Made a successful maiden flight of the new third-generation fighter aircraft to fill the blank in China
Liguo En: born in December 1966, joined the army in June 1984, the current Air Force flight brigade commander, deputy division level, Air Force colonel rank, grade Air Force pilot. army fighters
Liguo En: Born December 1966, joined the army in June 1984, the current Air Force flight brigade post of deputy division commander, Air Force colonel rank, grade Air Force pilot. He has served as chief test pilot five kinds of models and the chief commanders, two of which are the third generation of the latest models to fill the gaps in our two models. In the new machine during the test flight, proper disposal of several major danger for the development of China’s aviation industry and have made outstanding contributions to national defense. Has three times received the first prize of national defense science and technology; awarded the Air Force, the second power 2.
summer day, 10:50, made a new third-generation fighter aircraft in a city on the runway, ready to go. With the chief commander Bi Hongjun tower of the order, which developed its own aircraft, and has independent intellectual property rights of new fighters, head off direct blue sky … …
at the moment, the airport headquarters of the reviewing stand , Air Force, Navy, heads and leaders of relevant departments, the aircraft industry, all the factories, the leadership of the Institute of Aircraft Design, researchers and test on-site staff, all eyes are as the aircraft take to the skies, and are looking forward to an important witness moment.
blink of an eye, I saw new fighters roared low hovering over, then immediately do a vertical jump, and that the momentum force of a thunderbolt straight fearless; not other people recovered from the shock and surprise, fighters came a small radius circle and S motor that case the air like a beautiful ballet rotation; is followed by a low-altitude high speed passes, the roar of maneuvering, dazzle; Just as people of shock when the planes came a low-altitude low-speed passes, like a huge roc, a leisurely stroll in the air; air emergency last action is to put the oil, leaving a blue sky suddenly magnificent Silver Dragon … … 20 minutes later, the aircraft made a beautiful small airline, landed smoothly on the runway.
a landing aircraft, marking the successful maiden flight! A new model was born! Airport suddenly boiling up, flowers, applause, tears, hugs, congratulations … …
driving this new third-generation fighter aircraft’s chief test pilot of the Air Force battalion of a test flight, the Air Force pilot Li Guoen grade.
all the media cameras, video cameras aligned together in this new aircraft, and chief test pilot Li Guoen. Parked aircraft, he opened the canopy, the excited people waving test site. Then he slowly walked down the aircraft, the aircraft designer and excitedly hugged tightly together, at the moment they have no words, but worth a thousand words, no one can experience the kind they have experienced hardships , and the joy of this success at the moment!
“heads of comrades: national key project completed the first prototype aircraft flight test, the performance fully meet the design requirements, please indicate.” Liguo En Captain passion, with his loud and assertive voice, to the headquarters head, commander, China Aviation Industry Group leadership and field personnel participate in research, exciting new aircraft to report a successful maiden flight.
successful new aircraft’s first flight, marking a new type of aviation equipment in China entered a new stage of development, and to fill our aircraft of a certain gap, a landmark.
in all test items, test pilot test the most love than the research, because research and test often brings together the most advanced and the most cutting-edge science and technology, and thus the most challenging. However, research to explore and test validation are mostly unknown in the field of aviation phenomenon, that is, no one in the search never walked the streets, which means that test pilots have to dare to be the first to eat crab.
a new aircraft design, manufacture, verification, shape, production, and finally the troops, take years or even ten years of scientific research flight. This is a difficult and risky process of exploration, but also the test pilot must face every day process. New aircraft, new technology, new equipment, is called a “new”, because no one has ever flown, for test pilots, this is both a strong attraction, but also a full high-risk challenges.
mostly on aviation research and test field cutting-edge technology, the new aircraft, some of the border, limit, reliability unknown and validation experiments, relatively speaking, test difficulty and the greater the risk . Especially the flight research aircraft fire control system, is the risk in the risk. Whenever such a heavy and dangerous tasks, Li Guoen are fighting the first to fly.
