India delay deployment Scorpene class submarines against the intention of the Chinese Navy Difficult
data for: a new type of naval equipment in Malaysia,” Scorpene “class conventional submarines
U.S. Global Strategic Network 28 reported that the licensed production in India by the French of” squid-class “submarine project has been delayed again, and the price had risen to 50 million, or $ 834 million per vessel. Although the project will be leaving for India with the construction of modern submarines, thousands of experienced experts and workers, but may still be a waste, because the responsible officials of the defense procurement project does not seem to learn any lessons. At the same time, “Scorpene” class submarines delays and cost overruns caused a lot of commotion in India, many people worry that the use of the Indian navy submarine to the Indian Ocean against the expansion of China’s goals encountered resistance.
In fact, in the construction of six Scorpene-class diesel-electric submarines during the negotiations, the Indian Defense Ministry officials responsible for procurement has led to numerous delays and cost overruns. Moreover, since these officials mishandled the project, resulting in it later than the scheduled program has been nearly three years. To date, these delays and mismanagement have made the $ 4 billion cost of the project increased by 25%. The first ship Scorpene class submarines are expected to be fitted out within two years, then fielded a year, until all six submarines delivered so far.
reported that the reason the project has become so urgent, because by 2012, India’s 16 submarines (10 “Kilo” and 2 “Foxtrot” class submarine and Russian four German Type 209 submarine) will be retired in five (some of which have poor performance due to obsolete and in a semi-retired status). In two years, India will be only six submarines can run.
In fact, Indian officials and politicians have hesitated for nearly a decade old, and until 2005 was signed the New Delhi to buy six French Scorpene-class submarines to However, these delays have led France to increase the prices of some important components, and finished production in India, there are some problems. In accordance with provisions of the agreement, the first ship Scorpene-class submarines built in France, and the remaining five built in India. As the emerging issues related to Department of Defense procurement officials for the submarine project has been delayed or blocked surprising.
reported that the Scorpene-class submarines and Pakistan recently purchased “Agosta-90B” is similar to the submarine. Pakistan to buy the first “Agosta” class submarines built in France, the other two are built in Pakistan. Outside India to buy Scorpene-class submarines purchased in Pakistan as “Agosta-90B” submarine made response. However, the Scorpene class submarine is a relatively new submarine design is by a French and a Spanish company jointly developed. “Agosta” class submarine is a water displacement of 1,500 tons of diesel-electric submarines that can carry 36 crew, equipped with four 21-inch torpedo tubes (to carry 20 torpedoes or anti-ship missiles) . And “Agosta” than Scorpene-class submarines large water displacement (1700 tons), carrying the crew of the small (32 people) and faster. Scorpene-class submarines equipped with six 21 inch torpedo tubes, carrying 18 torpedoes and/or missiles. Both submarines can use air-independent propulsion system. The system enables the submarine to sneak longer, so the submarine more difficult to find. Air-independent propulsion system so that the submarine can be 5-10 miles per hour speed to sneak more than a week. Moreover, Pakistan has selected its current two “Agosta” class submarine air-independent propulsion improvements.
worth noting that these two are the deal with submarines, surface warships very deadly weapons. Well-trained crew in the control, the “Scorpene” and “Agosta” class submarines to nearly any surface ships, surface ships, regardless of how good the anti-submarine defense systems. However, those who install air-independent propulsion system of the submarine is the real killer. The propulsion system without the installation of such circumstances, the submarine in most cases have to use sneak their noisy diesel engines, and use through to the surface above the exhaust pipe inhaled air, engine exhaust emissions. However, modern maritime patrol aircraft to detect the exhaust pipe, and the number of patrol aircraft between India and Pakistan that is gradually increasing. In addition, the diesel engine noise can easily be found in other submarines. It is said that “Scorpene” and “Agosta” class submarines, the introduction of intensified maritime arms race between India and Pakistan.
report concluded that India would purchase “Scorpene” class submarines, and signed an agreement to consult when their biggest concern is the object of Pakistan Navy, but now India has China as its main rival. However, the Chinese submarine ships are not as effective as Pakistan, First, the lack of advanced technology, the second is the lack of trained crew. In this case, India could use its “Scorpene” class submarines to the Indian Ocean against the Chinese navy to expand its existing operations at sea. Therefore, the “Scorpene” class submarines of the delays and cost overruns caused a lot of commotion in India. Moreover, to India’s current development rate, six ‘Scorpene “class submarines in service will take all the time nearly 10 years. By then, India has 12 submarines (including the construction of nuclear submarines), and China will have more than 60 ships, of which about 20% of nuclear submarines. (Compiled: Spring)