China will deploy next year, two S-class submarines in service (Figure)
China recently launched a new meta-level of a diesel-electric submarines
LONDON Oct. 11 news: Asian Military Review article, said the September, Asian countries are purchasing a new round of submarine flows, future A total of ten years, excluding China will purchase more than 90 submarines, totaling more than $ 50 billion. The article also revealed China’s submarine force, said the two “meta” class submarines will be completed sea trials next year to deploy troops. But even if China’s submarine modernization, there are the old design and the lack of advanced weapons control systems and air independent power plant (AIP) and other issues. However, China reportedly is developing AIP system.
two Chinese “Yuan” class submarines will be deployed next year in service
article said, there are eleven countries in Asia have a submarine, they were Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, Singapore and Thailand, all of these countries have plans to expand and upgrade its submarine fleet. In addition, Vietnam is acquiring submarines, Thailand and Bangladesh are interested in the formation of the submarine fleet. Now, the submarine sank an enemy warships and merchant ships of the traditional anti-surface ship mission, has been replaced by anti-submarine warfare missions. However, submarines are still shouldering the reconnaissance mission, and the ability to transport special forces have also been strengthened, and specialized or modified version of the ship-to-ground missiles there, means that the submarines can now attack ground targets.
It is estimated that over the next ten years, excluding China, the Asian market will absorb more than 90 submarines, submarines, totaling more than $ 50 billion. Moreover, the Asian countries not only have to purchase power from the diesel engine driven submarine battery charging conventional diesel-electric submarines, but also procurement of nuclear-powered submarines – nuclear-powered submarine is truly unlimited-endurance submarines, and stealth is very fast.
The article said that China and India, two Asian powers rival each other with Asia’s largest submarine fleet. Beijing has a small-scale nuclear-powered submarine fleet, but since 2007 the second 093, “Business” class submarine appeared, after Beijing had been thinking about the next action. At the same time, China also attaches great importance to conventional submarines, is producing 041-type “element” class submarines – reported that, “Yuan” class submarines in the 083-type “Song” class submarines, based on the evolved, and ” Song “class submarines by Russian” Kilo “class submarine impact. 1995 to 2006, China purchased twelve “Kilo” class submarines.
“Yuan” class submarines, the first ship, the tests have been continued for four years is expected that another two “meta” class submarines will be completed sea trials next year to deploy troops. But even if China’s submarine modernization, there are the old design and the lack of advanced weapons control systems and air independent power plant (AIP) and other issues. However, Wuhan, China is reportedly developing AIP system.
article points out that India has developed nuclear submarines are not dependent on the vision of air power plant, has recently launched its first ship-made “body count” nuclear submarine. Although most observers agree that this is the Russian-made “Charlie-I” class nuclear attack submarine imitation, but the submarine has been the impact of European design elements. While India’s initial plan will be designed ballistic missile submarines, but its two sister boats – at least one under construction – will be equipped with cruise missiles. New Delhi also plans to build another three attack submarines, but as a temporary measure, it has plans to lease from Russia “Nerpa” submarine, a term of ten years.
New Delhi plans to create a composition of 24 submarines submarine fleet, but this process is not smooth. The plans two projects, namely 75A and 75I engineering projects to achieve this plan, and the first project has been selected by the French company DCNS and Spain Navan Tia (Navantia) joint shipyard to build the “Scorpene” (Scorpène) class submarines. French company DCNS to provide six submarines for India’s submarines shell kit, electronic equipment and propulsion, which can be purchased plus the other nine submarines – the nine submarines in Mazha Gang Dock Company completed the assembly, scheduled for 2012 delivered between 2018.
the 75I project six submarines are equipped with air independent power plant, the availability of land attack capability has not yet been decided, the French company DCNS, Horvath German shipyard, Spain Navan Tia (Navantia ) shipyard and Rosoboronexport of submarine design consideration in New Delhi within. Now this problem has been urgent, because in 2015, when India’s submarine fleet may be remaining five.
four Chinese in Pakistan or purchase “dollars” or “Song” class submarine
the other side in Asia, Japan and South Korea through excellent dock facilities to maintain a modern submarine force. Tokyo seeks to maintain a 16 diesel-electric submarines forces each year to replace one, but due to financial constraints, may be replaced every two years to one. Shipyard is producing “black dragon” class submarine, such a combination of Swedish submarines Stirling air-independent propulsion, but with modern combat systems and mast detector.