time, China developed a new missile test launch into the validation phase. This phase of the test mission by the newly appointed deputy head Li Guoen commitment. Carefully prepared, Li Guoen on schedule, the aircraft will be transferred to an Air Force test base for live-fire test. However, simulation experiments in the air, he has found a form to set unreasonable conditions for launch and fire control system computer software design flaws and other issues. Although the technical conditions according to his own flight test requirements can be achieved, but if the standard stereotypes based on this data, easily lead to two problems: one is the large aircraft in overload conditions into the angle of attack, the missile tail is easy to smoke inhalation caused by air parking; the other hand, this set need a wide angle into the target aircraft and attack, but also constitutes a very short time of launch conditions, which undoubtedly will increase the difficulty of the pilot operation is not conducive to the actual application.
Although Liguo En face is the authority of scientific research institutes and experts, in addition to the progress of scientific research to bear enormous pressure, but with a high sense of responsibility and a strong sense of responsibility, boldly put forward their views and suggestions : one is to improve the composition of missile launches of various conditions set in order to facilitate ease of pilot training, combat and control; the other hand, improved fire control system software settings, so that targeted more rapid and stable. Researchers accepted his proposal, after scientific research on the setting of a series of improvements to make this fire control system more in line with actual requirements.
followed the missile into the launch of new experimental phase. On this day, the Air Force officers and organs of new leaders come to watch the missile launch base testing. With the tower commander gave the order, Li Guoen driving new aircraft took off, ten minutes later, he flew scheduled airspace, radar search and quickly opened immediately targeted.
“Report No. 1, XX lock the target, launch ready.” Liguo En report to the commander, while quick to do the launch preparations.
“can be launched.” Commander immediately ordered the firing order.
“XX understand.” Firm, then completed his press the launch button.
saw a dragon direct meters altitude away, an instant hit the target. The first launch of a direct missile hit the target, not only to validate the design, but also greatly accelerated the development progress. Subsequently, Li Guoen they have completed a different flight conditions of the launch are starting to hit the target. Its success indicates that China’s new missile development into a new phase.
pursuit of the ultimate
the 1990s, in order to accelerate the achievement of air force equipment by leaps and bounds, the state launched a key project. In order to ensure the completion of key projects at the node, the Air Force decision to select a group from all Air Force flight test techniques to augment the elite force, which has never in history had the initiative. In 1997, Li Guoen was selected as a good pilot to test units, which began a legendary test pilot career.
to test troops means devotion to science, because everything here is new, models is a new model is new, the technology is new, so we must dedicate themselves. Although Li Guoen top flight in the armed forces are, but to the test unit has become a “recruit.” Because in the army to fly two kinds of models only, and are mature technology models. However, the test units to cope with the new models and models, and new aircraft are being developed, and never had any contact. In order to adapt to the flight units of work, he paid several times the efforts of ordinary people, only six months, they converted three new models.
Li Guoen flight technology has been to study the degree of obsession, flight gap always see him reading the latest in aviation technology and aviation theory. On the technical side he is a pursuit of the ultimate man, If I run across do not understand, he help in the field, until the problem clear. Thing or not do, what must be the best. It is because of this pursuit of the ultimate spirit that makes his flying skills become increasingly sophisticated.
1998 May, Li Guoen as the first new generation fighter test pilot, was selected along with several comrades to Russia, such as Minkowski Flying School, the Su-27 aircraft modifications. Prior to this, in addition to the theory of the new modification, the most sad is that Russian customs, as modify tasks abroad tight, less than two months left to learn foreign languages, which never had any contact with Russian Liguo En undoubtedly is a difficult insurmountable obstacle. However, time constraints, no other choice but determined to be overcome. Immediately, the brigade staff to go abroad to implement closed-end management, centralized capture foreign relations. During this period, both are class time, or to eat, sleep, Li Guoen mind is full of Russian words, in order to strengthen memory, to his office, dorm, strip the bed are covered with words, or even remember the palm and back of the hand are words, at any time memorizing. Hard work pays off in just over a month, he and his comrades have mastered the know will surely be some Russian technical terms, and successfully passed the exam.
