Zhang Shaozhong Major: aircraft carrier battle groups to curb the outbreak of war a strong deterrent
trials and returned to the Chinese navy’s first aircraft carrier Bush, the U.S. Navy aircraft carrier battle groups
Zhang Zhaozhong bring new book “Rise of the aircraft carrier”, “dark blue” appearance Southern Book Festival: “Southern Book Festival” period, the famous military General Zhang Zhaozhong experts, to bring new book “Rise of the aircraft carrier”, “dark blue” basing held a “dark blue” theme salon and book signing events, he has to Pazhou Exhibition Center and Guangzhou Book Center and the reader face to face communication. Which carrier has experienced ups and downs, how the aircraft carrier takeoff and landing on an aircraft carrier, the future aircraft carrier will carry the types of aircraft carrier? Guangzhou Army fans address him enjoyable.
ocean, sea power and sea-spirit, people in the ocean of consciousness on what areas need to be strengthened? Aircraft carrier emerged from its 100 years, after landing, why in the moment and become a national pursuit and development of the sea “big killing device”? General Chang in Guangzhou during the period, these issues received an exclusive interview with this newspaper. The topic written the reporter Wu Bo, Ye Chengyun
Zhang Zhaozhong decoding
century rise and fall of the aircraft carrier
“World War II” Why was the aircraft carrier out in the cold?
“World War II” at the end of the world has more than 180 aircraft carrier fleet, not including those battle damage, not including the use of converted merchant ships, 200 aircraft carrier escort. But now, even those barely-ton aircraft carrier as an aircraft carrier is also included, then only 20 vessels.
relatively isolated after World War II aircraft carrier, aircraft carrier has become very popular today, Why? Zhang Zhaozhong said: If you put aside the talk about the number of aircraft technology development, the “war” since the development of aircraft carriers should be considered the most important historical periods: the promotion of a new technological revolution, the use of nuclear power plants, jet aircraft on the ship, steam catapult, landing blocking and help reduce the use of devices, precision-guided weapons, command and control communications and navigation systems are used to make aircraft carrier has been greatly improved and enhanced. Nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, the device used is undoubtedly an important revolution, which not only tends to infinite endurance and sustained speed greatly improved, 25 years to replace a fuel, but also for the development of 90,000 tons, 100,000 tons of aircraft carriers to provide the necessary material basis, the U.S. nuclear-powered aircraft carrier has to achieve full of. 1945, the first jet fighter on the ship, the propeller aircraft speed from 150 to 600 kilometers per hour, it suddenly increased to more than 1100 km, the aircraft’s weight to 20 tons or even more than 30 tons, the volume also increased significantly. These sudden changes in aircraft carrier made a new and higher requirements, steam catapults and other special equipment developed for the safety of supersonic carrier-based aircraft landing possible.
1991 years later, the world’s strategic situation has changed dramatically in 40 years, the Cold War, the U.S. Navy could not find the ocean in the high seas confrontation with opponents, so members of Congress on whether the Navy there is a need to maintain 15 aircraft carriers to challenge the carrier once again become a heavy burden on the country synonymous. Britain and France two old colonial powers, the original development of aircraft carriers to foreign aggression and expansion and protection of overseas territories and interests, now that its former colonies achieved their independence one by one, from reducing the demand for aircraft, only the copies of home-care hospital. Third World countries do not increase the economic, technological backwardness, lack of skills, to develop aircraft carrier is not easy, even have the ability to engage in, an aircraft carrier in the 200 nautical miles cruise have much use it? Aircraft has reached the age of no avail!
carrier is deter war, to show off weapons
in the 20th century, aircraft carrier in the two world wars and many local wars played a pivotal role However, during the turn of the century, the cradle of the U.S. aircraft carrier, the “aircraft carrier out of date” theory has provoked much discussion.
