Experts how to crack the United States and foreign new constraint on China policy
Experts how to crack the United States and foreign new constraint on China policy.
Yuan Peng, Institute of Contemporary International Relations Institute of the United States, researchers
Shi Renmin University of China Institute of International Relations Professor
Wei Song School of International Relations, Peking University, Associate Professor
Kaersaiye Australian Defence Force Academy professor, expert on Southeast Asia
experts Quotations] [
Hillary suddenly US-Japan trilateral talks over the Diaoyu Islands issue, describes U.S. policy in Asia moves great change soon, very innovative thinking. This, China should learn from.
China should abandon a fantasy, that is driven by its own regional integration process, so all around the Southeast Asian countries around China, it is almost impossible.
too seriously if the United States, our diplomacy will be very difficult around, not a strategic friend in a pinch.
Moderator newspaper reporter Liangjia Wen Sheng Nan at
China to the United States, “regression” ill-prepared
“International Herald Tribune”: October 28, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton made the United States in Hawaii, Asia-Pacific policy, and use the “anterior diplomacy” (Forward-deployed) to describe the word. How do you evaluate this U.S. policy?
Yuan Peng: Hillary’s speech was more balanced, we have stressed that the relationship between the Allies, but also stressed the importance of the relationship with new partners, but also with considerable coverage on relations with China, including trade and economic cooperation, regional security and nuclear, the Iraqi nuclear issue. In fact, the United States or emphasize a constructive partnership with China, which is an objective description of China-US relations.
can be expected, leading the U.S. to play a good role, it in the relevant areas, issues, intervention will be more active, positive and in-depth. Objectively, this coexistence of the two countries will bring challenges. In addition, to strengthen the U.S. military deployment in the Asia Pacific region, China’s peripheral security environment will pose a potential uncertainty. Although far from containing China, but China will exert tremendous pressure.
Song Wei: not necessarily a “containment”, it should be said to be “binding.” U.S. tries to put its own China-led regional framework, constraints, China’s behavior, to prevent the Chinese challenge to U.S. regional dominance.
during the administration of President George W. Bush, the U.S. was ignoring Asia. Now, it wants to return to Asia, playing a leading role, to prevent a dominant China in Asia. Strong U.S. intervention, is bound to limit the development of China, Chinese thought problems, such as territorial disputes with neighboring countries, the problem in the short term has been difficult to resolve.
Shi: U.S. Asia policy is now very active in Northeast Asia, Southeast Asia and India, have shown quite active. Originally, anyone can conduct diplomacy in Asia, engage in healthy competition, the friends more than anyone else. However, there is a premise, not undermine the interests of third countries. However, the U.S. behind high-sounding Mandarin, intentions and motivations are not kind. For example, when the Clinton’s visit to Cambodia publicly incite the relationship between China and Cambodia. Also, for the Mekong development issues, she said the countries of the basin, “the downstream water level low.” (The implication is accusing China as the countries of the Mekong River upstream of the development and utilization – editor’s note).
However, in Asia and the United States can not fully open confrontation with China, Sino-US cooperation in place there, such as the North Korean nuclear issue. In fact, the United States take advantage of China’s tense relations with neighboring countries, in promoting its Asian diplomacy. Objective that the United States doing more successful in Asia.
Kaerseye: In 1997, China in the ASEAN Regional Forum meeting on the “new security concept”, the relationship between China and Southeast Asia have made great progress. China became ASEAN’s strategic partners. Subsequently, the Chinese in Southeast Asia’s political influence has been growing. In the reign of George W. Bush, U.S. unilateralism, the global war on terrorism, and not to support ASEAN’s multilateral policy, it alienated many Southeast Asian countries. Now, the Obama administration has changed its policy, began to support ASEAN regional multilateralism. And China for the United States, this “shift”, but unprepared.
Diaoyu Islands issue should not be engaging the U.S.
“International Herald Tribune”: for the Diaoyu Islands issue, Hillary suddenly proposed US-Japan trilateral talks. Chinese Foreign Ministry has made clear that refusal. China in the end not to join the tripartite talks it?
Wei Song: of course, is talking about as well. Obvious reason, relations between United States and Japan are allies, but China and the U.S. partnership nature of the relationship is entirely different. If you join them, China is certainly at a disadvantage disadvantage. Dispute does not have to talk through the way the United States to intervene, can the Sino-Japanese bilateral talks. The results of the trilateral talks, can only be bound to China. China on this issue can retain their freedom. A premature Hou, whether negotiation or conflict, did not mean much.
Similarly, for the expansion of the East Asia Summit, China as a regional one of the participants, there is no need too active, but not necessary for cooperation across the region put too much energy. Through regional integration and cooperation to solve the problem, is unlikely. In fact, because of strong U.S. intervention, problem solving has become less likely.
Shi: Absolutely not. First, in addition to the loss of national sovereignty, territorial disputes in the history of the world never to be resolved by bilateral; Second, the U.S. position on the Diaoyu Islands issue of partiality, which openly support Japan’s position, Clinton twice to Japan Foreign Minister Maehara that the “Japan-US Security Agreement” applies to the Diaoyu Islands. This attitude of the United States, became the fulcrum of hardliners in Japan, exacerbated by the difficulty of improving Sino-Japanese relations. Hillary’s proposal, but the idea of ??unilateral U.S., China made it clear that the Diaoyu Islands are China and Japan do.
U.S. interests in Asia is not without overlapping
“International Herald Tribune”: U.S. Asia policy emphasizes three goals: improving regional security and achieve regional economic prosperity, and promoting American values. Among them, the common interests overlap with China do?
