Russian media said the Outer Space Treaty, the draft does not prohibit anti-satellite weapons research
Data Figure: Korea-US missile hit the media production schematic satellite test
U.S. Examiner.com Web site reported on April 2, China issued the “China Defense White Paper 2010″ (hereinafter referred to as the “White Paper”), comprehensively expounding China’s stance in defense affairs. Chapter book called “arms control and disarmament,” about China’s efforts to prevent the space race.
article specifically mentioned: China has always stood for peaceful use of outer space and opposed the weaponization of outer space and arms race in outer space; that the international community to negotiate an international legal instrument to prevent the weaponization of outer space and equipment outside the Air Force The best way to race.
2008 In February, China and Russia jointly submitted to the Conference “to prevent placement of weapons in outer space, outer space objects or threat of force treaty,” the draft (PPWT). August 2009, China and Russia jointly submitted working papers, the parties to respond to the CD draft treaty on the Russian space questions and comments. China hopes all parties at an early date negotiations on the draft, reached a new outer space treaty. United States “can not confirm” between China and Russia rejected a draft, but China and Russia continue to play a practical effect to this Bill.
China in the eyes of U.S. space power
U.S. media said, April 27, 2007, the U.S. Congress on China January 11, 2007 to anti-satellite weapon (ASAT) test in a report that the U.S. State Department in March 7, 2007 citing a press conference on the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Peter Pace (Peter Pace) as saying that a large number of Chinese People’s Liberation Army and the Chinese civil officials Analysts agree that the Chinese anti-satellite test is necessary in order to respond to U.S. hegemony in space, and can be used such weapons against the United States vulnerable to “satellite dependent.” Report further quoted Pace’s remarks, said: A People’s Liberation Army colonel wrote in late 2006, the U.S. military, including long-range strike capability, are dependent on its space superiority; a developing country if they can develop space technology, can quickly reduce The military gap between the developed countries. This argument shows that China has realized that the U.S. military space systems, the importance of action, and the best way to deal with the United States is to prevent the United States the use of space.
China and PPWT
signed between China and Russia “to prevent placement of weapons in outer space, outer space objects or threat of force treaty,” the draft (PPWT) of purpose is to compensate for the “Outer Space Treaty,” the principle of less than 4. Principle 4 prohibits and celestial bodies in orbit around the earth outside the placement or deployment of nuclear weapons, or any other weapons of mass destruction; but does not prohibit non-nuclear weapons or “potential” weapons of mass destruction.
Finally, PPWT to the “outer space weapon” under the definition: “outer space weapon” means in the outer space, based on any physical principle, specially constructed or adapted to destroy, damage or interference in outer space, the atmosphere on Earth or the normal function of the object, and used to eliminate the human population and vital part of the biosphere or cause damage to any device.
PPWT draft also stated: “placement” means weapons, if at least a circle around the earth, or leave the track of the front section of this orbit, or placed in a permanent base in space, was considered to be placed in outer space.
In both definitions, PPWT define what is “space weapon”, but this definition is only used for in a special “space weapon” of the equipment. PPWT then spoke of “ban space weapons”: Each State Party undertakes not to place in orbit around the Earth any objects carrying any kinds of weapons, placement of such weapons on celestial bodies, is not in any other way to install such weapons in outer space; not outer space objects to use or threaten to use force; not assist or encourage other States, groups or international organizations to participate in activities prohibited by this Treaty.
more importantly, the draft does not prohibit. August 18, 2009, the Sino-Russian delegation in the UN Conference on Disarmament had several other permanent members to respond to the draft’s attention. In particular, China and Russia that:
(1), PPWT ban on the “outer space object” attacks and threats, but does not prohibit the establishment of military force in outer space.
(2), PPWT does not change the provisions of Article 51 of the Charter of the self-defense rights. However, if a country has signed PPWT, then the signatory will not be able to use PPWT prohibited weapons.
(3), PPWT not prohibit anti-satellite weapons development, testing and deployment, because they do not meet PPWT on the “outer space weapon” is defined.
(4), PPWT no ban on ground-based laser weapons and electronic suppression systems development, testing and deployment.
(5), PPWT have not talked about “double purpose” of space technology, that is only for peaceful purposes, but also for offensive purposes.
(6), PPWT not include any authentication mechanism.
PPWT and U.S. space policy
of outer space weapons, the United States in reliance on the development and occupies a special position; outer space, the system can not only defend the national security, while at the same civil and support economic development. Because of this, countries dependent on outer space systems have become very fragile; U.S. space policy will take into account this vulnerability.
on October 6, 2006, 2006, the Bush administration issued a “national space policy”, which speaks of: the United States that space capabilities vital to its national interests, enshrined in this policy, the United States will remain in the space of right and freedom to discourage or prevent the U.S. space interests of the prejudice of the country; to take the necessary action to protect U.S. interests in space, in response to his country to the U.S. space power intervention, and when necessary to prevent those hostile to the U.S. national interest in space power development.
this position by many U.S. media and politics are seen as “provocative”, and promote China’s January 11, 2007 anti-satellite test. April 23, 2007, the U.S. State Department submitted to Congress a report on “China’s ASAT test whether to deal with the U.S.” national space policy “,” do stand: even released in the U.S. “national space policy” before, China has completed the three anti-satellite test. In 2006, China has repeatedly irradiated with a ground-based laser weapons the U.S. satellite, the satellite can make such weapons into a “blind.”
in a recent anti-satellite test before and after the Chinese military and civilian analysts are concerned about U.S. military superiority in the face of China and the vulnerability of space forces. During the trial, the PLA Academy of Military Sciences, said a colonel, outer space will be “weapons” and if there is space in the super-strength, then definitely not just one, China will not be the only super power in outer space.
This shows that China’s motivation is beyond the response of U.S. space policy, and China challenge U.S. space power is a long-term goals; this intention is not subject to the Bush administration or the Obama administration space policy impact.
U.S. “national space policy” Turning to the United States to further the integrity of outer space policy: the United States will boycott their access to or use of space prohibitions and restrictions. Arms control treaties can not weaken the U.S. military space R & D and testing, we can not limit the United States space activities because they are American national interests.
is such to promote the U.S. space policy between China and Russia PPWT respond. In the 63rd UN General Assembly meeting on outer space disarmament debate, the United States on behalf of Karen – House (Karen E-House) that the U.S. has consistently opposed the ban on the use of space. The Bush administration’s space policy that the current international regulations on space is sufficient for the security of outer space, so as PPWT such treaty or mechanism is no longer necessary.
Obama on June 28, 2010 release of “national space policy” has also taken a similar policy, but not so with the “provocative”: The United States will take a series of measures to help ensure All countries factions use of space; the same time, the United States also reserves the right to self-defense, and attacks against the other party’s intervention to defend its space systems, and is committed to defend the coalition space systems.
2011 年 3 9, United States, “Washington Times” reported in 2010 in China anti-satellite test article. Test message by the U.S. diplomatic cable collected by the WikiLeaks site revealed, in addition to information on China’s ASAT test, there is the United States to Beijing on both sides using weapons in space motivated attention.
particular, the article revealed that Beijing is restricted or prohibited in outer space weapons and to promote an international treaty; U.S. Defense Secretary Robert – Gates (Robert M. Gates) in a recent visit to Beijing in, with China on missile defense, space weapons, nuclear weapons, dialogue and networking. This shows that China publicly pledged to prevent the space race, but it seems like the only hope in the framework of this act PPWT. (Sri Lanka years)