Some people think that a large aircraft targets, motor slow, susceptible to enemy submarine forces, and precision strike weapons, missile and, instead of developing aircraft carriers, nuclear submarines, the development of more effective it would be better. Indeed, this view makes sense, in World War II, there is nothing but a large conventional submarine aircraft of the German Navy, record breaking record in the Atlantic battle, the Allied fleet, and escort aircraft carrier battle groups at sea pose a great threat. Underwater submarine maneuvers and operations rely on the battlefield, is a shadowy secret weapon in the combat role should not be underestimated.
However, compared to times of peace and war there are some special places, times of peace which the crisis to the conflict, the war from the conflict rose to require too much internal and external conditions, any conditions are not ripe wars unlikely. In this confrontation between the forces of political contest, perilous critical moment, able to contain the war, deter war, to dispel the idea of ??the other war, so honestly the best way is to submit an aircraft carrier.
a lot of practice shows that the aircraft carrier is not only a strong ability to combat weapons and equipment, but also a show of force, deter war, the most effective weapons. The main reason is spectacular aircraft carrier appearance, are bigger, the aircraft carrier battle groups at the core of the massive sea and air together, combative, this battle through the television media after rendering great deterrent effect.
future aircraft carrier: model simplification enhancements
carrier-based aircraft development process which has gone through ups and downs? What is the carrier-based aircraft carrier takeoff and landing? The future aircraft carrier will carry the types of aircraft carrier?
Zhang Zhaozhong introduction, aircraft from the monoplane, biplane developed to the three-wing aircraft; power plant development from propeller to jet engines, flight speed of 100 km per hour from the First World War to the second World War the speed of 500 km, after the war, will soon break through the speed of 1,000 km 2,000 km, and even now has reached more than 3,000 kilometers; platform from flat land off the airport, the development of the rough sea level, and then by the Navy’s directly off the flight deck, and eventually produced a machine with a new ship ship class – an aircraft carrier.
the 21st century, the aircraft carriers of the models produced a significant change. Changed in the past that aircraft carrier air wings and aircraft carrier battle group concept of fixed-woven, woven into a flexible according to operational tasks. Aircraft not only carries the Navy’s carrier-based aircraft, Marine Corps aircraft are also available on the ship, carrier-based aircraft is the focus of a large depth-to-ground attack, coastal and land-based short-range air defense and interception. Based aircraft fleet integration, to ensure the aircraft offensive and defensive. This requires the carrier aircraft types than the whole, were able to undertake a variety of combat missions. While carrier-based aircraft equipped with the weapons necessary to be able to-air combat, but also on the sea, on land combat, but also for anti-submarine.
recent years, the use of high-tech future of aircraft carriers has led to more simplified models, the performance is more prominent, larger combat radius. The United States and the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada and 11 other allies to jointly develop the F-35 Lightning “Joint Strike Fighter,” has begun to use the equipment, this fourth-generation fighters with supersonic cruise, good mobility, payload large, multi-purpose etc., can reduce the carrying aircraft types; and it has a variety of models, both vertical/short takeoff and landing, there are carrier-based conventional takeoff and landing, the next generation of U.S. aircraft carrier will begin to carry the Ford No. F-35.
the same time, the U.S. Navy’s vertical takeoff and landing, “Fire Scout” and other carrier-based unmanned aerial vehicles will be equipped with practical. Carrier-based unmanned aerial vehicles, small size, light weight, low cost, cost-effective high and wide range of uses, and can avoid the casualties. These not only provide carrier-based unmanned aerial vehicles over the horizon targeting data, forward-looking infrared and synthetic aperture radar and other sensors, the vast sea surveillance, airborne early warning, real-time battlefield assessment, and implementation support to amphibious landing operations, anti-submarine , rescue and attack missions, and even with the submarine combat.
future UAVs will be an ideal launching platform for precision-guided weapons, unmanned aircraft will not only be used on the attack mission, then no one will become a bomber. Ford’s next-generation aircraft carrier number from the United States will begin a formal UAV equipped with two squadrons of 24.
