Liberation Army Daily: accurate information warfare has become the must compete Heights (map)
non-linear non-contact elements of the joint integrated precision operational diagram the combat comprehensive counter operational assessment
■ Modern war is a combat system based on information systems, driven by the forces of science and technology under the effect of making the implementation of the non-linear non-contact precision raid operations become a reality
■ foreign military studies suggest that accelerated the shift combat effectiveness, the implementation of “real world combat strategy” and the long-range precision “pinpoint” the military can get substantial benefits
foreign news agencies have recently published a “superb sonic missiles: one hour combat anywhere in the world “and other articles, become a hot topic. Foreign military expert commented that, in order to constitute a hypersonic missiles and other so-called “real-time global fight against” the system, the main advantage of remote high-speed “acupuncture-style” precision strike capability against targets that are difficult to effectively avoid, its development is likely to change the world the direction of the arms race, and broke the existing international strategic balance.
In fact, since the new century, the precise operational military power has become part of the development objectives pursued. Now with the rapid development of military technology, precise operations increasingly rich content, no longer limited to the use of advanced high-tech weapons systems and ammunition for simple precision firepower, but extend the expansion to the precise positioning of reconnaissance, command and control accuracy, precision accurate assessment of operational security and effectiveness of various fields, the modern military action at all levels are highlights distinctive features of the exact age. Can be said that “precision” has now become not only an important victory of joint operations, “weight” of information warfare will become indisputable, “Heights.”
accurate perception to win the Prophet
is to win the first prophet. Past wars, “troops and horses, forage ahead”, a military commander to follow the basic operational rules. Information age warfare, the more respected “military forces did not move, the information first,” the military principles. Because only enhance battlefield awareness, comprehensive access to battlefield information in order to master the battlefield for real-time, accurate control of operational tempo, to provide the basic guarantee for the implementation of precision command. Iraq War, U.S. and British coalition forces fighting for the accurate access to information, the use of full-dimensional perception of battlefield information system, to maximize the elimination of “fog of war” to ensure that the battlefield of the coalition’s “one-way transparent.” With accurate information of the key technologies for the battlefield, “traces tracking system,” the U.S. military to solve the “Where am I? Who are you? Adjacent units, where? Where the enemy? What is the best route to attack?” And other technical problems, making the battlefield at a glance.
accurate decision-making victory a thousand miles
accurate decision-based information system is operational, ensure that the system for optimal performance and fast to achieve the strategic intent and purposes of war battle an important prerequisite.
Sun Tzu said: “rule governing the public, such as oligonucleotide, a score of people.” Modern war by political, economic, diplomatic, cultural and other comprehensive factors than ever before, the previous “extensive” operations have not meet the requirements of modern warfare, military strategists began to pursue precision decisions and actions, so that precise and specific targets of war. Iraq war, the U.S. adopted a series of precision-type “pinpoint” tactics, regardless of “beheading” or “shock and awe”, always aim precision-guided weapons, Saddam Hussein’s palaces and their hiding place, senior officials of Iraqi homes, command and control facilities and other targets, resulting in a strong rival to the psychological and spiritual awe, accurately reached a strategic intent.
precise command of fast and efficient
Today, modern computer technology and network technology widely used in the military field, especially in joint operations, C4ISR systems in the application , making the precise command and control even more powerful. Iraq war, in the precise command of C4ISR systems under the control of multinational forces in air combat fighter made a 33:0 record. War, U.S. military also adjust tactics, have the air “pinpoint” to “full shock”, by “rolling patrols” to “listen to call out” and effectively achieve the purpose of the war.
present, the military powers have launched a series of new initiatives to accelerate the shift combat effectiveness, based on information systems to enhance the combat capability, and its focus is to become elongated vertical “tree” operational command structure for the flat-shaped “mesh” operational command structure, so that more accurate and efficient operational command.
precision motorized remote delivery
information warfare, the military capability to a large extent by their mobility can be achieved. Role in high-tech powered, efficient implementation of the combat forces can force, fire force moving in together with the excellent information, so as to lay the foundation to win the battlefield advantage. Iraq War, U.S. combat forces dispersed the configuration, not offensive and defensive formations, totally dependent on accurate location information to the target mobile launch long-range standoff precision attack. In addition, precise maneuvering is also reflected in the precision air interdiction and ground precision interludes, etc., that is not only effective in supporting ground combat to close air support and emergency air support, also used a variety of vehicles through the city, mountains and ocean, with quick action implementation of precision raid operations, and achieved the desired “exact” results.