neighboring South Korea steadily developed its own submarine capabilities, including licensed production from small submarines to the German 209/1200 type KSS-I “Zhangbaogao” class submarines to the current KSS-2 project. Which also involves the design of the German Shipbuilding shipyard Hathaway licensed product, the 214-style with air-independent propulsion, but the first batch of three, after the second batch will consist of seven. The second batch is scheduled to start this year, the first launched in 2013 and another 3500 tons design, KSS-3 plan, although this project was the world financial crisis, but two years have passed, but the first submarine is still scheduled to join the fleet in 2020. North Korea is undoubtedly needed to replace its 23 ‘Romeo’ class submarines (some of which have more than 35 years).
present, will soon be fitted out in the only air-independent propulsion submarines of the country is Pakistan, which in 2008 received three “Agosta” class submarines (also called “Khalid” level) in the last one. Bus system “Hamza” was to the French company DCNS air-independent propulsion model as a model, and another one arrived in Pakistan this year will also be modified, while the third ship will also benefit from this. After seeking three Pakistani air-independent propulsion submarines, and in 2006 as a 214-style selection Hathaway shipyard of choice for suppliers, but the talks postponed, apparently because of fear of the unrest in Berlin regional sales impact of such a submarine.
spring, Pakistan began on the three problems with four submarines DNCS negotiations with China, the former to provide its new “Marlins” class submarines, and this is the Spanish shipyard Navan Tia “Scorpene” submarine dispute solution. But Vice President June 2010 visit to China is Pakistan’s traditional allies, Beijing to strengthen its negotiating position of a chance. Although details were not disclosed, but it seems possible that Beijing will provide the four “dollar” or “Song” class submarines.
Russia will build a submarine base in Vietnam to strengthen the naval forces
article pointed out that Southeast Asia has a very dynamic submarine market and buy two for Malaysia “Scorpene” class submarines and has been promoting, and Malaysia may also purchase “Agosta” class (Agosta 70) “Wu Aisang (Ouessant)” submarine, which is on loan from France to Malaysia a submarine for training in Malaysia may buy it directly.
in the north, Vietnam has become the latest country to buy submarines, which indicates that Vietnam is still suspected of China and China’s close relations with Russia. Currently, Vietnam is to modernize and expand its fleet to oppose the potential of China’s resource-rich South China Sea declaration of sovereignty over the islands, and Russia are happy to spread the use of ships of China’s military resources, forcing the Chinese navy will mainly concentrate in the south to deal with India, not as they are now on the Fu Yuenan.
present, Vietnam has two “Yu-high” (Yugo) class mini-submarine, although it might be able to provide training for the backbone of the crew, but no longer running. However, Vietnam has signed a contract worth $ 1.8 billion, purchased from Russia 6 “Kilo” class (Type 636) submarines, the submarine will have a carrying capacity of land-attack missiles, and Moscow will also help Vietnam The construction of a submarine base, its location may be in Vietnam, Da Nang.
In addition, the Asian current project is another major submarine to the beginning of the Australian “future submarine project”, code-named “Sea 1000″, the submarine may be European-designed submarine shell-based, and equipped with U.S. combat systems, sensors and weapons. Australia’s submarine fleet from the present by the 6 ‘Collins’ class submarines, the submarine to submarine design, based in Sweden, but in the staffing and maintenance issues experienced many hardships, which means that at any time, in Australia, the state patrol rarely more than one submarine.
However, “future submarine project” Australia will provide a new type of submarine, the “Collins” class submarines, the new submarines farther (more than 11,500 sea miles or 21,300 kilometers), faster (20 more), patrol time more durable and stronger performance.
now, Australia would seek 8-12 submarines, it will be the primary problem is to choose a suitable 3,000-ton submarine design to meet the longer time of transport and patrol needs. However, from the relevant circumstances, the new reduced to six the number of submarines look more realistic, although there are still staffing the location. The design of the submarine by 2015, construction work started from 2016, the first new submarines will replace a 2024, “Collins’ class submarines. (Compiled: Spring)