Chiang Kai-shek after the first half to win the war, mostly defeated more than half (Figure)
Chiang Kai-shek in Japan when the artillery when the pictures of Private. shot in 1925, Chiang Kai-shek 1945 during the negotiations in Chongqing and Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong photo
ego of a famous general Chiang Kai-shek, and personally presented” premium will be. ” Chiang Kai-shek’s war history, with their first half were mostly about conquering, followed by more than half the battle are all losers. To the “three war victory, the three defeated war,” said. Recently, the “Chiang Kai-shek: 1887 – 1975″ (above) published excerpts of which we are involved in some war history published Chiang Kai-shek, Chiang Kai-shek to make the reader understand the record.
victory over Chiang Kai-shek three war
Chiang Kai-shek from military training from Whampoa, to nominally unified China, which lasted several years. During the size of the hundred battles, the winner the majority. History has said that the KMT conquests, the Northern Expedition, Japanese for three exploits. But the military perspective, Chiang’s military leadership and to show its true nature of war, its conquests, the Northern Expedition and the Central Plains War strategy to best reflect its place. Therefore, three wars might be called Chiang Kai-shek’s “three battles.”
① Crusade: October 1924, Chiang Kai-shek’s Whampoa Military Academy for the first time out, targeted attacks, and deep relationship between the Department of Guangdong Chen’s business group to business group a day to complete the disarmament and preempt unrest, in one fell swoop, Guangzhou business delegation intends to give up the big strike action, beginning to achieve power of the Whampoa Military disciples. Jiang and experience as a teacher to create Hunan, Jiangsu and Zhejiang not only extensive training as children into the Huangpu training, while not easily adhere to base the action, then gradually expand the spheres of influence, and began to hunt down warlords.
1925 年 3 12, the death of Sun Yat-sen in Beijing, when the rate of Huangpu Jiang teach groups of students with three thousand officers and men of conquests, capture Dongguan, Shilong, Pinghu, Shenzhen, fresh water, Hirayama, Haifeng, destroy tide, Shantou, Meixian. In the meantime, due to the death of Sun Yat-sen, Chiang return in triumph to Guangzhou. Jiang noted that after the death of Sun Yat-sen, in the military, military officers and men sent supplicate the book, and back to Guangzhou Sun Yat-sen memorial. The same month, the government reorganized the national government generalissimo, Chiang was appointed military commander for the party.
1925 年 8 1 May, the national government reorganization of the National Revolutionary Army, began a second Crusade. Crusade Army battle plan is to break the central action, big bang, destroy Chen’s lair — Huizhou. Huizhou war, Chiang’s military command again to display power, the siege artillery is still the main way. Chiang as the main force in the first column, at 9:30 on December 13 separate gun, when records show that, under shelling, along the floor, Huizhou north gate stack has been caving. Huizhou battle, hit Chen Chiung-ming’s troops, after the National Revolutionary Army formidable, all the way to eliminate the East River. Chiang Kai-shek soldier, battle by virtue of its army to lay sound, but also by those in power began to foreign concerns.
② Expedition: Expedition for the Sun to determine the goal, but it is the realization by Chiang Kai-shek.
1925 December, after the end of the Second Crusade, Guangdong has become a completely revolutionary base. Chiang no worries, the Northern Expedition began to consider the issue.
before the Northern Expedition of the Chinese version of the country was occupied by various warlords Strength. Prior to the just-concluded “the second straight Bong War”, due to Feng defection that Chang Tso-lin, Feng Yuxiang win, while imprisoned Cao Kun, Wu Pei-fu fled Hubei, Duan was holding out as the new leader. Wu Pei-fu, Sun Chuan-fang, Chang Tso-lin is basically one-third of the world.
1926 年 7 January, Chiang Kai-shek finally determined, determined to “pre-determined Sunshine, regulatory complex of Wuhan, I allied with the national army and then joined forces with a view to the unification of China, national revival.”.
