance mobility. Modern short-range air defense system can be installed on wheeled or tracked vehicles. Surface-to-air missiles, coupled with versatile weapons available to protect deployed troops, or moving troops. When not used for air defense, artillery also has some minor anti-ground target ability. (Spring)