to Russia for the first time with flying Su-27 encountered a severe test. Bad weather conditions that day, overcast with heavy clouds over the airport, visibility is poor, barely open flying conditions. In China, in addition to fly complex weather subjects, such weather conditions are generally not teaching new pilots. However, Russia is not the usual instructors, so weather conditions still persist in open fly. The problem is one off the plane into the clouds, then gave him the aircraft flight instructors on the matter. The first to fly the Su-27 would face such a situation than expected. At this time, Li Guoen heart is also very clear that people are touching the bottom of our Chinese test pilots. A strong self-esteem led him to be good to fly the first flight. Because this is not just an ordinary flight, but about honor and dignity of the Chinese Air Force, so he has no other choice but with the strength to speak. Li Guoen took the aircraft, calm, thinking not that complicated weather to fly it! He strictly controlled by the aircraft instruments and flight manuals, all flying done according to plan, then made a nice through the clouds, a cloud airplane on the runway just an empty head, then the airport has already began to rain, he flew a smooth landing.
the plane, the Russian instructors may feel stumped Li Guoen no, sorry to laugh, then thumbs, repeatedly said: “Hala less! Hala less!” In Western culture, It advocates strong, the stronger your ability to win more respect for each other, which is a unique way military exchanges. Because Li Guoen with the pursuit of ultimate quality, it has laid a solid technical foundation, so in the event of accidents, can not at the panic disorder, with equanimity, not only to show the Chinese test pilots superb flying skills, but more importantly is to maintain the dignity of the Chinese military.
life and death game
life for everyone, only once, so life is very precious. Although people are aware of life has an end that day, may also feel that seems to be a very distant process. However, the test pilot who is different, because the problem is that he must be every day, even every moment face. Exploration of the unknown every time, every critical test, challenge each limit, every major danger, are undoubtedly a thrilling game of life and death.
early spring day, when he was deputy brigade commander Li Guoen test drive a new aircraft program transitions to a test site northwest of the Air Force in preparation for the next phase of research flights. Although this is a new implementation of key model aircraft idle task, but Li Guoen, the implementation of such an important task has been more than once. Therefore, he confidently stepped into the cockpit as usual, did not think this was an unforgettable voyage.
according to program requirements, the idle process is divided into two phases, the middle of an airport to refuel and then northwest through direct destination. The first phase of flight is very smooth, transfer to reach the airport, the aircraft again prepared, and the aircraft according to flight requirements to fill up, also add a three drop tanks, plus a variety of external weapons and equipment, to take off again is loaded with off. As the altitude of the airport is the airport, in order to ensure a smooth launch, generally using afterburner to take off.
again ready, Li Guoen according to the procedure for the final check, make sure the system to normal after flying off. 14:19, his fuel door release the brake to accelerate roll, push the throttle to maximum position, double the normal parameters, which means that the afterburner to take off. At this time, the engine into the afterburner, and upon inspection the engine rpm, nozzle, afterburner lights were normal. Aircraft in afterburner mode a few seconds to speed from the land, just as Li Guoen ready rod off, he suddenly found that the aircraft appeared skewed to the right, then the rudder pedal and keep off the direction of correction, but when the plane carrying the front wheel, feeling rod is large, difficult to lift the front wheel, engine temperature immediately glance, that made 720-degree left and right made 635 degrees, the right may be made immediately to determine without afterburner ignition.
at the moment, the aircraft’s roll over the runway from the 3/4, have not takeoff, Li Guoen firm decided to take off. Aircraft just off the mainland, because the left made in the afterburner, and the right hair afterburner thrust is not connected to a serious difference, suddenly cause the aircraft to appear 10 to 15 degrees to the right side, the situation is extremely critical, because when the aircraft just from the land speed is small and low height, handling a little carelessness can lead to serious consequences, even with test pilot parachuted to have no chance. Li Guoen not think his instincts with strong technical and habits, the same immediately to fix the rudder bar, while maintaining a small plane angle increased.