Kuznetsov thrilling story behind the scenes
“century aircraft carrier,” compared the United States, Britain, Japan, Russia, India and other countries to develop the characteristics of the aircraft carrier, reproduction the carrier through a hundred years to the development process, the disclosure of China’s purchase of the “Kuznetsov” aircraft carrier behind the soul-stirring story.
book with China’s aircraft carrier trials does not matter
Guangzhou Daily: You two this work on marine and aircraft selected in the “Kuznetsov” was such a hot time starting first flight is specially arranged or a coincidence?
Zhang Zhaozhong: these two books is the official compilation of nearly five years to write and things, but the research results accumulated over 30 years. “Rise of the aircraft carrier” in a lot of research since the beginning of 1985, some results have been published in newspapers and magazines. “Dark blue” in the part of the research is the mid-1970s during my studies at the Naval Sea and the East China Sea issue have accumulated, a part of my 1994 and 1996 as representative of the PLA has been to participate in Geneva, Switzerland and Italy international law of naval warfare accumulated after the meeting of experts, some of it is international in recent years, strategic issues and problems of modern warfare generated in the process, integrated into the book in the process, but also for the data and ideas were consolidated and revised.
Guangzhou Daily: What are you looking forward to these two books?
Zhang Zhaozhong: has 41 years of military service as a Navy veteran from the Navy in terms of emotional development, the development of the oceans have a profound emotional, but also have their own dreams, feelings and dreams constitute the difference between I wrote two books of power. China is a big country, but not a power, how to become a great power, with the aircraft carrier is a way in a number of ways. All the world powers are maritime power, China wants to become a world power must be from blue to dark blue. This is my dream, I hope my knowledge, aspirations and ideas spread to the reader, through their efforts to achieve.
national wrestling Ocean
“dark blue” focus around the South China Sea and East China Sea islands dispute, evidence and routinely analyzed by the facts, examining the country around maritime sovereignty and maritime resources to launch the contest.
“saying China Ocean” series is organized by the Guangdong Provincial Party Committee Propaganda Department of Planning, published by the Southern Media Corporation’s specific plan and the Guangdong Economic Press, edited and published a large series. This is the first most comprehensive and systematic introduction of marine encyclopedic knowledge of the series, including marine military, culture, industry, resources, geography, cultural studies and other six South China Sea plate. Zhang Zhaozhong well-known military expert military series editor of the series.
settlement of maritime disputes to “war military preparations,”
in the “dark blue “a book, Zhang Zhaozhong also answers many of the sea power of people likely to obscure problems, such as territorial waters and territorial land What is the relationship? The breadth of the territorial law is how much? Why maritime country want the width of the territorial sea as small as possible? U.S. aircraft carrier has the right to enter the exclusive economic zone?
authors from legal, diplomatic, economic, military, etc., made to defend our territory and maritime rights and interests of general principles. First, the study of law, understanding, law enforcement, according to the law the sea. Second, the peaceful settlement of disputes, there is a desire to have action. Third, the settlement of maritime disputes, to verbal attacks and military preparations. Zhang Zhaozhong said, who owns the ocean, will have a future. Back in the early Ming, China’s great navigator Zheng He said that once a country rich and powerful want to, not ignore home ocean; wealth from the sea, and the danger to the ocean. Zheng He’s worthy to understand and predict ocean is the first strategic value of a thinker. In the contemporary world and its strategic position on the sea a deeper understanding of the value. From a political perspective, the sea is the world’s multi-polar pattern of the struggle to enhance the strategic position of great power and political and diplomatic voice of the important areas; from a military strategic point of view, the territorial sea is a barrier to protect the country, but also the foreign invasion of the way; From an economic point of view, the human need marine reserves of marine life, undersea mineral, marine and energy resources are very rich in large and effective, a maritime nation an important pillar of sustainable development.