India’s arms purchase will help the Indian multi-transformation may stimulate internal differences
data for: India has signed an agreement with the United States, will purchase C-17A Ring King III strategic transport aircraft
He Zude Li Mu
recent years, India’s rapid economic growth due to become the world’s bright spot, but even the world’s admiration, is the Indian government to show momentum almost fanatical enthusiasm for military procurement. India announced late last year: in 2016 more than 1100 billion dollars funding to buy high-tech weaponry.
India’s arms purchase intention of throwing super awful, the international community lifted arms, big arms sales to the United States, Russia, France, eager to arms aimed at the Indian market. Presidents visit to India also take into account when developing the Indian arms market, and have satisfactory harvest, have a pleasant surprise, this history of military procurement in India is rare. Even the Indian media a little heroic tone, declared: Indian arms market as a “golden master”, so that every major country in droves, Boeing, Lockheed Martin and other arms contracting giants as the lifeline of India.
and contest the international political arena, as in the Indian arms market, the countries surrounding the Indian arms sales contest is heating up. Now, India is the world’s largest arms importer, is the source of arms imports most countries.
want to get rid of military procurement to multi-dependence on Russia
in India announced a huge arms purchase plan, the United States, France, Russia and other European countries recount, desperately, “curry favor” India. In 2010, the United States first reached with India worth $ 5.8 billion in 10 C-17 military transport aircraft sales of large contracts in India, a new round of military procurement contracts to grab top spot. Russia continues to lead the Indian arms market trend alone, President Medvedev personally, and India signed a $ 30 billion arms purchase agreement. French President Nicolas Sarkozy to be outdone, went to India to sell weapons. European countries frequently to India a good show in an attempt to squeeze into the Indian military procurement market.
years, India imported 70 percent of weapons possession by Russia, resulting in heavy dependence on Russian arms. India worried about this, trying to change the arms imports over a single phenomenon, hope gradually to Russia’s main arms procurement by the diversification of the sources of the transition, the main import of conventional weapons by the major importer of sophisticated weapons to change.
addition, India and France, Britain, Sweden, Israel, Germany, for military procurement collaboration, aimed at a wide range of weapons and equipment purchased, competition-oriented, to form a multi-faceted bet a favorable situation.
Indian government has called for: the introduction of technology can only be a “stepping stone” should be “can not do without the crutches,” but because of their own problems, India’s leading military powers have always stays on the road of this “stick.” Although India has established a more independent defense system, but its more than 70% of military needs still need to obtain from abroad. It seems that the Indian military procurement trend is likely to strengthen the international arms chiefs also intends to promote this trend.
large-scale Indian military procurement can improve the combat effectiveness of it
become a world-class power in India since Nehru pursued since the successive leaders of the political goals. India believes that a first-class military power to achieve “great power dream” the necessary conditions and shortcuts. India’s former defense minister has pointed out: Only India has a strong military to go further.
due to financial crisis, India’s economic growth rate has dropped to its lowest level in six years, but its input into the construction of national defense are not cut. After the terrorist attack in Mumbai, the Indian government ordered the accelerated pace of arms purchases in order to reduce the Indian Army combat capability gap. Indian Defense Minister Anthony pointed out: “Not only the economic slowdown will not affect the Indian army’s defense modernization program, on the contrary the government hopes to further increase the defense budget.”
Therefore, India is only increasing the intensity of military procurement, research sophisticated weapons, lack of development in their case, the line of sight directed at the international arms market and other high-end action. Over the past 10 years, India’s annual military spending of 7% to 8% growth rate, has become the world’s fourth largest military power.
such large-scale Indian military purchases help to improve the combat effectiveness of it?
answer is that if the Indian arms purchase agreements and the current military procurement contract can be fully realized, the overall combat capability of the Indian Army will soon be improved.
the United States, for example C-17 large transport aircraft, the aircraft carrying capacity is not only Bi Yier -76 stronger, and better adaptability to the airport, it is not only able to take off on shorter runways, but also in the snow, desert off. 10 C-17 a batch of the Indian Army will be able to tank a mechanized infantry regiment carrying the man from the South to the North West Frontier. This is India, a vast and complex terrain of the country is very useful. Indian Army’s strategic mobility and remote combat capability will no doubt be significantly improved.
weapons are basically outsourced today in India represents the latest global level, such as aircraft carriers, the fourth generation, fifth-generation fighter, which will enhance the overall future of the Indian Army’s combat capability.