At this time, the ground commander that the aircraft status is not normal, immediately asked: “XX afterburner not connected to the right made it?”
“Yes.” Liguo En side processing of edge to answer.
“maintain a good state.”
Li Guoen After this, immediately close the landing gear, flaps, throttle down while the right hair maximum position. When the aircraft climbed to 100 meters height, the right of a sudden “bang” send a strong sonic boom, aircraft, resulting in severe vibration, the right hair revolution, rapid temperature drop, then stop. Encountered during take-off engine stop, the air is the most difficult disposal of special circumstances. Because in the process of taking off, lose power, because a low profile, and response to the pilot the opportunity to dispose of only a few seconds, a little hesitation and a trace of operational errors can lead to catastrophic consequences. Although Li Guoen successfully disposed of several times the air like a special parking situation, but in the process of taking off the first time encounter such a danger. Especially in the highlands engine air parking Airport encountered this danger, because air density, so dispose of them more complicated, not to mention being the plane took off from the landing stage, almost no room for disposal.
but Li Guoen is very calm, cool, while he was reporting to the commander, “made the right stop,” while to adjust and maintain the state, while the ignition switch connected to the air drive head, and then close the throttle to idle, manipulate the plane left for the airport, turn off the afterburner hair left, all of these movements accurate within a few seconds to complete, but the drive was not successful. Then, when the engine rpm up to the specified value, he turned off the ignition switches, move forward throttle, engine speed down to close the throttle to the parking spaces, and a second start, still no success. At this point, the meter displays the right transmitter, therefore, to determine the right hair failure, and therefore can not re-air start. This means that Li Guoen with an engine must be loaded on the plane back to the state of the landing field.
order to ensure the absolute safety of new aircraft, the commanders agreed to consult, he decided to cast off the fuel tank back yard touchdown. However, when he was ready to vote when the fuel tank, it suddenly was found in the next several factories and a residential area, they immediately drop to change the direction. At this time, he was in the air and fuel side, while a flying fly to the other side of the ridge looking for no man’s land, again drop tanks. Time is in continuation to know when to stay in the air more than one second for each one point of danger, in order to ensure the safety of people and property on the ground, he willing to put at greater risk for themselves. Later, Li Guoen choose no man’s land in the mountains north of the fuel tank out to vote, but he did not feel relaxed, because the weight of the aircraft is still far more than the maximum permitted landing weight, so he should stay in the air and fuel. At this point, the right hair accessories and frequent alarms, and now has no choice, and must be immediately landed. At the moment, Li Guoen only a belief that must make every effort to keep the new aircraft and new engines, and the flight data in order to subsequently identify the cause of the failure. However, the aircraft landed at greater risk of overload, but Li Guoen convinced of their own flying skills, critical moment, he immediately made a standard descent route, the normal method of landing gear, flaps, flying soft ground, this made all the right accessories when the alarms, engine rpm and temperature immediately zero, good insurance ah!
15 时 14 points, Li Guoen parking in the right fat, limit the complexity of the case of overloading, flying single safe landing. The research not only to keep the new aircraft and new engines, but also to keep all the flight test data, which will follow the development and improvement of the basis and provide a very valuable reference. To this end, the Air Force officers and organs as well as in the aviation industry on scientific research sector leadership, on the Li Guoen regardless of personal safety, in the case of very complex flying single safe landing feat highly.
flying in front
Liguo En leadership positions, not only more assiduously business, walking in front of the flight, and lead the team to fly In the forefront of scientific research flight. So far, Li Guoen can fly 15 aircraft, the aircraft type is up test unit in one of the test pilot. Received the test whenever new research task, all technical difficulties and high-risk pilot project, he is first on. He is therefore known as flying in the high-end scientific research and cutting-edge people.