1928 years after the capture of Pingjin, brought back to Beijing, Jiang Yiren complete works to lift the post of commander in chief of the National Revolutionary Army, the KMT Central retain.
when the Northern Expedition, Chiang, as commander, hands-on, Chiang Kai Huang about the history of this section, we found that salaries for firearms, bullets need to be personally approved before being requisitioned Jiang, Jiang wholesale of arms, may be less to shells one hundred hair.
the results of the Northern Expedition, both human and material resources and financial resources of the National Revolutionary Army at a disadvantage in a dominant position in one fell swoop over the Northern warlords, quite a surprise when people also led later scholars confused.
③ War: Chiang Kai-shek from 1937 published in the Lushan speech after the war, began full-scale war between China and Japan. Chiang Kai-shek re-visit the first-line, remote control of the “August three” Battle of Shanghai, Xinkou Battle, Battle of Nanjing, Xuzhou and Wuhan Battle Battle; in the mid-war, there Nanchang battle, battle with the dates, the first Battle of Changsha, Guilin South battle, dates should battle, battle on the high, Jinnan battle (the Battle of Hill) and the second Battle of Changsha; Chiang Kai-shek became supreme commander of Chinese Theater, after a formal declaration of war against Japan, and commanded the Third Battle of Changsha, Changde Campaign , Henan in the battle, Battle of Long Heng, Liu Gui battle, Hunan and Guangxi Myanmar Battle Battle.
According to historical records the Kuomintang during the war, Chiang Kai-shek hosted a series of military research conference of the campaign, who has 22 major high command meeting, 4 Nanyue meeting, Liuzhou Conference (February 1940) , Chief of Staff Conference (March 1940), Xi’an Conference (September 1942), Enshi Conference (July 1943) and the Huangshan conference (July 1944).
1945, the war won.
defeated Chiang Kai-shek three war
Liaoning-Shenyang Campaign, Huaihai Campaign, Tianjin Campaign has been regarded as the two parties decide the outcome of Armageddon. Chiang are the three major battle personally, lineup of soldiers. But history has finally proved the “commander” is not a great warrior, he will neither be able nor imperial soldiers.
before the outbreak of civil war, the military compared to the previous, much higher than its rival Kuomintang Communist. KMT include 86 under the jurisdiction of the Army reorganized divisions (Army), 248 brigades (divisions), about 200 million people, about 740,000 irregular forces, special forces 36 million people, 16 million people in the Air Force, Navy 30,000, logistics forces, military agencies and institutions about 101 million people with a total strength of about 430 million people.
Communist forces a total of about 127 million, of which 61 million people in field units (namely, the equivalent of 24 columns and columns of divisions, brigades and the equivalent of 11 brigades of the division), the local unit 660 000 people.
on military strength, for the Chinese Nationalist air force and navy are not, the Army field troops for more than three times the number of CPC, with also much higher than the Chinese Communist forces, including mechanical equipment of the 39 U.S. divisions, The equipment level is unprecedented.
outcome of the three major battles between the two parties have failed to Chiang Kai-shek, for “three defeated war.”
Chiang Kai-shek to talk about “not afraid”
students picking up the gun, is the official soldiers, we must Yanshou Jun Ji. Second Life is a military gun, to anywhere, carefully protected. Military Qiangdao in hand, is the vanguard of the revolution, as Marxism struggle, sacrifice for the country, is his only responsibility.
a person with the gun, called soldiers, no guns would not be called soldiers, so soldiers can not be done without the gun first, second if the military no guns, no life.
shooting conditions the most important thing is to the same command line, the first is consistent with the heart to the gun, the gun and the second is to the command line, third line should have guns and gun.
gun is to kill, not kill the people, but to kill the enemy. However, the true nature of the gun is in the maintenance of humanitarian, security and justice, so we took the gun must first identify where the enemy is our enemy first is rebellious, the second is a traitor, if he determines that the enemy, we must take from the gun to go fight with the enemy.
— 1924 年 5 月 25 日 Whampoa Military Academy