Indian arms purchase will help accelerate the transformation
the face of national large-scale military procurement actions, the Indian media that: do not know bought from the United States aircraft can not buy an aircraft carrier from Russia and to achieve mutual support, but do not know can not be used in emergency when the Russian launcher to launch U.S. missiles.
media’s concern is justified, but the Indian did not go prepared. With the advancement of the global revolution in military affairs, the Indian Army has proposed the construction of military transformation in military strategy, organizational system, warfare, weapons, etc. must implement transformation. Ready to come out of recent Indian military reform will be equipped with a large number of multinational weapons related.
enhance the combat effectiveness of weapons and equipment alone is not enough updates, it needs to generate a combat-related elements with integration integration. The new military weapons and equipment require new theoretical guidance prepared by the appropriate body and appropriate training methods, supporting the protection mode to combat effectiveness.
Indian Army in the new equipment and more weapons complex sources in the context of much-needed military transformation and reform, can only multinational weapons in joint operations form an integrated force. The current situation of Indian military procurement will promote the transformation of its range of ideas and accelerate the pace of reform implementation.
may inspire Indian arms purchase multiple internal divisions
India’s use of the current favorable situation both ways, multi-bet, advanced weapons and equipment through the bidding to reach rapid modernization of weapons and equipment to achieve, as soon as one of the world’s military powers of the target column. Power is through military strength of India eager to improve their mental, to sell India a large number of their weapons. The essence is to use each other, gain economic benefits and political interests.
sell weaponry to India, while Western powers are also responsible for training the Indian army, which is not only the concept of individual foreign fighters to pass, but also the military thinking began to permeate the process.
to seize the Indian arms market, the Western powers will take advantage of the opportunities to Indian influence. For example, the United States, Russia, the European Union to compete for the Indian arms market share in the barriers between weapons systems, weapons restrictions in other countries to exert influence on their weapons.
visible, external access to a large number of weapons and equipment within the operational concept will make the Indian Army, the distribution of benefits and so divided.
arms purchase will govern the development of the defense industry in India
substantial arms purchases like a double-edged sword, short term, the import of sophisticated weapons could quickly enhance national defense strength, joint production can increase the level of imitation, seems to be formed by self-absorption capacity. But India’s own military industrial base is weak, digestion and absorption capacity is limited, its drawback is obvious.
first affect the ability of independent innovation. Military procurement will lead to a substantial investment in national defense scientific research to reduce the loss of self-innovation and motivation.
second is controlled by others in key technologies, will affect the long-term defense industrial system development.
Third, military enterprises will be more difficult to survive. Western powers on the Indian arms market competition, the Indian defense industry to bring more bad living environment. India’s high-tech weapons tests often fail, and its long-standing neglect of the purchase of foreign weapons and equipment directly related to the local technological innovation.
Fourth, India’s military power will be limited goals. Only from the scientific and technological content of view, India’s weapons procurement appears to have entered the list of world military power. But so far no country is relying on other countries to buy weapons and become a military power of precedent.
Looking at the reality, in almost all world military power, must support a strong national defense industrial system, but India does not have this condition. India as emerging powers, the West saw its market potential and opportunity to make money, as well as geo-political value, can not hope to India’s strong enough to threaten its real position.
India’s growing strength and power to pursue, the emerging power of the United States to prevent a threat to their dominance, is bound to be irreconcilable structural contradictions. United States now need to leveraging India, but never let it have the strength to become their strategic rivals. Some weapons platforms, India may not be willing to sell to buy the United States. Meanwhile, the Western powers in India rely on military procurement, military funds may result in overdraft and affect other investment in the construction, equipment to first class, second-rate and the overall strength forever.
goal of becoming a military power in India eager to have their own strength will always be a contradiction, trying to buy some to rely on advanced weapons to solve this problem is tantamount to a palliative. However, as an expedient measure, India’s foreign military purchases will continue, and will follow the following routes: to the introduction of Russian technology and equipment, with the EU’s arms imports to reduce the excessive dependence on Russia; to increase U.S. imports of advanced weapon platforms to achieve a balance Russian equipment; for Israel in some key areas of technical support to enhance the localization ability of independent research arms, weapons and equipment in order to achieve diversification of sources, relying on competition in military procurement to enhance the military capabilities, seeking great power status.