Yuan Peng: in common, there are also contradictory. Economically, the plan to double exports to the United States must rely on a large dynamic Asia-Pacific market, especially the Chinese market, China also needs to include the United States, the Asia Pacific market. In fact, Sino-US economic relationship has been formed communities of interest.
on security, China and the U.S. have similarities, both sides want peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific region, to prevent nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction proliferation. But there are also areas of conflict, especially in the maritime territorial disputes, the United States and China’s stance contrary. Concept of regional security, the Asia-Pacific is the bilateral alliance as the support, or rely on multilateral cooperation, the two have differences.
Shi: If there is overlap with China, the United States that is most reluctant to do serious economic aspects of the. Process of economic integration in Asia, the United States the least influential. In the past, the United States do not want to have a multilateral mechanism to promote the Asia-Pacific region, fear of affecting their relationship with the allies. But now, the United States quickly join the East Asia Summit, in a sense, the U.S. interest in multilateral mechanisms become more active, and even more than China to be positive. Hillary Clinton suddenly made contact again on three Sino-US talks on the Diaoyu Islands issue, describes U.S. policy in Asia moves great change soon, very innovative thinking. This, China should learn from.
China’s diplomatic strategy should have a large layout
“International Herald Tribune”: from this year’s “ship” incident, the South China Sea islands dispute over sovereignty, and the current Sino-Japanese dispute over the Diaoyu Islands, China for the direction of the surrounding ocean diplomatic situation became tense. So, faced with the strong involvement of the United States, China should be how to “punch” to resolve, passive diplomacy to reverse the situation around.
Song Wei: China should be a cold cold enthusiasm for regional integration, because the strong involvement of the United States, China would like to make things, in fact very difficult to make, that is made, and that’s not necessarily in line with China’s needs. For political and security nature of the East Asia Summit and other mechanisms, some of China’s attitude should be careful in favor of putting more energy into specific bilateral relations, do solid work, the bilateral relations to avoid premature controversy involving sovereign territory.
reduce the enthusiasm of the regional multilateral mechanism, does not mean doing nothing. China and the ASEAN Free Trade Area of ??the issue, China should actively promote, and with South Korea free trade agreement, as well. Because of economic cooperation, competition does not involve security, regional leadership, but does not involve a bilateral territorial dispute, economic cooperation, China can meet their development needs.
be pointed out that China should abandon a fantasy, that is driven by its own regional integration process, so all around the Southeast Asian countries around China. It is almost impossible, the more China to do so can only provoke more resentment.
Kaerseye: For Westerners, those mentioned in your question, China’s response to arouse a great deal of shock and alert. China seems to be too self-confident and assertive. China’s action, re-kindled in these countries fear the potential threat to China. China has been trying to sell its “peaceful rise” and “harmonious world” concept, but recent diplomatic practice is highly undesirable.
diplomacy to defuse the tension surrounding the plight of America’s Asia policy response to the offensive, the Chinese must decide on three main issues: China hopes to cooperate with the United States; China wants to promote their own claim to sovereignty over the South China Sea ; China will reach the South China Sea in 2002 and the “Declaration of the South China Sea operations.”
Shi: We do not always hold “on U.S. foreign policy is the most important” concept, the focus is not wrong, but what you really need multiple? Worth considering, the problem is that China has too much attention to the U.S. body.
recently, China’s current diplomacy around the more difficult cases, significantly strengthened the European diplomatic efforts. In the South China Sea issue, China has taken a patient approach in Vietnam. These are all right. If the United States too seriously, our diplomacy will be very difficult around, not a strategic friend in a pinch.
current U.S. foreign dry very successful in Asia, Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton and Defense Secretary Robert Gates visited frequently in Asia, go there smiling, showing a great effort. Therefore, China should learn to the United States. Americans to visit Cambodia, there is a global concept. China should also have a global concept, a strategic thinking, while at the thought of Washington, but also think of Brussels, New Delhi … … thought to have a heart big chessboard.
done the most to the United States is a strategic move, at least economically speaking. China to defuse the pressure, we must have good economic cooperation, which is China’s advantage. Some things need to be patient, make it a 20 or 30 years, to promote free trade zone with neighboring countries. However, to get rid of a superstition that the economic impact to the natural influence into political strategy. Economy to do well, diplomatic but also to keep up, even have a grand strategy behind.
Hillary Clinton’s Remarks Summary
– Obama administration to strengthen the participation of the United States in Asia, the primary means of steps taken: our alliance Our new partnership and our cooperation with regional organizations.
– we are engaged in what might be termed the “anterior” (forward-deployed) diplomacy. We are three main routes through the development of anterior diplomacy: first, to create the future of the Asia-Pacific economy; second, to ensure regional security; third, support the strengthening of democratic institutions and the spread of universal human values.
– our alliance with Japan’s primacy, which is in contact with the cornerstone of the Asia-Pacific region.
– Currently, both countries have some people that China’s interests and our interests are fundamentally antagonistic. Them to zero and calculating way to look at the relationship between the two countries, that whenever a party to succeed, the other is bound to fail. But this is not our view. In the 21st century, the United States and China regard each other as their opponents in no one’s interests.
– our military activities in Asia is that we started a key part of comprehensive engagement. Through them with a bit foreign and development policy of balance and integration, we will be able to protect their own interests in the common interests and promote the most advantageous position.
– We will promote a set of overall goals: to maintain and strengthen the United States in the Asia Pacific leadership, improve safety, expand prosperity, and promote our values.