pinpoint precision strike victory
ultimately rely on accurate precision strike operations to achieve. When the precision-guided weapons have a super long-range standoff attack capability, they make the non-linear non-contact operations to become a reality; when in range of precision-guided weapons on hundreds or even thousands of kilometers to reach the case, the circular error probability can be a few meters or 1 meter, the “acupuncture-style” precision strikes will become a reality; when various types of guidance and the use of remote control technology to make weapons and ammunition can be fired independently without human intervention after the flight to find and destroy the target, they make intelligent unmanned attack become a reality.
recent years, with stealth technology and precision-guided extensive application of foreign military use of precision munitions increasing proportion of high operational efficiency has become increasingly prominent. Gulf War, the U.S. military used precision-guided munitions accounted for only 8% of total amount of bomb, but it destroyed 80% of the important goals in Iraq; the Kosovo war, using precision munitions accounted for about 35%, although the terrain and weather conditions, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia complex, also destroyed 74% of the target; war in Afghanistan, precision munitions used up to 60%, destroying up to 90% of the important goals; war in Iraq, coalition forces spent a total of 13,000 various pieces of precision-guided munitions, more than 80% of the total amount of bomb, cluster bomb that even ordinary ammunition, and the installation of the guidance device, so that “acupuncture warfare” an advantage.
accurate assessment of the real-time feedback
modern war that is not accurate and reliable information on the target damage, it can not attack in time to determine the effect of follow-up operations will be difficult start and a definite purpose.
now, over the horizon precision strike firepower has become an important direction of development, but the combat effectiveness? Must also use a variety of technological means on the target’s physical, functional and systems to assess the damage state. However, technological innovation and development of false targets, the use of the new camouflage technique after another, which assessed the damage to the target poses a serious challenge. In the Gulf War, “carpet bombing”, the often repeated there was bombing the same target condition; even in the Kosovo war, NATO has a daily average of at least 40 times to repeat the action against the occurrence, which not only reduces operational efficiency, adds to the cost of war; to Iraq, the U.S. military have accurate performance assessment as an important prerequisite for precision strike, air and sea days by a comprehensive analysis of information and intelligence assessment, then decide whether to implement a new attack on the target, so that the number of duplicate targets suddenly dropped to single digits.
accurate management efficiency multiplier
Today, the number of military power significantly speed up the process of building units, precision management position also will be improved. Modern logistics management to information technology, communications technology, through the “information flow” to implement tracking, you can achieve accurate and efficient decision-making and control. Integration of information technology support, making the integration of human – machine system to achieve precise operation and control become a reality. It is reported that the latest foreign military developed joint Total Asset Visibility system, for combat personnel, equipment and supplies such as full implementation of automatic tracking, query and display and control. Some countries to improve system performance and security operations, shorten development cycles and equipment, but also to establish the appropriate regulatory safeguards system to ensure accurate management goals.
accurate protection go hand in hand
in the joint operations of modern information technology, operational requirements and security needs seriously out of line if the same will cause passive. Gulf War, the U.S. military supplies and equipment in the Middle East reserves and ammunition, approximately 60-100 days to meet the need, but the actual ground offensive battle took only 100 hours, resulting in theater arrived about 40,000 containers in half less than unsealed, so that the value of $ 2.7 billion reserve supplies were forced to transfer. Drawing supplies and equipment for the protection of the Gulf War, “surplus”, a waste of time and money lessons the U.S. military in the Iraq war took immediate supply, accurate delivery strategy to all kinds of equipment and supplies and equipment are all necessary time to devote to where necessary, to fully reflect the accurate delivery, accurate and precise protection of ideas. Currently, in addition to outside the United States and Britain, Japan, France, Russia, Australia and many countries are actively adjusted precisely to protect the development of ideas, both in the military transformation a “reasonable enough” principle to build a new security system, making the “exact security “to become a mainstream trend.
(image synthesis design: Nie Feng, Moses)