Li Guoen led team is the new China established the first unit the first flight, but also a history of a glorious tradition of heroic troops. The force has successfully test out of the 30 kinds of models of China’s three generations of thousands of fighters to defend national sovereignty and peace to defend the motherland, have made outstanding contributions. China’s aviation industry in creating the course, this test unit with conviction, scientific attitude, fearless courage, dedication, several generations of hard work, created many of China’s aviation history first to fill the a blank. History will not forget, China’s first jet fighter to fly from here is the blue sky, opened a new chapter in China’s aviation industry; then the first jet trainer, the first supersonic fighter aircraft, the first frame 2 times the speed of sound fighter, the first high-altitude high-speed fighter aircraft, the first aerial refueling machine, the first third-generation heavy fighter aircraft, etc., have been flying the blue sky, creating a an aviation miracle, and write a new history of air one after another chapter.
this fine tradition of fighting with the collective, whether in the glorious past, or in the new historical period, have always been a firm political beliefs, excellent military skills, rigorous scientific attitude, heroic devotion spirit of our country’s aviation industry and national defense and continue to create new miracles. To this end, the party and state leaders have repeatedly come to watch the force of new types of aircraft flight test demonstration, and has a cordial meeting the team by special forces.
Zhezhi building excellent troops, but even in the new century success. Also responsible for the new generation has a variety of aircraft models in scientific research, production and flight test of the task. Especially in the completion of the national key project task, well done the Central Military Commission, Headquarters, Air Force and China Aviation Industry Corporation to the arduous task. To this end, the party committee to the Principal Zhezhi collective mind power special forces once 集体二等功 time, and has won two National Defense Science and Technology Progress Award.
In recent years, Li Guoen has successfully completed the five models of new aircraft’s first flight, but also took on new radar, new missiles, new air reconnaissance equipment and many other major research projects of the chief test pilot, and high-quality to complete the task. For the modernization of national defense and military equipment to achieve leapfrog development have made outstanding contributions. To this end, he has three times received the National Defense Science and Technology Award; awarded the Air Force, the second power second, third class twice been awarded the China Aviation Industry Principal function 1, a first 3, second class , third class times. Air Force flying silver medalist, was recognized as the 2009 four general headquarters, “the army Aijun Jingwu model”; 2010 was “Aerospace Laurel Award” fearless hero award. Under his leadership, the Air Force completed a flight test unit outstanding new first flight of national key projects, research flight, batch test mission, the Air Force Armament Department of the consecutive years as the advanced party.
However, these honors for Li Guoen, the mean of the past, but also for their own kind of intangible incentives. Today, his vision has been concerned about the development of the world’s aviation industry, aviation watching the latest scientific and technological achievements, concerned about the air force construction. In his view, the rapid development in technology today, as a new era test pilot, not just to meet the flight in general, but to the wider horizons and higher standards, the updated starting point to continue research to explore high-end and cutting-edge, so as to better accomplish the test pilot of the mission.
test pilot when it comes to how to treat full of risks and challenges that this career, the Liguo En said that the test pilot of this profession, more of a preference, respect and love. I grow as a pilot from the army test pilot, is to meet more challenges, driving performance, the most advanced aircraft. Test pilot and not the same as an ordinary pilot can fly a variety of new models, many complex situations in flight tests. In terms of military pilots, rarely encountered such a challenge; for test pilot who, overcome challenges, overcome self, can learn to feel the joy of success.
When someone asked when our next generation of fighters have come out, the Li Guoen mysterious smile, just like racers like F-1, as test pilots are very much like driving performance, advanced aircraft, I and everyone else, are looking forward to the performance of our self-developed the advent of more advanced fighters, I think this day is not too far away.
China Aviation News Original link: flying high in the forefront of scientific research