China’s space and control all major equipment with independent intellectual property rights (figure)
Academician Shen Jun for academic reports satellite ground control stations. Moses offers Data Figure: China’s latest space tracking ship afar -6
■ monitoring and control of China’s space industry has gone through 50 years during what will be the future direction? See our exclusive interview with China Academy of Engineering, the former deputy director of National Defense, Shen Rongjun –
to China’s space power and control across
■ Linley bolt Li Xiao Huang Mei newspaper correspondent army
2010 年 10 January, the Chinese nation, it is a double celebration day. On this day, we ushered in a new Chinese 61-year-old birthday; this day, China’s Chang-e II satellite flutter fly vast space, set foot on the moon the long journey.
the 1960s, China’s space tracking career started. 50 years, China’s space tracking has made what success? What experience has accumulated? What will be the future direction? Recently, this reporter and special correspondent interviewed the senior expert of China’s aerospace measurement and control industry, the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the former deputy director of National Defense, Shen Rongjun.
spacecraft space flight control system is the “nerve center”
Q: every advance in space exploration, space measurement and control technology are inseparable support. It is said that TT & C level, a national aerospace industry is an important indicator of the level of development. Monitoring and control of China’s aerospace industry as a senior expert, what do you understand this passage?
A: aerospace engineering, the rocket took off the moment the picture is just a prelude to the magnificent. Spacecraft from launch to mission completion, the core support and protect the most critical is space control technology.
if the satellite, spacecraft flying humans into space than doing the “kite”, the space monitoring system is invisible Flanagan “kite”, TT & scientists is the use of the “invisible hand “control” kite “people, its flight path, attitude, etc. corresponding measurement and control, it states, pre-flight. In short, the aerospace spacecraft control system is to ensure the successful launch and smooth operation, the normal recovery of the “nerve center.”
In general, each of aerospace engineering by the spacecraft, launch site, launch vehicle, monitoring and control communication, application of several different system components. Among them, the control system is to connect all the systems into an organic whole link and bridge. It is with the rocket and spacecraft on a variety of monitoring and control equipment mounted with each other, together to complete the rocket, spacecraft and other various measurement and control tasks.
major Chinese space tracking equipment with independent intellectual property
Q: From the start of the 1960s, the cause of China’s space tracking, space science and technology personnel in the generation The efforts made to make the world wonder of the glorious achievements. Please talk about the development of China’s space monitoring and control to achieve what 50 years of major experience?
A: China’s satellite monitoring began in preparation for launch, “The East is Red” satellite. From the 1960s, China began only four years time, they completed the first generation of TT & C network design, equipment development, station construction, staff training and systems associated with the organization to reconcile test. In the 1990s, China has successfully developed a new generation of unified functional control system, through the completion of Chang E fly around the Moon and other satellite communications monitoring and control tasks, control distance up to 40 kilometers, began knocking on the door to deep space monitoring and control.
review the past 50 years the development of China’s aerospace measurement and control, the main experience are: First, the strong spirit of collaboration. Space industry is the “million gun ’cause, you need the full cooperation of the various systems. CPC Central Committee and wise decision-making and support of people across the country, is the cause of aerospace monitoring a steady development of the most fundamental experience. Second, the hard style. Science and technology workers uphold the hard work, self-reliant style, space monitoring was achieved brilliant results. China’s space control technology 50 years of development, all optical, radar, telemetry and control equipment and other major Chinese people are self-developed, with completely independent intellectual property rights. The third is to optimize overall. China’s relatively backward in economic and technical conditions to engage in cutting-edge technology, the best way is to optimize overall, with a backward components, materials and infrastructure to build a high-precision, highly reliable system. We do not require every single component is the most advanced, but we require the most advanced system to ensure the long-range rockets, applications satellites, manned spacecraft and the Chang-e lunar monitoring and control tasks are completed successfully.
future Chinese space tracking of deep space exploration will move
Q: Back in the late 1970s, you put forward to develop our space-based control system, but the technical conditions for the time limit could not be. Until April 2008, China’s first geostationary data relay satellite “Tianlian One” was launched, has become the world’s few space-based monitoring and control capabilities in the world. Please tell us about China’s future space monitoring and control career direction.
A: China’s data relay satellite building ideas from the follow-up study to the formal project, with over 20 years. From the project to a “day-chain” satellite was successfully launched and put into use, only seven years. The new century, China’s aerospace industry ushered in a new period of vigorous development, space control technology is also facing many new challenges, especially how to effectively improve the monitoring and control communication coverage, a focus on the future need to solve the problem.
future space monitoring system will be in the “high reliability, high security, high coverage, high accuracy, high speed, high-frequency, long-distance and network” direction, and control to expand the scope of interstellar, interplanetary space. Space-based monitoring and control, and deep space exploration, is the main direction of future space monitoring and control. Deep space, never been so close in front of China’s space scientists and control.
the next 20 years, to deep space exploration, manned space station and space system represented by the construction and rapid progress in space exploration activities, new areas, new tasks, new technologies are emerging, with the construction of control system in China will to great opportunities and challenges. How to solve the type of scale to develop capacity, effectiveness developmental changes, will be the country from a “space powers” to “space power” across the face the most severe test.
vastness of the universe, long journey. We have in the past 50 years, TT & brilliant career, that there will be more brilliant future. We firmly believe that no matter how distant in space, how deep the universe, space monitoring and control of the sonorous footsteps will always be with the Chinese people have been far toward a higher goal.